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Jacobsson, Lars
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Publications (10 of 112) Show all publications
Anne, O., Jacobsson, L. & Nilsson, L. M. (2023). Sámi traditional medicine and complementary and alternative medicine: a descriptive study of use within the Sámi population of Sweden. International Journal of Circumpolar Health, 82(1), Article ID 2222908.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Sámi traditional medicine and complementary and alternative medicine: a descriptive study of use within the Sámi population of Sweden
2023 (English)In: International Journal of Circumpolar Health, ISSN 1239-9736, E-ISSN 2242-3982, Vol. 82, no 1, article id 2222908Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Traditional medicine has been practised for millennia in the Sámi population, based on a Sámi worldview and cosmology, which includes natural remedies, prayers, drums and yoik singing. During the Christianisation of the Sámi during the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries, these practices were condemned. In recent years, however, a revival of Sámi culture has occurred and so has the practice of Sámi traditional medicine (STM) and the use of complementary alternative medicine (CAM). The aim of this study is to map the prevalence and use of STM and CAM among Sámi in Sweden today. The study population consisted of 3641 Sámi from the whole of Sweden, who had participated in the population-based cross-sectional survey Sámi Health on Equal Terms (SámiHET) in 2021. Our results show that women are more prone to use both STM and CAM than men and that younger persons are more likely to use STM and CAM than elderly persons. STM is more often used in the northern parts of Sápmi compared to the southern parts as well as a lower use of CAM in the north. This might be due to the stronger Sámi identity and easier access to traditional Sámi healers/helpers in the north as well as limited access to CAM services.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Taylor & Francis, 2023
Keywords
Complementary and alternative medicine (CAM), Descriptive study, Health, education, Sámi, Sámi Traditional Medicine (STM), Sápmi
National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-210894 (URN)10.1080/22423982.2023.2222908 (DOI)001003979900001 ()37311116 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-85161833313 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2023-06-28 Created: 2023-06-28 Last updated: 2023-06-28Bibliographically approved
Ekman, I. & Jacobsson, L. (2021). Att skada sig själv - ett rationellt val i en problematisk kontext. Socialmedicinsk Tidskrift, 98(4), 717-726
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Att skada sig själv - ett rationellt val i en problematisk kontext
2021 (Swedish)In: Socialmedicinsk Tidskrift, ISSN 0037-833X, Vol. 98, no 4, p. 717-726Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.)) Published
Abstract [sv]

Självskadande handlingar relateras ofta till psykisk ohälsa vilket medfört att de som skadar sig själva uppfattas vara i behov av psykologisk eller psykiatrisk behandling. Med hänvisning till att ett stort antal ungdomar skadar sig själva finns anledning att ompröva konnotationen mellan självskadande handlingar och psykisk problematik. För att förstå ungdomars självskadande handlingar bör dessa relateras till en sociokulturell kontext med fokus på unga människors handlingsutrymme. Att skada sig själv kan vara en strategi för att hantera de känslor som kan uppstå i problematiska situationer inom familj eller skola. Vi argumenterar för vikten av ett samhälleligt preventivt arbete för att motverka att ungdomar börjar skada sig själva, och menar att konkreta åtgärder i den sociala kontexten även kan stödja dem som redan börjat skada sig.

National Category
Social Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-188584 (URN)
Available from: 2021-10-13 Created: 2021-10-13 Last updated: 2021-10-14Bibliographically approved
Ekman, I. & Jacobsson, L. (2021). On the Risks of Medicalization of Adolescents Self-Injuring Acts. Open Journal of Psychiatry, 11(1), 29-46
Open this publication in new window or tab >>On the Risks of Medicalization of Adolescents Self-Injuring Acts
2021 (English)In: Open Journal of Psychiatry, ISSN 2161-7325, E-ISSN 2161-7333, Vol. 11, no 1, p. 29-46Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Although common among community adolescents, self-injuring acts are mainlystudied by psychiatrists and psychologists and rarely by social work researchers.The preponderance of medical research in the field has come to associateself-injuring acts with mental issues. This view has to a large extent beenadopted among professionals as well as among laypeople. When examiningadolescents’ unsolicited internet published narratives, this medicalization ofself-injuring acts was found to have negative consequences for disclosure andhelp-seeking, and hence limit the adolescents’ possibilities to get adequate helpand support. The main objective of this work is to study adolescents’ views onhampering factors for help-seeking for self-injuring acts and the role of medicalisationfor their willingness for disclosure and help-seeking. Disclosure ofself-injuring acts within the social network was described as met with demandsto seek professional mental help. Seeking professional help was accompaniedwith fear of being perceived as crazy or diagnosed as mentally ill. Internet websiteswere described as value free and safe arenas giving opportunity to discloseself-injuring acts without fear of being stigmatized and labelled as mentally ill.An extended involvement of social work researchers and professionals, approachingself-injuring acts not primarily as a sign of mental problems, but asan adolescent way of trying to manage a complicated social context, could enhancefinding adequate support systems. It is also necessary that the medicalprofession contributes to a demedicalization of self-injuring acts.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Scientific Research Publishing, 2021
Keywords
Self-Injuring Acts, Adolescents, Internet Research, Stigma, Medicalization, Demedicalization
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
Research subject
Social Medicine
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-179440 (URN)10.4236/ojpsych.2021.111004 (DOI)
Available from: 2021-02-01 Created: 2021-02-01 Last updated: 2021-02-02Bibliographically approved
Jacobsson, L., Anne, O. & Liu-Helmersson, J. (2021). Sámi Traditional Healing in Sweden: An Interview Study. Socialmedicinsk Tidskrift, 98(5 & 6), 813-823
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Sámi Traditional Healing in Sweden: An Interview Study
2021 (English)In: Socialmedicinsk Tidskrift, ISSN 0037-833X, Vol. 98, no 5 & 6, p. 813-823Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Sámi traditional healing has been practiced in the Sápmi region of northern Norway, Sweden, Finland, and Russia for millennia. This study focuses on Sámi traditional healing in Sweden. Through interviews with five active healers and 11 key informants, we found that traditional healing is currently alive in Sweden but hidden. Healers treat health problems ranging from the physical to the spiritual, including mental issues and life’s difficult situations. Low-cost methods are used: spiritual healing with prayers and the laying on of hands, consultation, and herbal remedies. Healing takes place either face-to-face or over distance. Healers charge no money but accept small gifts. Being a healer is a calling. A general concern is voiced by informants about the diminishing number of healers in Sweden.

