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Andersson, M., Karp, S. & Wickman, K. (2023). The pre-stage of inclusion–conditions for the mainstreaming process of parasports within the Swedish Floorball Federation. Sport in Society: Cultures, Media, Politics, Commerce, 26(11), 1913-1931
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The pre-stage of inclusion–conditions for the mainstreaming process of parasports within the Swedish Floorball Federation
2023 (English)In: Sport in Society: Cultures, Media, Politics, Commerce, ISSN 1743-0437, E-ISSN 1743-0445, Vol. 26, no 11, p. 1913-1931Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This article analyses conditions for including parasports in the Swedish Floorball Federation (SFF) as a case in an ongoing large-scale organizational change aimed towards equal opportunities for persons with disabilities (PwD) within the Swedish Sports Confederation. Frame factor theory is used to analyse the SFF’s conditions for this inclusion in a pre-stage of change. Thus, this article aims to facilitate opportunities for equal conditions for sports participation. Twenty-two semi-structured interviews and 55 questionnaire responses from federation and district representatives informed the analysis. Findings revealed enabling conditions, such as a general benignity towards inclusion, but also highlighted limiting conditions such as mainstream representatives lack of knowledge about the process, which can lead to further marginalization of PwD. The conclusion was drawn that defining the meaning of inclusion in a pre-stage, regarding both policy and practice, is a pressing matter for the SFF to succeed in its continued process of including parasports.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Routledge, 2023
Keywords
Disability sport, equal opportunities, frame factor theory, para-athletes, sport for all
National Category
Pedagogy
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-210210 (URN)10.1080/17430437.2023.2221646 (DOI)001004362900001 ()2-s2.0-85161365457 (Scopus ID)
Funder
Forte, Swedish Research Council for Health, Working Life and Welfare
Available from: 2023-06-28 Created: 2023-06-28 Last updated: 2024-01-09Bibliographically approved
Nordlund, M., Wickman, K., Karp, S. & Vikström, L. (2022). Equal abilities – the Swedish parasport federation and the inclusion process. Idrottsforum.org/Nordic sport science forum, 13, 111-129
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Equal abilities – the Swedish parasport federation and the inclusion process
2022 (English)In: Idrottsforum.org/Nordic sport science forum, ISSN 1652-7224, Vol. 13, p. 111-129Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

A major organizational change is currently taking place in Swedish sports, with people labelled with disabilities leaving the Swedish Para-sport Federation (SPF) to participate in mainstream sports under the Swedish Sports Confederation. The aim of this study was to map the expectations of this ongoing process of the stakeholders of the SPF.  Based on a questionnaire with 130 respondents connected to the SPF we found that, overall, the respondents were optimistic about mixed training groups, something that could point towards the possibility of equality between PLwD (people labelled with disabilities) and mainstream athletes. However, a rather large number of respondents feared negative consequences in terms of the physical environment for PLwD. This means that inclusion may create a dilemma regarding the relationship between the individual and the environment. We conclude that inclusion works at different levels of organized sport and there is insufficient knowledge about the impact of inclusion.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Malmö: Malmö University, 2022
Keywords
activity, parasport, athletes, sports organization
National Category
Pedagogy
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-200583 (URN)
Projects
Likvärdiga villkor i Sveriges största folkrörelse (Forte)
Funder
EU, Horizon 2020, 647125
Available from: 2022-10-25 Created: 2022-10-25 Last updated: 2022-12-21Bibliographically approved
Wickman, K., Nordlund, M. & Karp, S. (2022). One Sport, one Family — the Complex Interplay of Differences and their Influence in Shaping Notions of Inclusion. In: 2022 EASS & ISSA World congress of sociology of sport: Why does sociology matter? The role of sport sociology in interdisciplinary research: Book of abstracts. Paper presented at EASS & ISSA, World congress of sociology of sport, Tübingen, Germany, June 7-10, 2022. , Article ID 225.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>One Sport, one Family — the Complex Interplay of Differences and their Influence in Shaping Notions of Inclusion
2022 (English)In: 2022 EASS & ISSA World congress of sociology of sport: Why does sociology matter? The role of sport sociology in interdisciplinary research: Book of abstracts, 2022, article id 225Conference paper, Oral presentation with published abstract (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

