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Hanes, Niklas
Publications (10 of 17) Show all publications
Bäckström, P. & Hanes, N. (2023). The impact of peacekeeping on post-deployment earnings for Swedish veterans. Umeå: Umeå University
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The impact of peacekeeping on post-deployment earnings for Swedish veterans
2023 (English)Report (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

We study the effect of peacekeeping on post-deployment earnings for military veterans. Using Swedish administrative data, we follow a sample of more than 11,000 veterans who were deployed for the first time during the period 1993-2010 for up to nine years after returning home. To deal with selection bias, we use difference-in-differences propensity score matching based on a rich set of covariates, including measures of individual ability, health and pre-deployment labour market attachment. We find that, overall, veterans’ post-deployment earnings are largely unaffected by their service. Even though Swedish veterans in the studied period tend to outperform their birthcohort peers who did not serve, we show that this advantage in earnings disappears once we adjust for non-random selection into service.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Umeå: Umeå University, 2023. p. 45
Series
Umeå economic studies, ISSN 0348-1018 ; 1010
Keywords
Military veterans, peacekeeping, earnings
National Category
Economics
Research subject
Economics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-209969 (URN)
Available from: 2023-06-16 Created: 2023-06-16 Last updated: 2023-06-21Bibliographically approved
Hanes, N. (2015). Amalgamation impacts on local public expenditures in Sweden. Local Government Studies, 41(1), 63-77
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Amalgamation impacts on local public expenditures in Sweden
2015 (English)In: Local Government Studies, ISSN 0300-3930, E-ISSN 1743-9388, Vol. 41, no 1, p. 63-77Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This paper concerns amalgamation impacts on local public expenditures. The empirical analysis is based on the extensive 1952 municipal reform in Sweden. The 1952 reform amalgamated municipalities in a way that they had at least 2,000–3,500 inhabitants. This was done in the belief that larger municipalities would improve administration efficiency and public services by exploiting economies of scale. The results show that the reform had a negative impact on expenditures as long as the municipalities did not exceed a critical size.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Taylor & Francis Group, 2015
Keywords
municipal amalgamations, decentralisation, local public expenditures
National Category
Economics
Research subject
Economics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-80027 (URN)10.1080/03003930.2013.869496 (DOI)000346257800004 ()2-s2.0-84893204996 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2013-09-08 Created: 2013-09-08 Last updated: 2018-06-08Bibliographically approved
Wikström, M., Kotyrlo, E. & Hanes, N. (2015). Childcare Reform: Effects on Earnings and Employment among Native Swedish and Immigrant Mothers. In: Solomon W. Polachek, Konstantinos Tatsiramos, Klaus F. Zimmermann (Ed.), Gender in the Labor Market: (pp. 93-129). Emerald Group Publishing Limited
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Childcare Reform: Effects on Earnings and Employment among Native Swedish and Immigrant Mothers
2015 (English)In: Gender in the Labor Market / [ed] Solomon W. Polachek, Konstantinos Tatsiramos, Klaus F. Zimmermann, Emerald Group Publishing Limited, 2015, p. 93-129Chapter in book (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

This paper studies earnings and labor force participation of native Swedes and recent immigrants in Sweden in response to the childcare reforms of 2001 and 2002 using a difference-in-differences approach and register-based data for the period of 1995–2009. Immigrant and native Swedish mothers are distinguished in order to study if increased accessibility to childcare might be particularly beneficial for groups facing obstacles in entering the labor market. The results show that the reforms had a positive effect on earnings and labor force participation among native mothers with preschool children. The group of immigrant mothers studied did not experience any gain in labor market outcomes as a response to the reform.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Emerald Group Publishing Limited, 2015
Series
Research in Labor Economics, ISSN 0147-9121 ; 42
Keywords
Childcare reform; Immigrant; Labor force participation; Earnings; Family policy; Difference-in-difference
National Category
Economics
Research subject
Economics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-95547 (URN)10.1108/S0147-912120150000042003 (DOI)2-s2.0-84939856673 (Scopus ID)978-1-78560-141-5 (ISBN)
Available from: 2014-10-30 Created: 2014-10-30 Last updated: 2023-03-24Bibliographically approved
Gyllenram, A., Hellström, J. & Hanes, N. (2015). Förmåga att hantera stress och individers beslut att äga aktier. Ekonomisk Debatt, 43(1), 7-15
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Förmåga att hantera stress och individers beslut att äga aktier
2015 (Swedish)In: Ekonomisk Debatt, ISSN 0345-2646, Vol. 43, no 1, p. 7-15Article in journal (Other academic) Published
Abstract [sv]

