Umeå University's logo

umu.sePublications
Change search
Link to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Alternative names
Publications (10 of 55) Show all publications
Stiernman, L., Dubol, M., Comasco, E., Sundström-Poromaa, I., Boraxbekk, C.-J., Johansson, I.-M. & Bixo, M. (2023). Emotion-induced brain activation across the menstrual cycle in individuals with premenstrual dysphoric disorder and associations to serum levels of progesterone-derived neurosteroids. Translational Psychiatry, 13(1), Article ID 124.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Emotion-induced brain activation across the menstrual cycle in individuals with premenstrual dysphoric disorder and associations to serum levels of progesterone-derived neurosteroids
Show others...
2023 (English)In: Translational Psychiatry, E-ISSN 2158-3188, Vol. 13, no 1, article id 124Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Premenstrual dysphoric disorder (PMDD) is a debilitating disorder characterized by severe mood symptoms in the luteal phase of the menstrual cycle. PMDD symptoms are hypothesized to be linked to an altered sensitivity to normal luteal phase levels of allopregnanolone (ALLO), a GABAA-modulating progesterone metabolite. Moreover, the endogenous 3β-epimer of ALLO, isoallopregnanolone (ISO), has been shown to alleviate PMDD symptoms through its selective and dose-dependent antagonism of the ALLO effect. There is preliminary evidence showing altered recruitment of brain regions during emotion processing in PMDD, but whether this is associated to serum levels of ALLO, ISO or their relative concentration is unknown. In the present study, subjects with PMDD and asymptomatic controls underwent functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) in the mid-follicular and the late-luteal phase of the menstrual cycle. Brain responses to emotional stimuli were investigated and related to serum levels of ovarian steroids, the neurosteroids ALLO, ISO, and their ratio ISO/ALLO. Participants with PMDD exhibited greater activity in brain regions which are part of emotion-processing networks during the late-luteal phase of the menstrual cycle. Furthermore, activity in key regions of emotion processing networks - the parahippocampal gyrus and amygdala - was differentially associated to the ratio of ISO/ALLO levels in PMDD subjects and controls. Specifically, a positive relationship between ISO/ALLO levels and brain activity was found in PMDD subjects, while the opposite was observed in controls. In conclusion, individuals with PMDD show altered emotion-induced brain responses in the late-luteal phase of the menstrual cycle which may be related to an abnormal response to physiological levels of GABAA-active neurosteroids.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Springer Nature, 2023
National Category
Psychiatry
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-206958 (URN)10.1038/s41398-023-02424-3 (DOI)000968319200001 ()37055419 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-85152386545 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2023-04-26 Created: 2023-04-26 Last updated: 2024-05-17Bibliographically approved
Bengtsson, S. K. S., Sjöstedt, J., Malinina, E., Das, R., Doverskog, M., Johansson, I.-M., . . . Bäckström, T. (2023). Extra-synaptic GABAA receptor potentiation and neurosteroid-induced learning deficits are inhibited by GR3027, a GABAA modulating steroid antagonist. Biomolecules, 13(10), Article ID 1496.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Extra-synaptic GABAA receptor potentiation and neurosteroid-induced learning deficits are inhibited by GR3027, a GABAA modulating steroid antagonist
Show others...
2023 (English)In: Biomolecules, E-ISSN 2218-273X, Vol. 13, no 10, article id 1496Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Objectives In Vitro: To study the effects of GR3027 (golexanolone) on neurosteroid-induced GABA-mediated current responses under physiological GABAergic conditions with recombinant human α5β3γ2L and α1β2γ2L GABAA receptors expressed in human embryonic kidney cells, using the response patch clamp technique combined with the Dynaflow™ application system. With α5β3γ2L receptors, 0.01–3 μM GR3027, in a concentration-dependent manner, reduced the current response induced by 200 nM THDOC + 0.3 µM GABA, as well as the THDOC-induced direct gated effect. GR3027 (1 μM) alone had no effect on the GABA-mediated current response or current in the absence of GABA. With α1β2γ2L receptors, GR3027 alone had no effect on the GABA-mediated current response or did not affect the receptor by itself. Meanwhile, 1–3 µM GR3027 reduced the current response induced by 200 nM THDOC + 30 µM GABA and 3 µM GR3027 that induced by 200 nM THDOC when GABA was not present. Objectives In Vivo: GR3027 reduces allopregnanolone (AP)-induced decreased learning and anesthesia in male Wistar rats. Rats treated i.v. with AP (2.2 mg/kg) or vehicle were given GR3027 in ratios of 1:0.5 to 1:5 dissolved in 10% 2-hydroxypropyl-beta-cyclodextrin. A dose ratio of AP:GR3027 of at least 1:2.5 antagonized the AP-induced decreased learning in the Morris Water Mase (MWM) and 1:7.5 antagonized the loss of righting reflex (LoR). GR3027 treatment did not change other functions in the rat compared to the vehicle group. Conclusions: GR3027 functions in vitro as an inhibitor of GABAA receptors holding α5β3γ2L and α1β2γ2L, in vivo, in the rat, as a dose-dependent inhibitor toward AP’s negative effects on LoR and learning in the MWM.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
MDPI, 2023
Keywords
allopregnanolone, GABAA receptor, GR3027 improves memory, memory impairment, THDOC
National Category
Physiology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-216186 (URN)10.3390/biom13101496 (DOI)37892178 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-85175017097 (Scopus ID)
Funder
EU, Horizon 2020, 721802
Available from: 2023-11-09 Created: 2023-11-09 Last updated: 2024-03-18Bibliographically approved
Bäckström, T., Bengtsson, S. K. S., Sjöstedt, J., Malinina, E., Johansson, I.-M., Ragagnin, G., . . . Lundgren, P. (2023). Isoallopregnanolone inhibits estrus cycle-dependent aggressive behavior. Biomolecules, 13(6), Article ID 1017.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Isoallopregnanolone inhibits estrus cycle-dependent aggressive behavior
Show others...
2023 (English)In: Biomolecules, E-ISSN 2218-273X, Vol. 13, no 6, article id 1017Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Among female rats, some individuals show estrus cycle-dependent irritability/aggressive behaviors, and these individual rats may be used as a model for premenstrual dysphoric disorder (PMDD). We wanted to investigate if these behaviors are related to the estrus cycle phase containing moderately increased levels of positive GABA-A receptor-modulating steroids (steroid-PAM), especially allopregnanolone (ALLO), and if the adverse behavior can be antagonized. The electrophysiology studies in this paper show that isoallopregnanolone (ISO) is a GABA-A-modulating steroid antagonist (GAMSA), meaning that ISO can antagonize the agonistic effects of positive GABA-A receptor-modulating steroids in both α1β2γ2L and α4β3δ GABA-A receptor subtypes. In this study, we also investigated whether ISO could antagonize the estrus cycle-dependent aggressive behaviors in female Wistar rats using a resident–intruder test. Our results confirmed previous reports of estrus cycle-dependent behaviors in that 42% of the tested rats showed higher levels of irritability/aggression at diestrus compared to those at estrus. Furthermore, we found that, during the treatment with ISO, the aggressive behavior at diestrus was alleviated to a level comparable to that of estrus. We noticed an 89% reduction in the increase in aggressive behavior at diestrus compared to that at estrus. Vehicle treatment in the same animals showed a minimal effect on the diestrus-related aggressive behavior. In conclusion, we showed that ISO can antagonize Steroid-PAM both in α1β2γ2L and α4β3δ GABA-A receptor subtypes and inhibit estrus cycle-dependent aggressive behavior.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
MDPI, 2023
Keywords
allopregnanolone, diestrus, estrus, estrus cycle, estrus cycle-dependent aggression, isoallopregnanolone, resident/intruder test, Wistar rats
National Category
Neurosciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-212055 (URN)10.3390/biom13061017 (DOI)001014229000001 ()37371597 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-85164023779 (Scopus ID)
Funder
EU, Horizon 2020, 721802Swedish Research Council, 4x-11198Umeå UniversityVästerbotten County Council
Available from: 2023-07-18 Created: 2023-07-18 Last updated: 2024-03-18Bibliographically approved
