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Tafvelin, S. & Keisu, B.-I. (2023). Development and validation of the InEquality in organisations Scale (InE-S): a measure based on Acker’s inequality regimes. Gender in Management
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Development and validation of the InEquality in organisations Scale (InE-S): a measure based on Acker’s inequality regimes
2023 (English)In: Gender in Management, ISSN 1754-2413, E-ISSN 1754-2421Article in journal (Refereed) Epub ahead of print
Abstract [en]

Purpose: The purpose of this study was to develop a scale that can be used to assess inequality at work based on gender, age and ethnicity that is grounded in Acker’s (2006) inequality regimes.

Design/methodology/approach: The authors used three representative samples (total N = 1,806) of Swedish teachers, nurses and social workers to develop and validate the scale. The validation process included the assessment of content validity, confirmatory factor analysis for factorial validity, internal consistency and associations with theoretically warranted outcomes and related constructs to assess criterion-related validity and convergent validity.

Findings: The authors found evidence supporting the content, factorial, criterion-related and convergent validity of the InEquality in organisations Scale (InE-S). Furthermore, the scale demonstrated high internal consistency.

Originality/value: The newly developed scale InE-S may be used to further the understanding of how inequality at work influences employees. This study makes a contribution to the current literature by providing a scale that, for the first time, can test Acker’s hypotheses using quantitative methods to demonstrate the consequences of inequality at work.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Emerald Group Publishing Limited, 2023
Keywords
Inequality at work, Acker’s inequality regimes, Scale development, Multivariate quantitative methods
National Category
Sociology Gender Studies Psychology
Research subject
Sociology; Psychology; gender studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-213772 (URN)10.1108/gm-01-2022-0007 (DOI)001048768000001 ()2-s2.0-85168146153 (Scopus ID)
Funder
Forte, Swedish Research Council for Health, Working Life and Welfare, 2016-07176
Available from: 2023-08-29 Created: 2023-08-29 Last updated: 2023-09-15
Keisu, B.-I. & Brodin, H. (2023). Postfeminism as Coping Strategy: Understandings of Gender and Intragroup Conflict among Swedish Welfare Workers. NORA: Nordic Journal of Feminist and Gender Research, 31(1), 76-90
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Postfeminism as Coping Strategy: Understandings of Gender and Intragroup Conflict among Swedish Welfare Workers
2023 (English)In: NORA: Nordic Journal of Feminist and Gender Research, ISSN 0803-8740, E-ISSN 1502-394X, Vol. 31, no 1, p. 76-90Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This paper explores how workers in the women-dominated public sectorin Sweden speak about and make sense of gender and intragroup conflictand the consequences of this way of thinking and acting for genderequality at work. Using qualitative interviews with 26 first-level managersand employees, we introduce an analytical framework that employs criticaldiscourse psychology and the conceptualization of a postfeministsensibility at work. We identified three competing meanings (postfeministstorylines) of gender and intragroup conflict: Supporting the genderedmeanings of conflict, Unawareness of conflict’s gendered meanings andCounteracting the gendered meanings of conflict. The welfare workersacknowledged the role of gender in intragroup conflicts but, paradoxically,constructed their own workplaces as gender neutral, withoutinequalities related to gender. We interpret these three postfeminist storylinesas coping strategies; that is, as ways to make sense of the falsepromise of gender egalitarianism that characterizes the Swedish labourmarket.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Routledge, 2023
Keywords
Postfeminism; women dominated work; welfare workers; intragroup conflict; gender equality; critical discursive psychology
National Category
Sociology Gender Studies Work Sciences
Research subject
Sociology; gender studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-195485 (URN)10.1080/08038740.2022.2080256 (DOI)000800467200001 ()2-s2.0-85131169804 (Scopus ID)
Funder
Forte, Swedish Research Council for Health, Working Life and Welfare, 2016-07176Forte, Swedish Research Council for Health, Working Life and Welfare, 2016-07228Forte, Swedish Research Council for Health, Working Life and Welfare, 2019-0129
Available from: 2022-05-30 Created: 2022-05-30 Last updated: 2023-07-13Bibliographically approved
Öhman, A., Keisu, B.-I. & Enberg, B. (2023). Professional knowledge development and evidence-based practice in confusing vs. supportive work organizations: A grounded theory situational analysis of Swedish elderly care. Physiotherapy Theory and Practice, 39(5), 994-1006
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Professional knowledge development and evidence-based practice in confusing vs. supportive work organizations: A grounded theory situational analysis of Swedish elderly care
2023 (English)In: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice, ISSN 0959-3985, E-ISSN 1532-5040, Vol. 39, no 5, p. 994-1006Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Background: This article focuses on knowledge development and health professionals’ opportunitiesto use evidence-based practice (EBP). We studied registered physiotherapists (PT), occupationaltherapists (OT) and nurses (RN) in Swedish elderly-care institutions, a sector known for highturnover and shortages of competent staff.Objective: To examine the perspectives of healthcare providers on professional knowledge developmentand EBP in their organization.

