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Sundqvist, J., Ghazinour, M. & Eriksson, M. (2024). Risk- och friskfaktorer i arbetsmiljön för poliser i yttre tjänst. Gävle: Myndigheten för arbetsmiljökunskap
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Risk- och friskfaktorer i arbetsmiljön för poliser i yttre tjänst
2024 (Swedish)Report (Refereed)
Abstract [sv]

Poliser i yttre tjänst har en avgörande roll i att förebygga, förhindra och upptäcka brottslig verksamhet, samt att bevaka den allmänna ordningen och säkerheten. Detta uppdrag är inte begränsat till en specifik plats utan spänner över hela samhället. Det innebär att hela samhället utgör polisernas arbetsmiljö. Denna arbetsmiljö är dock komplex och involverar risker såsom hot och våld. Det gör att poliser i yttre tjänst löper en särskilt hög risk för övergrepp, vilket kan leda till långvariga fysiska och psykiska påverkningar.

Poliser ställs inför ökande krav, särskilt med tanke på de samhällsutmaningar som finns idag med exempelvis den grova organiserade brottsligheten. En hög andel poliser överväger att lämna yrket och upplever känslor av otillräcklighet. Det indikerar att det finns utmaningar i arbetsmiljön. Det är därför nödvändigt att få en systematisk översikt över risk- och friskfaktorer på individ-, organisations och samhällsnivå för att utveckla effektiva arbetsmiljöstrategier för en hållbar polisorganisation.

Forskargruppens uppdrag av Myndigheten för arbetsmiljökunskap är att sammanställa befintlig forskning som genomförts i Sverige och Europa de senaste tio åren gällande arbetsmiljö för poliser i yttre tjänst. Resultatet kan vara ett stöd i den svenska polismyndighetens arbetsmiljöarbete.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Gävle: Myndigheten för arbetsmiljökunskap, 2024. p. 79
Series
Kunskapssammanställning ; 2024:4
Keywords
Poliser i yttre tjänst
National Category
Social Work Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology Work Sciences
Research subject
police science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-221767 (URN)978-91-89747-53-1 (ISBN)
Available from: 2024-03-05 Created: 2024-03-05 Last updated: 2024-03-05Bibliographically approved
Rostami, A., Burman, M., Ghazinour, M. & Hansson, J. (2024). Sexual and gender-based harassment against police employees in European countries: a scoping review. Journal of Language and Sexuality
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Sexual and gender-based harassment against police employees in European countries: a scoping review
2024 (English)In: Journal of Language and Sexuality, ISSN 2211-3770, E-ISSN 2211-3789Article, review/survey (Refereed) Epub ahead of print
Abstract [en]

Sexual and gender-based harassment is a work environment concern, especially in hierarchical and male-dominant organisations such as the police. This scoping review aims to examine the existing literature on such harassment against police employees in Europe to identify the available knowledge and highlight the gaps for future studies. Following the Arksey and O’Malley framework, 16 relevant articles were analysed. Most of the studies were focused on sexual harassment, and gender-based harassment was mostly absent or mixed with other discriminations. The analysis resulted in six main themes: existence of sexual and gender-based harassment; perpetrators; associated factors; consequences; individual response; and impact of organisational policies. The findings demonstrate that such harassment remains prevalent among police employees, emphasising the need for continuous and rigorous supervision, evaluation, and comprehensive revision of policies by police authorities. This study recommends further research to address the identified gaps in this field.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Routledge, 2024
Keywords
Police, Sexual harassment, Gender-based harassment, European countries, Work environment
National Category
Gender Studies Occupational Health and Environmental Health
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-219346 (URN)10.1080/13552600.2024.2316156 (DOI)2-s2.0-85186191774 (Scopus ID)
Funder
Umeå University
Note

Originally included in thesis in manuscript form. 

Available from: 2024-01-11 Created: 2024-01-11 Last updated: 2024-03-08
Padyab, M., Hansson, J., Sundqvist, J., Inzunza, M. & Ghazinour, M. (2023). A comparative study of stress experienced by Swedish and Norwegian police officers. Frontiers in Health Services, 3
Open this publication in new window or tab >>A comparative study of stress experienced by Swedish and Norwegian police officers
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2023 (English)In: Frontiers in Health Services, E-ISSN 2813-0146, Vol. 3Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Introduction: Police officers work in a variable environment under different circumstances and often involves stressful situations. This include working irregular hours, ongoing exposure to critical incidents, confrontations and violence. community police officers are mainly out in the society and have daily contact with the general public. critical incidents can also consist of being criticized and stigmatized as a police officer, both from the public but also lack of support from their own organization. There is evidence on negative impacts of stress on police officers. However, knowledge about the nature of police stress and its various types is insufficient. It is assumed that there are common stress factors which are universal among all police officers in different contexts but there is a lack of comparative studies to provide empirical evidence. The aim of this study is to compare different types of stress among police officers in Norway and Sweden and how the pattern of experiencing stress has changed over time in these countries.

