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Nordlund, Madelene
Publications (10 of 26) Show all publications
Grönlund, A. & Nordlund, M. (2022). A maternal wall for refugees? Gender and labor market establishment in Sweden. Nordic Journal of Working Life Studies, 12(1), 3-26
Open this publication in new window or tab >>A maternal wall for refugees? Gender and labor market establishment in Sweden
2022 (English)In: Nordic Journal of Working Life Studies, E-ISSN 2245-0157, Vol. 12, no 1, p. 3-26Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Using longitudinal register data, we examined gender patterns in the long-term labor market establishment of refugees (n≈11 700) and Swedish-born individuals (n≈109 000). The main question was whether refugee women face greater difficulties than men and if gender differences can be attributed to care responsibilities. With multinomial logistic regression, cox regressions, and individual fixed effects models, refugees were observed at age 29-30 in 1997, then followed to age 50. Results show that both among refugees and Swedish-born, establishment was a protracted and insecure process for women. Over time, women caught up with men but in terms of stable employment, gender gaps prevailed throughout the fertile period and parenthood was negatively related to long-term establishment prospects. Future research should move beyond the focus on labor market entry to capture the mechanisms behind long term insecurities. The timing of parenthood and the importance of adult education are of particular interest.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Det Kgl. Bibliotek/Royal Danish Library, 2022
Keywords
gender, labor market establishment, parenthood, refugees, Sweden
National Category
Sociology
Research subject
Sociology; Sociology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-184547 (URN)10.18291/njwls.128041 (DOI)2-s2.0-85124686799 (Scopus ID)
Funder
Forte, Swedish Research Council for Health, Working Life and Welfare, 2017-00226
Available from: 2021-06-15 Created: 2021-06-15 Last updated: 2024-01-17Bibliographically approved
Nordlund, M., Wickman, K., Karp, S. & Vikström, L. (2022). Equal abilities – the Swedish parasport federation and the inclusion process. Idrottsforum.org/Nordic sport science forum, 13, 111-129
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Equal abilities – the Swedish parasport federation and the inclusion process
2022 (English)In: Idrottsforum.org/Nordic sport science forum, ISSN 1652-7224, Vol. 13, p. 111-129Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

A major organizational change is currently taking place in Swedish sports, with people labelled with disabilities leaving the Swedish Para-sport Federation (SPF) to participate in mainstream sports under the Swedish Sports Confederation. The aim of this study was to map the expectations of this ongoing process of the stakeholders of the SPF.  Based on a questionnaire with 130 respondents connected to the SPF we found that, overall, the respondents were optimistic about mixed training groups, something that could point towards the possibility of equality between PLwD (people labelled with disabilities) and mainstream athletes. However, a rather large number of respondents feared negative consequences in terms of the physical environment for PLwD. This means that inclusion may create a dilemma regarding the relationship between the individual and the environment. We conclude that inclusion works at different levels of organized sport and there is insufficient knowledge about the impact of inclusion.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Malmö: Malmö University, 2022
Keywords
activity, parasport, athletes, sports organization
National Category
Pedagogy
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-200583 (URN)
Projects
Likvärdiga villkor i Sveriges största folkrörelse (Forte)
Funder
EU, Horizon 2020, 647125
Available from: 2022-10-25 Created: 2022-10-25 Last updated: 2022-12-21Bibliographically approved
Wickman, K., Nordlund, M. & Karp, S. (2022). One Sport, one Family — the Complex Interplay of Differences and their Influence in Shaping Notions of Inclusion. In: 2022 EASS & ISSA World congress of sociology of sport: Why does sociology matter? The role of sport sociology in interdisciplinary research: Book of abstracts. Paper presented at EASS & ISSA, World congress of sociology of sport, Tübingen, Germany, June 7-10, 2022. , Article ID 225.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>One Sport, one Family — the Complex Interplay of Differences and their Influence in Shaping Notions of Inclusion
2022 (English)In: 2022 EASS & ISSA World congress of sociology of sport: Why does sociology matter? The role of sport sociology in interdisciplinary research: Book of abstracts, 2022, article id 225Conference paper, Oral presentation with published abstract (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

