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Publications (10 of 87) Show all publications
Fernandez, V., Giordano, Y. & Hällgren, M. (2024). Actualizing novel trajectories: chronological and kairotic improvisations. Journal of Contingencies and Crisis Management, 32(1), Article ID e12514.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Actualizing novel trajectories: chronological and kairotic improvisations
2024 (English)In: Journal of Contingencies and Crisis Management, ISSN 0966-0879, E-ISSN 1468-5973, Vol. 32, no 1, article id e12514Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The role of first responders during extreme crisis events consists of improvising under time pressure to retain control of the unfolding situation and mitigate harmful effects to help organizations restore their 'normal' functioning. This pervasive view of crises as cosmologic events obscures their transformational dimension and their long-term positive outcomes. In this article, we explore how actors respond to time pressure and vital stakes while identifying and actualizing a novel trajectory. They improvise to overcome limitations, create, and enact a desirable future to seize an opportunity that arises due to unexpected surprises. We argue that the actualization of novel trajectories relies on a combination of the enactment of a duplicate temporality that combines the chronological time-pressure of the unfolding event and kairotic time, in which critical decisions and actions actualize the desired future. Our contributions to the crisis management literature are twofold. First, we conceptualize chronological and kairotic improvisation practices to acknowledge that crisis response is not only about acting quickly but also about doing the right thing at the right time. Second, we shed light on crises as 'cosmologic' events, showing that they can be a point of origin for long-term positive outcomes. Finally, we advocate for a deeper and fine-grained consideration of time and temporality to advance crisis management studies.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
John Wiley & Sons, 2024
Keywords
cosmogonic event, crisis management, improvisation, temporality, transformation processof crisis
National Category
Business Administration
Research subject
marketing
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-215776 (URN)10.1111/1468-5973.12514 (DOI)001090942200001 ()2-s2.0-85174596898 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2023-10-25 Created: 2023-10-25 Last updated: 2024-01-11Bibliographically approved
Unterhitzenberger, C., Naderpajouh, N., Hällgren, M. & Huemann, M. (2024). Temporary organising and crisis guest editorial. International Journal of Project Management, 42(2), Article ID 102576.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Temporary organising and crisis guest editorial
2024 (English)In: International Journal of Project Management, ISSN 0263-7863, E-ISSN 1873-4634, Vol. 42, no 2, article id 102576Article in journal, Editorial material (Refereed) Published
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2024
Keywords
Crisis management, Extreme contexts, Project management, Temporary organisation
National Category
Business Administration
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-222808 (URN)10.1016/j.ijproman.2024.102576 (DOI)2-s2.0-85188243906 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2024-04-11 Created: 2024-04-11 Last updated: 2024-04-12Bibliographically approved
Pearson, C., Naderpajouh, N. & Hällgren, M. (2023). Cultivating crisis research in project studies: insights from management and organisation studies by Christine Pearson. International Journal of Project Management, 41(4), Article ID 102477.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Cultivating crisis research in project studies: insights from management and organisation studies by Christine Pearson
2023 (English)In: International Journal of Project Management, ISSN 0263-7863, E-ISSN 1873-4634, Vol. 41, no 4, article id 102477Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

There is an increasing discussion on the role of projects and temporary organising in the face of global and local crises. Categorically, the temporary, non-linear and complex nature of crisis from its onset has several theoretical and methodological parallels in the study of projects. To provide an outsider perspective in the process of cultivating this research stream within Project Studies, we interviewed Christine Pearson, Professor of Global Leadership at Thunderbird School of Global Management at Arizona State University. Pearson is globally known for her work on organisational crisis and is the author of the seminal work “Reframing Crisis Management.” In this interview, Pearson unpacks the evolution of conceptual frameworks in crisis research and elaborates on the role of projects in the face of crisis, specifically emphasising the non-linear conceptualisation of crisis. She highlights the role of project leadership in the context of crisis and finishes with potential future directions for contribution of the discipline of Project Studies to crisis literature, as she calls this research stream a “fertile territory.” These insights can be specifically used by project scholars in view of crisis associated with man-made hazards, natural hazards, or accidents, as well as broader management scholars to use theories developed in study of crisis by project scholars.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2023
Keywords
Crisis management, Disaster managementc, Projects, Resilience, Temporary organising
National Category
Business Administration
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-211158 (URN)10.1016/j.ijproman.2023.102477 (DOI)2-s2.0-85161992937 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2023-07-04 Created: 2023-07-04 Last updated: 2023-07-04Bibliographically approved
Wright, A. L., Kent, D., Hällgren, M. & Rouleau, L. (2023). Theorizing as mode of engagement in and through extreme contexts research. Organization Theory, 4(4)
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Theorizing as mode of engagement in and through extreme contexts research
2023 (English)In: Organization Theory, E-ISSN 2631-7877, Vol. 4, no 4Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

