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Publications (3 of 3) Show all publications
Barkander, A., Nolan, A. S., Jóhannesson, G. & Economou, M. A. (2024). Influence of laser trabeculoplasty on combined phacoemulsification/Kahook Dual Blade goniotomy. Clinical Ophthalmology, 18, 1811-1817
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Influence of laser trabeculoplasty on combined phacoemulsification/Kahook Dual Blade goniotomy
2024 (English)In: Clinical Ophthalmology, ISSN 1177-5467, E-ISSN 1177-5483, Vol. 18, p. 1811-1817Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Purpose: To investigate the influence of laser trabeculoplasty (LTP) on subsequent surgery with combined phacoemulsification/ Kahook Dual Blade goniotomy (phaco-KDB) in patients with open-angle glaucoma or intraocular hypertension.

Patients and Methods: Patients undergoing phaco-KDB between 2019 and 2021 were divided into previously LTP treated and previously non-LTP treated, and LTP-treatment included argon laser trabeculoplasty (ALT) and selective laser trabeculoplasty (SLT). The primary goal was to investigate if previous LTP influenced later surgical outcome of phaco-KDB. The secondary goal was to investigate if the outcome of LTP could be predictive of the outcome of subsequent phaco-KDB. We also compared IOP-and medication reductions between LTP and non-LTP treated patients.

Results: A total of 111 LTP treated patients were compared to 139 non-LTP treated patients. In LTP treated patients, surgical success of phaco-KDB was 82.9%, compared to 88.5% in non-LTP treated patients (P=0.20). Reductions in IOP and medications were similar between groups. Furthermore, within the LTP group, patients with successful LTP-treatment had a subsequent surgical success of phaco-KDB in 80.7%, compared to 83.0% in patients with unsuccessful LTP-treatment (P=0.765).

Conclusion: Previous LTP treatment does not predict the outcome of phaco-KDB. Furthermore, no correlation was found between the LTP effect and a later surgical success of phaco-KDB.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Dove Medical Press, 2024
Keywords
glaucoma, goniotomy, Kahook Dual Blade, laser trabeculoplasty, phacoemulsification
National Category
Ophthalmology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-227830 (URN)10.2147/OPTH.S468809 (DOI)001253260900001 ()38948342 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-85197387170 (Scopus ID)
Funder
Region Jämtland HärjedalenRegion VästerbottenKnut and Alice Wallenberg Foundation
Available from: 2024-07-12 Created: 2024-07-12 Last updated: 2024-07-12Bibliographically approved
Barkander, A., Economou, M. A. & Jóhannesson, G. (2023). Kahook dual-blade goniotomy with and without phacoemulsification in medically uncontrolled glaucoma. Clinical Ophthalmology, 17, 1385-1394
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Kahook dual-blade goniotomy with and without phacoemulsification in medically uncontrolled glaucoma
2023 (English)In: Clinical Ophthalmology, ISSN 1177-5467, E-ISSN 1177-5483, Vol. 17, p. 1385-1394Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Purpose: To evaluate the 2-year efficacy and safety of Kahook dual-blade (KDB) goniotomy in patients with medically uncontrolled glaucoma.

Methods: This was a retrospective case-series study of 90 consecutive patients with primary open-angle glaucoma (POAG) or pseudoexfoliation glaucoma (PEXG) that underwent KDB goniotomy alone (KDB-alone group) or KDB goniotomy in combination with phacoemulsification (KDB-phaco group) during 2019–2020. All patients were uncontrolled on three or more medications. Surgical success was defined as an IOP reduction ≥20% and/or a reduction of one or more medications at 24 months. We also report IOP levels and number of medications from baseline to 24 months, as well as the need for further glaucoma interventions.