In Sweden, as in many other European countries, there is a stated ambition to enforce equal conditions for sports participation, regardless of (dis)ability. Despite an awareness of current challenges and purposeful work at the sport organizational level, it is difficult to bring about a change in practice. The reasons for this inertia can be many, for example lack of knowledge and experience of adapting sports for parasport athletes and about inaccessible sports facilities. Another explanation is inability or unwillingness to challenge and change traditional notions and value systems about what “real” sport is and should be about and who counts as an athlete. In a current Swedish sport context, a major change is taking place towards increased inclusion of parasport athletes into National Sports Organisations (NSO). With respect to this change and from a Critical Disability Theory (CDT) perspective, this study investigates the understanding of inclusion and exclusion among key stakeholders in five Swedish NSO. The methodology in this study includes an intersectional perspective regarding social inclusion. Preliminary results indicate that the interviewees' focus is on individuals with various disabilities as the problem, rather than on how power-relations and the physical and social environment can be changed to promote increased diversity in sports. The CDT-perspective, brings attention to the entire organisation’s norms and power structures. This implies a transition from "they" and them" to a general review of the sport environment's norms and its consequences for present and future athletes, coaches and stakeholders.

National Category
Pedagogy
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-196664 (URN)
Conference
EASS & ISSA, World congress of sociology of sport, Tübingen, Germany, June 7-10, 2022
Available from: 2022-06-16 Created: 2022-06-16 Last updated: 2022-07-01Bibliographically approved
Nordlund, M., Larsson, D. & Stattin, M. (2021). Disability benefits and work reconsidered: is work really good for people with disabilities?.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Disability benefits and work reconsidered: is work really good for people with disabilities?
2021 (English)Report (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

OBJECTIVES: In this study we ask if employment is beneficial for people with disabilities (psychiatric respectively musculoskeletal diagnoses). We set out two hypotheses: 1) Disabled people with an employment report better health than those without employment. 2) Work conditions affect the extent to whichwork benefits the health.

METHODS: We used longitudinal data, the Swedish Survey of Living Conditions 2002/03 and 2010/11. The number of respondents were 1925 including both people with diagnoses and a control group without any diagnosis. Linear Probability Models were regressed to identify variations between disability groups, as regards the correlation between paid work and self-reported health.

RESULTS: People with diagnoses seemed to benefit from employment, and this was particularly evident for people with psychiatric diagnoses. The effect was also stronger in subjects with severe symptoms from their diagnosis. This may be because people with severe symptoms are more affected by their illnesses, and therefore gain more from participation in everyday activities. Having a job can work as an important source to fulfill various psychosocial needs. Further, experiences of poorer work environments tended to be associated with lower levels of health. This result is important given the trend that policies might result in that disabled people are forced to engage in work activities in order to receive benefits, irrespective of their work preferences.

CONCLUSIONS: We conclude that the policy aim to involve the disabled in paid work is appropriate for improving health but policies should be more flexible in relation to individual needs of the disabled.

