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Boulanger Martel, S. P., Jarstad, A., Olivius, E., Söderström, J., Zahar, M.-J. & Åkebo, M. (2024). Peace with adjectives: conceptual fragmentation or conceptual innovation?. International Studies Review, 26(2), Article ID viae014.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Peace with adjectives: conceptual fragmentation or conceptual innovation?
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2024 (English)In: International Studies Review, ISSN 1521-9488, E-ISSN 1468-2486, Vol. 26, no 2, article id viae014Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

What strategies can be employed to conceptualize peace? In recent years, scholars have introduced an impressive array of “peace with adjectives” in order to make sense of some of the normative and empirical underpinnings of peace. Negative, positive, everyday, virtual, illiberal, partial, insecure, relational, emancipatory, agonistic, and feminist are some of the qualifiers that have been associated with the concept. While the growing attention to conceptualization is a welcomed development, we argue that the proliferation of new terms has led to increased fragmentation in the field of peace studies. Conceptual fragmentation impedes cumulative knowledge production and generates missed opportunities for fruitful discussions across theoretical and conceptual divides. In this article, we aim to provide more clarity to our field by mapping existing peace conceptualizations and identifying the strategies employed by scholars to construct innovative new terms. In our review, we identify 61 concepts and suggest that these conceptual innovations in peace research belong to one of three analytical strategies: developing diminished subtypes, conceptual narrowing, and conceptual expansion. Building on this categorization, we make recommendations for how peace researchers can enhance clarity and deepen constructive discussions between different conceptual approaches.

Abstract [es]

¿Qué estrategias se pueden utilizar para conceptualizar la paz? En los últimos años, los académicos han presentado una impresionante variedad de «paz acompañada de adjetivos» con el fin de dar sentido a algunos de los fundamentos normativos y empíricos de la paz. Algunos de los calificativos que se han asociado al concepto han sido: negativa, positiva, cotidiana, virtual, iliberal, parcial, insegura, relacional, emancipatoria, agonística y feminista. Si bien la creciente atención que se está prestando a la conceptualización es un desarrollo bienvenido, argumentamos que la proliferación de nuevos términos ha provocado una mayor fragmentación en el campo de los estudios de la paz. La fragmentación conceptual impide la producción acumulativa de conocimiento y provoca que se pierdan oportunidades para generar debates fructíferos a través de las divisiones teóricas y conceptuales. En este artículo pretendemos aportar más claridad a nuestro campo mediante el mapeo de las conceptualizaciones de paz existentes y la identificación de las estrategias que utilizan los académicos para construir nuevos términos innovadores. En nuestra revisión, identificamos 61 conceptos y sugerimos que estas innovaciones conceptuales dentro de la investigación en materia de la paz pertenecen a una de entre tres posibles estrategias analíticas: desarrollo de subtipos disminuidos, contracción conceptual y expansión conceptual. Partiendo de esta categorización, hacemos recomendaciones sobre cómo los investigadores en el campo de la paz pueden lograr una mejora con relación a la claridad y profundizar en los debates constructivos que se generan entre los diferentes enfoques conceptuales.

Abstract [fr]