Das, R., Ragagnin, G., Sjöstedt, J., Johansson, I.-M., Haage, D., Druzin, M., . . . Bäckström, T. (2022). Medroxyprogesterone acetate positively modulates specific GABAA-receptor subtypes - affecting memory and cognition. Psychoneuroendocrinology, 141, Article ID 105754.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Medroxyprogesterone acetate positively modulates specific GABAA-receptor subtypes - affecting memory and cognition
Show others...
2022 (English)In: Psychoneuroendocrinology, ISSN 0306-4530, E-ISSN 1873-3360, Vol. 141, article id 105754Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Medroxyprogesterone acetate (MPA) is a progestin widely used in humans as hormone replacement therapy and at other indications. Many progestin metabolites, as the progesterone metabolite allopregnanolone, have GABAA-receptor modulatory effects and are known to affect memory, learning, appetite, and mood. In women, 4 years chronic treatment with MPA doubles the frequency of dementia and in rats, MPA causes cognitive impairment related to the GABAergic system. Activation of the membrane bound GABAA receptor results in a chloride ion flux that can be studied by whole-cell patch-clamp electrophysiological recordings. The purpose of this study was to clarify the modulatory effects of MPA and specific MPA metabolites, with structures like known GABAA-receptor modulators, on different GABAA-receptor subtypes. An additional aim was to verify the results as steroid effects on GABA response in single cells taken from rat hypothalamus. HEK-293 cell-lines permanently expressing the recombinant human GABAA-receptor subtype α1β2γ2L or α5β3γ2L or α2β3γ2S were created. The MPA metabolites 3α5α-MPA,3β5α-MPA and 3β5β-MPA were synthesised and purified for electrophysiological patch-clamp measurements with a Dynaflow system. The effects of MPA and tetrahydrodeoxycorticosterone were also studied. None of the studied MPA metabolites affected the responses mediated by α1β2γ2L or α5β3γ2L GABAA receptors. Contrary, MPA clearly acted both as a positive modulator and as a direct activator of the α5β3γ2L and α2β3γ2S GABAA receptors. However, in concentrations up to 10 μM, MPA was inactive at the α1β2γ2L GABAA receptor. In the patch-clamp recordings from dissociated cells of the preoptic area in rats, MPA increased the amplitude of responses to GABA. In addition, MPA alone without added GABA, evoked a current response. In conclusion, MPA acts as a positive modulator of specific GABAA receptor subtypes expressed in HEK cells and at native GABA receptors in single cells from the hypothalamic preoptic area.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2022
Keywords
Alpha5 GABA-A receptor, Dementia, GABA-A receptor, Medroxyprogesterone-acetate, Neurosteroids, Positive GABA-AR modulator
National Category
Physiology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-194529 (URN)10.1016/j.psyneuen.2022.105754 (DOI)000806353300010 ()35395561 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-85128809630 (Scopus ID)
Funder
EU, Horizon 2020, 721802
Available from: 2022-05-10 Created: 2022-05-10 Last updated: 2023-09-05Bibliographically approved
Montagnese, S., Lauridsen, M., Vilstrup, H., Zarantonello, L., Lakner, G., Fitilev, S., . . . Scharschmidt, B. F. (2021). A pilot study of golexanolone, a new GABA-A receptor-modulating steroid antagonist, in patients with covert hepatic encephalopathy. Journal of Hepatology, 75(1), 98-107
Open this publication in new window or tab >>A pilot study of golexanolone, a new GABA-A receptor-modulating steroid antagonist, in patients with covert hepatic encephalopathy
Show others...
2021 (English)In: Journal of Hepatology, ISSN 0168-8278, E-ISSN 1600-0641, Vol. 75, no 1, p. 98-107Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Background & Aims: Golexanolone is a novel small molecule GABA-A receptor-modulating steroid antagonist under development for the treatment of cognitive and vigilance disorders caused by allosteric over-activation of GABA-A receptors by neurosteroids. It restored spatial learning and motor coordination in animal models of hepatic encephalopathy (HE) and mitigated the effects of intravenous allopregnanolone in healthy adults in a dose-dependent fashion. Herein, we report data on the safety, pharmacokinetics (PK) and efficacy of golexanolone in adult patients with cirrhosis.