Publisher
p. 19
Series
CEDAR Working Papers ; 2021:16
Keywords
Employment, psychiatric, musculoskeletal, diagnosis, work environment, disability policy, working conditions
National Category
Sociology (excluding Social Work, Social Psychology and Social Anthropology)
Research subject
Sociology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-186381 (URN)
Funder
EU, Horizon 2020, 647125
Available from: 2021-07-26 Created: 2021-07-26 Last updated: 2021-07-26Bibliographically approved
Nordlund, M., Wickman, K., Karp, S. & Vikström, L. (2021). Equal Abilities - the Swedish Parasport Federation and the Inclusion Process. In: Kwok Ng, Pauli Rintala, Aada Kandzia, Anni Lindeman (Ed.), ISAPA 2021. Quality partnerships in Adapted Physical Activity: Stronger Together!: Book of abstracts. Paper presented at International Symposium of Adapted Physical Activity, ISAPA 2021, June 15-18, 2021, University of Jyväskylä, Finland. (pp. 88-88). Jyväskylä, Finland: University of Jyväskylä, Article ID 64.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Equal Abilities - the Swedish Parasport Federation and the Inclusion Process
2021 (English)In: ISAPA 2021. Quality partnerships in Adapted Physical Activity: Stronger Together!: Book of abstracts / [ed] Kwok Ng, Pauli Rintala, Aada Kandzia, Anni Lindeman, Jyväskylä, Finland: University of Jyväskylä , 2021, p. 88-88, article id 64Conference paper, Oral presentation with published abstract (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Aim: A major organizational change is currently taking place in Swedish sports, where people with disabilities (PWD) are leaving the Parasport Federation for mainstream sport within the Swedish Sport Confederation. The aim of this study is to map the expectations of the ongoing process among stakeholders within the Swedish Parasport Federation. Central is also to identify any distinction in expectations between the Parasport Athletes (PA) versus stakeholders.

Method: This study is empirically descriptive, based on a questionnaire with 130 respondents connected to the Swedish Parasport Federation. It was analyzed through independent samples t-tests. This contribution is a part of an extensive investigation of the organizational change in the Swedish Sport Confederation regarding sports for disabled.

Results: The results indicate some factors that can enable, or prevent, successful inclusion in sport organizations. For instance, the respondents expect that inclusion can facilitate for people with and without disabilities to perform sport together and act as role models to each other, and the respondents also think that recruitment into sport activities will increase after the organizational change. Although, there are some concerns because a significant number of the respondents fear a worsened economic situation for the PA and some fear lack of accessible facilities and equipment due to the organizational change. The results indicate no large divergence in how the PA and stakeholders view the opportunities and obstacles with inclusion.

Conclusion: To consider, respondents give answers to something that is not yet a reality for them and their expectations need to be seen in the light of the information they have regarding the ongoing organizational change. Consequently, expectations reported in this study do not capture a complete picture of opportunities and obstacles but some concerns are put forward that can impact the success of inclusion in a future sport organization and these should be recognized early in the process.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Jyväskylä, Finland: University of Jyväskylä, 2021
Keywords
Keywords: physical activity, Parasport, athletes, sport organization
National Category
Pedagogy
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-187229 (URN)
Conference
International Symposium of Adapted Physical Activity, ISAPA 2021, June 15-18, 2021, University of Jyväskylä, Finland.
Available from: 2021-09-06 Created: 2021-09-06 Last updated: 2021-09-07Bibliographically approved
Nordlund, M., Wickman, K., Vikström, L. & Karp, S. (2021). Equal Abilities: The Swedish Parasport Federation and the Inclusion Process. Umeå
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Equal Abilities: The Swedish Parasport Federation and the Inclusion Process
2021 (English)Report (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

At present, there is an ongoing organizational change in the Swedish Sport Confederation. Through a comprehensive inclusion process persons with disability (PWD) are leaving the Parasport Federation for mainstream sport within the Swedish Sports Confederation (SSC). The purpose of this study was to advance the knowledge about how inclusion, after the ongoing change, is received and perceived by Parasport stakeholders at different levels in a sport organization that aimed to assess the feasibility of an organizational change towards inclusive environments in the SSC. This has been done by reporting the results from a questionnaire that stakeholders within the SSC responded to. In total, the respondents amounted to 130 individuals. The results point to mainly positive expectations concerning the inclusion process, which is a part of strategy plan of the Swedish Parasport Federation. Both athletes and stakeholders seem to share a mainly optimistic view of what the change can lead to. The study is part of an extensive investigation of the organizational change of the Swedish Sports Confederation towards inclusion of PWD.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Umeå: , 2021. p. 15
Series
CEDAR Working Papers ; 14
Keywords
Disability, Sport, Parasport, Participation, Inclusion, Organization
National Category
Sociology Pedagogy
Research subject
education
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-186375 (URN)
Funder
EU, Horizon 2020, 647125
Available from: 2021-07-25 Created: 2021-07-25 Last updated: 2021-07-26Bibliographically approved
Nordlund, M. & Greve, B. (2018). Labour market: focus on active labour market policies (2ed.). In: Routledge handbook of the welfare state: (pp. 366-377). Routledge
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Labour market: focus on active labour market policies
2018 (English)In: Routledge handbook of the welfare state, Routledge, 2018, 2, p. 366-377Chapter in book (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

