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Publications (10 of 27) Show all publications
Össbo, Å. (2024). Som en skänk från ovan eller skada på kredit?: narrativ om svensk vattenkraft i Sápmi från de rörliga bildernas arkiv. In: Ragnhild Nilsson; Mats Rohdin; Ulf Mörkenstam (Ed.), Sápmi på film och TV: (pp. 208-236). Umeå: Umeå University
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Som en skänk från ovan eller skada på kredit?: narrativ om svensk vattenkraft i Sápmi från de rörliga bildernas arkiv
2024 (Swedish)In: Sápmi på film och TV / [ed] Ragnhild Nilsson; Mats Rohdin; Ulf Mörkenstam, Umeå: Umeå University, 2024, p. 208-236Chapter in book (Other academic)
Abstract [sv]

Den här studien undersöker hur vattenkraft skildrats på film och i tv-program som tillkommit under åren 1957 och 1995. På vilket sätt har vattenkraftutbyggnaden relaterats till samer i första hans, men även lokalsamhällena generellt. Undersökningen bygger på 20 filmer och televisionsprogram från Kungliga bibliotekets Svensk mediadatabas (SMDB) som också ingår i kollektionen "Sápmi på film och TV". Materialet har olika avsändare (Statens Vattenfallsverk/Vattenfall AB, fristående producenter, public service) och analyseras utifrån vad de olika bidragen fokuserar på i relation till tillkomstår och avsändare. Innehållsanalysen utförs mot bakgrund av tidigare forskning, och analyserar övergripande teman från positivt och negativt inriktade narrativ om vattenkraftutbyggnad. Public service står bakom en större del av materialet och där ses också ett bredare spektrum av narrativ där samiska röster får ge sina synpunkter medan Vattenfall har ett snävare budskap som i lägre grad relateras till det samiska samhället. Vattenkraftens fördelar lyfts fram medan inverkningar och skador och bolagets hantering av det formuleras om till något positivt. Bland materialet har, inte oväntat, utbyggnaderna i Stora Luleälvs övre del en särställning. Materialet från fristående producenter visar också en bredd av utbyggnadsmotstånd, nostalgiska återblickar i industrivänlig ton samt opinionsbildande om miljö och arbetsliv kring reglerade vatten.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Umeå: Umeå University, 2024
Series
Skrifter från Centrum för samisk forskning, ISSN 1651-5455 ; 32
Keywords
vattenkraft, samer, renskötsel, narrativ, film, television, konsekvenser
National Category
History Media Studies
Research subject
History
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-222567 (URN)978-91-8070-132-7 (ISBN)978-91-8070-133-4 (ISBN)
Funder
Swedish Energy Agency, 46265-1
Available from: 2024-03-21 Created: 2024-03-21 Last updated: 2024-03-21Bibliographically approved
Össbo, Å. (2023). Back to square one. Green sacrifice zones in Sápmi and Swedish policy responses to energy emergencies. Arctic Review on Law and Politics, 14, 112-134
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Back to square one. Green sacrifice zones in Sápmi and Swedish policy responses to energy emergencies
2023 (English)In: Arctic Review on Law and Politics, ISSN 1891-6252, E-ISSN 2387-4562, Vol. 14, p. 112-134Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