Methods: Following single/multiple ascending dose studies, adults with Child-Pugh A/B cirrhosis and abnormal continuous reaction time (CRT) on screening were randomized to 3 weeks’ dosing with golexanolone (10, 40 or 80 mg BID) or placebo. CRT, psychometric hepatic encephalopathy score (PHES), animal naming test (ANT), Epworth sleepiness scale (ESS) and electroencephalogram (mean dominant frequency [MDF]; delta+theta/alpha+beta ratio [DT/AB]) were obtained at baseline, 10, and 21 days.

Results: Golexanolone exhibited satisfactory safety and PK. Baseline characteristics were similar between the 12 and 33 patients randomized to placebo or golexanolone, respectively. By prespecified analyses, golexanolone was associated with directionally favourable changes vs. placebo in ESS (p = 0.047), MDF (p = 0.142) and DT/AB (p = 0.021). All patients also showed directionally favourable changes in CRT, PHES and ANT, but with no statistical difference between golexanolone and placebo. Post hoc analyses taking into account the variability and improvement in CRT, PHES and ANT observed between screening and baseline suggested an efficacy signal by cognitive measures as well.

Conclusion: Golexanolone was well tolerated and associated with improvement in cognitive performance. These results implicate GABA-A receptor-modulating neurosteroids in the pathogenesis of HE and support the therapeutic potential of golexanolone.

Lay summary: Many patients with cirrhosis experience subtle but disabling cognitive problems, including sleepiness and poor attention span, that impair their ability to be gainfully employed or carry out activities of daily living. This pilot study tested the hypothesis that these problems with cognition, for which there is no approved treatment, might be improved by an experimental drug, golexanolone, designed to normalize the function of receptors which inhibit brain function. The results of this study suggest that golexanolone is well tolerated and may improve cognition, as reflected by measures of sleepiness, attention span and brain wave activity, paving the way for future larger studies of this promising experimental drug.

Clinical trial registration number: EudraCT 2016-003651-30.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2021
Keywords
Allopregnanolone, cirrhosis, GR3027, neurosteroids, vigilance
National Category
Gastroenterology and Hepatology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-183587 (URN)10.1016/j.jhep.2021.03.012 (DOI)000661872700014 ()33894327 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-85105718803 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2021-05-31 Created: 2021-05-31 Last updated: 2023-03-24Bibliographically approved
Sandström, A., Bixo, M., Johansson, M., Bäckström, T. & Turkmen, S. (2020). Effect of hysterectomy on pain in women with endometriosis: a population-based registry study. British Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology, 127(13), 1628-1635
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Effect of hysterectomy on pain in women with endometriosis: a population-based registry study
Show others...
2020 (English)In: British Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology, ISSN 1470-0328, E-ISSN 1471-0528, Vol. 127, no 13, p. 1628-1635Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Objective: To assess pain symptoms before and after hysterectomy in women with endometriosis.

Design: A population-based registry study.

Setting: Sweden.

Population: Women aged 18-45 years who underwent hysterectomy for endometriosis between 2010 and 2015.

Methods: Pain symptoms before hysterectomy and 12 months after surgery were collected from the Swedish National Quality Register for Gynaecological Surgery (GynOp). Pain symptoms were also assessed by follow-up surveys after a median follow-up period of 63 months.