Nyare finansiell forskning har påvisat att individers kognitiva förmåga (IQ) påverkar finansiella beslut. Att äga aktier korrelerar t ex starkt med IQ. Men även bland ”smarta” individer är det många som inte äger aktier. Detta är förbryllande, då avkastningen på aktiemarknaden historiskt har slagit andra investeringsalternativ, och det indikerar att det kanske inte räcker med att vara ”smart” för att göra smarta val. En möjlig förklaring till detta, som vi finner empiriskt stöd för, är att även andra personliga egenskaper, som exempelvis stresstålighet, kan påverka finansiella beslut.

Keywords
Finansiell ekonomi, aktieägande, stresstålighet
National Category
Economics Business Administration
Research subject
Business Studies; Economics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-112117 (URN)
Funder
The Jan Wallander and Tom Hedelius Foundation, P2011-0226:1
Note

Artiklar från Nationella konferensen i nationalekonomi 2014

Available from: 2015-12-02 Created: 2015-12-02 Last updated: 2018-06-07Bibliographically approved
Hellström, J., Zetterdahl, E. & Hanes, N. (2013). Loved ones matter: family effects and stock market participation. Umeå
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Loved ones matter: family effects and stock market participation
2013 (English)Report (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

In this paper new and detailed empirical evidence on the impact of family on individuals’ stock market participation decision is provided. Since influence is likely to vary systematically over different types of individuals the heterogeneous effect of social interaction, in a setting including both community as well as within-family effects, is further examined. The main results indicate that individuals’ likelihood for subsequent participation increases (decreases) following positive (negative) parental and partner stock market experiences. The effect of social interaction is further found to be of relatively greater importance for individuals with relatively lower levels of financial literacy and for individuals with an on average higher level of interpersonal trust. In terms of gender, both male and female participation is positively affected by family influence, while community effects mainly pertain to males.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Umeå: , 2013. p. 39
Series
Umeå economic studies, ISSN 0348-1018 ; 865
Keywords
family effects, investor behavior, peer effect, social interaction, social influence, stock market participation
National Category
Business Administration Economics
Research subject
Business Studies; Economics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-81749 (URN)
Available from: 2013-10-21 Created: 2013-10-21 Last updated: 2018-06-08Bibliographically approved
Gyllenram, A., Hanes, N. & Hellström, J. (2013). The influence of non-cognitive and cognitive ability on individuals' stock market participation. Umeå
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The influence of non-cognitive and cognitive ability on individuals' stock market participation
2013 (English)Report (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Stock market participation is found to be positively related to cognitive, as well as non-cognitive ability, controlling for wealth, income, age, and other demographic and socioeconomic factors. Interestingly, the effects are of economic significant magnitudes, e.g. participation is on average 11.49% larger among those with high compared with low cognitive and non-cognitive abilities, and holds also when controlling for individuals risk preferences. The later indicates that cognitive and non-cognitive abilities have a role in affecting financial decisions also through non-preference driven effects. Limitations in non-cognitive ability do further explain non-participation among affluent individuals.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Umeå: , 2013. p. 43
Series
Umeå economic studies, ISSN 0348-1018 ; 866
Keywords
household finance, investor behavior, stock market participation, psychological traits, intelligence, risk preferences
National Category
Economics Business Administration
Research subject
Business Studies; Economics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-81748 (URN)
Available from: 2013-10-21 Created: 2013-10-21 Last updated: 2018-06-08Bibliographically approved
Hanes, N., Wikström, M. & Wångmar, E. (2012). Municipal Preferences for State-imposed Amalgamations: An Empirical Study Based on the Swedish Municipal Reform of 1952. Urban Studies, 49(12), 2733-2750
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Municipal Preferences for State-imposed Amalgamations: An Empirical Study Based on the Swedish Municipal Reform of 1952
2012 (English)In: Urban Studies, ISSN 0042-0980, E-ISSN 1360-063X, Vol. 49, no 12, p. 2733-2750Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This paper concerns municipal preferences for state-imposed municipal amalgamations, focusing on factors that may explain municipal acceptance of, or objection to, a state-imposed amalgamation decision. The empirical analysis is based on the extensive municipal reform that occurred in Sweden in 1952, which reduced the number of municipalities from 2498 to 1037. In 66 per cent of the amalgamated cases, at least one municipality complained. The results show that income differences affected the willingness to amalgamate; high-income municipalities opposed amalgamation with less wealthy municipalities. The results also indicate that the size (absolute and relative) of the municipalities affected their willingness to amalgamate. Small and large municipalities were most likely to accept the amalgamation decision and equally sized municipalities were less likely to amalgamate voluntarily.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Sage Publications, 2012
National Category
Economics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-59714 (URN)10.1177/0042098011429488 (DOI)000307578800010 ()2-s2.0-84865197202 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2012-10-31 Created: 2012-09-25 Last updated: 2023-03-24Bibliographically approved
Hanes, N. & Norlin, E. (2011). Psychological traits and earnings differentials among men: A study of second-generation immigrants in Sweden. Scandinavian Journal of Economics, 113(2), 318-341
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Psychological traits and earnings differentials among men: A study of second-generation immigrants in Sweden
2011 (English)In: Scandinavian Journal of Economics, ISSN 0347-0520, E-ISSN 1467-9442, Vol. 113, no 2, p. 318-341Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The purpose of this study is to analyse the impact of psychological traits on earnings differentials between second-generation immigrants and individuals with native-born parents. The study is based on a cohort of men born in 1973 and residing in Sweden in 1990. In this paper, we use an indicator of psychological ability measured in connection with the military enlistment test in Sweden. The results show that the measure of psychological traits is an important determinant of earnings at the age of 30. Using an Oaxaca-Blinder decomposition, we find that earnings differentials between second-generation immigrants and individuals with native-born parents are explained, to a large degree, by differences in endowments of psychological traits.