In Sweden, as in many other European countries, there is a stated ambition to enforce equal conditions for sports participation, regardless of (dis)ability. Despite an awareness of current challenges and purposeful work at the sport organizational level, it is difficult to bring about a change in practice. The reasons for this inertia can be many, for example lack of knowledge and experience of adapting sports for parasport athletes and about inaccessible sports facilities. Another explanation is inability or unwillingness to challenge and change traditional notions and value systems about what “real” sport is and should be about and who counts as an athlete. In a current Swedish sport context, a major change is taking place towards increased inclusion of parasport athletes into National Sports Organisations (NSO). With respect to this change and from a Critical Disability Theory (CDT) perspective, this study investigates the understanding of inclusion and exclusion among key stakeholders in five Swedish NSO. The methodology in this study includes an intersectional perspective regarding social inclusion. Preliminary results indicate that the interviewees' focus is on individuals with various disabilities as the problem, rather than on how power-relations and the physical and social environment can be changed to promote increased diversity in sports. The CDT-perspective, brings attention to the entire organisation’s norms and power structures. This implies a transition from "they" and them" to a general review of the sport environment's norms and its consequences for present and future athletes, coaches and stakeholders.

National Category
Pedagogy
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-196664 (URN)
Conference
EASS & ISSA, World congress of sociology of sport, Tübingen, Germany, June 7-10, 2022
Available from: 2022-06-16 Created: 2022-06-16 Last updated: 2022-07-01Bibliographically approved
Bergman, B. & Karp, S. (2021). Conflicting thought styles?: Responsibility and accountability in the education of Swedish police officers. Policing & society, 31(6), 656-671
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Conflicting thought styles?: Responsibility and accountability in the education of Swedish police officers
2021 (English)In: Policing & society, ISSN 1043-9463, E-ISSN 1477-2728, Vol. 31, no 6, p. 656-671Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This paper discusses how Swedish police education actors navigate the act of introducing new police officers to tasks in an organisation permeated by a new public management ideology. This study’s empirical data derive from four studies on intra-professional police educators and police probationers. By interpreting and analysing these data using a theoretical framework based on styles of thought and reflexivity, a picture of how Swedish police organisations contain two somewhat contradictory thought styles emerges. The findings indicate that a reflexive awareness of this situation is crucial for educators to properly prepare new police officers for complex and important tasks. This paper contributes to current vocational training and education methods by offering new perspectives on how professional development can be enhanced in law enforcement and similar occupations.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Routledge, 2021
Keywords
Meaning making, new public management, police education, organisational change, professional development, reflexivity
National Category
Pedagogy
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-170599 (URN)10.1080/10439463.2020.1761805 (DOI)000532494400001 ()2-s2.0-85084345267 (Scopus ID)
Projects
loa
Available from: 2020-05-11 Created: 2020-05-11 Last updated: 2023-03-23Bibliographically approved
Bäck, T. & Karp, S. (2021). Den mentala träningens väg in i polisutbildningen. In: Staffan Karp; Lars-Erik Lauritz (Ed.), Samverkan för framgång: 20 år med polisutbildningen i Umeå (pp. 69-75). Umeå: Enheten för polisutbildning, Umeå universitet
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Den mentala träningens väg in i polisutbildningen
2021 (Swedish)In: Samverkan för framgång: 20 år med polisutbildningen i Umeå / [ed] Staffan Karp; Lars-Erik Lauritz, Umeå: Enheten för polisutbildning, Umeå universitet , 2021, p. 69-75Chapter in book (Other academic)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Umeå: Enheten för polisutbildning, Umeå universitet, 2021
National Category
Other Social Sciences
Research subject
police science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-190547 (URN)978-91-7855-689-2 (ISBN)978-91-7855-690-8 (ISBN)
Available from: 2021-12-17 Created: 2021-12-17 Last updated: 2022-03-28Bibliographically approved
Nordlund, M., Wickman, K., Karp, S. & Vikström, L. (2021). Equal Abilities - the Swedish Parasport Federation and the Inclusion Process. In: Kwok Ng, Pauli Rintala, Aada Kandzia, Anni Lindeman (Ed.), ISAPA 2021. Quality partnerships in Adapted Physical Activity: Stronger Together!: Book of abstracts. Paper presented at International Symposium of Adapted Physical Activity, ISAPA 2021, June 15-18, 2021, University of Jyväskylä, Finland. (pp. 88-88). Jyväskylä, Finland: University of Jyväskylä, Article ID 64.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Equal Abilities - the Swedish Parasport Federation and the Inclusion Process
2021 (English)In: ISAPA 2021. Quality partnerships in Adapted Physical Activity: Stronger Together!: Book of abstracts / [ed] Kwok Ng, Pauli Rintala, Aada Kandzia, Anni Lindeman, Jyväskylä, Finland: University of Jyväskylä , 2021, p. 88-88, article id 64Conference paper, Oral presentation with published abstract (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Aim: A major organizational change is currently taking place in Swedish sports, where people with disabilities (PWD) are leaving the Parasport Federation for mainstream sport within the Swedish Sport Confederation. The aim of this study is to map the expectations of the ongoing process among stakeholders within the Swedish Parasport Federation. Central is also to identify any distinction in expectations between the Parasport Athletes (PA) versus stakeholders.