Quelles stratégies employer pour conceptualiser la paix ? Ces dernières années, les chercheurs ont introduit un éventail impressionnant de « paix avec adjectifs » afin de faire sens de certains fondements normatifs et empiriques de la paix. Négative, positive, quotidienne, virtuelle, illibérale, partielle, précaire, relationnelle, émancipatrice, agnostique, féministe… Tous ces mots ont été employés pour qualifier ce concept. Bien que l'attention croissante à la conceptualisation soit une évolution bienvenue, nous affirmons que la prolifération de nouveaux termes a engendré une fragmentation croissante du domaine des études sur la paix. La fragmentation conceptuelle entrave la production de connaissances cumulatives et crée des occasions manquées de discussions productives par delà les divisions théoriques et conceptuelles. Dans cet article, nous cherchons à contribuer à plus de clarté dans notre domaine en retraçant les conceptualisations existantes de la paix et en identifiant les stratégies employées par les chercheurs pour créer de nouveaux termes innovants. Notre revue de la littérature identifie 61 concepts et suggère que ces innovations conceptuelles dans la recherche sur la paix appartiennent à l'une des trois stratégies analytiques suivantes : le développement de sous-types 'diminués', le rétrécissement conceptuel et l'expansion conceptuelle. En nous appuyant sur cette catégorisation, nous émettons des recommandations pour aider les chercheurs à être plus clairs et à approfondir les discussions constructives entre différentes approches conceptuelles.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Oxford University Press, 2024
Keywords
peace concepts, conceptualization, typology
National Category
Political Science (excluding Public Administration Studies and Globalisation Studies)
Research subject
Peace and Conflict Research
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-224132 (URN)10.1093/isr/viae014 (DOI)001203623300001 ()2-s2.0-85191089577 (Scopus ID)
Funder
Riksbankens Jubileumsfond, M160297:1Riksbankens Jubileumsfond, P19-1494:1
Available from: 2024-05-08 Created: 2024-05-08 Last updated: 2024-05-13Bibliographically approved
Hedström, J., Olivius, E. & Soe, K. (2024). Women in Myanmar: change and continuity (2ed.). In: Adam Simpson; Nicholas Farrelly (Ed.), Myanmar: politics, economy and society (pp. 220-236). Routledge
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Women in Myanmar: change and continuity
2024 (English)In: Myanmar: politics, economy and society / [ed] Adam Simpson; Nicholas Farrelly, Routledge, 2024, 2, p. 220-236Chapter in book (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Gender inequalities have persisted across macro-political changes in Myanmar. The decade of reforms provided more opportunities for women, but the 2021 military coup reinstated an almost exclusively male-dominated decision-making structure in the country. While Myanmar is home to numerous ethnic groups with diverse cultures, norms and traditions, the work of women activists and scholars has revealed widespread patterns of discrimination against women. Notably, this reality contrasts sharply with a popular official rhetoric about Burmese women’s ‘inherent equality’ with men – a narrative that has arguably done more to bolster the legitimacy of Myanmar’s governments than to improve women’s lives. This chapter provides an analysis of change and continuity in terms of both opportunities and challenges for realising women’s equality in Myanmar. Taking the situation of women during military rule before 2011 as a starting point, the analysis next moves on to exploring women’s experiences of the transition and their attempts at leveraging political openings for gender equality under the NLD government. We then explore the effects of the 2021 military coup on women, before concluding with a discussion of future challenges and opportunities for women’s rights in Myanmar.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Routledge, 2024 Edition: 2
National Category
Gender Studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-216874 (URN)10.4324/9781003386063-18 (DOI)2-s2.0-85176372280 (Scopus ID)978-1-032-47809-8 (ISBN)978-1-032-47810-4 (ISBN)978-1-003-38606-3 (ISBN)
Available from: 2023-12-12 Created: 2023-12-12 Last updated: 2023-12-12Bibliographically approved
Olivius, E., Demir, E. & Lee-Koo, K. (2023). Book Reviews editorial. International feminist journal of politics, 25(1), 145-147
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Book Reviews editorial
2023 (English)In: International feminist journal of politics, ISSN 1461-6742, E-ISSN 1468-4470, Vol. 25, no 1, p. 145-147Article in journal, Editorial material (Other academic) Published
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Routledge, 2023
National Category
Political Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-217492 (URN)10.1080/14616742.2022.2159127 (DOI)
Available from: 2023-12-05 Created: 2023-12-05 Last updated: 2023-12-06Bibliographically approved
Olivius, E., Demir, E. & Lee-Koo, K. (2023). Book Reviews editorial. International feminist journal of politics, 25(3), 551-553
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Book Reviews editorial
2023 (English)In: International feminist journal of politics, ISSN 1461-6742, E-ISSN 1468-4470, Vol. 25, no 3, p. 551-553Article in journal, Editorial material (Other academic) Published
National Category
Political Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-217495 (URN)10.1080/14616742.2023.2215580 (DOI)
Available from: 2023-12-05 Created: 2023-12-05 Last updated: 2023-12-06Bibliographically approved
Olivius, E., Demir, E. & Lee-Koo, K. (2023). Book Reviews editorial. International feminist journal of politics, 25(2), 353-355
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Book Reviews editorial
2023 (English)In: International feminist journal of politics, ISSN 1461-6742, E-ISSN 1468-4470, Vol. 25, no 2, p. 353-355Article in journal (Other academic) Published
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Routledge, 2023
National Category
Political Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-217494 (URN)10.1080/14616742.2023.2187106 (DOI)
Available from: 2023-12-05 Created: 2023-12-05 Last updated: 2023-12-06Bibliographically approved
Olivius, E., Demir, E. & Lee-Koo, K. (2023). Book Reviews editorial. International feminist journal of politics, 25(5), 960-962
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Book Reviews editorial
2023 (English)In: International feminist journal of politics, ISSN 1461-6742, E-ISSN 1468-4470, Vol. 25, no 5, p. 960-962Article in journal, Editorial material (Other academic) Published
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Routledge, 2023
National Category
Political Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-217498 (URN)10.1080/14616742.2023.2269673 (DOI)
Available from: 2023-12-05 Created: 2023-12-05 Last updated: 2023-12-06Bibliographically approved
Olivius, E., Demir, E. & Lee-Koo, K. (2023). Book Reviews editorial. International feminist journal of politics, 25(4), 781-783
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Book Reviews editorial
2023 (English)In: International feminist journal of politics, ISSN 1461-6742, E-ISSN 1468-4470, Vol. 25, no 4, p. 781-783Article in journal, Editorial material (Other academic) Published
National Category
Political Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-217496 (URN)10.1080/14616742.2023.2234165 (DOI)
Available from: 2023-12-05 Created: 2023-12-05 Last updated: 2023-12-06Bibliographically approved
Olivius, E., Hedström, J. & Phyo, Z. M. (2023). Gender expertise, power and peacebuilding: lessons from Myanmar. Umeå University
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Gender expertise, power and peacebuilding: lessons from Myanmar
2023 (English)Report (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

