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Larsson, Daniel
Publications (10 of 34) Show all publications
Brydsten, A., Hasselgren, C., Stattin, M. & Larsson, D. (2023). The road to retirement: A life course perspective on labor market trajectories and retirement behaviors. Work, Aging and Retirement
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The road to retirement: A life course perspective on labor market trajectories and retirement behaviors
2023 (English)In: Work, Aging and Retirement, ISSN 2054-4642, E-ISSN 2054-4650Article in journal (Refereed) Epub ahead of print
Abstract [en]

While a prolonged working life has been mainly feasible for people with the most advantageous working careers, knowledge about the barriersfor those with vulnerable occupational paths is still scarce. This study explores the conditions for prolonged working life from a perspective onlabor market trajectories. Drawing from a gendered life course perspective and that (dis)advantageous tends to accumulate over time, we investigatethe opportunity structure for the most disadvantaged workers and which characteristics of labor market trajectories can explain thedecision to work longer. To this end, a Swedish longitudinal survey and register data from the Panel Survey of Ageing and the Elderly (PSAE)were used, following people across a substantial part of their working life. With sequence analysis, we identified 5 trajectories that representtypical labor market trajectories from mid-life until retirement age. Our findings showed that labor market precarity in mid-life remained a keycharacteristic until the expected retirement age, showing both early signs of early labor market exit and a precarity trap into a prolonged workinglife. These findings emphasize the need to identify at-risk groups early in their careers and that mid-life interventions are needed to prevent involuntarylabor market exits and to ensure a sustainable working life. In particular, the need to protect older workers with turbulent or precariouslabor market trajectories against labor market risks and retirement schemes that could inadvertently contribute to increased social and economicinequality in later life.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Oxford University Press, 2023
Keywords
careers, retirement, gender, inequality, longitudinal data analysis
National Category
Sociology (excluding Social Work, Social Psychology and Social Anthropology) Work Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-214639 (URN)10.1093/workar/waad024 (DOI)
Projects
Strategier för ett hållbart arbetsliv ur ett arbetsgivar- och medarbetarperspektiv
Funder
Forte, Swedish Research Council for Health, Working Life and Welfare, 2021-01566
Available from: 2023-09-21 Created: 2023-09-21 Last updated: 2023-11-30
Nordlund, M., Larsson, D. & Stattin, M. (2021). Disability benefits and work reconsidered: is work really good for people with disabilities?.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Disability benefits and work reconsidered: is work really good for people with disabilities?
2021 (English)Report (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

OBJECTIVES: In this study we ask if employment is beneficial for people with disabilities (psychiatric respectively musculoskeletal diagnoses). We set out two hypotheses: 1) Disabled people with an employment report better health than those without employment. 2) Work conditions affect the extent to whichwork benefits the health.

METHODS: We used longitudinal data, the Swedish Survey of Living Conditions 2002/03 and 2010/11. The number of respondents were 1925 including both people with diagnoses and a control group without any diagnosis. Linear Probability Models were regressed to identify variations between disability groups, as regards the correlation between paid work and self-reported health.

RESULTS: People with diagnoses seemed to benefit from employment, and this was particularly evident for people with psychiatric diagnoses. The effect was also stronger in subjects with severe symptoms from their diagnosis. This may be because people with severe symptoms are more affected by their illnesses, and therefore gain more from participation in everyday activities. Having a job can work as an important source to fulfill various psychosocial needs. Further, experiences of poorer work environments tended to be associated with lower levels of health. This result is important given the trend that policies might result in that disabled people are forced to engage in work activities in order to receive benefits, irrespective of their work preferences.

CONCLUSIONS: We conclude that the policy aim to involve the disabled in paid work is appropriate for improving health but policies should be more flexible in relation to individual needs of the disabled.