In the wake of the enthusiasm for green energy, previously contested energy and mining projects can be framed as part of a green transition. When state authorities decide to forego the standard procedural protections and the processes and forums for deliberation and local influence, it contributes to constructing green sacrifice zones. This paper compares two Swedish energy policy processes. The first is occurred during World War II and the hydropower expansion of the 1940s and 1950s. The second takes place today when wind power is expanding to increase renewable energy production. In Sweden, policymaking seems to be back to square one in the green transition, leaving out both important knowledge of the past and contemporary voices of the ongoing and probable consequences. In certain issues, such as how the recognition of the Indigenous status of the Sámi actually affects the legislative process and how to address the Indigenous rights of the Sámi, policymaking is particularly slow to adapt. The green transition industry is already affecting the Sámi, as the construction of the Nordic welfare society has done during the last century, and still does. It deepens an ongoing colonial wave that started in the 1300s. By showing how the Swedish legislative process, historically as well as currently, has neglected to involve Sámi representatives, this study points to the importance and obligation of Swedish policymaking to engage Sámi representatives in an early phase to avoid further sacrifice zones in Sápmi.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Cappelen Damm Akademisk, 2023
Keywords
green sacrifice zones, Indigenous peoples, green transition, climate change mitigation, coloniality, wind energy, hydropower
National Category
History Other Social Sciences History of Technology
Research subject
History
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-205762 (URN)10.23865/arctic.v14.5082 (DOI)2-s2.0-85151119732 (Scopus ID)
Funder
Swedish Energy Agency, 2018.002606
Available from: 2023-03-17 Created: 2023-03-17 Last updated: 2023-10-27Bibliographically approved
Össbo, Å. (2023). Hydropower company sites: a study of Swedish settler colonialism. Settler Colonial Studies, 13(1), 115-132
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Hydropower company sites: a study of Swedish settler colonialism
2023 (English)In: Settler Colonial Studies, ISSN 2201-473X, E-ISSN 1838-0743, Vol. 13, no 1, p. 115-132Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The settler colonial perspective has until recently gained modest attention from scholars analysing the relations between the Swedish state and the Indigenous Sámi people throughout history. This article explores the dynamics of settler colonialism in the Swedish state’s relation to the Sámi people through the expansion of hydropower. I argue that the hydropower invasion beginning in the 1910s reinforced Swedish settler colonialism, ultimately shown in the hydropower company town of Porjus. This industrial colonialism in Swedish hydropower politics and practice with following consequences continues the settler colonial policy from the passing of the ‘Lappmarks Placat’ in 1673 when agrarian settlers of various origins were encouraged to take up farmstead settlements and populate areas perceived as uninhabited. During the nineteenth century several policies and administrative practices made invisible and devastated Sámi self-determination and land rights. When Sámi land rights had been devalued and westernised, the time was ripe for a new colonial policy, a policy promoting industrial extraction of hydroelectricity from the rivers of Sápmi – the traditional country of the Sámi people, situated in the northern parts of Norway, Sweden, Finland and the Russian Kola Peninsula.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Routledge, 2023
Keywords
Word, Sámi people, Indigenous land rights, Swedish hydropower, settler colonialism, industrial colonialism, company towns, single-industry communities
National Category
History
Research subject
History; demography
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-192384 (URN)10.1080/2201473x.2022.2037293 (DOI)000753792600001 ()2-s2.0-85124346141 (Scopus ID)
Funder
Knut and Alice Wallenberg Foundation, 2012.0222
Available from: 2022-02-11 Created: 2022-02-11 Last updated: 2023-06-12Bibliographically approved
Össbo, Å. (2023). Hydropower histories and narrative injustice: state-owned energy companies’ narratives of hydropower expansion in Sápmi. Water History, 15, 201-219
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Hydropower histories and narrative injustice: state-owned energy companies’ narratives of hydropower expansion in Sápmi
2023 (English)In: Water History, ISSN 1877-7236, E-ISSN 1877-7244, Vol. 15, p. 201-219Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

For over one hundred years, hydropower expansion has taken place in Sápmi, the land ofthe Indigenous Sámi people in Northern Fenno-Scandia and the Kola Peninsula. In modern energy company narratives, certain parts of history remain unmentioned. Among these are the narratives belonging to Sámi people who were negatively impacted by hydropower expansion. Thus, the aim of this article is to analyse three state-owned energy companies’narratives about their hydropower expansion in Sápmi and compare them with challenging voices or counter-narratives. The sources used are the companies’ websites and the official documents and material found there, as well as other documentary sources, literature,and research spanning a time period of 1910 to 2021. The overall questions are: To what extent and in what ways are Sámi experiences regarding hydropower expansion part of the companies’ narratives. This study uses counter-narrative and narrative justice as conceptual framework and shows that the full impact that hydropower expansion has had on Sámi people’s situations is insufficiently communicated in the companies’ narratives. Instead,  the companies mainly construct their narratives as hydropower expansion in Sápmi being a phenomenon located in history without connection to ongoing consequences on Sámi lands and lives.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Springer Nature, 2023
Keywords
Energy companies, Counter-narratives, Indigenous Sámi people, Corporate narratives, Hydropower
National Category
History Human Geography
Research subject
History
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-208618 (URN)10.1007/s12685-023-00328-z (DOI)
Funder
Swedish Energy Agency, 46265-1
Available from: 2023-05-29 Created: 2023-05-29 Last updated: 2023-10-19Bibliographically approved
Össbo, Å. (2022). 'The Land of the Future' and Swedish Settler Colonialism Revisited: Green transistion industrialisation in Sápmi. In: : . Paper presented at NAISA - Native American and Indigenous Studies Association, Sápmi regional gathering, online and in Bodø/Bådåddjo, Norway, June 8, online June 10, 2022.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>'The Land of the Future' and Swedish Settler Colonialism Revisited: Green transistion industrialisation in Sápmi
2022 (English)Conference paper, Oral presentation only (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

A couple of years ago, the city of Skellefteå won the competition to house a factory for the production of batteries for electric cars. Shortly afterwards, the state-owned mining company LKAB presented an investment in fossil-free steel production in Gällivare, another company with the same focus established itself in Boden. The arguments for the location were the proximity to renewable electricity production, i.e. hydropower and wind power. Since then, interest in the Norrland region has grown enormously in Sweden. Again.

