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Raddock, E. (2022). Determining the date and the place of origin of the hayaśīrṣa pañcarātra: [визначення часу та місця створення гаяшірша-паньчаратри]. World of the Orient (4), 119-129
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Determining the date and the place of origin of the hayaśīrṣa pañcarātra: [визначення часу та місця створення гаяшірша-паньчаратри]
2022 (English)In: World of the Orient, ISSN 1608-0599, no 4, p. 119-129Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [uk]

У цій статті мова йде про визначення часу та місця створення “Гаяшірша-паньчаратри” (hayaśīrṣa-pañcarātra) – компіляції, якою впроваджуються правила та ритуали, що регулюють будівництво найяскравішого фізичного втілення релігії Південної Азії – індуїстського храму. Як твердить сама “Гаяшірша-паньчаратра”, вона є компендіумом. У ній зібрано матеріал з більш ранніх джерел. Найдавніший відомий рукопис датований XVI століттям.

Тексти, у яких процитована “Гаяшірша-паньчаратра”, датуються періодом від IX–X ст. до XVII ст. “Гаяшірша-паньчаратра” має бути давнішою за них. Імовірний час її створення, запропонований ученими, охоплює період від 500-х рр. н. е. до 1600-х рр. н. е. Це, звісно, дуже широке вікно. Однак загальний науковий консенсус полягає в тому, що текст був написаний близько 800 року н. е. Для визначення часу та місця створення праці можна використати деякі подробиці тексту, як-от опис шляхів ритуального обходу святині. Посилання на письмо Північної Індії свідчить про те, що “Гаяшірша-паньчаратра” була створена незадовго до X століття. Оскільки текст запозичив розділи з “Вішнудгармоттара-пурани”, він мав бути молодшим за неї, тобто його було складено після VII ст. н. е. Характер опису в’юг (vyūha) та локеш (lokeśa) свідчить більше на користь раннього, а не пізнього датування. Отже, VIII–IX ст. н. е. видаються прийнятною робочою гіпотезою. Покликання на системи письма можуть свідчити на користь більш пізнього датування в межах цього періоду.

Усі збережені рукописи тексту були знайдені в Бенгалії та Оріссі, і це робить їх найкращими кандидатами на місце походження тексту. Такі подробиці тексту, що можуть бути пов’язані з місцем його створення, як-от імена князів, є або північноіндійськими, або суто бенгальськими. Отже, текст – північноіндійського походження і, найімовірніше, був складений у Північно-Східній Індії, імовірно в Бенгалії чи Оріссі.

Abstract [en]

This article is about determining the time and place of creation of the "Hayaśīrṣa-pañcarātra" (hayaśīrṣa-pañcarātra) - a compilation that implements the rules and rituals governing the construction of the most striking physical embodiment of the religion of South Asia - the Hindu temple. As the "Gayashirsha-pancharatra" itself states, it is a compendium. It collects material from earlier sources. The oldest known manuscript dates back to the 16th century.

The texts in which the "Gayashirsha-pancharatra" is quoted date from the period from the 9th to the 10th centuries. to the 17th century "Gayashirsha-pancharatra" must be older than them. The probable time of its creation, proposed by scientists, covers the period from 500 AD. to the 1600s AD This is, of course, a very wide window. However, the general scholarly consensus is that the text was written around 800 AD. e. To determine the time and place of creation of the work, some details of the text can be used, such as the description of the ways of the ritual circumambulation of the shrine. The reference to the writing of North India indicates that the "Gayashirsha-pancharatra" was created shortly before the 10th century. Since the text borrowed sections from the Vishnudgarmottara Purana, it must have been younger than it, that is, it was composed after the 7th century. N. e. The nature of the description of vyūha and lokeśa indicates more in favor of the early, and not of late date. So, VIII-IX centuries. N. e. appear to be an acceptable working hypothesis. References to writing systems may point in favor of a later dating within this period.