Main outcome measures: Pelvic or lower abdominal pain after hysterectomy.

Results: The study included 137 women. The proportion of women experiencing pain of any severity decreased by 28% after hysterectomy (P < 0.001). The proportion of women with severe pain symptoms decreased by 76% after hysterectomy (P < 0.001). The majority of women (84%) were satisfied with the surgical result. Presence of severe pain symptoms after the hysterectomy was associated with less satisfaction (P < 0.001). Pain symptoms after surgery, patient satisfaction and the patient's perceived improvement were not significantly different between women whose ovarian tissue was preserved and women who underwent bilateral oophorectomy.

Conclusions: We observed a significant, long-lasting reduction in pain symptoms after hysterectomy among women with endometriosis. Hysterectomy, with the possibility of ovarian preservation, may be a valuable option for women with endometriosis who suffer from severe pain symptoms.

Tweetable abstract: Hysterectomy is a valuable option for women with endometriosis and severe pain symptoms.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
John Wiley & Sons, 2020
Keywords
Endometriosis, hysterectomy, oophorectomy, pain, quality of life
National Category
Obstetrics, Gynecology and Reproductive Medicine
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-172842 (URN)10.1111/1471-0528.16328 (DOI)000538998500001 ()32437082 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-85086173927 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2020-06-26 Created: 2020-06-26 Last updated: 2024-04-08Bibliographically approved
Bengtsson, S., Bäckström, T., Brinton, R., Irwin, R. W., Johansson, I.-M., Sjöstedt, J. & Wang, M. (2020). GABA-A receptor modulating steroids in acute and chronic stress; relevance for cognition and dementia?. Neurobiology of stress, 12, Article ID 100206.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>GABA-A receptor modulating steroids in acute and chronic stress; relevance for cognition and dementia?
Show others...
2020 (English)In: Neurobiology of stress, ISSN 2352-2895, Vol. 12, article id 100206Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Cognitive dysfunction, dementia and Alzheimer's disease (AD) are increasing as the population worldwide ages. Therapeutics for these conditions is an unmet need. This review focuses on the role of the positive GABA-A receptor modulating steroid allopregnanolone (APa), it's role in underlying mechanisms for impaired cognition and of AD, and to determine options for therapy of AD. On one hand, APa given intermittently promotes neurogenesis, decreases AD-related pathology and improves cognition. On the other, continuous exposure of APa impairs cognition and deteriorates AD pathology. The disparity between these two outcomes led our groups to analyze the mechanisms underlying the difference. We conclude that the effects of APa depend on administration pattern and that chronic slightly increased APa exposure is harmful to cognitive function and worsens AD pathology whereas single administrations with longer intervals improve cognition and decrease AD pathology. These collaborative assessments provide insights for the therapeutic development of APa and APa antagonists for AD and provide a model for cross laboratory collaborations aimed at generating translatable data for human clinical trials.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2020
Keywords
Allopregnanolone, GABA-A receptor modulating steroids, GABA-A receptor modulating steroid antagonists, Learning, Memory, Dementia
National Category
Neurosciences Neurology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-173314 (URN)10.1016/j.ynstr.2019.100206 (DOI)000540238800015 ()31921942 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-85078807435 (Scopus ID)
Funder
EU, Horizon 2020Swedish Research Council, 4X-11198Västerbotten County CouncilSwedish Society of MedicineNIH (National Institute of Health), U01 AG031115
Available from: 2020-07-03 Created: 2020-07-03 Last updated: 2024-04-08Bibliographically approved
Holmberg, E., Sjöstedt, J., Malinina, E., Johansson, M., Turkmen, S., Ragagnin, G., . . . Bäckström, T. (2018). Allopregnanolone involvement in feeding regulation, overeating and obesity. Frontiers in neuroendocrinology (Print), 48, 70-77
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Allopregnanolone involvement in feeding regulation, overeating and obesity
Show others...