Publisher
p. 19
Series
CEDAR Working Papers ; 2021:16
Keywords
Employment, psychiatric, musculoskeletal, diagnosis, work environment, disability policy, working conditions
National Category
Sociology (excluding Social Work, Social Psychology and Social Anthropology)
Research subject
Sociology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-186381 (URN)
Funder
EU, Horizon 2020, 647125
Available from: 2021-07-26 Created: 2021-07-26 Last updated: 2021-07-26Bibliographically approved
Jonsson, R., Hasselgren, C., Dellve, L., Seldén, D., Larsson, D. & Stattin, M. (2021). Matching the Pieces: The Presence of IdiosyncraticDeals and Their Impact on Retirement PreferencesAmong Older Workers. Work, Aging and Retirement, 7(3), 240-255
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Matching the Pieces: The Presence of IdiosyncraticDeals and Their Impact on Retirement PreferencesAmong Older Workers
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2021 (English)In: Work, Aging and Retirement, ISSN 2054-4642, E-ISSN 2054-4650, Vol. 7, no 3, p. 240-255Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Despite working life prolongation having been at the center of the policy agenda in Europe for the last two decades,organizations’ engagement in formal age-management activities intended to strengthen older workers’ motivationand work ability appears limited. Given policies to extend working lives, negotiated individualized work arrange-ments—often called idiosyncratic deals (I-deals)—can be an informal and complementary approach to formal-ized age-management practices, improving the person–job fit and helping older workers extend their working lives.Nevertheless, research on I-deals and retirement preferences remains scarce in the Nordic context, where collectiveagreements regulate conditions of employment and the employer–employee relationship. Using confirmatory factoranalysis and structural equation modeling, this study examines five areas of I-deals (i.e., Task and Work Responsibilities,Workload Reduction, Schedule Flexibility, Location Flexibility, and Financial Incentives) and their relationships with re-tirement preferences among Swedish public-sector employees aged 55 years or older (n = 4,499). Findings show thatI-deals are generally less prevalent among women and older employees, as well as among those with poor health, inlower socioeconomic positions, and with shorter organizational tenure. Regarding retirement preferences, we foundTask and Work Responsibilities to be related to later preferred retirement age, while, surprisingly, the opposite was ob-served for Workload Reduction, probably because individuals who received workload reductions also reported poorerhealth. Comparatively, factors such as matching employees’ competence, experience, and growth opportunities seemto be the most important for public-sector employees’ retirement preferences.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2021
National Category
Sociology (excluding Social Work, Social Psychology and Social Anthropology)
Research subject
Sociology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-186288 (URN)10.1093/workar/waab003 (DOI)000745658400006 ()2-s2.0-85130369271 (Scopus ID)
Projects
Organisatoriska satsningar och individuella överenskommelser: hur motivera äldre till ett förlängt arbetsliv?
Funder
AFA Insurance, 190281
Available from: 2021-07-20 Created: 2021-07-20 Last updated: 2023-09-05Bibliographically approved
Sandström, G., Namatovu, F., Ineland, J., Larsson, D., Ng, N. & Stattin, M. (2021). The Persistence of High Levels of Living Alone Among Adults with Disabilities in Sweden, 1993–2011. Population: Research and Policy Review, 40(2), 163-185
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The Persistence of High Levels of Living Alone Among Adults with Disabilities in Sweden, 1993–2011
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2021 (English)In: Population: Research and Policy Review, ISSN 0167-5923, E-ISSN 1573-7829, Vol. 40, no 2, p. 163-185Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This study investigates how the probability to live alone has developed among working age individuals with and without disabilities in Sweden during the period 1993–2011 when extensive political reforms to improve the integration of disabled individuals in society were implemented. The results show that individuals with disabilities are approximately twice as likely to be living alone when compared to individuals without disabilities. People with disabilities were also more likely to report low life satisfaction, and this was especially true among individuals with disabilities living alone. Men and women with disabilities also tend to experience longer periods of living as a one-person household than non-disabled people. Over time we find no indications of reduced differences in family outcomes between disabled and non-disabled individuals but rather evidence to the contrary. These differences are interpreted as being the result of the disadvantage disabled individual’s experience in the partner market and that people with disabilities are less successful in forming partnerships that can lead to cohabitation and family formation. The results thus show how disabled individuals still face societal barriers that limit their possibilities to find and sustain relationships that result in stable cohabitation despite increased efforts to improve their inclusion in Swedish society.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Springer, 2021
Keywords
Sweden, Disability, Living arrangements, One-person households, Disability legislation
National Category
Sociology (excluding Social Work, Social Psychology and Social Anthropology)
Research subject
Population studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-167923 (URN)10.1007/s11113-020-09570-2 (DOI)000515863100001 ()2-s2.0-85079501680 (Scopus ID)
Projects
DISMAW
Funder
EU, Horizon 2020, 647125Marcus and Amalia Wallenberg Foundation, 2012.0141
Available from: 2020-02-06 Created: 2020-02-06 Last updated: 2021-07-13Bibliographically approved
Alalehto, T. & Larsson, D. (2020). Kartellbrottslighetens moraliska ekonomi. Stockholm
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Kartellbrottslighetens moraliska ekonomi
2020 (Swedish)Report (Refereed)
Abstract [sv]