The green transition and the industrialization that it entails carry many repetitions and traces of the past. It would be possible to talk about a third settler colonial wave that is currently sweeping across Sápmi, the Indigenous Sámi's traditional area. While the first and second waves consist of agrarian colonial and industrial colonial processes in parallel, from today's perspective a gap arises, a silence between the second and the third wave. This presentation analyses, from the perspective of settler colonial theory, the debate about the “Land of the Future” that has re-emerged in the wake of the green transition.

Keywords
Settler Colonialism; Sámi History; Green Transistion
National Category
History
Research subject
History
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-205436 (URN)
Conference
NAISA - Native American and Indigenous Studies Association, Sápmi regional gathering, online and in Bodø/Bådåddjo, Norway, June 8, online June 10, 2022
Funder
Swedish Energy Agency, 2018.002606
Available from: 2023-03-06 Created: 2023-03-06 Last updated: 2023-03-06Bibliographically approved
Össbo, Å. (2022). Tillbaka till den koloniala framtiden. Provins, 41(2), 20-23
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Tillbaka till den koloniala framtiden
2022 (Swedish)In: Provins, ISSN 0280-9974, Vol. 41, no 2, p. 20-23Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.)) Published
Abstract [sv]

En essä som lyfter fram att dagens debatt om Norrland som "ett framtidsland" är i själva verket den tredje i raden av framtidslandsprojektioner mot de nordliga områdena som administreras av Sverige. Samtidigt pågår en tredje våg av bosättarkolonialism gentemot Sápmi i den gröna omställningens namn, där beslutet om Gállok och inrättandet av en sanningskommission samt samisk konsultationsordning står på var sin sida om ett till synes oförenligt gap.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Umeå: Norrländska litteratursällskapet; Författarcentrum Norr, 2022
Keywords
samisk historia, grön omställning, bosättarkolonialism, sanningskommission
National Category
History
Research subject
History
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-196675 (URN)
Funder
Swedish Energy Agency, 46265-1
Available from: 2022-06-16 Created: 2022-06-16 Last updated: 2022-08-10Bibliographically approved
Össbo, Å. (2021). "A constant reminder of what we had to forfeit": Swedish industrial colonialism and intergenerational effects on Sámi living conditions in the area of upper Stuor Julevädno. International Journal of Critical Indigenous Studies, 14(1), 17-32
Open this publication in new window or tab >>"A constant reminder of what we had to forfeit": Swedish industrial colonialism and intergenerational effects on Sámi living conditions in the area of upper Stuor Julevädno
2021 (English)In: International Journal of Critical Indigenous Studies, ISSN 1837-0144, Vol. 14, no 1, p. 17-32Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This article examines the intergenerational effects of hydropower expansion on Sámi living conditions. In-depth conversations were conducted with five research participants from three different generations living in a hydropower impacted area on the Swedish side of Sápmi. The aim is to analyse how natural resource extraction has affected living conditions for the Indigenous Sámi people, using an intergenerational approach. The questions cover how to deal with the consequences and how coping strategies have affected the living conditions for the research participants and the participants' families, both older and younger generations. Historical unresolved grief connected to large-scale resource extraction is an important component for understanding experiences of colonialism in a Nordic Indigenous context. Furthermore, an intergenerational approach is essential for studying long-term impacts on Indigenous communities. From the conversations, four main themes are crystallised: bereavement, fear and worries, agreements with the energy company, and reconciliation and strategies for the future.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Queensland University of Technology, 2021
Keywords
intergenerational trauma, industrial colonialism, hydropower, Sámi, Indigenous people
National Category
History
Research subject
History
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-181671 (URN)10.5204/ijcis.v14i1.1629 (DOI)2-s2.0-85105865745 (Scopus ID)
Funder
Wallenberg Foundations, 2012.0222
Available from: 2021-03-22 Created: 2021-03-22 Last updated: 2023-10-30Bibliographically approved
Stoor, J. P., Lantto, P. & Össbo, Å. (2021). Inledning. In: Åsa Össbo och Patrik Lantto (Ed.), Psykisk hälsa och välmående på svensk sida av Sápmi: en antologi (pp. 1-5). Umeå: Várdduo-Centrum för samisk forskning, Umeå universitet
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Inledning
2021 (Swedish)In: Psykisk hälsa och välmående på svensk sida av Sápmi: en antologi / [ed] Åsa Össbo och Patrik Lantto, Umeå: Várdduo-Centrum för samisk forskning, Umeå universitet , 2021, p. 1-5Chapter in book (Other academic)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Umeå: Várdduo-Centrum för samisk forskning, Umeå universitet, 2021
Series
Skrifter från Centrum för samisk forskning, ISSN 1651-5455 ; 28
Keywords
urfolkshälsa, samer, livsvillkor, självmord, renskötsel
National Category
Psychology History
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-185114 (URN)9789178555291 (ISBN)
Available from: 2021-06-23 Created: 2021-06-23 Last updated: 2022-01-19Bibliographically approved
Össbo, Å. & Lantto, P. (Eds.). (2021). Psykisk hälsa och välmående på svensk sida av Sápmi: en antologi. Umeå: Várdduo-Centrum för samisk forskning, Umeå universitet
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Psykisk hälsa och välmående på svensk sida av Sápmi: en antologi
2021 (Swedish)Collection (editor) (Other academic)
Abstract [sv]