National Category
Other Humanities Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
Research subject
Social Medicine
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-190675 (URN)
Available from: 2021-12-21 Created: 2021-12-21 Last updated: 2021-12-23Bibliographically approved
Jacobsson, L., Stoor, J. P. & Eriksson, A. (2020). Suicide among reindeer herding Sami in Sweden, 1961-2017. International Journal of Circumpolar Health, 79(1), Article ID 1754085.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Suicide among reindeer herding Sami in Sweden, 1961-2017
2020 (English)In: International Journal of Circumpolar Health, ISSN 1239-9736, E-ISSN 2242-3982, Vol. 79, no 1, article id 1754085Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This study analyses suicides amongst reindeer herding Sami in Sweden using information from the database of the National Board of Forensic Medicine. Suicides were identified using registers (39 suicides from 1961-2000) and key informants (11 suicides from 2001-2017). A great majority of cases were males (43 males, 7 females), and 50% occurred in the northernmost region. The mean age was 37.4 years with a peak in the group 20-29 years of age. Shooting was the most common (56%) method, followed by hanging. Blood alcohol concentration measures available from 1993 were above 0.2 g/l in 76% of the cases. There was a maximum incidence of suicides between 1981 and 1990. An accumulation of suicides in the months of May (N = 8) and November (N = 7) was seen. The annual suicide rate was estimated to be between 17.5 and 43.9 per 100 000 population. There was a clear gradient in suicide incidence with the highest being in the southernmost region (Jamtland/Harjedalen) and the lowest in the northernmost county (Norrbotten). For strengthened suicide prevention in this group, future research should address sex differences, the role of alcohol use and the general conditions for reindeer herding.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Taylor & Francis, 2020
Keywords
Sami, Saami, indigenous, mental health, arctic
National Category
Psychiatry Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-170522 (URN)10.1080/22423982.2020.1754085 (DOI)000527108100001 ()32310737 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-85083670589 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2020-05-07 Created: 2020-05-07 Last updated: 2023-03-24Bibliographically approved
Jacobsson, L. (2017). Läkarkåren är medansvarig för dagens djupa vårdkris. Läkartidningen, 114(14), Article ID ELC6.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Läkarkåren är medansvarig för dagens djupa vårdkris
2017 (Swedish)In: Läkartidningen, ISSN 0023-7205, E-ISSN 1652-7518, Vol. 114, no 14, article id ELC6Article in journal, Editorial material (Other academic) Published
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Sveriges läkarförbund, 2017
National Category
Health Care Service and Management, Health Policy and Services and Health Economy
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-216346 (URN)2-s2.0-85017215171 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2023-11-10 Created: 2023-11-10 Last updated: 2023-11-10Bibliographically approved
Edin-Liljegren, A., Daerga, L., Sahlén, K.-G. & Jacobsson, L. (2017). Psychosocial perspectives on working conditions among men and women in reindeer breeding in Sweden. Journal of Northern Studies, 11(2), 31-47
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Psychosocial perspectives on working conditions among men and women in reindeer breeding in Sweden
2017 (English)In: Journal of Northern Studies, ISSN 1654-5915, E-ISSN 2004-4658, Vol. 11, no 2, p. 31-47Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Objective: The aim of this project was to describe the work organisation in the Sami communities and in reindeer-herding work and to explore the range of female duties and compare how men and women experience their psychosocial working conditions.