We explore how management and organization scholars theorize when undertaking research on extreme contexts, which are organizational settings where potential adverse events arise from risks, emergencies and disruptions. We propose that different ‘modes of engagement’ arise as researchers connect different aspects of the self to the extreme context; namely, personal self, professional self, moral self and vulnerable self. Each self-context connection plays out in different modes of engagement in the conduct of empirical research and enables different theorizing practices. We present these self-context connections as four ideal-typical modes of engagement. Adventuresome inquiry connects a personal self to the extreme context and theorizes by phenomenon-driven problematization. Instrumental scholarship expresses a professional self in the extreme context and theorizes by theory elaboration. Ideological improvement galvanizes a moral self in the extreme context and theorizes by change-driven abstraction. Reflexive labor exposes a vulnerable self and theorizes by dialectical interrogation. Our comprehensive framework of theorizing as mode of engagement contributes to extreme context research by elucidating how theorizing in and through such contexts is accomplished by researchers with multiple selves and by offering some guidance on how the four modes can be used dynamically to ensure generative theorizing. We also contribute to the broader literature on theorizing in management and organization studies by highlighting the need to consider the interplay between the researcher and the academic contributions they produce and by proposing a reflexive and dynamic framework of theorizing as modes of engagement.

Keywords
academic careers, extreme contexts, field work, modes of engagement, practices, reflexivity, theorizing, typologies
National Category
Business Administration
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-221064 (URN)10.1177/26317877231217310 (DOI)2-s2.0-85183884556 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2024-02-19 Created: 2024-02-19 Last updated: 2024-02-19Bibliographically approved
Løland, S., Søreide, M. N., Hällgren, M. & Hetland, A. (2023). Updating in the mountains: a sensemaking perspective on ski guiding. Journal of Outdoor Recreation, 44, Article ID 100660.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Updating in the mountains: a sensemaking perspective on ski guiding
2023 (English)In: Journal of Outdoor Recreation, ISSN 2213-0780, E-ISSN 2213-0799, Vol. 44, article id 100660Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

For a ski guide, updating on the ever-changing natural conditions and group dynamics is essential to stay safe and provide a good experience for clients. In this paper, we explore how guides update their understanding in the mountains. Our data arise out of a one-season participant ethnography of ski guiding in Norway. The research team had two authors collecting data, one as an “outsider” and another as an “insider”. We find that the work of a ski guide involves a process of monitoring, testing, and projecting. Complementing and challenging the avalanche literature, we find that ski guide decision-making is an embodied updating process rather than a cognitive one that happens at “decision points”. We highlight the implications of these findings both for guides and researchers.

Management implications:

  • Continuous updating is critical for adapting to changing conditions and for breaking with set frames of understanding. Therefore, guides should not overly rely on decision aids or fixed decisions.
  • Guides should listen to their intuition when something “feels off” and be in doubt when something “feels right”.
  • Clients should acknowledge that they are an active part of the setting and, therefore, influence the outcome with both direct and indirect actions.
  • Updating relies on the continuous monitoring, testing, and projecting of ecological and social cues. Neither type should be viewed in isolation.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2023
Keywords
Avalanche, Decision-making, Embodiment, Ethnography
National Category
Social Sciences Interdisciplinary
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-214744 (URN)10.1016/j.jort.2023.100660 (DOI)2-s2.0-85171567372 (Scopus ID)
Funder
NordForsk, 105061
Available from: 2023-10-17 Created: 2023-10-17 Last updated: 2023-10-17Bibliographically approved
Løland, S. & Hällgren, M. (2023). 'Where to ski?': an ethnography of how guides make sense while planning. Leisure Studies, 42(6), 866-882
Open this publication in new window or tab >>'Where to ski?': an ethnography of how guides make sense while planning
2023 (English)In: Leisure Studies, ISSN 0261-4367, E-ISSN 1466-4496, Vol. 42, no 6, p. 866-882Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

A ski guide's job is to take recreational skiers into avalanche terrain. In this paper, we explore how ski guides make sense of complex social and ecological contexts while planning. Our data arises out of a one-year participant ethnography of ski guiding in Norway, and shows that guides work towards becoming socio-ecologically embedded by making sense of who the clients and what the mountain conditions are, in their determination of where to ski. Our work, through challenging and complementing the decision-making literature, shows how guides notice and act on cues, and through this embed themselves and their clients in the ecological context. We highlight the implications of these findings both for guides working in the outdoors and leisure recreationists.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Routledge, 2023
Keywords
avalanche, decision-making, ecological sensemaking, guiding, Sensemaking, skiing
National Category
Sport and Fitness Sciences Social Sciences Interdisciplinary
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-201999 (URN)10.1080/02614367.2022.2153905 (DOI)000896046100001 ()2-s2.0-85144235533 (Scopus ID)
Funder
NordForsk, 105061
Note