I denna antologi samlas åtta bidrag kring samisk hälsoforskning. De inledande kapitlen är originalbidrag till antologin medan ytterligare två kapitel är omarbetade artiklar från internationella vetenskapliga tidskrifter. Fyra kapitel utgör omarbetade examensarbeten inom ramen för psykologutbildningen vid Umeå universitet och har ett antal år på nacken. Tillsammans ger bidragen en insikt i forskning kring samisk hälsa och frågor som påverkat samers hälsa sedan början av 2000-talet.

En befolknings hälsa och välbefinnande ska naturligt alltid stå i centrum av dess politiska liv. Texterna i denna antologi har varit aktuella och relevanta för det samiska samhället under lång tid, och därför är det med glädje vi ser att Sametinget nyligen antagit sitt första hälsopolitiska program, där de särskilt lyfter fram betydelsen av att arbeta för en god psykisk hälsa hos det samiska folket. Samiska perspektiv på hälsa ser ut att ha kommit för att stanna, i politiken och akademin såväl som i konkreta vårdmöten. Redaktörernas förhoppning är att kunskapen och kunskapsutbytet i antologin ska bidra till att vitalisera Sametingets och andra centrala aktörers arbete på området. För alla människors rätt till en god hälsa.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Umeå: Várdduo-Centrum för samisk forskning, Umeå universitet, 2021. p. 207
Series
Skrifter från Centrum för samisk forskning, ISSN 1651-5455 ; 28
National Category
Psychology History
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-185128 (URN)9789178555291 (ISBN)
Available from: 2021-06-23 Created: 2021-06-23 Last updated: 2022-01-19Bibliographically approved
Sehlin MacNeil, K., Daniels-Mayes, S., Akbar, S., Marsh, J., Wik-Karlsson, J. & Össbo, Å. (2021). Social Life Cycle Assessment Used in Indigenous Contexts: A Critical Analysis. Sustainability, 13(9), Article ID 5158.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Social Life Cycle Assessment Used in Indigenous Contexts: A Critical Analysis
Show others...
2021 (English)In: Sustainability, E-ISSN 2071-1050, Vol. 13, no 9, article id 5158Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This paper evaluates the method Social Life Cycle Assessment (S-LCA) from the perspectives of Indigenous methodologies and Indigenous standpoint, in order to identify some strengths and limitations of using S-LCA in Indigenous contexts. Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) is used to measure environmental impacts connected with all stages of the life cycle of a commercial product, process, or service. S-LCA is a methodology designed to include the social aspects of sustainability in the LCA methodology. S-LCA emphasizes stakeholder involvement and the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) S-LCA guidelines (2020) lists Indigenous communities as possible stakeholders. With a focus on Indigenous communities in the Arctic region we also include comparative aspects from Australia to generate new conceptualizations and understandings. The paper concludes that S-LCA has the potential to facilitate opposing worldviews and with some further developments can be a valuable methodology for Indigenous contexts.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
MDPI, 2021
Keywords
Arctic, Australia, Indigenous methodologies, Indigenous peoples, Indigenous standpoint, Sámi, social life cycle assessment, S-LCA
National Category
Environmental Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-182837 (URN)10.3390/su13095158 (DOI)000650853500001 ()2-s2.0-85105860730 (Scopus ID)
Funder
Swedish Energy Agency, 2018-002606
Available from: 2021-05-06 Created: 2021-05-06 Last updated: 2023-09-05Bibliographically approved
Organisations
Identifiers
ORCID iD: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0003-3623-360x

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