Method: This study is empirically descriptive, based on a questionnaire with 130 respondents connected to the Swedish Parasport Federation. It was analyzed through independent samples t-tests. This contribution is a part of an extensive investigation of the organizational change in the Swedish Sport Confederation regarding sports for disabled.

Results: The results indicate some factors that can enable, or prevent, successful inclusion in sport organizations. For instance, the respondents expect that inclusion can facilitate for people with and without disabilities to perform sport together and act as role models to each other, and the respondents also think that recruitment into sport activities will increase after the organizational change. Although, there are some concerns because a significant number of the respondents fear a worsened economic situation for the PA and some fear lack of accessible facilities and equipment due to the organizational change. The results indicate no large divergence in how the PA and stakeholders view the opportunities and obstacles with inclusion.

Conclusion: To consider, respondents give answers to something that is not yet a reality for them and their expectations need to be seen in the light of the information they have regarding the ongoing organizational change. Consequently, expectations reported in this study do not capture a complete picture of opportunities and obstacles but some concerns are put forward that can impact the success of inclusion in a future sport organization and these should be recognized early in the process.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Jyväskylä, Finland: University of Jyväskylä, 2021
Keywords
Keywords: physical activity, Parasport, athletes, sport organization
National Category
Pedagogy
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-187229 (URN)
Conference
International Symposium of Adapted Physical Activity, ISAPA 2021, June 15-18, 2021, University of Jyväskylä, Finland.
Available from: 2021-09-06 Created: 2021-09-06 Last updated: 2021-09-07Bibliographically approved
Nordlund, M., Wickman, K., Vikström, L. & Karp, S. (2021). Equal Abilities: The Swedish Parasport Federation and the Inclusion Process. Umeå
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Equal Abilities: The Swedish Parasport Federation and the Inclusion Process
2021 (English)Report (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