Denna rapport undersöker hur gränslinjen mellan legalt/illegalt och moraliskt/-omoraliskt, återspeglar sig hos allmänheten gällande kartellbrottslighet. Utöver denna frågeställning undersöks hur allmänheten ser på påföljdssystemets hårdhets-grad (för sträng –för slapp) och verkansgrad (effektiv –ineffektiv). Den kartellbrot-tslighet som avses är horisontella karteller. Utgångspunkten är att gränslinjen mellan legalt/illegalt och moraliskt/omoraliskt går mellan ”male in se” och ”mala prohibita”. Den grundläggande frågan i detta fall blir vilken moralisk värdering allmänheten har av ett beteende som formellt är olagligt, det vill säga ifall man har väldigt liten förståelse för ett brott och anser att beteendet är förkastligt (till exempelvåldtäkt) eller ifall man har en större förståelse för brottet även om den är formellt sett är förbjuden (exempelvis skattebrott). I det första fallet är beteendet oförståelig, moraliskt sett, medan den i det andra fallet kan vara förståeligt.

Litteraturgenomgången pekar på att denna fråga kan ses utifrån ett politiskt pers-pektiv. Forskare med ett vänsterperspektiv har menat att kartellbrottslighet är ett ”male in se” eftersom den påstås dränera arbetarklassens välfärdsresurser. Ett resonemang som konservativt inriktade forskare delar i det att kartell är ett norm-brott mot den etablerade traditionen av fri konkurrens mellan företag och ett brott mot fysisk person (konsument, företagare, myndighetsperson) som försöker leva upp till den reglering som finns inom området). Mot detta har liberalt sinnade forskare istället hävdat en mjukare linje av ”mala prohibita”. Utifrån sitt försvar av marknadens valfrihet har man generellt avvisat lagföringsvägen,istället har man föreslagit att samverka och informera mellan myndighet, individ/företag/bransch och på det sättet hoppas på en självreglerande effekt av kartellbrottsligheten.

Utifrån litteraturöversikten om kartellbrottslighet har fyra hypoteser härletts:

  • H 1: Allmänheten har mycket låg till ingen egen erfarenhet av kartellbrotts-lighet, i motsats till lågprofilerade ekobrott såsom bedrägeri, förskingring, skattebrott, beroende på att allmänheten får sin information om kartellbrotts-lighet genom media.
  • H2: Allmänheten kommer att uppfatta kartellbrottslighet som ett oärligt och skadligt beteende, men långt ifrån alltid ett brottsligt beteende. Och under vissa omständigheter som ett moraliskt behjärtansvärt beteende även om det är principiellt olagligt.
  • H 3: Allmänheten kommer att uppfatta kartellbrottslighet som något som bör bestraffas med skam såsom offentlig publicering av namn och företag eller administrativt förlagda böter som överstiger personens/företagets vinst av det brottsliga beteendet.
  • H 4: Denförhandlingsprincip där en av kartellaktörerna samarbetar med myndighet (eftergiftsprogram) i syfte att slippa bestraffning, kommer att få ett lågt stöd hos allmänheten (under 20 procent).

