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Fors Connolly, FilipORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0002-3857-4398
Alternative names
Publications (10 of 34) Show all publications
Fors Connolly, F., Olofsson, J. & Josefsson, M. (2024). Do reductions of daily activities mediate the relationship between COVID-19 restrictions and mental ill-health among older persons in Europe?. Aging & Mental Health, 28(7), 1058-1065
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Do reductions of daily activities mediate the relationship between COVID-19 restrictions and mental ill-health among older persons in Europe?
2024 (English)In: Aging & Mental Health, ISSN 1360-7863, E-ISSN 1364-6915, Vol. 28, no 7, p. 1058-1065Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Objective: Previous research has shown that daily activities are crucial for mental health among older people, and that such activities declined during the COVID-19 pandemic. While previous studies have confirmed a link between stringent restrictions and an increase in mental ill-health, the role of daily activities as a mediator in this relationship remains underexplored. We analyzed whether reductions in daily activities mediated the impact of these COVID-19 restrictions on mental ill-health during the pandemic’s initial phase.

Methods: We used data from Wave 8 SHARE Corona Survey covering 41,409 respondents from 25 European countries and Israel as well as data on COVID-19 restrictions from the Oxford Government Response  Tracker  (OxCGRT).  Multilevel  regression  and  multilevel-mediation  analysis  were  used  to  examine the relationships between restrictions, daily activities and mental ill-health.

Results: Reductions in walking and shopping showed a notably stronger association with increases in mental ill-health compared to social activities. Furthermore, declines in walking could account for about  a  quarter  of  the  relationship  between  restrictions  and  increased  mental  ill-health,  but  the  mediating effects of the other activates were negligible.

Conclusions: The study highlights the essential role of maintaining daily activities, particularly walking, to  mitigate  the  negative  psychological  effects  of  pandemic-related  restrictions  among  older  populations in Europe.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Routledge, 2024
Keywords
Mental health, restrictions, COVID-19, ageing, Europe, SHARE
National Category
Sociology Social and Economic Geography Social Sciences Interdisciplinary
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-221460 (URN)10.1080/13607863.2024.2313726 (DOI)001161401600001 ()38353508 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-85184882889 (Scopus ID)
Funder
EU, Horizon 2020, 101015924
Available from: 2024-02-23 Created: 2024-02-23 Last updated: 2024-07-19Bibliographically approved
Fors Connolly, F., Johansson Sevä, I. & Gärling, T. (2024). How satisfaction with running business and private life are related to small-business owners’ subjective well-being. Applied Research in Quality of Life, 19, 351-365
Open this publication in new window or tab >>How satisfaction with running business and private life are related to small-business owners’ subjective well-being
2024 (English)In: Applied Research in Quality of Life, ISSN 1871-2584, E-ISSN 1871-2576, Vol. 19, p. 351-365Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This study examined how satisfaction with aspects of running the business as well as satisfaction with aspects of the private life are related to small-business owners' subjective well-being (SWB). Measures were obtained of both life satisfaction (LS) and emotional well-being (EWB) to investigate possible differences. Questionnaire data from a survey of small-business owners (n=614) showed that in the business domain LS is associated with satisfaction with revenues, EWB with satisfaction with customer and employee contacts, and both LS and EWB with satisfaction with working time. In the private life domain, LS is associated with satisfaction with family and economy and EWB with satisfaction with leisure. Overall, LS has a stronger association than EWB with satisfaction with aspects of private life, while the associations with satisfaction with business aspects are equally strong.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Springer Nature, 2024
Keywords
Domain satisfaction, Emotional well-being, Life satisfaction, Smallbusiness owners
National Category
Psychology Social Psychology
Research subject
Sociology; Psychology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-216085 (URN)10.1007/s11482-023-10246-0 (DOI)001091971400001 ()2-s2.0-85175379005 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2023-11-01 Created: 2023-11-01 Last updated: 2024-04-30Bibliographically approved
Fors Connolly, F., Hjerm, M., Kulin, J. & Johansson Sevä, I. (2024). Out-of-home activities during the COVID-19 pandemic in Sweden: associations with subjective well-being and the moderating roles of age and personality. Personality and Individual Differences, 226, Article ID 112678.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Out-of-home activities during the COVID-19 pandemic in Sweden: associations with subjective well-being and the moderating roles of age and personality
2024 (English)In: Personality and Individual Differences, ISSN 0191-8869, E-ISSN 1873-3549, Vol. 226, article id 112678Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This study investigates the impact of the first wave of the COVID-19 pandemic on the reduction of frequency of out-of-home activities among Swedes, and its relationship with Subjective Well-Being (SWB), including Life Satisfaction (LS) and Emotional Well-Being (EWB). A considerable decrease in attending cultural events, dining out, shopping, and social activities was observed and to a lesser extent walking and exercise. Reduction in walking and exercise, but none of the other activities, correlated negatively with both LS and EWB. Our study suggests that activity reductions may have similar effects on both dimensions of SWB, rather than the typical finding in previous studies suggesting a stronger influence on EWB. Age moderated the impact of physical activities, indicating that reductions in physical activities were primarily detrimental for older individuals. High Neuroticism was found to moderate the relationship between social activities and SWB, suggesting that decreases in social activities had a slightly negative effect on SWB for people high in Neuroticism.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2024
Keywords
Subjective well-being, Out-of-home activities, Personality traits, Age
National Category
Psychology Sociology
Research subject
Psychology; Sociology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-223919 (URN)10.1016/j.paid.2024.112678 (DOI)2-s2.0-85191501770 (Scopus ID)
Funder
Swedish Research Council, 2018-01531
Available from: 2024-05-01 Created: 2024-05-01 Last updated: 2024-05-13Bibliographically approved
Frech, J., Fors Connolly, F. & Hjerm, M. (2024). The worst off in Europe - country differences and trends over time in (low) life satisfaction. International Journal of Sociology
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The worst off in Europe - country differences and trends over time in (low) life satisfaction
2024 (English)In: International Journal of Sociology, ISSN 0020-7659, E-ISSN 1557-9336Article in journal (Refereed) Epub ahead of print
Abstract [en]