At present, there is an ongoing organizational change in the Swedish Sport Confederation. Through a comprehensive inclusion process persons with disability (PWD) are leaving the Parasport Federation for mainstream sport within the Swedish Sports Confederation (SSC). The purpose of this study was to advance the knowledge about how inclusion, after the ongoing change, is received and perceived by Parasport stakeholders at different levels in a sport organization that aimed to assess the feasibility of an organizational change towards inclusive environments in the SSC. This has been done by reporting the results from a questionnaire that stakeholders within the SSC responded to. In total, the respondents amounted to 130 individuals. The results point to mainly positive expectations concerning the inclusion process, which is a part of strategy plan of the Swedish Parasport Federation. Both athletes and stakeholders seem to share a mainly optimistic view of what the change can lead to. The study is part of an extensive investigation of the organizational change of the Swedish Sports Confederation towards inclusion of PWD.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Umeå: , 2021. p. 15
Series
CEDAR Working Papers ; 14
Keywords
Disability, Sport, Parasport, Participation, Inclusion, Organization
National Category
Sociology Pedagogy
Research subject
education
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-186375 (URN)
Funder
EU, Horizon 2020, 647125
Available from: 2021-07-25 Created: 2021-07-25 Last updated: 2021-07-26Bibliographically approved
Andersson, M., Wickman, K. & Karp, S. (2021). Inclusion of athletes with disabilities through organizational change: a case study of the Swedish Floorball Federation. In: Kwok Ng, Pauli Rintala, Aada Kandzia, Anni Lindeman (Ed.), ISAPA2021. Quality partnerships in adapted physical activity: Stronger Together!: Book of abstracts. Paper presented at International Symposium of Adapted Physical Activity, ISAPA 2021, June 15-18, 2021, University of Jyväskylä, Finland. (pp. 84-84). Jyväskylä, Finland: University of Jyväskylä, Article ID 81.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Inclusion of athletes with disabilities through organizational change: a case study of the Swedish Floorball Federation
2021 (English)In: ISAPA2021. Quality partnerships in adapted physical activity: Stronger Together!: Book of abstracts / [ed] Kwok Ng, Pauli Rintala, Aada Kandzia, Anni Lindeman, Jyväskylä, Finland: University of Jyväskylä , 2021, p. 84-84, article id 81Conference paper, Oral presentation with published abstract (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Aim: The Swedish Sports Confederation is performing a large organisational change. This involves closing the Parasport Federation, one of their 73 national sports organisations (NSO) which today sponsors 14 sports for athletes with disabilities. These athletes will be included in other NSOs offering the same or similar sports, mainly for athletes without disabilities. This ongoing project follows this change within one of the NSOs, the Swedish Floorball Federation (SFF). The project investigates on individual and organisational levels the knowledge of, preparedness for, and experienced opportunities and obstacles to a process of change toward equal conditions for the participation of athletes with disabilities.

Methods: Both quantitative and qualitative data collection methods have been used. Questionnaires were sent to the board and administrative staff of the SFF as well as to administrative staff in the 21 district associations with a total of 55 responses. Semi-structured interviews were conducted among 35 chosen stakeholders within the board and staff of the federation, chairpersons of the districts and representatives from five clubs with floorball for people with and without disabilities. In these clubs, 15 additional interviews were carried out among athletes with and without disabilities and their relatives.

Results: Preliminary results from questionnaires indicate that there is a lack of knowledge regarding the process among some key stakeholders within SFF. For example, only about one third of the respondents at federation and district level claim to know enough about the process to be able to tell another person about it. The results from the interviews also indicate a concern, mainly among stakeholders, that the needs of athletes with disabilities might not become a priority in the same way as it is today in the Parasport Federation, with specific knowledge and experience in disability sports. However, based on the interviews, the general opinion seems to be that athletes with disabilities will gain a deeper sense of belonging by joining the same federation and club as athletes without disabilities, who in return will gain an understanding of disability sports and their athletes.