Methods: The study population consisted of patrolling police officers from 20 local police districts or units in all seven regions in Sweden (n = 953) and patrolling police officers from four police districts in Norway (n = 678). A 42-item Police Stress Identification Questionnaire was used to measure the stress level.

Results: The findings show differences in types of stressful events as well as its severity among police officers in Sweden and Norway. The level of stress decreased over time among Swedish police officers whereas it showed no change or even an increase among the Norwegian participants.

Discussion: The results of this study are relevant for policy-makers, police authorities and lay police officers in each country to tailor their efforts to prevent stress among police officers.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Frontiers Media S.A., 2023
Keywords
stress, police, comparative study, Sweden, Norway
National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-208339 (URN)10.3389/frhs.2023.1072248 (DOI)001112632600001 ()36926512 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-85159670302 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2023-05-20 Created: 2023-05-20 Last updated: 2024-02-21Bibliographically approved
Granholm Valmari, E., Ghazinour, M., Nygren, U. & Gilenstam, K. (2023). A systematic review of lifestyle and health among patrolling police officers. Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy, 30(5), 721-744
Open this publication in new window or tab >>A systematic review of lifestyle and health among patrolling police officers
2023 (English)In: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy, ISSN 1103-8128, E-ISSN 1651-2014, Vol. 30, no 5, p. 721-744Article, review/survey (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Background: The police profession is a high-strain and high-risk profession, sometimes resulting in poor physical, mental and social health. This systematic review aims to identify and describe crucial areas for a healthy and sustainable lifestyle among patrolling police officers in Europe, an area not previously studied.

Methods: The review was conducted according to the PRISMA guidelines. A protocol was published and registered with PROSPERO beforehand. Searches were carried out in eight databases. Two independent authors screened articles and critically appraised the included studies. A narrative synthesis was conducted to analyse the results. The review’s total body of evidence was assessed with GRADE-CERQaul.

Results: A total of 16 articles were located, representing 13 studies. Barriers and resources for a healthy and sustainable lifestyle were linked to a theoretical framework of life balance. Subsequently, a linkage model was created to explain different aspects of patrolling police officers’ life balance and its relation to health (physical, social and mental).

Conclusions: Several crucial areas for a healthy and sustainable lifestyle were found and described, indicating that patrolling officers’ working life affects their possibilities of living a balanced lifestyle, which might disturb different aspects of health, depending on which aspect is compromised.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Taylor & Francis Group, 2023
National Category
Occupational Therapy
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-196658 (URN)10.1080/11038128.2022.2083013 (DOI)000811661000001 ()35704703 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-85131946256 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2022-06-16 Created: 2022-06-16 Last updated: 2023-06-19Bibliographically approved
Granholm Valmari, E., Nygren, U., Ghazinour, M. & Gilenstam, K. (2023). Being a top cop in pursuit of a sustainable lifestyle. International Journal of Qualitative Studies on Health and Well-being, 18(1), Article ID 2235789.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Being a top cop in pursuit of a sustainable lifestyle
2023 (English)In: International Journal of Qualitative Studies on Health and Well-being, ISSN 1748-2623, E-ISSN 1748-2631, Vol. 18, no 1, article id 2235789Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Previous research has widely recognized the challenges uniformed police officers face in their working lives. However, little is known about the overall lifestyles of police officers, including what they do in private life. We interviewed 17 officers and used reflexive thematic analysis to explore their experiences. The study sheds light on how uniformed police officers navigate the intersection between their private and professional lives, as well as how their professional role impacts their day-to-day doings and private life roles. The key findings relate to how the demands of their professional role impact their private life, such as the profession becoming a way of life. Furthermore, they highlight the challenges of avoiding certain environments where they might be recognized as police officers. It also entails balancing energy levels in work and private life, as well as how their profession’s unpredictability affects their daily routines and roles. The findings also show how their personal choices in private life are frequently influenced by their professional role. The study’s findings have theoretical as well as practical implications, contributing to a better understanding of uniformed police officers’ challenges and resources for a sustainable and healthy lifestyle.