National Category
Economics
Research subject
Economics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-36258 (URN)10.1111/j.1467-9442.2011.01645.x (DOI)2-s2.0-79956280832 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2010-09-23 Created: 2010-09-23 Last updated: 2023-03-24Bibliographically approved
Hanes, N. & Wikström, M. (2010). Amalgamation impacts on local growth: Are voluntary amalgamations more efficient than compulsory amalgamations?. Canadian journal of regional science, 33(1), 57-70
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Amalgamation impacts on local growth: Are voluntary amalgamations more efficient than compulsory amalgamations?
2010 (English)In: Canadian journal of regional science, Vol. 33, no 1, p. 57-70Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The purpose of this paper is to analyse amalgamation impacts on local population and income growth as well as whether voluntary amalgamations are more efficient compared to compulsory amalgamations. The empirical analysis is based on data for 1,005 Swedish municipalities for the period 1953-1959, i.e. a six-year period after the 1952 municipal reform. The reform was state imposed and 66 percent of the newly formed municipalities were amalgamated on a compulsory basis. The results show that amalgamations had a positive effect on population growth in small municipalities. The main finding in the paper is that municipalities formed on a voluntary basis had higher population growth compared to municipalities formed on a compulsory basis. One conclusion is that local opinions are important to consider when forming a new local government structure.

Keywords
Economic growth, population growth, local government amalgamation, heterogenous preferences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-36257 (URN)
Available from: 2010-09-23 Created: 2010-09-23 Last updated: 2018-06-08Bibliographically approved
Hanes, N., Norlin, E. & Sjöström, M. (2010). Civil returns of military training: a study of young men in Sweden. Defence and Peace Economics, 21(5-6), 547-565
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Civil returns of military training: a study of young men in Sweden
2010 (English)In: Defence and Peace Economics, ISSN 1024-2694, E-ISSN 1476-8267, Vol. 21, no 5-6, p. 547-565Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The purpose of our study was to examine the effect of military training on the earnings of young men in Sweden. The analysis is based on the cohort of males born in 1973. This cohort was conscripted during a time of rapid change in Swedish security policy and substantial cutbacks in the armed forces. As a consequence, a relatively large proportion of the cohort was assigned a service category after the enlistment test but one third of these individuals were never conscripted. We argue that these organizational changes, along with data on important background variables, make it possible to rely on selection on observables. A clear finding is that military training has a positive effect on annual earnings at the age of 30 for those men in the category 'private soldier' who do not subsequently obtain a high level of educational. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
EBSCO Industries, Inc., 2010
Keywords
Sweden, Elementary and Secondary Schools, Colleges, Universities, and Professional Schools, National Security, Military education, Young men, Recruiting & enlistment, National security -- Sweden
National Category
Economics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-36259 (URN)10.1080/10242694.2010.528245 (DOI)000285345800010 ()2-s2.0-78650238675 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2010-09-23 Created: 2010-09-23 Last updated: 2023-03-24Bibliographically approved
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