This chapter focuses on Active Labour Market Policies (ALMPs) which consist mainly of educational and employment incentives offered to the unemployed. ALMPs aim to relieve or prevent the negative effects that spells of unemployment often bring about for the individual as well as for the labour market as a whole. The subject that researchers continually investigate is whether or not participation in ALMPs is fruitful. The chapter shows that it is difficult to make universal statements about this because the success of ALMPs seems to vary as a consequence of how they are designed, individual heterogeneity among participants and methodological issues. It discusses a short account of the unemployment process, the risk of long-lasting negative scarring effects and unemployment benefit insurance systems that aim at alleviating more direct negative economic effects. ALMPs are used to counteract labour shortages and to mobilise the workforce by holding down the overall unemployment level.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Routledge, 2018 Edition: 2
National Category
Sociology (excluding Social Work, Social Psychology and Social Anthropology)
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-203620 (URN)10.4324/9781315207049-33 (DOI)2-s2.0-85060392370 (Scopus ID)9781315207049 (ISBN)9781138631649 (ISBN)
Available from: 2023-01-19 Created: 2023-01-19 Last updated: 2023-01-19Bibliographically approved
Nordlund, M. (2018). Tertiary graduates in low-wage jobs in Sweden 2003–2012. Journal of Education and Work, 31(5-6), 461-477
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Tertiary graduates in low-wage jobs in Sweden 2003–2012
2018 (English)In: Journal of Education and Work, ISSN 1363-9080, E-ISSN 1469-9435, Vol. 31, no 5-6, p. 461-477Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Based on Swedish register data from 2003 to 2012, this study attempts to explain over-education and upward mobility among tertiary graduates. Rarely used explanatory factors are central in the analyses, such as ‘still in study’ and ‘field of education’. Tertiary graduates in low-wage jobs are regarded as over-educated. The results of this work suggest that the general increase in graduates correlates well with the increase in over-educated graduates. Many of those who were categorised as over-educated were students, and graduates from some specific fields were particularly vulnerable to working in low-wage jobs. Sixty per cent of the graduates found more suitable jobs, while up to 40 per cent stayed in jobs related to lower wages. Graduates from fields associated with higher risks of over-education were also less likely to experience upward mobility. The increasing occurrence of over-education among graduates may not only result in a substandard utilisation of human capital (and absence of social mobility), it also seems that the presence of large numbers of over-educated graduates in low-paid work may have implications for unskilled workers, through displacement effects.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Taylor & Francis Group, 2018
Keywords
Over-education, tertiary graduates, mobility, low-wage jobs
National Category
Sociology (excluding Social Work, Social Psychology and Social Anthropology)
Research subject
Sociology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-153208 (URN)10.1080/13639080.2018.1528576 (DOI)000456934300002 ()2-s2.0-85055025204 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2018-11-09 Created: 2018-11-09 Last updated: 2023-03-23Bibliographically approved
Wickman, K., Nordlund, M. & Holm, C. (2018). The relationship between physical activity and self-efficacy in children with disabilities. Sport in Society: Cultures, Media, Politics, Commerce, 21(1), 50-63
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The relationship between physical activity and self-efficacy in children with disabilities
2018 (English)In: Sport in Society: Cultures, Media, Politics, Commerce, ISSN 1743-0437, E-ISSN 1743-0445, Vol. 21, no 1, p. 50-63Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The main purpose of this study is to investigate whether self-efficacy in children with disabilities could be strengthened through targeted and adapted physical activities led by specially educated leaders. Children and Youth Physical Self-Perception Profile (CY-PSPP) scale were used. The study includes 45 children of 8–14 years of age with different types of impairments. The children participated in training sessions twice a week and tried out 13 different physical activities during eight months. The median in this study of total self-efficacy was 104 points, which can be compared to median points varying between 100 and 107 in previous studies based on children without disabilities. Furthermore, there was a statistically significant increase of the means in four out of six different domains of self-efficacy before and after the study was carried out. Key findings indicated that this model is successful in strengthening the children’s self-efficacy and that their perceived self-efficacy was equal to that of children without disabilities.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Routledge, 2018
National Category
Pedagogy
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-125983 (URN)10.1080/17430437.2016.1225925 (DOI)000423880900005 ()2-s2.0-84987870794 (Scopus ID)
Funder
Marcus and Amalia Wallenberg Foundation, 2012.0141
Available from: 2016-09-23 Created: 2016-09-23 Last updated: 2023-03-24Bibliographically approved
Strandh, M., Nilsson, K., Nordlund, M. & Hammarström, A. (2015). Do open youth unemployment and youth programs leave the same mental health scars?: Evidence from a Swedish 27-year cohort study. BMC Public Health, 15, Article ID 1151.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Do open youth unemployment and youth programs leave the same mental health scars?: Evidence from a Swedish 27-year cohort study
2015 (English)In: BMC Public Health, E-ISSN 1471-2458, Vol. 15, article id 1151Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Background: Recent findings suggest that the mental health costs of unemployment are related to both short- and long-term mental health scars. The main policy tools for dealing with young people at risk of labor market exclusion are Active Labor Market Policy programs for youths (youth programs). There has been little research on the potential effects of participation in youth programs on mental health and even less on whether participation in such programs alleviates the long-term mental health scarring caused by unemployment. This study compares exposure to open youth unemployment and exposure to youth program participation between ages 18 and 21 in relation to adult internalized mental health immediately after the end of the exposure period at age 21 and two decades later at age 43.