In recent years, policymakers and researchers have shown increased interest in subjective well-being across countries. While previous research primarily focused on country averages, measuring the distribution of subjective well-being through standard deviation has become more frequent. This article introduces a new approach to assess subjective well-being: focusing on the “worst off," or the group with the lowest levels of well-being. Based on several ethical and political theories, this measure is deemed the most relevant when assessing well-being levels in society. The study constructs new measures of low subjective well-being (the bottom 10%) to evaluate differences across countries, changes over time, and associations with economic growth, using data from 33 European countries from 2002 to 2018. The findings indicate significant variations in well-being for the worst off across countries, with improvements observed in almost all countries studied, particularly in Poland, Germany, and the Czech Republic. Improvements are generally larger for the worst off compared to the general population. Furthermore, both GDP per capita and financial satisfaction are positively associated with the subjective well-being of the worst off, both over time and when countries are compared cross-sectionally. The implications of these findings for future research and benchmarking quality of life are discussed.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Routledge, 2024
Keywords
Subjective well-being, worst off, life satisfaction, economic growth, inequality
National Category
Psychology (excluding Applied Psychology) Sociology Ethics
Research subject
Sociology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-224151 (URN)10.1080/00207659.2024.2348922 (DOI)001217047900001 ()2-s2.0-85192532643 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2024-05-09 Created: 2024-05-09 Last updated: 2024-06-13
Olofsson, J., Fors Connolly, F., Malmberg, G., Josefsson, M. & Stattin, M. (2023). Sociodemographic factors and adjustment of daily activities during the COVID-19 pandemic – findings from the SHARE Corona Survey. Journal of Aging & Social Policy
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Sociodemographic factors and adjustment of daily activities during the COVID-19 pandemic – findings from the SHARE Corona Survey
Show others...
2023 (English)In: Journal of Aging & Social Policy, ISSN 0895-9420, E-ISSN 1545-0821Article in journal (Refereed) Epub ahead of print
Abstract [en]