Methods: We conducted on-site qualitative interviews with a purposive sample of PTs, OTs andRNs, in six elderly care institutions. Situational analysis was used to analyze the material.

Results: Three discursive professional positions were found: 1) Professional ambition in confusingwork organization; 2) Professional ambition in a knowledge-promoting work organization; and 3) Professional indifference with few aspirations for knowledge development. Professional aspirationstoward knowledge development were high in two of these positions, whereas the third representsa slightly different approach with fewer aspirations for knowledge development. Linked to theseprofessional approaches to knowledge development is a continuum of aggravating or facilitatingfactors within the work organization, including varying degrees of support from leadership of theorganization, as well as few opportunities for rewards.

Discussion and conclusions: It is concluded that elderly care needs to develop strategies forevidence-based practice in order for the sector to become a sustainable arena for health professionals’career development, and in order to improve the quality of care for the elderly.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Taylor & Francis, 2023
Keywords
Physiotherapy, occupational therapy, nursing, organization, leadership
National Category
Gender Studies Sociology Nursing
Research subject
physiotherapy; gender studies; Sociology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-192211 (URN)10.1080/09593985.2022.2033370 (DOI)000750110900001 ()35089102 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-85124139223 (Scopus ID)
Funder
Forte, Swedish Research Council for Health, Working Life and Welfare, 2011-1140
Available from: 2022-02-04 Created: 2022-02-04 Last updated: 2023-07-13Bibliographically approved
Keisu, B.-I. (2022). Konflikter och arbetsmiljö: om organisatoriska förutsättningar för konflikthantering på en kvinnohomogen arbetsplatsom. In: Kristina Palm; Lars Ivarsson (Ed.), Framtidens arbetsliv: arbetsvillkor och arbetsmiljö (pp. 217-242). Lund: Studentlitteratur AB
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Konflikter och arbetsmiljö: om organisatoriska förutsättningar för konflikthantering på en kvinnohomogen arbetsplatsom
2022 (Swedish)In: Framtidens arbetsliv: arbetsvillkor och arbetsmiljö / [ed] Kristina Palm; Lars Ivarsson, Lund: Studentlitteratur AB, 2022, p. 217-242Chapter in book (Refereed)
Abstract [sv]

Detta kapitel undersöker vilka konflikter som uppkommer och hur medarbetare, arbetsledare och första linjens chef hanterar dem på en kvinnohomogen arbetsplats. Vidare tittar vi på vilka organisatoriska förutsättningar som finns vad gäller konflikthantering, där relationsarbete är en central del av arbetsinnehållet. Intresset ligger i frågan om hur man för framtiden kan bygga en långsiktigt hållbar arbetsmiljö i en sektor där stress och hälsa i dag är ansträngd och sjuktalen höga. Argumenten till varför detta är en relevant framtidsfråga inom konfliktforskningen hänger samman med antaganden om att arbetskraften kommer bli mer heterogen, och att utbildningsnivåerna och specialisering i arbetslivet kommer öka. Det gör att olika professioner med potentiellt skilda kunskaper, värderingar och normer, kommer att samarbeta. Sammantaget ökar detta risken för missförstånd, irritation och osämja. Kapitlet bygger på forskningsprojektet Att räkna med bråk? En studie av konflikter och psykisk ohälsa i kvinnodominerade arbetsplatser ur ett genusperspektiv.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Lund: Studentlitteratur AB, 2022
National Category
Sociology Gender Studies
Research subject
Sociology; gender studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-194920 (URN)9789144153100 (ISBN)
Available from: 2022-05-19 Created: 2022-05-19 Last updated: 2022-06-27Bibliographically approved
Keisu, B.-I., Lauri, J. & Eriksson, N. (2022). Sexual Harassment and Gender-based Violence: A Study of Staff and Students at Umeå University. Umeå: Umeå University
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Sexual Harassment and Gender-based Violence: A Study of Staff and Students at Umeå University
2022 (English)Report (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Sexual harassment and other forms of offensive behaviour are serious problems within academia. They affect students and staff alike and are found in all disciplines. In this study, we consider the various forms and expressions of harassment. In addition to sexual harassment, this includes bullying, cyberbullying, victimisation and incivility, all of which we examine under the umbrella term gender-based violence. 

