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Publications (10 of 47) Show all publications
Malmberg, P., Ottosson, J., Eriksson, M. & Jansson, O. (2023). The role of industry in Sweden’s total defence: Past, present, and future. London: National Preparedness Commission
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The role of industry in Sweden’s total defence: Past, present, and future
2023 (English)Other (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
Abstract [en]

This article by Pär Malmberg, Jan Ottosson, Martin Eriksson, and Olle Jansson discusses Sweden’s work with industry as part of its total defence concept and whole-of-society approach to national preparedness. The article covers the past and the formative years in the early 1960s, up to the gradual discontinuation of total defence planning at the turn of the 21st century. It also presents the status and possible future developments in the context of changing industrial and geopolitical realities. The focus is on the forms of collaboration and coordination between the State and companies, both private and publicly owned.

Place, publisher, year, pages
London: National Preparedness Commission, 2023
National Category
Economic History
Research subject
Economic History
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-205661 (URN)
Available from: 2023-03-13 Created: 2023-03-13 Last updated: 2023-03-13Bibliographically approved
Eriksson, M. (2022). Från trävaruexport till regionalpolitik: isbrytningens utveckling i Sverige och Finland 1867-1977. In: Nils Erik Villstrand; Kasper Westerlund (Ed.), Is: på olika vis (pp. 99-119). Åbo: Sjöhistoriska institutet vid Åbo Akademi
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Från trävaruexport till regionalpolitik: isbrytningens utveckling i Sverige och Finland 1867-1977
2022 (Swedish)In: Is: på olika vis / [ed] Nils Erik Villstrand; Kasper Westerlund, Åbo: Sjöhistoriska institutet vid Åbo Akademi , 2022, p. 99-119Chapter in book (Other academic)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Åbo: Sjöhistoriska institutet vid Åbo Akademi, 2022
Series
Meddelanden från Sjöhistoriska institutet vid Åbo Akademi, ISSN 1795-7478 ; 37
National Category
Economic History
Research subject
Economic History
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-198629 (URN)9789521241567 (ISBN)
Note

Ingår även i: Forum navales skriftserie, 1650-1837, nr 84

Available from: 2022-08-15 Created: 2022-08-15 Last updated: 2022-09-08Bibliographically approved
Eriksson, M., Andersson-Skog, L. & Sabo, J. (2022). National institutions, regional outcomes: the political economy of post-war Swedish regional policy. In: Niall G. Mackenzie; Andrew Perchard; Christopher Miller; Neil Forbes (Ed.), Varieties of capitalism over time: (pp. 119-132). London: Routledge
Open this publication in new window or tab >>National institutions, regional outcomes: the political economy of post-war Swedish regional policy
2022 (English)In: Varieties of capitalism over time / [ed] Niall G. Mackenzie; Andrew Perchard; Christopher Miller; Neil Forbes, London: Routledge, 2022, p. 119-132Chapter in book (Refereed)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
London: Routledge, 2022
National Category
Economic History
Research subject
Economic History
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-201806 (URN)9781032369839 (ISBN)
Funder
The Jan Wallander and Tom Hedelius Foundation, P17-0108
Note

This book was originally published in the journal Business History, volume 63, issue 8 (2021) pp. 1357-1370

Available from: 2022-12-20 Created: 2022-12-20 Last updated: 2023-01-30Bibliographically approved
Eriksson, M. (2022). Staden, staten och nätverken: En jämförelse mellan flygplatserna i Umeå och Skellefteå. Västerbotten förr & nu
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Staden, staten och nätverken: En jämförelse mellan flygplatserna i Umeå och Skellefteå
2022 (Swedish)In: Västerbotten förr & nu, E-ISSN 2003-6698Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.)) Published
Abstract [sv]