Discussion/Conclusions: Overall, there is a clear will to develop disability sports within the SFF. However, for reaching equal conditions an obstacle that must be dealt with in the further process is the risk that athletes with disabilities will become less of a priority. Furthermore, there seems to be a lack of knowledge and preparedness for the change on some key levels, and this calls for communicative strategies about what should be achieved through the organisational change. With a successful change, there is an opportunity for understanding about people with disabilities to spread outside the sports context and thus create awareness in a wider sense.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Jyväskylä, Finland: University of Jyväskylä, 2021
Keywords
Equal conditions, Inclusion, Disability sport, Floorball, Parasport
National Category
Pedagogy
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-187228 (URN)978-951-39-8734-3 (ISBN)
Conference
International Symposium of Adapted Physical Activity, ISAPA 2021, June 15-18, 2021, University of Jyväskylä, Finland.
Available from: 2021-09-06 Created: 2021-09-06 Last updated: 2021-09-07Bibliographically approved
Karp, S. (2021). Med huvudet före in i polisutbildningen. In: Staffan Karp; Lars-Erik Lauritz (Ed.), Samverkan för framgång: 20 år med polisutbildningen i Umeå (pp. 37-48). Umeå: Enheten för polisutbildning, Umeå universitet
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Med huvudet före in i polisutbildningen
2021 (Swedish)In: Samverkan för framgång: 20 år med polisutbildningen i Umeå / [ed] Staffan Karp; Lars-Erik Lauritz, Umeå: Enheten för polisutbildning, Umeå universitet , 2021, p. 37-48Chapter in book (Other academic)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Umeå: Enheten för polisutbildning, Umeå universitet, 2021
National Category
Other Social Sciences
Research subject
police science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-190546 (URN)978-91-7855-689-2 (ISBN)978-91-7855-690-8 (ISBN)
Available from: 2021-12-17 Created: 2021-12-17 Last updated: 2022-03-28Bibliographically approved
Karp, S. & Lauritz, L.-E. (Eds.). (2021). Samverkan för framgång: 20 år med polisutbildningen i Umeå. Umeå: Enheten för polisutbildning, Umeå universitet
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Samverkan för framgång: 20 år med polisutbildningen i Umeå
2021 (Swedish)Collection (editor) (Other academic)
Abstract [sv]

När polisutbildningen vid Umeå universitet startade år 2000 var den ny på flera sätt. Det var den första polisutbildningen  i Sverige utanför polisens egen regi, vilket även internationellt var ett ovanligt förhållande. Universitetspersonal och yrkesverk-samma poliser samarbetade nära och intensivt för att skapa en riktigt bra utbildning för den samhällsviktiga polisprofessionen. Polisuniformer och polisbilar fick en plats på campus. Även for-men och styrningen av utbildningen var ny. Det krävdes inten-siva diskussioner mellan de båda myndigheterna Rikspolis- styrelsen och Umeå universitet för att komma överens om vem som skulle ansvara för vad. Dessutom behövdes ett regerings-beslut om dispens från högskoleförordningen för att utbildning-en skulle bli av. 

I Samverkan för framgång – 20 år med polisutbildningen i Umeå finns personliga berättelser om hur det hela gick till och om utbildningen av idag. De som delar med sig av sina minnes- bilder är myndighetscheferna för både Rikspolisstyrelsen och Umeå universitet, ledare vid universitetet, universitetslärare, polislärare och de första studenterna. Deras berättelser ger till-sammans en god bild av ett spännande, roligt och händelserikt utvecklingsarbete. Det ger också en inblick i det intrikata och långdragna politiska spelet kring en akademisering av svensk polisutbildning.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Umeå: Enheten för polisutbildning, Umeå universitet, 2021. p. 180
National Category
Other Social Sciences
Research subject
police science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-190545 (URN)9789178556892 (ISBN)9789178556908 (ISBN)
Available from: 2021-12-17 Created: 2021-12-17 Last updated: 2022-03-28Bibliographically approved
Organisations
Identifiers
ORCID iD: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0001-6080-173x

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