The purpose of this report is to describe the occurrence of and analyse the corelation between sexual harassment, and other forms of gender-based violence, and the work environment and health of staff and students at Umeå University. The report is based on a national study of the prevalence of sexual harassment in academia conducted within the framework of The Research and Collaboration Programme on Gender-based Violence. 

In answer to a direct question regarding whether the respondent had been subjected to unwanted sexual attention in their place of work/study, 2.2% of staff and 6.4% of students replied in the affirmative. Among women, prevalence is higher among female students than female employees, with 7% of this group having been subjected to such behaviour, and the same is true of men, with more male students (5.5%) reporting incidents. When the question of sexual harassment is broken down into specific situations and acts, the figure increases significantly, with as many as 51% of female employees and 29% of men stating that they had experienced at least one of the specified situations. Notably, levels among female employees of Umeå University are significantly higher than the figure for the Swedish higher education sector as a whole. The corresponding figure for students at Umeå University is, however, lower than the national average for the higher education sector, with 16% of women and 9% of men responding in the affirmative. 

There are also notable disparities between the sexes with regard to bullying, with twice as many women as men reporting problems, and reporting a higher frequency of offences. However, bullying is reported to a greater extent by male than female students. There are also gender disparities in incivility, with significantly more female employees reporting incidents than men. 

Sexism in the form of sexual harassment and gender-based violence can of course be understood as a means of academic reproduction; i.e., as one of the components that maintains and recreates the various structures, hierarchies and gender-inequitable workplaces in academia. As this study makes clear, sexual harassment and gender-based violence create a systematic and recurring pattern of unwelcome events that can be understood as institutional mechanisms and behaviours that risk being normalised. This also produces other problems in addition to gender inequality. In the study, we find clear correlations for both staff and students between sexual harassment and other forms of gender-based violence and experiences of the psychosocial and organisational work environment and health.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Umeå: Umeå University, 2022. p. 62
National Category
Sociology Gender Studies Work Sciences
Research subject
Sociology; gender studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-197434 (URN)
Available from: 2022-06-28 Created: 2022-06-28 Last updated: 2022-06-29Bibliographically approved
Keisu, B.-I., Lauri, J. & Eriksson, N. (2022). Sexuella trakasserier och genusbaserad utsatthet: En studie bland anställda och studenter vid Umeå universitet. Umeå: Umeå universitet
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Sexuella trakasserier och genusbaserad utsatthet: En studie bland anställda och studenter vid Umeå universitet
2022 (Swedish)Report (Other academic)
Abstract [sv]

Sexuella trakasserier och andra typer av kränkande beteenden är allvarliga problem inom akademin. Det drabbar både studenter och anställda och förekommer inom alla discipliner. I denna studie tar vi hänsyn till utsatthetens olika former och uttryck genom att förutom sexuella trakasserier inkludera förekomst av mobbning, nätmobbning, kränkande särbehandling och ohövligt beteende under samlingsnamnet ’genusbaserad utsatthet’. 

Syftet med denna rapport är att beskriva förekomst av, och analysera samband mellan, sexuella trakasserier och andra former av genusbaserad utsatthet, samt arbetsmiljö och hälsa bland anställda och studenter vid Umeå universitet. Till grund för denna rapport ligger en nationell prevalensstudie om sexuella trakasserier i akademin som genomfördes inom ramen för Forsknings- och samverkansprogrammet om sexuella trakasserier och genusbaserad utsatthet. 

På en direkt fråga om respondenten blivit utsatt för icke önskvärd sexuell uppmärksamhet på sitt arbete/sin studieplats så rapporterar totalt 2,2 procent av de anställda och 6,4 procent av studenter att de blivit utsatta. Prevalensen är högre bland kvinnorna i gruppen studenter där 7 procent har utsatts och dessutom är utsatta män (5,5 procent) vanligare bland studenter jämfört med anställda. När frågan om sexuella trakasserier istället bryts ner i frågor om konkreta situationer och handlingar stiger siffrorna betydligt, uppemot hela 51 procent för anställda kvinnor svarade jakande på om de utsatts för minst en av de uppräknade situationerna och 29 procent av männen svarade också ja på dessa frågor. Noterbart här är att nivåerna för anställda kvinnor vid Umeå universitet är betydligt högre i jämförelse med högskolesektorn som helhet. Vad gäller studenterna så är motsvarande siffror vid Umeå universitet dock lägre jämfört med högskolesektorn som helhet, vid frågor om konkreta situationer och handlingar, 16 procent för kvinnorna och 9 procent för männen. 