Results: At 24 months, mean IOP had reduced from 24.8±8.3 to 15.0±5.3 mmHg in the KDB-alone group (P<0.001) and from 22.3 ±5.8 to 13.9±3.0 mmHg in the KDB-phaco group (P<0.001). Medications had reduced from 3.5±0.6 to 3.1±0.9 in the KDB-alone group (P=0.047) and from 3.3±0.5 to 2.3±1.1 in the KDB-phaco group (P<0.001). An IOP reduction ≥20% and/or a reduction with one or more medications was achieved by 47% of eyes in the KDB-alone group and by 76% of eyes in the KDB-phaco group. Eyes with PEXG and POAG responded equally well to the success criteria. During the 24-month follow-up, additional glaucoma surgery or transscleral photocoagulation was performed in 28% of eyes in the KDB-alone group and in 12% of eyes in the KDB-phaco group.

Conclusion: In patients with medically uncontrolled glaucoma, KDB had a significant IOP-lowering effect after 24 months, but success rates were higher when KDB was performed in combination with cataract surgery compared to stand-alone treatment.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Dove press, 2023
Keywords
Kahook dual blade, medically uncontrolled glaucoma, phacoemulsification, primary open-angle glaucoma, pseudoexfoliation glaucoma
National Category
Ophthalmology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-209192 (URN)10.2147/OPTH.S409375 (DOI)000992915500001 ()37204995 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-85160225264 (Scopus ID)
Funder
Region Jämtland HärjedalenRegion VästerbottenKnut and Alice Wallenberg Foundation
Available from: 2023-06-12 Created: 2023-06-12 Last updated: 2024-01-15Bibliographically approved
Barkander, A., Economou, M. & Jóhannesson, G. (2023). Outcomes of iStent inject versus kahook dual blade surgery in glaucoma patients undergoing cataract surgery. Journal of glaucoma, 32(10), e121-e128
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Outcomes of iStent inject versus kahook dual blade surgery in glaucoma patients undergoing cataract surgery
2023 (English)In: Journal of glaucoma, ISSN 1057-0829, E-ISSN 1536-481X, Vol. 32, no 10, p. e121-e128Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Précis: iStent Inject implantation (iStent) or Kahook Dual Blade goniotomy (KDB) in combination with phacoemulsification have a similar IOP-lowering effect in all stages of glaucoma, and medications are significantly reduced, especially after KDB.

PURPOSE: To compare the 2-year efficacy and safety of iStent or KDB in combination with phacoemulsification in eyes with mild to advanced open angle glaucoma.

METHODS: A retrospective chart review of 153 patients that received iStent or KDB in combination with phacoemulsification at a single center between March 2019 and August 2020. The main outcome parameters at 2 years were: (1) intraocular pressure (IOP)-reduction ≥20%, with a postoperative IOP ≤18 mm Hg, and (2) a reduction of ≥1 medication. Results were stratified by glaucoma grade.

RESULTS: After 2 years, mean IOP was reduced from 20.3±6.1 to 14.2±4.1 mm Hg in the phaco-iStent group ( P <0.001) and from 20.1±6.1 to 14.7±3.6 mm Hg in the phaco-KDB group ( P <0.001). The mean number of medications was reduced from 3.0±0.9 to 2.6±1.1 in the Phaco-iStent group ( P =0.001) and from 2.3±1.0 to 1.5±1.3 in the Phaco-KDB group ( P <0.001). Success regarding IOP-reduction ≥20% with a postoperative IOP ≤18 mm Hg was met by 46% in the phaco-iStent group and by 51% in the phaco-KDB group. A reduction of ≥1 medication was met by 32% in the phaco-iStent group and by 53% in the phaco-KDB group ( P =0.013). Eyes with mild to moderate and advanced glaucoma responded equally well to the success criteria.

CONCLUSIONS: iStent and KDB, in combination with phacoemulsification, both lowered IOP effectively in all stages of glaucoma. More medications were reduced after KDB, suggesting that it may be a more effective procedure compared with iStent.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Wolters Kluwer, 2023
National Category
Ophthalmology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-215079 (URN)10.1097/IJG.0000000000002243 (DOI)37327470 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-85172940680 (Scopus ID)
Funder
Region Jämtland HärjedalenRegion VästerbottenKnut and Alice Wallenberg Foundation
Available from: 2023-10-13 Created: 2023-10-13 Last updated: 2024-01-15Bibliographically approved
Organisations
Identifiers
ORCID iD: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0001-6025-2523

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