In the wake of the COVID-19 pandemic in 2020, older people across Europe have adjusted their daily activities as personal risk avoidance and as an amendment to policy recommendations and restrictions. In this study, we use multilevel logistic regressions to examine to what extent sociodemographic factors are associated with activity reduction among the older population (50+) in Europe and whether these associations are moderated by governmental policy responses to COVID-19. By combining data for~35,000 respondents from the SHARE Corona Survey on reported changes in daily activities and stringency of restrictions at the national level, we find that older age, poorer health and being female versus male were (consistently) associated with greater activity reduction across all activities both in countries with weak and in those with strong restrictions. Associations between education, employment and living situation, on the one hand, and activity reduction, on the other, were weaker and less consistent. We conclude that differences between sociodemographic groups are rather similar for countries with weak and those with strong restrictions and hence argue that group-specific policy recommendation are relevant independent of stringency recommendations.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Routledge, 2023
Keywords
Activity adjustment, COVID-19, cross-national comparisons, daily activities, Europe, government response stringency, SHARE Corona Survey
National Category
Social and Economic Geography
Research subject
Sociology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-202459 (URN)10.1080/08959420.2023.2206077 (DOI)000979698800001 ()37125862 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-85158868645 (Scopus ID)
Funder
EU, Horizon 2020, 676536EU, Horizon 2020, 101015924
Available from: 2023-01-10 Created: 2023-01-10 Last updated: 2024-07-02
Fors Connolly, F. & Gärling, T. (2023). The relationships between income, life satisfaction and emotional well-being in European countries differing in wealth. International Journal of Psychology, 58(6), 594-604
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The relationships between income, life satisfaction and emotional well-being in European countries differing in wealth
2023 (English)In: International Journal of Psychology, ISSN 0020-7594, E-ISSN 1464-066X, Vol. 58, no 6, p. 594-604Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The aim of this study is to investigate whether income has different relationships to subjective well-being in richer countries compared to poorer ones. We report analyses based on interview data collected in the European Social Survey (n = 72,574) that examine how income relates to life satisfaction (LS) and emotional well-being (EWB) in 28 European countries, varying in gross domestic product (GDP) per capita. Our results indicate that the within-country correlations of income with LS and EWB decrease as GDP per capita increases. Partial correlations controlling for EWB are positive but do not vary with GDP per capita, whereas partial correlations controlling for LS vary inversely with GDP per capita. We hypothesise that the invariant income-LS relationships result from effects of relative income on social comparisons, while the varying income-EWB relationships result from the negative impacts of time scarcity in richer countries and the buffering of negative experiences in poorer ones.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
John Wiley & Sons, 2023
Keywords
Country comparison, Emotional well-being, Income, Life satisfaction, Subjective well-being
National Category
Sociology (excluding Social Work, Social Psychology and Social Anthropology) Psychology (excluding Applied Psychology)
Research subject
Sociology; Psychology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-212809 (URN)10.1002/ijop.12935 (DOI)001047304500001 ()37572010 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-85167659870 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2023-08-12 Created: 2023-08-12 Last updated: 2024-01-08Bibliographically approved
Scheel-Hincke, L. L., Fors Connolly, F., Olofsson, J. & Andersen-Ranberg, K. (2023). Two Nordic countries with different approaches to handling the COVID-19 pandemic: a comparison of Sweden and Denmark. In: Axel Börsch-Supan; Anita Abramowska-Kmon; Karen Andersen-Ranberg; Agar Brugiavini; Agnieszka Chłoń-Domińczak; Florence Jusot; Anne Laferrère; Howard Litwin; Šime Smolić; Guglielmo Weber (Ed.), Social, health, and economic impacts of the COVID-19 pandemic and the epidemiological control measures: first results from SHARE Corona Waves 1 and 2 (pp. 281-290). Walter de Gruyter
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Two Nordic countries with different approaches to handling the COVID-19 pandemic: a comparison of Sweden and Denmark
2023 (English)In: Social, health, and economic impacts of the COVID-19 pandemic and the epidemiological control measures: first results from SHARE Corona Waves 1 and 2 / [ed] Axel Börsch-Supan; Anita Abramowska-Kmon; Karen Andersen-Ranberg; Agar Brugiavini; Agnieszka Chłoń-Domińczak; Florence Jusot; Anne Laferrère; Howard Litwin; Šime Smolić; Guglielmo Weber, Walter de Gruyter, 2023, p. 281-290Chapter in book (Other academic)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Walter de Gruyter, 2023
National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology Sociology
Research subject
Sociology; Epidemiology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-215205 (URN)10.1515/9783111135908-027 (DOI)2-s2.0-85174762700 (Scopus ID)9783111135908 (ISBN)9783111135779 (ISBN)
Available from: 2023-10-11 Created: 2023-10-11 Last updated: 2024-07-02Bibliographically approved
Fors Connolly, F. & Gärling, T. (2022). Mediators of Differences Between Employed and Unemployed in Life Satisfaction and Emotional Well-being. Journal of Happiness Studies, 23, 1637-1651
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Mediators of Differences Between Employed and Unemployed in Life Satisfaction and Emotional Well-being
2022 (English)In: Journal of Happiness Studies, ISSN 1389-4978, E-ISSN 1573-7780, Vol. 23, p. 1637-1651Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Previous research has shown that the unemployed has lower life satisfaction than the employed but that their emotional well-being may not differ. The aim is to investigate the role of mediators with bearings on these differences between the employed and unemployed in emotional well-being compared to life satisfaction. Participants were 3,463 employed and 452 unemployed living in five Western countries. They answered questions in an online survey. The results showed that the employed had both higher life satisfaction and emotional well-being. Mediation analysis replicated previous results in that the relationship between unemployment and life satisfaction was mediated by financialsatisfaction. The relationship with emotional well-being was mediated by satisfaction with time use which was higher for the employed than the unemployed. Financial satisfaction was also a mediator of the relationship with emotional well-being, both directly and through satisfaction with time use. Although the unemployed felt lower time pressure than the employed, this factor was not a strong mediator of the relationship with emotional well-being, neither directly nor through satisfaction with time use. A possible explanation for the differences in the results for emotional well-being is that a negative mood is less associated with work than found in previous research.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Springer Science+Business Media B.V., 2022
Keywords
Unemployment, Subjective well-being, Life satisfaction, Emotional well-being, Mediation analysis
National Category
Psychology (excluding Applied Psychology) Sociology (excluding Social Work, Social Psychology and Social Anthropology)
Research subject
Sociology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-188728 (URN)10.1007/s10902-021-00466-2 (DOI)000712222700001 ()2-s2.0-85118203849 (Scopus ID)
Funder
Swedish Research Council
Available from: 2021-10-20 Created: 2021-10-20 Last updated: 2022-07-14Bibliographically approved
Fors Connolly, F., Olofsson, J., Malmberg, G. & Stattin, M. (2021). Adjustment of daily activities to restrictions and reported spread of the COVID-19 pandemic across Europe.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Adjustment of daily activities to restrictions and reported spread of the COVID-19 pandemic across Europe
2021 (English)Report (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