Redan på medeltiden var kungen mån om att hålla samman riket. Bönderna i varje län fick bygga landsvägar. På 1600-talet tillkom gästgivargårdar, där det fanns kost och logi, men även möjlighet att hyra hästskjuts. På 1850-talet byggde staten telegraflinjer och i södra Sverige även järnvägar. Först 1891 nådde emellertid norra stambanan Vännäs och fem år senare även Umeå. Redan 1914 började man dessutom tala om flygplatser. Men det skulle dröja ytterligare ett halvsekel innan dessa började anläggas i Västerbotten.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Umeå: , 2022
National Category
Economic History
Research subject
Economic History
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-193730 (URN)
Available from: 2022-04-12 Created: 2022-04-12 Last updated: 2022-04-12Bibliographically approved
Eriksson, M. (2022). To the mutual benefit of the member states. Nordic transnational road cooperation, 1956–1966. Journal of Transport History, 43(3), 440-460
Open this publication in new window or tab >>To the mutual benefit of the member states. Nordic transnational road cooperation, 1956–1966
2022 (English)In: Journal of Transport History, ISSN 0022-5266, E-ISSN 1759-3999, Vol. 43, no 3, p. 440-460Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This article deals with the Nordic Council as a cooperation organ for building transnational roads outside of the E-road network during the period 1956–1966. The Nordic experience of planning and interconnecting transnational roads is related to the United Nations Economic Commission for Europe (ECE) and the development of the E-road network. It is noted that whereas the E-road network built on an ambition within the ECE to create mutual understanding and fraternity between the European nations, the Nordic Council viewed roads as instruments to deal with shared economic and social problems. Another difference is that while the member states of the ECE interacted with societal groups and expert organisations during the interconnection of the E-road network, such actors did not participate directly with the Nordic Council. The inter-Nordic stream of technical expertise was primarily channelled through the national road administrations which cooperated to interconnect the trans-Nordic network.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Sage Publications, 2022
Keywords
economic history, Nordic Council, Norway, Sweden, transnational roads
National Category
Infrastructure Engineering
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-193317 (URN)10.1177/00225266221084143 (DOI)000772053200001 ()2-s2.0-85126336020 (Scopus ID)
Funder
The Jan Wallander and Tom Hedelius FoundationTore Browaldhs stiftelse, P19:0049
Available from: 2022-03-29 Created: 2022-03-29 Last updated: 2022-12-14Bibliographically approved
Eriksson, M. (2021). Arbetsmarknadspolitik som regionalpolitik: Fonden för vissa stödåtgärder inom malmkommunerna 1938–1961. Umeå: Umeå universitet
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Arbetsmarknadspolitik som regionalpolitik: Fonden för vissa stödåtgärder inom malmkommunerna 1938–1961
2021 (Swedish)Report (Other academic)
Abstract [sv]

Uppsatsen behandlar Fonden för vissa stödåtgärder inom malmkommunerna som ett exempel på hur mellankrigstidens regionalpolitik tog sig uttryck i Sverige. Den visar att en avgörande skillnad mellan 1930-talets regionalpolitik och de större, mer permanenta program som utvecklades från och med 1960-talet var att 1930-talets regionalpolitik byggde på analysen att rumsliga problem var relaterade till övergående ekonomiska cykler, snarare än strukturella ekonomiska problem. Denna tanke medförde att regionalpolitiken utformades med inspiration från den kontracykliska arbetsmarknadspolitiken och i dialog med de parter på arbetsmarknaden som berördes av åtgärderna. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Umeå: Umeå universitet, 2021. p. 31
Series
Umeå papers in economic history, ISSN 1653-7378 ; 50
Keywords
Ekonomisk historia, Sverige, 1900-talet, regionalpolitik
National Category
Economic History
Research subject
Economic History
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-190658 (URN)
Funder
The Jan Wallander and Tom Hedelius Foundation, P19:0049
Available from: 2021-12-21 Created: 2021-12-21 Last updated: 2021-12-27Bibliographically approved
Eriksson, M. & Andersson-Skog, L. (2021). Att trygga framtiden: Beslutsprocessen om LKAB:s vinstavsättning 1956–1961. Historisk Tidskrift, 141(4), 643-667
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Att trygga framtiden: Beslutsprocessen om LKAB:s vinstavsättning 1956–1961
2021 (Swedish)In: Historisk Tidskrift, ISSN 0345-469X, E-ISSN 2002-4827, Vol. 141, no 4, p. 643-667Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