Data för undersökningen utgörs av en enkät som skickades ut till 5000 slump-mässigt utvalda svenskar våren 2019. Sammanlagt svarade 1 857 individer på enkäten, vilket ger en svarsfrekvens på 37 procent.Resultaten visar att 80 procent uppfattar kartellbrottslighet som olagligt medan 20 procent inte gör det. Till detta kan läggas att ytterligare 37 procent anser att kartell-brottslighet kan anses vara moraliskt behjärtansvärt. Av denna grupp på samman-lagt 57 procent (20 procent anser att det är lagligt, 37 procent att det är moraliskt behjärtansvärt) så är kvinnor och singlar överrepresenterade. Det finns också en utbildningseffekt. De med grundskola som högsta utbildningsnivå tenderar att se karteller som olagliga men att de kan vara moraliskt behjärtansvärda jämfört med de som har gymnasium eller högskola som högsta utbildningsnivå.

När det gäller resultaten kring bestraffning av kartelldrivande företag anser över 60procent att bötesstraff är det mest relevanta straffet. Ungefär 20 procent anser atten varning från till exempel Konkurrensverket borde vara tillräckligt, medan tioprocent anser att stigmatisering är det mest rimliga straffet. I motsats till dessa tycker ca sju procent att de inte förtjänar något straff alls. Reducerar man frågan från företagsnivå till företagsledning så framträder en liknande bild: om företaget straffas med i huvudsak böter så kan ledningen straffas via förbud mot att inneha en ansvarig ställning i företag (drygt 37 procent) och/eller böter för den individ som är ansvarig för kartellen (drygt 33 procent). En mindre andel anser att de ansvariga ska stigmatiseras (drygt 11 procent). Slutligen anser ca 17 procent att ansvariga personer för kartellen ska placeras i fängelse.

När det gäller synen på eftergiftsprogram så anser ungefär fem procent att kartell-verksamma företag, som samarbetar med kontrollerande myndighet för att avslöja kartellen, skall frias helt och hållet. Drygt 13 procent finner det skäligt att företaget åtminstone namnges offentligt medan de andra företagen straffas hårdare. Drygt 32procent anser dock att det måste till ett hårdare straff för det samarbetande företaget, medan de andra företagen ska fällas något hårdare. Den största andelen, nästan hälften, anser dock att det inte finns någon skillnad. Brott är brott och måste straffas likvärdigt oavsett om man samarbetar ellerinte.