Design: A kind of intervention study was performed by means of a questionnaire sent out to 200 individuals from seven Sami communities. Questions were asked about work organisation, communication, personal relations, solitary work, support, participation and appreciation from colleagues and women's tasks. Meetings and discussions were held about what was perceived as being important in the life of the Sami communities. Notes from 16 group discussions were written down and analysed according to themes of topics relating to how men and women in the Sami communities experience their lives.

Results: Communication and relations were described as being inadequate and some respondents experienced a heavy workload. The women reported more troubled relations, less participation in decision-making and less appreciation from colleagues. Positive issues reported were the Sami identity and a strong connection to the reindeer and to nature.

Conclusions: This study indicates a need for a more systematic study of the psychosocial work conditions in the Sami communities in Sweden. Measures should be taken to develop the organisation of work, e.g. through developing communication strategies and conflict management, which has been requested by several Sami communities.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Umeå: Umeå University; The Royal Skyttean Society, 2017
Keywords
reindeer-herding Sami, work organisation, gender, social support, work demand
National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
Research subject
Public health; Occupational and Environmental Medicine
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-138334 (URN)10.36368/jns.v11i2.885 (DOI)
Funder
Västerbotten County Council
Note

Originally included in thesis in manuscript form with title: "Psychosocial perspectives on working conditions among reindeer herding Sami in Sweden". 

Projektet är också finansierat via EU Mål 1 Sápmi, Norra Norrland, dnr. SN 1.43-4/03

Available from: 2017-08-21 Created: 2017-08-21 Last updated: 2024-07-04Bibliographically approved
Bergkvist, P. H., Jacobsson, L., Kling, S., Silviken, A., Sköld, P. & Stoor, J. P. (2016). Breaking the silence: suicide prevention through storytelling among indigenous Sami. International Journal of Circumpolar Health, 75, 56-56
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Breaking the silence: suicide prevention through storytelling among indigenous Sami
Show others...
2016 (English)In: International Journal of Circumpolar Health, ISSN 1239-9736, E-ISSN 2242-3982, Vol. 75, p. 56-56Article in journal, Meeting abstract (Refereed) Published
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
TAYLOR & FRANCIS LTD, 2016
National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-134313 (URN)10.3402/ijch.v75.33200 (DOI)000396153800158 ()
Available from: 2017-04-28 Created: 2017-04-28 Last updated: 2018-06-09Bibliographically approved
Mirnezami, H. F., Jacobsson, L. & Edin-Liljegren, A. (2016). Changes in attitudes towards mental disorders and psychiatric treatment 1976-2014 in a Swedish population. Nordic Journal of Psychiatry, 70(1), 38-44
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Changes in attitudes towards mental disorders and psychiatric treatment 1976-2014 in a Swedish population
2016 (English)In: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry, ISSN 0803-9488, E-ISSN 1502-4725, Vol. 70, no 1, p. 38-44Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Background: Mental illness has always been subject to stigma and discrimination. There are a number of studies on public attitudes towards people with mental illness. Long-term studies, however, examining changes over time are scarce. Aims: The aim of this study was to examine potential changes concerning attitudes between 1976 and 2014 in Vilhelmina, a community in northern Sweden. Methods: A postal questionnaire was sent out to a random sample of 500 adults aged 18-70 years. The same questionnaire has previously been used in 1976 and 2003. Results: The attitudes towards people with mental illness have not generally become more positive over the years. In 2014 almost a quarter of the population still think that people with mental illness commit violentX acts more than others. Even more people in 2014 than in 1976 agree to the statement that mental illness harms the reputation more than a physical disease (77.2% versus 52.8%). People with low educational level have more negative views than people with higher education. Younger respondents, < 20 years, had a more positive view than the older age groups. Almost 70% of the respondents would advise someone with psychological problems to seek a psychiatrist but only 23% of the respondents would follow their own advice. Psychotherapy has been and is still highly appreciated. As regards medication the perception is more critical, but there has been a significant change, however, to a more positive attitude towards medication since 1976. Conclusion: Attitudes towards mental illness and mentally ill people have not changed substantially over time.

Keywords
Attitudes, Mental disorders, Psychiatric treatment, Stigma, Sweden
National Category
Psychiatry
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-113834 (URN)10.3109/08039488.2015.1046916 (DOI)000365719100006 ()26051607 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-84949266986 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2016-03-22 Created: 2016-01-04 Last updated: 2023-03-24Bibliographically approved
Jacobsson, L., Fagerström, A., Daerga, L. & Edin-Liljegren, A. (2016). Experiences of Psychiatric Care among Young Sami in Northern Sweden. International Journal of Circumpolar Health, 75(33200)
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Experiences of Psychiatric Care among Young Sami in Northern Sweden
2016 (English)In: International Journal of Circumpolar Health, ISSN 1239-9736, E-ISSN 2242-3982, Vol. 75, no 33200Article in journal, Meeting abstract (Refereed) Published
National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-134307 (URN)10.3402/ijch.v75.33200 (DOI)000396153800040 ()
Available from: 2017-04-28 Created: 2017-04-28 Last updated: 2018-09-06Bibliographically approved
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