When the Swedish state nationalised the mining company LKAB in 1957, it became the sole owner of one of the richest iron ore fields in the world. The government was aware that iron ore was a non-renewable resource and wished to conserve this wealth for future generations by allocating part of the revenue from LKAB to a mineral trust fund. This article investigates the decision-making process that created the LKAB trust fund. We demonstrate that, initially, the Social Democratic government had a dual goal with the LKAB trust fund. On the one hand, it wanted to use the revenue from LKAB to fund applied scientific and technical research to complement research and development within the private sector, thereby aiming to accelerate economic growth. On the other hand, the government were very concerned about the economic development of northern Sweden, where LKAB´s mines were located. It wished to reduce the dependence on natural resource exports and to diversify the regional economy by providing capital for investments in the manufacturing industry. 

However, the government eventually came to the decision that these disparate goals could only be realized by creating two separate funds. One fund, the so-called Ore fund (Malmfonden) was created to fund applied technical and scientific research. The other fund, the so-called Norrland fund (Norrlandsfonden), was created to provide investment capital for manufacturing industries in northern Sweden. The Social Democratic government had strong political ambitions to develop both these areas. To retain its commitment to national growth, it wanted the state to keep technological development in the economy at a sufficient level. The government also had a growing commitment towards spatial cohesion and began to implement active regional policies in northern Sweden. By stimulating investment in manufacturing industries, it hoped to break what was perceived as long-standing structural problems of regional unemployment and unbalanced outmigration.

Abstract [sv]

I samband med att LKAB förstatligades 1957 ville staten skapa alternativa inkomstkällor utanför gruvbrytningen genom att använda LKAB:s vinster för framtidsinriktade syften. Resultatet blev två fonder: Malmfonden, som var en nationell fond för teknisk-naturvetenskaplig forskning, och Norrlandsfonden, som var en fond för kreditgivning till regionalpolitiskt motiverade industriinvesteringar. Uppsatsen beskriver tillkomsten av dessa fonder och hur malmintäkterna fördelades mellan dem.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Svenska Historiska Föreningen, 2021
Keywords
Sweden, Economic history, 20th century, public finance, mineral trust funds
National Category
Economic History
Research subject
Economic History
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-190477 (URN)
Funder
The Jan Wallander and Tom Hedelius Foundation, P19:0049
Available from: 2021-12-16 Created: 2021-12-16 Last updated: 2022-05-10Bibliographically approved
Eriksson, M. & Andersson-Skog, L. (2021). Att trygga framtiden: Beslutsprocessen om LKAB:s vinstavsättning 1956–1961: To safeguard the future: The decision-making process concerning the LKAB funds, 1956-1961. Historisk Tidskrift, 141(4), 643-667
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Att trygga framtiden: Beslutsprocessen om LKAB:s vinstavsättning 1956–1961: To safeguard the future: The decision-making process concerning the LKAB funds, 1956-1961
2021 (English)In: Historisk Tidskrift, ISSN 0345-469X, E-ISSN 2002-4827, Vol. 141, no 4, p. 643-667Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

When the Swedish state nationalised the mining company LKAB in 1957, it became the sole owner of one of the richest iron ore fields in the world. The government was aware that iron ore was a non-renewable resource and wished to conserve this wealth for future generations by allocating part of the revenue from LKAB to a mineral trust fund. This article investigates the decision-making process that created the LKAB trust fund. We demonstrate that, initially, the Social Democratic government had a dual goal with the LKAB trust fund. On the one hand, it wanted to use the revenue from LKAB to fund applied scientific and technical research to complement research and development within the private sector, thereby aiming to accelerate economic growth. On the other hand, the government were very concerned about the economic development of northern Sweden, where LKAB's mines were located. It wished to reduce the dependence on natural resource exports and to diversify the regional economy by providing capital for investments in the manufacturing industry.