Slutligen kan vi också konstatera att samtliga hypoteser bekräftas i undersökning-en, vilket tyder på att det svenska materialet inte skiljer sig från annat västeuro-peiskt material. Skillnaden i åsikter finns istället inom länderna och baserar sig mer på demografiska faktorer än kontextuella faktorer.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: , 2020. p. 50
Series
Konkurrensverkets uppdragsforskningsrapport, ISSN 1652-8069 ; 2020:3
National Category
Sociology
Research subject
Sociology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-177016 (URN)
Available from: 2020-11-25 Created: 2020-11-25 Last updated: 2020-11-25Bibliographically approved
Larsson, D. & Schmauch, U. (2017). Perception of race discrimination by the police in Europe. In: Stephen Egharevba (Ed.), Police brutality, racial profiling, and discrimination in the criminal justice system: (pp. 13-37). Hershey, PA: IGI Global
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Perception of race discrimination by the police in Europe
2017 (English)In: Police brutality, racial profiling, and discrimination in the criminal justice system / [ed] Stephen Egharevba, Hershey, PA: IGI Global, 2017, p. 13-37Chapter in book (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Procedural justice is an important principle in democratic societies, which fails when police discriminate minorities through for example racial profiling and during crime report procedures. This not only violates individuals’ rights, it also increases corruption, make police work problematic and decrease trust in the justice system. The aim of the chapter is to investigate perception of police discrimination against minorities, with focus on whether anti-immigrant attitudes have an independent impact on the perception of police discrimination. We use European Social Survey, collected in 2010, including 24 countries and around 45,000 respondents. The results show that anti-immigrant attitudes imply that respondents don’t believe the police to discriminate independent on individual factors such as education, gender, minority and country factors such as corruption, inequality and the proportion of non-European inhabitants in the country.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Hershey, PA: IGI Global, 2017
Series
Advances in religious and cultural studies (ARCS)
National Category
Sociology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-131297 (URN)10.4018/978-1-5225-1088-8.ch002 (DOI)2-s2.0-85015012096 (Scopus ID)9781522510888 (ISBN)9781522510895 (ISBN)
Available from: 2017-02-10 Created: 2017-02-10 Last updated: 2023-03-24Bibliographically approved
Goossen, M., Johansson Sevä, I. & Larsson, D. (2016). Basic human values and white-collar crime: Findings from Europe. European Journal of Criminology, 13(4), 434-452
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Basic human values and white-collar crime: Findings from Europe
2016 (English)In: European Journal of Criminology, ISSN 1477-3708, E-ISSN 1741-2609, Vol. 13, no 4, p. 434-452Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The aim of this article is to investigate the relationship between values and white-collar crime. The analyses draw on pooled survey data covering 14 European countries. The value constructs are derived on the basis of the theory of basic human values and seven value constructs are tested in relation to three types of white-collar crime: tax evasion, insurance fraud and bribery. The results show that a majority of the value constructs are statistically significantly related to white-collar crime in the expected direction. The relationships between values and white-collar crime are particularly clear-cut regarding tax evasion and insurance fraud but more mixed regarding bribery. The value constructs ‘universalism/benevolence’, ‘power/achievement’ and ‘stimulation’ yield consistent results across all three crime types. ‘Universalism/benevolence’ levels are negatively associated, while ‘power/achievement’ and ‘stimulation’ levels are positively associated, with odds of having committed white-collar crime. The results suggest that values are relevant predictors when trying to account for variation in white-collar offending.

Keywords
basic human values, bribery, Europe, insurance fraud, tax evasion, white-collar crime
National Category
Sociology (excluding Social Work, Social Psychology and Social Anthropology)
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-117906 (URN)10.1177/1477370816633260 (DOI)000378422000002 ()2-s2.0-84977118911 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2016-03-04 Created: 2016-03-04 Last updated: 2023-03-24Bibliographically approved
Alalehto, T. & Larsson, D. (2016). Measuring trust in the police by contextual and individual factors. International Journal of Law Crime and Justice, 46, 31-42
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Measuring trust in the police by contextual and individual factors
2016 (English)In: International Journal of Law Crime and Justice, ISSN 1756-0616, E-ISSN 1876-763X, Vol. 46, p. 31-42Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This study investigate if procedural justice and police competence affects trust in the police independent on the level of perception of corruption, and whether the impact of procedural justice and police competence varies due to perception of corruption. The data used is European Social Survey round 5 (2010), containing 24 countries. To separate individual effects from aggregate effects we used multilevel analyses. The results show that procedural justice and police efficiency are of importance for trust in the police independent of the perception of corruption. But the results also show that the impact of both procedural justice and police competence varies due to the level of perception of corruption. The conclusion is therefore that the fight against corruption must be prioritized to increase trust in the police.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2016
Keywords
Trust in the police, Perception of corruption, Procedural justice, Competence, Multilevel analysis
National Category
Sociology (excluding Social Work, Social Psychology and Social Anthropology)
Research subject
Sociology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-117365 (URN)10.1016/j.ijlcj.2016.01.001 (DOI)000384863100003 ()2-s2.0-84956662796 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2016-02-28 Created: 2016-02-28 Last updated: 2023-03-23Bibliographically approved
Johansson Sevä, I., Larsson, D. & Strandh, M. (2016). The prevalence, characteristics and well-being of 'necessity' self-employed and 'latent' entrepreneurs: findings from Sweden. International Journal of Entrepreneurship and Small Business, 28(1), 58-77
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The prevalence, characteristics and well-being of 'necessity' self-employed and 'latent' entrepreneurs: findings from Sweden
2016 (English)In: International Journal of Entrepreneurship and Small Business, ISSN 1476-1297, E-ISSN 1741-8054, Vol. 28, no 1, p. 58-77Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Self-employment is often discussed in terms of 'push' and 'pull' factors. The aim of this article is to assess not only the prevalence of 'necessity' self-employed and 'latent' entrepreneurs in Sweden, but also the characteristics in terms of socio-demography, personality traits, intrinsic work motivation and preference for independence associated with each group. In addition, the article investigates whether 'necessity' self-employment and 'latent' entrepreneurship are related to four measures of well-being. This is done using a nationally representative survey of the self-employed (small-business owners, n = 2,483) and regularly employed (n = 2,642) in Sweden. The main findings indicate that 'necessity' self-employed have characteristics and preferences that differ from other (non-'necessity') self-employed. They display relatively low intrinsic work motivation and preference for independence as well as scores on personality traits typically associated with entrepreneurship. They also report lower levels of work autonomy, job-satisfaction, life satisfaction and family-life satisfaction than other self-employed. 'Latent' entrepreneurs resemble entrepreneurs in many ways but they nevertheless report lower levels of well-being than non-'necessity' self-employed.