Published online: 10 Dec 2022

Available from: 2022-12-29 Created: 2022-12-29 Last updated: 2024-01-09Bibliographically approved
Holmström, J. & Hällgren, M. (2022). AI management beyond the hype: exploring the co-constitution of AI and organizational context. AI & Society: The Journal of Human-Centred Systems and Machine Intelligence, 37, 1575-1585
Open this publication in new window or tab >>AI management beyond the hype: exploring the co-constitution of AI and organizational context
2022 (English)In: AI & Society: The Journal of Human-Centred Systems and Machine Intelligence, ISSN 0951-5666, E-ISSN 1435-5655, Vol. 37, p. 1575-1585Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

AI technologies hold great promise for addressing existing problems in organizational contexts, but the potential benefits must not obscure the potential perils associated with AI. In this article, we conceptually explore these promises and perils by examining AI use in organizational contexts. The exploration complements and extends extant literature on AI management by providing a typology describing four types of AI use, based on the idea of co-constitution of AI technologies and organizational context. Building on this typology, we propose three recommendations for informed use of AI in contemporary organizations. First, explicitly define the purpose of organizational AI use. Second, define the appropriate level of transparency and algorithmic management for organizational AI use. Third, be aware of AI's context-dependent nature.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Springer, 2022
Keywords
Artificial intelligence, AI management, Business implications, Context
National Category
Computer Sciences Business Administration
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-187194 (URN)10.1007/s00146-021-01249-2 (DOI)000677250100001 ()2-s2.0-85111127663 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2021-09-13 Created: 2021-09-13 Last updated: 2023-03-23Bibliographically approved
Hällgren, M. & Söderholm, A. (2022). Projects-as-practice: taking stock and moving on. In: Graham Winch; Maude Brunet; Dongping Cao (Ed.), Research handbook on complex project organizing: (pp. 107-116). Cheltenham: Edward Elgar Publishing
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Projects-as-practice: taking stock and moving on
2022 (English)In: Research handbook on complex project organizing / [ed] Graham Winch; Maude Brunet; Dongping Cao, Cheltenham: Edward Elgar Publishing, 2022, p. 107-116Chapter in book (Refereed)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Cheltenham: Edward Elgar Publishing, 2022
National Category
Business Administration
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-201296 (URN)2-s2.0-85165574394 (Scopus ID)9781800880276 (ISBN)9781800880283 (ISBN)
Available from: 2022-11-28 Created: 2022-11-28 Last updated: 2023-08-04Bibliographically approved
Fernandez, V., Jané, S. & Hällgren, M. (2022). Shared body puzzles: examining collective embodied sensemaking on the climbing wall. In: : . Paper presented at EGOS 2022, "Organizing: the beauty of imperfection", Vienna, Austra, July 7-9, 2022.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Shared body puzzles: examining collective embodied sensemaking on the climbing wall
2022 (English)Conference paper, Oral presentation only (Refereed)
National Category
Business Administration
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-214729 (URN)
Conference
EGOS 2022, "Organizing: the beauty of imperfection", Vienna, Austra, July 7-9, 2022
Available from: 2023-09-27 Created: 2023-09-27 Last updated: 2023-10-26Bibliographically approved
Jané, S., Fernandez, V. & Hällgren, M. (2022). Shit happens. How do we make sense of that?. Qualitative research in organization and management, 17(4), 425-441
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Shit happens. How do we make sense of that?
2022 (English)In: Qualitative research in organization and management, ISSN 1746-5648, E-ISSN 1746-5656, Vol. 17, no 4, p. 425-441Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to reflect upon how encountering trauma unexpectedly in the field informs the doing of fieldwork.

Design/methodology/approach: A reflexive essay approach was adopted to explore traumatic incidents in extreme contexts. Written vignettes, interviews, field notes and information conversations served as the bases for reflections.

Findings: Four themes arose from the reflections (Bracketing, Institutional Pressure, Impact on Research and Unresolvedness). It was suggested that researchers engaged in extreme context research, and management and organization studies scholars engaged in dangerous fieldwork more broadly, are under institutional pressure to continue work that may put themselves in harm's way. Traumatic experiences also shape and reflect the researcher's identity, which informs choices about current and future research projects.

Research limitations/implications: It was suggested that scholars will benefit from reading the accounts of others to reduce the burden of isolation that can accompany traumatic field experiences.

Originality/value: Exploring single traumatic events enabled in engaging with trauma encountered unexpectedly and directly in the field. The reflections reveal the effects of psychological and physical trauma on researchers, and highlight how trauma impacts the research process.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Emerald Group Publishing Limited, 2022
Keywords
Extreme contexts, Identity, Reflexive essay, Researcher trauma, Sense-making
National Category
Business Administration
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-200863 (URN)10.1108/QROM-12-2021-2261 (DOI)000871323700001 ()2-s2.0-85140721118 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2022-11-14 Created: 2022-11-14 Last updated: 2023-10-26Bibliographically approved
Projects
A police in change: A studie of everyday sensemaking/giving in the largest organisational change initiative in Sweden in all times [2015-00700_Forte]; Umeå UniversityTheory och method development for the grand challenges of society: A international research exchange [F17-1302:1_RJ]; Umeå University
Organisations
Identifiers
ORCID iD: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0003-3253-7243

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