2018 (English)In: Frontiers in neuroendocrinology (Print), ISSN 0091-3022, E-ISSN 1095-6808, Vol. 48, p. 70-77Article, review/survey (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Obesity is strongly associated with ill health, primarily caused by consumption of excessive calories, and promoted (inter alia) by gamma-amino-butyric-acid (GABA) stimulating food intake by activating GABA(A) receptors (primarily with alpha 3 and alpha 2 subunits) in the hypothalamic arcuate nucleus and paraventricular nucleus. Allopregnanolone is a potent positive GABAA receptor modulating steroid (GAMS). As reviewed here, elevated allopregnanolone levels are associated with increases in food intake, preferences for energy-rich food, and obesity in humans and other mammals. In women with polycystic ovarian disease, high serum allopregnanolone concentrations are linked to uncontrolled eating, and perturbed sensitivity to allopregnanolone. Increases in weight during pregnancy also correlate with increases in allopregnanolone levels. Moreover, Prader-Willis syndrome is associated with massive overeating, absence of a GABA(A) receptor (with compensatory > 12-, > 5- and > 1.5-fold increases in alpha 4, gamma 2, and alpha 1, alpha 3 subunits), and increases in the alpha 4, beta x, delta receptor subtype, which is highly sensitive to allopregnanolone. GABA and positive GABA-A receptor modulating steroids like allopregnanolone stimulates food intake and weight gain.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Academic Press, 2018
Keywords
Allopregnanolone, GABA, GABA(A) receptor, Satiety, Hunger, Obesity, Overeating
National Category
Nutrition and Dietetics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-145173 (URN)10.1016/j.yfrne.2017.07.002 (DOI)000424316800008 ()28694181 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-85022066897 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2018-03-12 Created: 2018-03-12 Last updated: 2024-04-08Bibliographically approved
Bixo, M., Johansson, M., Timby, E., Michalski, L. & Bäckström, T. (2018). Effects of GABA active steroids in the female brain with a focus on the premenstrual dysphoric disorder. Paper presented at 9th International Meeting on Steroids and Nervous System, FEB 11-15, 2017, Torino, ITALY. Journal of neuroendocrinology (Print), 30(2), Article ID e12553.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Effects of GABA active steroids in the female brain with a focus on the premenstrual dysphoric disorder
Show others...
2018 (English)In: Journal of neuroendocrinology (Print), ISSN 0953-8194, E-ISSN 1365-2826, Vol. 30, no 2, article id e12553Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Premenstrual dysphoric disorder (PMDD) afflicts 3%-5% of women of childbearing age, and is characterised by recurrent negative mood symptoms (eg, irritability, depression, anxiety and emotional lability) during the luteal phase of the menstrual cycle. The aetiology of PMDD is unknown, although a temporal association with circulating ovarian steroids, in particular progesterone and its metabolite allopregnanolone, has been established during the luteal phase. Allopregnanolone is a positive modulator of the GABA(A) receptor: it is sedative in high concentrations but may precipitate paradoxical adverse effects on mood at levels corresponding to luteal phase concentrations in susceptible women. Saccadic eye velocity (SEV) is a measure of GABA(A) receptor sensitivity; in experimental studies of healthy women, i.v. allopregnanolone decreases SEV. Women with PMDD display an altered sensitivity to an i.v. injection of allopregnanolone compared to healthy controls in this model. In functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) studies, women with PMDD react differently to emotional stimuli in contrast to controls. A consistent finding in PMDD patients is increased amygdala reactivity during the luteal phase. Post-mortem studies in humans have revealed that allopregnanolone concentrations vary across different brain regions, although mean levels in the brain also reflect variations in peripheral serum concentrations. The amygdala processes emotions such as anxiety and aggression. This is interesting because allopregnanolone is detected at high concentrations within the region into which marked increases in blood flow are measured with fMRI following progesterone/allopregnanolone administration. Allopregnanolone effects are antagonised by its isomer isoallopregnanolone (UC1010), which significantly reduces negative mood symptoms in women with PMDD when administered s.c. in the premenstrual phase. This was shown in a randomised, placebo-controlled clinical trial in which the primary outcome was change in symptom scoring on the Daily Rating of Severity of Problems (DRSP): the treatment reduced negative mood scores (P<.005), as well as total DRSP scores (P<.01), compared to placebo in women with PMDD. In conclusion, the underlying studies of this review provide evidence that allopregnanolone is the provoking factor behind the negative mood symptoms in PMDD and that isoallopregnanolone could ameliorate the symptoms as a result of its ability to antagonise the allopregnanolone effect on the GABA(A) receptor.