Methods: The study uses a five wave Swedish 27-year prospective cohort study consisting of all graduates from compulsory school in an industrial town in Sweden initiated in 1981. Of the original 1083 participants 94.3 % of those alive were still participating at the 27-year follow up. Exposure to open unemployment and youth programs were measured between ages 18–21. Mental health, indicated through an ordinal level three item composite index of internalized mental health symptoms (IMHS), was measured pre-exposure at age 16 and post exposure at ages 21 and 42.

Ordinal regressions of internalized mental health at ages 21 and 43 were performed using the Polytomous Universal Model (PLUM). Models were controlled for pre-exposure internalized mental health as well as other available confounders.

Results: Results show strong and significant relationships between exposure to open youth unemployment and IMHS at age 21 (OR = 2.48, CI = 1.57–3.60) as well as at age 43 (OR = 1.71, CI = 1.20–2.43). No such significant relationship is observed for exposure to youth programs at age 21 (OR = 0.95, CI = 0.72–1.26) or at age 43 (OR = 1.23, CI = 0.93–1.63).

Conclusions: A considered and consistent active labor market policy directed at youths could potentially reduce the short- and long-term mental health costs of youth unemployment.

Keywords
Youth unemployment, Youth programs, Mental health, Life course, Unemployment scarring
National Category
Psychology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-113434 (URN)10.1186/s12889-015-2496-5 (DOI)000365310100003 ()26589399 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-84959482635 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2015-12-18 Created: 2015-12-18 Last updated: 2023-08-28Bibliographically approved
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