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Geidne, Susanna, DocentORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0002-5093-4958
Alternative names
Publications (2 of 2) Show all publications
Bortes, C., Geidne, S. & Eriksson, C. (2016). Evaluating the effectiveness of the SMART contract-signing strategy in reducing the growth of Swedish Adolescents’ substance use and problem behaviors. BMC Public Health
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Evaluating the effectiveness of the SMART contract-signing strategy in reducing the growth of Swedish Adolescents’ substance use and problem behaviors
2016 (English)In: BMC Public Health, E-ISSN 1471-2458Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Background: In 2013, around 40 % of the schools in Sweden had structured programs to prevent tobacco and alcohol debut in compulsory school. There has unfortunately been a lack of scientific evidence to support most of the prevention methods focusing on primary prevention in schools in Sweden. The aim and purpose of the present study is to evaluate the effectiveness of the Non-Governmental Organization SMART contract-signing strategy in reducing the growth of youth substance use and other problem behaviors amongst Swedish adolescents. Methods: Students from five schools in a medium-sized Swedish municipality were surveyed in three waves from 7th to 9th grade of compulsory school. We used General Linear Model (GLM) repeated-measures ANOVA to test if the outcome measures smoking, use of snus and alcohol, drunkenness, delinquency, and bullying significantly changed different amounts over time in groups that had participated in the SMART program for long time, a short time, sporadically- or not at all. Groups were compared on demographic background variables, and outcome measures were assessed on all measurement occasions by a one-way ANOVA. The magnitude of group differences at the end of the study was estimated according to Cohen’s d. Results: Number of years with a contract has an effect on the levels of self-reported youth problems in 9th grade. We found small to medium-sized differences in measured outcomes between students who participated in the program for the longest period of time, 5 years, and who participated for the shortest time, 0–2 years. Conclusion: Findings suggests that the SMART program has preventive effects on adolescent substance use.

Keywords
Program evaluation, Prevention, Swedish, Adolescent substance use
National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-143871 (URN)10.1186/s12889-016-3131-9 (DOI)
Available from: 2018-01-11 Created: 2018-01-11 Last updated: 2023-08-28
Bortes, C., Geidne, S. & Eriksson, C. (2015). Preventing Alcohol Consumption during Pregnancy: A Randomized Controlled Trial. Health, 7(3), 289-299
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Preventing Alcohol Consumption during Pregnancy: A Randomized Controlled Trial
2015 (English)In: Health, ISSN 1949-4998, E-ISSN 1949-5005, Vol. 7, no 3, p. 289-299Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The aim of this study is to report on a brief alcohol intervention for preventing drinking during pregnancy. The Women’s Organizations Committee on Alcohol and Drug Issues (WOCAD) in Swe-den developed an informational brochure about alcohol during pregnancy, intended to reach pregnant women before their first visit at a prenatal clinic. A randomized controlled trial was conducted between 2004 and 2005 to measure whether the brochure had any effect. A total of 564 pregnant women between 17 and 46 years of age are included in the study. Differences between the intervention and control groups were analyzed with cross-tabulations and chi-squared tests. A multiple logistic regression analysis was also conducted to determine predictors of abstention from alcohol at the first prenatal visit. Findings show that significantly more of the women who received the brochure abstained completely from alcohol then of those who did not receive it (92% vs. 82%, p= 0.005). It was 2.6 times more likely that those who received the brochure had abstained completely from alcohol since pregnancy recognition at their first prenatal visit com-pared with those who did not receive it (OR = 2.6, CI 1.3 - 5.1, p = 0.005). We conclude that the in-formational brochure developed by WOCAD can be used in prenatal care to get more women to abstain from alcohol during pregnancy.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Scientific Research Publishing, 2015
Keywords
Pregnancy, Alcohol, Prevention, Sweden, Brief Intervention, Randomized Controlled Trial
National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-143870 (URN)10.4236/health.2015.73033 (DOI)
Available from: 2018-01-11 Created: 2018-01-11 Last updated: 2019-11-21Bibliographically approved
Organisations
Identifiers
ORCID iD: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0002-5093-4958

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