However, the government eventually came to the decision that these disparate goals could only be realized by creating two separate funds. One fund, the so-called Ore fund (Malmfonden) was created to fund applied technical and scientific research. The other fund, the so-called Norrland fund (Norrlandsfonden), was created to provide investment capital for manufacturing industries in northern Sweden. The Social Democratic government had strong political ambitions to develop both these areas. To retain its commitment to national growth, it wanted the state to keep technological development in the economy at a sufficient level. The government also had a growing commitment towards spatial cohesion and began to implement active regional policies in northern Sweden. By stimulating investment in manufacturing industries, it hoped to break what was perceived as long-standing structural problems of regional unemployment and unbalanced outmigration.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Svenska Historiska Föreningen, 2021
Keywords
Sweden, Economic history, 20th century, public finance, mineral trust funds
National Category
Economics Other Civil Engineering
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-191678 (URN)000734919000002 ()
Available from: 2022-01-21 Created: 2022-01-21 Last updated: 2022-05-10Bibliographically approved
Eriksson, M. (2021). Christian Ostersehlte, Eisbrecher vor Reval: Die Flotte des Revaler Börsenkomitees (Münster: LIT-Verlag, 2019), 395 s., häftad, ill. [Review]. Forum navale, 77, 151-153
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Christian Ostersehlte, Eisbrecher vor Reval: Die Flotte des Revaler Börsenkomitees (Münster: LIT-Verlag, 2019), 395 s., häftad, ill.
2021 (Swedish)In: Forum navale, ISSN 0280-6215, E-ISSN 2002-0015, Vol. 77, p. 151-153Article, book review (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.)) Published
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: Sjöhistoriska Samfundet, 2021
National Category
Economic History
Research subject
Economic History
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-183935 (URN)
Available from: 2021-06-05 Created: 2021-06-05 Last updated: 2021-06-07Bibliographically approved
Andersson-Skog, L. & Eriksson, M. (2021). Det sammanflätade intresset: Staten, affärsbankerna och småföretagen i ATP-systemet 1958-1962: [The Intertwined Interest: the State, the Commercial Banks and Small Business Finance during the Supplementary Pension Reform, 1958–1962]. Scandia, 87(1), 38-60
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Det sammanflätade intresset: Staten, affärsbankerna och småföretagen i ATP-systemet 1958-1962: [The Intertwined Interest: the State, the Commercial Banks and Small Business Finance during the Supplementary Pension Reform, 1958–1962]
2021 (Swedish)In: Scandia, ISSN 0036-5483, Vol. 87, no 1, p. 38-60Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This article focuses on the interaction between the state and Swedish banks during the establishment of two institutes for small business credit, AB Industrikredit and AB Företagskredit, between 1958 and 1962. These institutes were established as intermediaries between the supplementary pension system and the credit market. We have been able to elucidate this process by the Swedish Bankers’ Association granting us privileged access to archival material on these negotiations.

It is demonstrated that the strong ideological conflict characterizing the parliamentary debate on the supplementary pensions system did not spill over into the system being implemented within the financial sector as this was organized through the examined credit institutes. Instead, the banks and the state were able to negotiate through established channels and arenas for business-government relations in the financial sector. Even if the parties initially exhibited mistrust based on different historical interpretations of the market for small business credit, they also recognized the degree of change that would be brought on by the supplementary pension system with regard to the financial markets and capital formation as a whole. Hence, they downplayed ideological differences and strived to reach an outcomethat was mutually beneficial in its final form. A crucial indication of this consensus is that fifty percent of each institute was owned by the state while the other fifty percent was owned by the banks.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Lund: Scandia, 2021
Keywords
Sweden, economic history, financial history, small business finance, business-government relations
National Category
Economic History
Research subject
Economic History
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-184026 (URN)10.47868/scandia.v87i1.23252 (DOI)000658806100003 ()2-s2.0-85111834948 (Scopus ID)
Funder
The Jan Wallander and Tom Hedelius Foundation, P17-0108
Available from: 2021-06-07 Created: 2021-06-07 Last updated: 2023-03-24Bibliographically approved
Organisations
Identifiers
ORCID iD: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0002-5434-7304

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