This policy brief summarizes key findings from a research project which examined the politics and effects of international gender expertise in Myanmar. The findings demonstrate that international gender expertise inadvertently shaped peacebuilding processes in ways that frequently reinforced existing inequalities. To reverse this pattern, international actors need to identify local partners beyond the "usual suspects"; simplify funding processes and provide flexible funding; better analyze and understand context and conflict dynamics; and challenge the state-centrism of international peacebuilding support.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Umeå University, 2023. p. 6
Series
Policy Brief - Statsvetenskapliga institutionen ; 2023:3
National Category
Political Science Gender Studies
Research subject
Peace and Conflict Research
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-217491 (URN)
Funder
Swedish Research Council, 2019-04227
Available from: 2023-12-05 Created: 2023-12-05 Last updated: 2023-12-06Bibliographically approved
Hedström, J. & Olivius, E. (2023). Introduction: political transitions and gendered transformations in Myanmar. In: Jenny Hedström; Elisabeth Olivius (Ed.), Waves of upheaval: political transitions and gendered transformations in Myanmar (pp. 1-26). NIAS Press
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Introduction: political transitions and gendered transformations in Myanmar
2023 (English)In: Waves of upheaval: political transitions and gendered transformations in Myanmar / [ed] Jenny Hedström; Elisabeth Olivius, NIAS Press, 2023, p. 1-26Chapter in book (Refereed)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
NIAS Press, 2023
Series
Gendering Asia ; 17
National Category
Gender Studies Political Science
Research subject
Peace and Conflict Research
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-213526 (URN)978-87-7694-322-6 (ISBN)978-87-7694-323-3 (ISBN)978-87-7694-731-6 (ISBN)978-87-7694-737-8 (ISBN)
Funder
Swedish Research Council, 2019-04227
Available from: 2023-08-24 Created: 2023-08-24 Last updated: 2023-11-27Bibliographically approved
Cardeño, C. E., Olivius, E. & Åkebo, M. (2023). 'Jihad is Planted in Our Hearts': International Aid, Rebel Institutions and Women's Participation in the Bangsamoro. Civil Wars
Open this publication in new window or tab >>'Jihad is Planted in Our Hearts': International Aid, Rebel Institutions and Women's Participation in the Bangsamoro
2023 (English)In: Civil Wars, ISSN 1369-8249, E-ISSN 1743-968XArticle in journal (Refereed) Epub ahead of print
Abstract [en]

This article explores the encounter between the Women, Peace and Security agenda and rebel institutions in Mindanao. The analysis highlights that activities aiming to support women’s participation in peacebuilding often exist in parallel with and fail to fully recognise women’s existing forms of mobilisation within Non-State Armed Groups. This gap is bridged by civil society brokers who are associated with armed groups but speak the language of international peacebuilding frameworks. The findings point to the important role of such intermediaries in translating international norms, and to rebel groups and institutions as arenas for women’s political mobilisation and empowerment.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Routledge, 2023
National Category
Social Sciences Interdisciplinary Political Science (excluding Public Administration Studies and Globalisation Studies)
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-212485 (URN)10.1080/13698249.2023.2230824 (DOI)2-s2.0-85165550305 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2023-08-01 Created: 2023-08-01 Last updated: 2023-08-01
Organisations
Identifiers
ORCID iD: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0002-2400-9144

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