Keywords
balance in life, first responder, health, occupational patterns, patrol service, police officer, reflexive thematic analysis, roles, spare-time activities, work-life conflict
National Category
Occupational Therapy
Research subject
police science; Occupational therapy
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-212296 (URN)10.1080/17482631.2023.2235789 (DOI)001029676500001 ()37469287 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-85165246968 (Scopus ID)
Funder
The Kempe Foundations
Available from: 2023-07-20 Created: 2023-07-20 Last updated: 2023-12-13Bibliographically approved
Hansson, J., Eriksson, M., Hjertstedt, M. & Ghazinour, M. (2023). Coercive measures against minors in the Swedish asylum process: legal uncertainty, ambivalence and experiences of intrusiveness. Nordic Journal of Social Research, 14(1), 1-21
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Coercive measures against minors in the Swedish asylum process: legal uncertainty, ambivalence and experiences of intrusiveness
2023 (English)In: Nordic Journal of Social Research, E-ISSN 1892-2783, Vol. 14, no 1, p. 1-21Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Asylum-seeking minors are viewed as particularly vulnerable but are still exposed to coercive measures permitted by law. This study analyses Swedish Police Authority and Swedish Migration Agency officials’ perceptions of coercive measures towards minors in the asylum process in light of the Swedish law, and raises minors’ own voices on their experiences of coercive measures. Qualitative interviews were performed with 1) officials at the Swedish Police Authority and Swedish Migration Agency who manage and use coercive actions against minors and 2) former minors with experiences of being subjected to coercive measures. Based on a thematic analysis, the results illustrate how the officials’ perceptions about coercive measures are characterized by uncertainty and ambivalence. The minors expressed the importance of how they were treated during the asylum process rather than the coercive measure as such. Swedish law regulating coercive measures needs clarifications to give sufficient guidance for practice.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Universitetsforlaget, 2023
Keywords
asylum-seeking minors, law, officials, thematic analysis, qualitative interviews
National Category
Other Social Sciences Social Work
Research subject
police science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-216998 (URN)10.18261/njsr.14.1.6 (DOI)2-s2.0-85179495917 (Scopus ID)
Funder
Forte, Swedish Research Council for Health, Working Life and Welfare, 2018-00410
Available from: 2023-11-23 Created: 2023-11-23 Last updated: 2023-12-22Bibliographically approved
Granholm Valmari, E., Ghazinour, M., Nygren, U. & Gilenstam, K. (2023). Exploring the life contexts of patrolling police officers in the European Union – A scoping review. Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy, 30(5), 585-603
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Exploring the life contexts of patrolling police officers in the European Union – A scoping review
2023 (English)In: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy, ISSN 1103-8128, E-ISSN 1651-2014, Vol. 30, no 5, p. 585-603Article, review/survey (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Background: Patrolling police officers engage in different mentally, socially, and physically challenging life contexts which may affect their life and health. The aim of this scoping review is twofold, to explore life contexts of patrolling officers in the European Union, and to investigate how their lives and health are affected by environmental characteristics within these contexts.

Methods: The scoping review followed Arksey and O’Malley’s methodology and included a critical appraisal. The environmental model within Kielhofner’s Model of Human Occupation was used in the thematic analysis. The review was reported following PRISMA-ScR.

Results: In the 16 included studies, two contexts (where environments interact with persons on different levels) were discovered: the global and the immediate context. No local contexts were found. Primarily, research on the social, and occupational environments, including qualities identified in these environments were found. However, some environmental characteristics within patrolling officers’ physical environments were also discovered.