This paper addresses adjustments of daily activities in the wake of the COVID-19 pandemic among people aged 50 years and older in Europe, and investigates the extent to which such adjustments are associated with the stringency of governmental restrictions and the overall spread of COVID-19. We use data from the SHARE Corona Survey collected during summer2020, published data on government response stringency, and reported country-specific prevalence and mortality of COVID-19. Our analyses show that older Europeans across the continent have reduced their daily activities quite substantially during the pandemic. However, we observe variation across countries and demographic groups, which may be important to highlight for policymakers. Our explanatory analysis replicates previous studies using mobility data, showing that both restrictions and infections predict a reduction in mobility. Thus, policymakers could potentially rely on both restrictions and voluntary adjustments in order to decrease the spread of the virus. However, it is noteworthy that we find relatively weaker associations with restrictions compared to previous studies using mobility data. One explanation for this discrepancy could be that our study focuses on older people, who face a higher risk of becoming severely ill and therefore have stronger incentives to adjust their behaviours independent of governmental regulations.

Publisher
p. 15
Series
SHARE Working Papers ; 62-2021
Keywords
daily activities, activity adjustment, COVID-19, government response stringency, reported COVID -19 cases, cross-national comparisons, SHARE
National Category
Social Sciences Sociology (excluding Social Work, Social Psychology and Social Anthropology) Human Geography
Research subject
Sociology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-181612 (URN)10.17617/2.3292885 (DOI)
Available from: 2021-03-18 Created: 2021-03-18 Last updated: 2024-07-02Bibliographically approved
Fors, F. & Johansson Sevä, I. (2021). Agreeableness, extraversion and life satisfaction: investigating the mediating roles of social inclusion and status. Scandinavian Journal of Psychology, 62(5), 752-762
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Agreeableness, extraversion and life satisfaction: investigating the mediating roles of social inclusion and status
2021 (English)In: Scandinavian Journal of Psychology, ISSN 0036-5564, E-ISSN 1467-9450, Vol. 62, no 5, p. 752-762Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

We examine inclusion and status as potential mediators in the relationships between extraversion and agreeableness, on the one hand, and life satisfaction, on the other hand. Previous research has shown that agreeableness is less strongly related to life satisfaction compared to extraversion. We argue that the relatively weak association between agreeableness and life satisfaction is due to the fact that, even though this personality trait is positively related to inclusion, it is only weakly related to status. Using structural equation modeling (SEM) and survey data from Australia, Denmark and Sweden, we test five hypotheses about the linkages between these personality traits, inclusion, status and life satisfaction. Our results show that both extraversion and agreeableness are positively associated with life satisfaction and that this association is much stronger for extraversion. Furthermore, our results show that extraversion is reliably associated with both inclusion and status, whereas agreeableness is a reliable predictor of inclusion but not of status. Turning to our mediation analysis, our main results demonstrate that the relationship between extraversion and life satisfaction is fully mediated by both inclusion and status, whereas the relationship between agreeableness and life satisfaction is partially mediated by inclusion. Our mediation analysis further shows that agreeableness has a negative direct effect on life satisfaction over and above the positive indirect effect through inclusion. Our findings highlight the role of both inclusion and status as important mediators in the relationships between extraversion and agreeableness, on the one hand, and life satisfaction, on the other hand.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
John Wiley & Sons, 2021
Keywords
life satisfaction, extraversion, agreeableness, inclusion, social status, subjective well-being, personality traits
National Category
Psychology (excluding Applied Psychology) Social Psychology
Research subject
Psychology; Sociology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-184997 (URN)10.1111/sjop.12755 (DOI)000664561100001 ()34155642 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-85108558061 (Scopus ID)
Funder
Swedish Research Council, 2012-1117
Available from: 2021-06-22 Created: 2021-06-22 Last updated: 2023-07-07Bibliographically approved
Organisations
Identifiers
ORCID iD: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0002-3857-4398

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