Könsskillnader är även noterbara i avseende på mobbning, där andelen anställda som utsatts för mobbning är dubbelt så stor bland kvinnorna jämfört med männen samt att kvinnorna rapporterar högre frekvens. Bland studenterna rapporterar dock män en högre utsatthet vad gäller mobbning. Det finns även könsskillnader kring ohövligt beteende där betydligt fler bland de anställda kvinnorna rapporterar utsatthet jämfört med männen. 

Sexism i form av sexuella trakasserier och genusbaserad utsatthet kan förstås som ett medel för akademins reproduktion, det vill säga, som en utav de beståndsdelar som upprätthåller och återskapar akademins olika strukturer, hierarkier och ojämlika arbetsplatser. I denna studie blir det tydligt att sexuella trakasserier och genusbaserad utsatthet skapar ett systematiskt och upprepat mönster av ovälkomna händelser. Det kan förstås som institutionella mekanismer och beteenden som härigenom riskerar att normaliseras. Förutom ojämlikhet finns här även andra problem som produceras. I studien finns för både anställda och studenter tydliga samband mellan sexuella trakasserier, de andra formerna av genusbaserad utsatthet och upplevelsen av psykosocial och organisatorisk arbetsmiljö samt hälsa.

 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Umeå: Umeå universitet, 2022. p. 64
National Category
Sociology Gender Studies
Research subject
Sociology; gender studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-194871 (URN)
Funder
Umeå University, Dnr FS 1.6.2-1012-22
Available from: 2022-05-19 Created: 2022-05-19 Last updated: 2022-05-19Bibliographically approved
Harrington, K., Keisu, B.-I., Ahlström, B., Andreoli, P. M. & Klar, H. W. (2021). From the Mouths of Babes: Policy Recommendations from P-12 Students. In: Bruce G. Barnett & Philip A. Woods (Ed.), Educational Leadership for Social Justiceand Improving High-Needs Schools: Findings from 10 Years of International Collaboration (pp. 115-133). Carlotte, NC: Information Age Publishing
Open this publication in new window or tab >>From the Mouths of Babes: Policy Recommendations from P-12 Students
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2021 (English)In: Educational Leadership for Social Justiceand Improving High-Needs Schools: Findings from 10 Years of International Collaboration / [ed] Bruce G. Barnett & Philip A. Woods, Carlotte, NC: Information Age Publishing, 2021, p. 115-133Chapter in book (Refereed)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Carlotte, NC: Information Age Publishing, 2021
Series
International Research on School Leadership
Keywords
Education; School Leadership; International Perspectives; Social Justice and Equity; High-Need School Leadership; Contextual Influences; Promises and Challenges to International Research
National Category
Educational Sciences Sociology
Research subject
educational leadership
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-178787 (URN)978-1-64802-372-9 (ISBN)978-1-64802-373-6 (ISBN)978-1-64802-374-3 (ISBN)
Projects
Ett integrerat lika villors och systematiskt kvalitetsarbete
Available from: 2021-01-17 Created: 2021-01-17 Last updated: 2021-08-25Bibliographically approved
Schmauch, U., Ahlström, B. & Keisu, B.-I. (2021). Inequality regimes in equality work: new public management and peripheralization processes in Swedish schools. In: Angelika Sjöstedt, Katarina Giritli Nygren, Marianna Fotaki (Ed.), Working life and gender inequality: intersectional perspectives and the spatial practices of peripheralization (pp. 211-230). Routledge
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Inequality regimes in equality work: new public management and peripheralization processes in Swedish schools
2021 (English)In: Working life and gender inequality: intersectional perspectives and the spatial practices of peripheralization / [ed] Angelika Sjöstedt, Katarina Giritli Nygren, Marianna Fotaki, Routledge, 2021, p. 211-230Chapter in book (Other academic)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Routledge, 2021
Series
Routledge Studies in Gender and Organizations ; 7
National Category
Gender Studies
Research subject
Sociology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-182262 (URN)10.4324/9780429356629-11-11 (DOI)978-0-367-37017-6 (ISBN)978-0-367-74746-6 (ISBN)978-0-429-35662-9 (ISBN)
Available from: 2021-04-15 Created: 2021-04-15 Last updated: 2021-04-21Bibliographically approved
Keisu, B.-I., Brodin, H. & Tafvelin, S. (2021). On equal terms?: gendering labour markets, the organisation of work, and the well-being of employees. In: Britt-Inger Keisu; Susanne Tafvelin; Helene Brodin (Ed.), Gendered Norms at Work: New Perspectives on Work Environment and Health (pp. 1-11). Springer Nature
Open this publication in new window or tab >>On equal terms?: gendering labour markets, the organisation of work, and the well-being of employees
2021 (English)In: Gendered Norms at Work: New Perspectives on Work Environment and Health / [ed] Britt-Inger Keisu; Susanne Tafvelin; Helene Brodin, Springer Nature, 2021, p. 1-11Chapter in book (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