Discussion: This review contributes to the emerging research area of police officers’ life contexts, by mapping contexts and environments affecting their life and health. However, to get a deeper understanding of how officers are affected by their environments, interviewing them regarding how their different contexts affect their everyday living, would be important.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Taylor & Francis, 2023
Keywords
Activity, environment, health, MOHO, occupational, patrol duty, physical, social, thematic analysis
National Category
Occupational Therapy
Research subject
Occupational therapy; police science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-192771 (URN)10.1080/11038128.2022.2041088 (DOI)000761484700001 ()35225165 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-85125928893 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2022-02-27 Created: 2022-02-27 Last updated: 2023-12-13Bibliographically approved
Granholm Valmari, E., Nygren, U., Ghazinour, M. & Gilenstam, K. (2023). How police officers juggle work, a life partner, and kids. Frontiers in Psychology, 14, Article ID 1178314.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>How police officers juggle work, a life partner, and kids
2023 (English)In: Frontiers in Psychology, E-ISSN 1664-1078, Vol. 14, article id 1178314Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Police officers frequently encounter stressful social situations during their working days. Furthermore, previous research on policing and families show that police officers’ families are impacted in different ways when at least one member of the family has the role of a police officer. Despite work spilling over to family life there is currently little research on police officers’ role-balancing. Thus, the purpose of this study was to explore and describe the challenges that arise at the intersection between police officers’ professional roles and their private life roles as parents and life partners, as well as how police officers balance these roles in between. We used qualitative content analysis after interviewing 13 uniformed police officers. The findings show how the police officers’ professional roles affect their private life roles within three different sub-themes and are summarized under the theme of "Balancing conflicting roles: Coping with professional and private life commitments". The theme revolves around the various challenges of working as a uniformed police officer, such as hypervigilance and risks, as well as the enrichments and conflicts of working shifts while also juggling private life roles. The results also touch on gender and equality in life-partner relationships. The study raises an important question about how these challenges can be mitigated within Police authorities to enable uniformed police officers to balance their professional and personal lives in a healthy and sustainable manner.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Frontiers Media S.A., 2023
Keywords
aktivitetsvetenskap, arbetsterapi, polisers hälsa
National Category
Occupational Therapy
Research subject
Occupational therapy; police science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-212025 (URN)10.3389/fpsyg.2023.1178314 (DOI)37484103 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-85165178650 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2023-07-13 Created: 2023-07-13 Last updated: 2023-12-13Bibliographically approved
Granholm Valmari, E., Ghazinour, M., Nygren, U. & Gilenstam, K. (2023). Life contexts among patrolling police officers in the European Union, investigating environmental characteristics and health: a protocol for a scoping review and a systematic review. Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy, 30(7), 1135-1142
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Life contexts among patrolling police officers in the European Union, investigating environmental characteristics and health: a protocol for a scoping review and a systematic review
2023 (English)In: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy, ISSN 1103-8128, E-ISSN 1651-2014, Vol. 30, no 7, p. 1135-1142Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Introduction: The police officer occupation is a high-risk profession, with significantly more traumatic and stressful events than other occupations. Key factors for the health of police officers have been found to be related to intra-interpersonal, occupational, and organizational factors. However, the mechanisms underlying why is inconclusive. This protocol therefore intends to explain the approach for conducting both a scoping review, and systematic review. The overall aim of the reviews is to investigate patrolling police officers' life contexts with the intention to identify barriers and resources that affect their lifestyle and health.

Methods: The protocol is reported according to the PRISMA-P guidelines, with PROSPERO number: CRD42020190583. Searches will be carried out in SCOPUS, Web of Science, PubMed, OpenGrey, and EBSCO (Academic Search Premiere, APA PsychINFO, CINAHL, SocINDEX). Two independent raters will screen articles and conduct the critical appraisal. Analyses include Arksey and O'Malley's methodology for the scoping review, and a narrative synthesis for the systematic review, including critically appraising the total body of evidence in the systematic review.

Discussion: The purpose of the reviews is to understand patrolling police officers' life contexts, and support future development of an assessment that measures patrolling police officers' life balance from a contextual viewpoint.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Taylor & Francis Group, 2023
Keywords
scoping review, systematic review, protocol, occupational therapy, occupational science, livsbalans, arbetsterapi, protokoll, systematisk litteraturöversikt
National Category
Occupational Health and Environmental Health Other Health Sciences
Research subject
Occupational therapy; police science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-185220 (URN)10.1080/11038128.2021.1939415 (DOI)000665644200001 ()2-s2.0-85108652372 (Scopus ID)
Projects
Livsbalans för poliser i yttre tjänst
Available from: 2021-06-24 Created: 2021-06-24 Last updated: 2023-12-29Bibliographically approved
Eklund Wimelius, M., Eriksson, M., Kinsman, J., Strandh, V. & Ghazinour, M. (2023). What is local resilience against radicalization and how can it be promoted?: a multidisciplinary literature review. Studies in Conflict and Terrorism, 46(7), 1108-1125
Open this publication in new window or tab >>What is local resilience against radicalization and how can it be promoted?: a multidisciplinary literature review
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2023 (English)In: Studies in Conflict and Terrorism, ISSN 1057-610X, E-ISSN 1521-0731, Vol. 46, no 7, p. 1108-1125Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

In this research note, we present results from a review of research on local resilience in relation to radicalization in public health, social work, crisis management, and community policing using terrorism studies as a point of departure. In order to identify agreements between literatures, we focus on how local resilience is understood, how it is said to be promoted, and how this knowledge could be synthesized. We show that resilience by and large is understood as both a process and a capacity underpinned by cooperation, social networks, and community resources and that an initial mapping of existing strengths and resources is pivotal for local resilience-building.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Routledge, 2023
Keywords
local, resilience, radicalization
National Category
Social Sciences
Research subject
political science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-153451 (URN)10.1080/1057610X.2018.1531532 (DOI)001000318500005 ()2-s2.0-85056329692 (Scopus ID)
Funder
Swedish Civil Contingencies Agency, 2016-488
Available from: 2018-11-21 Created: 2018-11-21 Last updated: 2023-07-14Bibliographically approved
Organisations
Identifiers
ORCID iD: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0003-1230-6720

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