Keywords
GABA, neuroactive steroids, premenstrual dysphoric disorder
National Category
Obstetrics, Gynecology and Reproductive Medicine
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-145601 (URN)10.1111/jne.12553 (DOI)000425521300018 ()2-s2.0-85042288074 (Scopus ID)
Conference
9th International Meeting on Steroids and Nervous System, FEB 11-15, 2017, Torino, ITALY
Available from: 2018-03-29 Created: 2018-03-29 Last updated: 2024-04-08Bibliographically approved
Johansson, M., Månsson, M., Lins, L.-E., Scharschmidt, B., Doverskog, M. & Bäckström, T. (2018). GR3027 reversal of neurosteroid-induced, GABA-A receptor-mediated inhibition of human brain function: an allopregnanolone challenge study. Psychopharmacology, 235(5), 1533-1543
Open this publication in new window or tab >>GR3027 reversal of neurosteroid-induced, GABA-A receptor-mediated inhibition of human brain function: an allopregnanolone challenge study
Show others...
2018 (English)In: Psychopharmacology, ISSN 0033-3158, E-ISSN 1432-2072, Vol. 235, no 5, p. 1533-1543Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

RATIONALE: GR3027 is a novel small molecule GABA-A receptor-modulating steroid antagonist, which in non-clinical studies has shown promise for treatment of human disorders due to allosteric over-activation of GABA-A receptors by neurosteroids, such as allopregnanolone. We here studied its safety, pharmacokinetics, and ability to inhibit allopregnanolone effects in humans.

METHODS: Safety and pharmacokinetics were studied in healthy adult males receiving ascending single or multiple oral GR3027 vs. placebo. GR3027-mediated reversal of allopregnanolone effect on maximal saccadic eye velocity (SEV), and self-rated somnolence was studied in a double-blind, placebo-controlled, three-part cross-over study in which 3 or 30 mg oral GR3027 preceded 0.05 mg/kg of i.v. allopregnanolone.

RESULTS: ]) varied linearly with dose; with dose-dependent accumulation ratios of 1.3-1.6. Allopregnanolone decreased SEV and induced somnolence in most, but not all subjects. By predefined analyses, 30 mg GR3027 significantly inhibited allopregnanolone-induced decrease in SEV (p = 0.03); 3 and 30 mg GR3027 non-significantly inhibited allopregnanolone-induced sedation. By post hoc analyses restricted to subjects with allopregnanolone-induced changes and the time period over which they occurred, GR3027 dose dependently inhibited allopregnanolone-induced decrease in SEV (p = 0.04 at 30 mg, non-significant at 3 mg) and allopregnanolone-induced sedation (p = 0.01/0.05 at 3/30 mg doses).

CONCLUSION: Oral GR3027 mitigates inhibition of brain function induced by allopregnanolone at doses which are clinically well tolerated and associated with linear pharmacokinetics.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Springer, 2018
Keywords
Allopregnanolone, Clinical trial, GR3027, Saccadic eye movement, Sedation
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-148340 (URN)10.1007/s00213-018-4864-1 (DOI)000431034400018 ()29492615 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-85042598724 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2018-06-04 Created: 2018-06-04 Last updated: 2024-04-08Bibliographically approved
Organisations
Identifiers
ORCID iD: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0002-5697-4299

Search in DiVA

Show all publications