All surviving manuscripts of the text have been found in Bengal and Orissa, making them the best candidates for the place of origin of the text. Such details of the text as may be connected with the place of its creation, such as the names of princes, are either North Indian or purely Bengali. Therefore, the text is of North Indian origin and was most likely composed in Northeast India, probably in Bengal or Orissa.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Kyiv: A. Yu. Krymskyi Institute of Oriental Studies of the National Academy of Sciences, NAS of Ukraine, 2022
Keywords
Hayaśīrṣa Pañcarātra, Hindu temple, dating and localizing Sanskrit texts
National Category
History of Religions
Research subject
History Of Religions
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-203068 (URN)10.15407/orientw2022.04.119 (DOI)2-s2.0-85148235458 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2023-01-16 Created: 2023-01-16 Last updated: 2023-02-28Bibliographically approved
Raddock, E. & Bagger, A. (2019). Access and participation in assessment. In: : . Paper presented at Fjärde nationella konferensen i pedagogiskt arbete. Tema: Pedagogiskt arbete i en global tid, Umeå, Sweden, August 19-20, 2019.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Access and participation in assessment
2019 (English)Conference paper, Oral presentation only (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Teachers in the special education classrooms are obliged to assess knowledge and give grades (SFS 2010:800). Student’s participation in, and access to, the assessment is central. In the case of students in need of support, Ahlberg (2013) shows how participation, communication and learning presuppose each other. The purpose of this study is to investigate how participation in, and access to, assessment are understood by teachers in the case of students with intellectual disabilities.A survey regarding assessment, access and participation was sent to all teachers who had students following the curriculum for learning disabilities (LD) in one municipality. Twelve of nineteen teachers answered. Results indicated that students participated in assessment situations mainly through self-assessment and matrices. To make assessment accessible various methods were used: communication aids, support from adults, conversations and peer-assessment. Helping students display their knowledge, and ascertaining if and how knowledge was displayed, was a challenge to teachers. Another challenge mentioned by the teachers was informing students about the results of their assessment in a manner appropriate to their individual communicative competence. Making students’ knowledge visible to students, teachers and parents is the primary challenge we have identified. There is a need for further research in order to articulate how the accessibility of the assessment situation may be a means for increasing student participation, and also how accessibility and participation are produced, and how they are affected by the practice of assessment.

References

Ahlberg, A. (2013). Specialpedagogik i ideologi, teori och praktik -att bygga broar.SFS (2010:800).

Skollag. [Education Act]. Department of Education.

Östlund, Daniel (2012), Deltagandets kontextuella villkor: fem träningsskoleklassers pedagogiska praktik. Doctoral thesis, Malmö: Malmö högskola.

Keywords
assessment, participation, knowledge
National Category
Pedagogy
Research subject
education
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-191107 (URN)
Conference
Fjärde nationella konferensen i pedagogiskt arbete. Tema: Pedagogiskt arbete i en global tid, Umeå, Sweden, August 19-20, 2019
Available from: 2022-01-10 Created: 2022-01-10 Last updated: 2023-05-08Bibliographically approved
Raddock, E. (2017). Choosing an ācārya for temple construction and image installation. In: István Keul (Ed.), Consecration rituals in South Asia: (pp. 198-222). Leiden: Brill Academic Publishers
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Choosing an ācārya for temple construction and image installation
2017 (English)In: Consecration rituals in South Asia / [ed] István Keul, Leiden: Brill Academic Publishers, 2017, p. 198-222Chapter in book (Refereed)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Leiden: Brill Academic Publishers, 2017
Series
Numen book series : studies in the history of religions, ISSN 0169-8834 ; 155
National Category
History of Religions
Research subject
History Of Religions
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-134798 (URN)10.1163/9789004337183 (DOI)9789004313705 (ISBN)9789004337183 (ISBN)
Available from: 2017-05-11 Created: 2017-05-11 Last updated: 2018-06-09Bibliographically approved
Zipernovszky, H. & Raddock, E. (2017). Die zunehmende Bedeutung von Cyberbullying: eine Pilotstudie zur Problemidentifikation. In: Ilona Nord, Hanna Zipernovszky (Ed.), Religionspädagogik in einer mediatisierten Welt: (pp. 260-273). Stuttgart: W. Kohlhammer GmbH
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Die zunehmende Bedeutung von Cyberbullying: eine Pilotstudie zur Problemidentifikation
2017 (German)In: Religionspädagogik in einer mediatisierten Welt / [ed] Ilona Nord, Hanna Zipernovszky, Stuttgart: W. Kohlhammer GmbH, 2017, p. 260-273Chapter in book (Refereed)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stuttgart: W. Kohlhammer GmbH, 2017
Series
Religionspädagogik innovativ ; 14
National Category
Philosophy, Ethics and Religion
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-133967 (URN)978-3-17-031131-2 (ISBN)
Available from: 2017-04-24 Created: 2017-04-24 Last updated: 2018-06-09Bibliographically approved
Zipernovszky, H. & Raddock, E. (2017). The increasing significance of cyberbullying: a pilot study to identify the problem. In: Ilona Nord, Hanna Zipernovszky (Ed.), Religious education in a mediatized world: (pp. 247-260). W. Kohlhammer GmbH
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The increasing significance of cyberbullying: a pilot study to identify the problem
2017 (English)In: Religious education in a mediatized world / [ed] Ilona Nord, Hanna Zipernovszky, W. Kohlhammer GmbH, 2017, p. 247-260Chapter in book (Refereed)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
W. Kohlhammer GmbH, 2017
Series
Religionspädagogik innovativ ; 14
National Category
Philosophy, Ethics and Religion
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-133966 (URN)978-3-17-031134-3 (ISBN)
Available from: 2017-04-24 Created: 2017-04-24 Last updated: 2018-06-09Bibliographically approved
Raddock, E. & Zipernovszky, H. (2016). Perspective of possibilities in practice: University studies for students with disabilities. In: Lotta Vikström (Ed.), Transitions Across the Life Course of People with Disabilities: Experiences, Opportunities and Strategies, Off- and Online. Paper presented at International Disability Workshop Folkets Hus, Umeå, Sweden, June 14–16, 2016.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Perspective of possibilities in practice: University studies for students with disabilities
2016 (English)In: Transitions Across the Life Course of People with Disabilities: Experiences, Opportunities and Strategies, Off- and Online / [ed] Lotta Vikström, 2016Conference paper, Oral presentation only (Other academic)
National Category
Humanities
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-125625 (URN)
Conference
International Disability Workshop Folkets Hus, Umeå, Sweden, June 14–16, 2016
Available from: 2016-09-13 Created: 2016-09-13 Last updated: 2021-08-02Bibliographically approved
Plank, K., Raddock, E. & Selander, P. (2016). The Temple Mount of Fredrika: Translocality and Fractured Transnationalism of a Visionary Thai Buddhist Retreat Centre. Contemporary Buddhism, 17(2), 405-426
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The Temple Mount of Fredrika: Translocality and Fractured Transnationalism of a Visionary Thai Buddhist Retreat Centre
2016 (English)In: Contemporary Buddhism, ISSN 1463-9947, E-ISSN 1476-7953, Vol. 17, no 2, p. 405-426Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