Keywords
necessity self-employment; latent entrepreneurship; personality traits; intrinsic work motivation; preference for independence; work autonomy; job satisfaction; life satisfaction; family-life satisfaction; Sweden
National Category
Sociology (excluding Social Work, Social Psychology and Social Anthropology)
Research subject
Sociology; SME research
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-117662 (URN)10.1504/IJESB.2016.075682 (DOI)2-s2.0-84964454363 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2016-03-03 Created: 2016-03-03 Last updated: 2023-03-23Bibliographically approved
Johansson Sevä, I. & Larsson, D. (2015). Are the self-employed really that poor? Income poverty and living standard among self-employed in Sweden. Vulnerable Groups & Inclusion, 6(1)
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Are the self-employed really that poor? Income poverty and living standard among self-employed in Sweden
2015 (English)In: Vulnerable Groups & Inclusion, E-ISSN 2000-8023, Vol. 6, no 1Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Small enterprises are often highlighted by politicians as important engines of economic growth and job creation. However, previous research suggests that self-employment might not be equally beneficial for individuals in terms of their income compared to regular employment. Several studies have in fact found that the self-employed may face a substantially higher poverty risk than do regular employees. The aim of the present study is to investigate to what extent income poverty is a good predictor of actual living standards among the self-employed. Is the relationship between income poverty and living standards different for self-employed compared to the regularly employed? To investigate this question we use a unique Swedish survey dataset including regularly employed (n 2,642) as well as self-employed (over-sampled, n 2,483). Income poverty is defined as living in a household with less than 60% of the median household income. Living standards are measured with a deprivation index based on 29 consumption indicators. The results show that even though income poverty is more prevalent among the self-employed than among the regularly employed, no evidence can be found suggesting that the self-employed have a lower standard of living than the regularly employed. Furthermore, when specifically comparing income poor self-employed with income poor regularly employed, we find that the income poor self-employed score significantly lower on the deprivation index even after the compositional characteristics of both groups are taken into account. The conclusion is that poverty measures based on income data underestimate the actual living standard of the self-employed.

Keywords
self-employment, income, poverty, living standard, deprivation, Sweden
National Category
Sociology (excluding Social Work, Social Psychology and Social Anthropology)
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-101906 (URN)10.3402/vgi.v6.26148 (DOI)000218456900007 ()
Funder
Riksbankens Jubileumsfond, P10-0411
Available from: 2015-04-15 Created: 2015-04-15 Last updated: 2023-11-02Bibliographically approved
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