This chapter introduces theoretical and empirical perspectives on the gendering of work organisations, working conditions, and work relations, including health and safety at work. It discusses why gendered norms at work continue to be an important field of study and why Sweden is an interesting case for exploring the gendering of labour markets and jobs. In particular, the chapter discusses how the gendering of work organisations and jobs in health and social care have consequences for women working in these sectors. The chapter also presents the organisation of this volume and the contribution of each of its chapters.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Springer Nature, 2021
Series
Aligning Perspectives on Health, Safety and Well-Being, ISSN 2213-0497, E-ISSN 2213-0470
Keywords
Women-dominated work, Sweden, Gender segregation, New Public Management, New materialism
National Category
Work Sciences Gender Studies
Research subject
Sociology; gender studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-186824 (URN)10.1007/978-3-030-77734-0_1 (DOI)9783030777333 (ISBN)9783030777340 (ISBN)
Funder
Forte, Swedish Research Council for Health, Working Life and Welfare, 2016-07176
Available from: 2021-08-24 Created: 2021-08-24 Last updated: 2021-11-03Bibliographically approved
Keisu, B.-I. & Tafvelin, S. (2021). The concept of intragroup conflict in relation to gender and well-being in women-dominated work. In: Britt-Inger Keisu; Susanne Tafvelin; Helene Brodin (Ed.), Gendered norms at work: new perspectives on work environment and health (pp. 197-213). Springer
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The concept of intragroup conflict in relation to gender and well-being in women-dominated work
2021 (English)In: Gendered norms at work: new perspectives on work environment and health / [ed] Britt-Inger Keisu; Susanne Tafvelin; Helene Brodin, Springer, 2021, p. 197-213Chapter in book (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

This chapter reviews the current state of the science on intragroup conflicts and its impact on employee well-being. It also explores how task, relationship and process conflicts relate to gender perceptions and practices among welfare workers in women-dominated work. The analysis, guided by the theory of intragroup conflict, uses qualitative interviews with 26 managers and their employees at three workplaces in Sweden. The review concludes that, although conflicts are emotional, not all of them affect welfare workers' well-being over time. Only relationship conflicts seem to be hurtful to employee well-being. The empirical analysis suggests that intragroup conflicts are inherently emotional, with workers putting their emotions aside during their professional efforts to raise standards and improve the quality of practice at work. Task conflicts emerge both horizontally and vertically, whereas process and relationship conflicts are, to a high degree, related to status and power, that is, produced vertically. The empirical analyses reveal no differences between the ways in which men and women in welfare occupations perceive or practise intragroup conflict, calling into question the societal discourse that women are not very good at fighting and that they fight more than men.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Springer, 2021
Series
Aligning Perspectives on Health, Safety and Well-Being, ISSN 2213-0497, E-ISSN 2213-0470
Keywords
Intragroup conflict Well-being, Gender, Women-dominated work, Relationship conflict, Process conflict, Task conflict
National Category
Gender Studies Work Sciences
Research subject
Sociology; gender studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-186825 (URN)10.1007/978-3-030-77734-0_11 (DOI)9783030777364 (ISBN)9783030777333 (ISBN)9783030777340 (ISBN)
Funder
Forte, Swedish Research Council for Health, Working Life and Welfare, 2016-07176
Available from: 2021-08-24 Created: 2021-08-24 Last updated: 2021-11-03Bibliographically approved
Organisations
Identifiers
ORCID iD: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0002-9627-4625

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