On a mountain hill outside Fredrika, a small village in the rural north of Sweden, a standing Buddha statue and the seated statue of Luang Pho Thuat invoke reverence from visiting Buddhists. The plans of a large-scale temple and meditation centre have also invoked hope of religious tourism and economic growth in an area highly affected by depopulation. The Temple Mount, as it is referred to locally, has, on the one hand, become a source of religious power, not only for Thai Buddhist pilgrims, but also for other religious networks that has established themselves in the area. On the other hand, Fredrika has also become a contested religious space. The article discusses the background of the Temple Mount as well as contrasting examples of usual establishment patterns of Thai Buddhist temples in Sweden, highlighting translocal religious activity at Fredrika, showing how diaspora Thai Buddhism becomes intertwined with other religious networks.

National Category
Philosophy, Ethics and Religion
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-124130 (URN)10.1080/14639947.2016.1205781 (DOI)000385930300010 ()2-s2.0-84978763359 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2016-07-21 Created: 2016-07-21 Last updated: 2023-03-24Bibliographically approved
Raddock, E. & Zipernovszky, H. (2015). The increasing significance of inclusive pedagogy due to Cyberbullying – A pilot study to identify the problem. In: Olga Schihalejev, Tartu: University of Tartu, 2015 (Ed.), XIII Nordic Conference on Religious Education: ’Shifting borders in Religious Education’: . Paper presented at XIII Nordic Conference on Religious Education: ’Shifting borders in Religious Education’ Tartu, 2015 (pp. 22-22).
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The increasing significance of inclusive pedagogy due to Cyberbullying – A pilot study to identify the problem
2015 (English)In: XIII Nordic Conference on Religious Education: ’Shifting borders in Religious Education’ / [ed] Olga Schihalejev, Tartu: University of Tartu, 2015, 2015, p. 22-22Conference paper, Oral presentation with published abstract (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Along with the development of new information technology the understanding of educational tasks have been broadened. 88 percent of children between the ages 13-16 in Sweden in the academic year 2012/2013 said that they use social media every day or a few times a week and 96 percent have a Facebook profile. The internet is also the most important news source for the young people 12 years and older and it is an increasingly significant medium for their school work. This yields a wider view for teachers, especially in RE, to consider the questions regarding bullying through the perspective of the new media. The definition of Cyberbullying is being widened as the growth of the virtual world goes on. It is high time for mapping what forms of Cyberbullying are mostly related to a religious background and need to be treated in the frame of religion as a subject in schools. We present at the conference the first phase of the pilot study, a survey as well as a focus group study with selected groups of 18-25 years old young people in Northern Sweden to gather experience towards understanding the phenomena of cyberbullying and the relationship between competence and occurrence.

Keywords
Electronic bullying, Social media and religion, Educational aspects of cyberbullying
National Category
Religious Studies Educational Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-114521 (URN)978-9985-4-0924-4 (ISBN)
Conference
XIII Nordic Conference on Religious Education: ’Shifting borders in Religious Education’ Tartu, 2015
Available from: 2016-01-22 Created: 2016-01-22 Last updated: 2021-05-25Bibliographically approved
Raddock, E. (2011). Listen how the wise one begins construction of a house for Viṣṇu: vijānatā yathārabhyaṃ gṛhaṃ vaiṣṇavaṃ śṛṇv evaṃ. Chapters 1-14 of the Hayaśīrṣa Pañcarātra. (Doctoral dissertation). Berkeley: University of California, Berkeley
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Listen how the wise one begins construction of a house for Viṣṇu: vijānatā yathārabhyaṃ gṛhaṃ vaiṣṇavaṃ śṛṇv evaṃ. Chapters 1-14 of the Hayaśīrṣa Pañcarātra
2011 (English)Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
Alternative title[sa]
: vijānatā yathārabhyaṃ gṛhaṃ vaiṣṇavaṃ śṛṇv evaṃ
Abstract [en]

This dissertation consists of a translation of the first fourteen chapters of Hayaśirṣa Pañcarātra and a detailed analysis aiming at its contextualization in historical, cultural, and theological milieus. The Hayaśirṣa Pañcarātra is a Sanskrit text from approximately the ninth century A.D. primarily dealing with rituals concerning the construction of a temple to the god Viṣṇu. The text is probably from Eastern India, most likely Bengal or Orissa. The Hayaśirṣa Pañcarātra belongs to the Pāñcarātra tradition, a Viṣṇu centered movement within what we today call Hinduism. The Hayaśirṣa Pañcarātra has incorporated older texts, most of which are no longer extant, and has also been a source-text for later works, most notably the Agni Purāṇa and the Hari Bhakta Vilāsa. The text is named after Hayaśirṣa, the horse-headed incarnation of Viṣṇu, who represents Viṣṇu’s divine character as revealer of śruti. This is the first time that the Hayaśirṣa Pañcarātra has been translated. The text is important for Sanskrit textual history, art history, cultural history, religious history of the subcontinent, but unavailable to even most Sanskrit scholars because of a lack of access to the Sanskrit text. The translated chapters deal with preliminary work including choosing the participants for the undertaking. They list, therefore, prerequisites and qualifications, particularly of the ācārya, the specific qualities required of the site, and for digging the foundation. The Hayaśirṣa Pañcarātra situates the temple at the center of the universe by means of the vāstupuruṣamaṇḍala. The vāstupuruṣamaṇḍala is, I argue, both a ritual and a practical diagram: it is used ritually to locate the temple at the center of the universe; and it is used practically to plan the layout of the temple. The rituals marking the beginning of temple construction, like ritual plowing, can be traced to Vedic ceremonial practice, including, but not limited to, ritual plowing in the Vedic fire altar. The text focuses on certain moments within the construction because of the ritual function of these moments. The text is primarily a ritual text, possibly written for the ācārya. The Hayaśirṣa Pañcarātra is central to the understanding of temple construction and the rituals around it making the view of these more complete.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Berkeley: University of California, Berkeley, 2011. p. 308
Keywords
Hayaśirṣa Pañcarātra, Sanskrit, temple, Viṣṇu, Agni Purāṇa, Hari Bhakta Vilāsa, ācārya, vāstupuruṣamaṇḍala, ritual, construction, ceremonial practice
National Category
History of Religions Specific Literatures
Research subject
History Of Religions
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-93649 (URN)
Supervisors
Available from: 2015-02-12 Created: 2014-09-29 Last updated: 2018-06-07Bibliographically approved
Organisations
Identifiers
ORCID iD: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0002-3116-5321

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