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Enbom, Jesper, Fil Dr
Publications (10 of 20) Show all publications
Gelfgren, S., Cocq, C., Enbom, J. & Samuelsson, L. (2023). Afterword: future directions for surveillance in practice and research. In: Lars Samuelsson; Coppélie Cocq; Stefan Gelfgren; Jesper Enbom (Ed.), Everyday life in the culture of surveillance: (pp. 205-211). Nordicom
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Afterword: future directions for surveillance in practice and research
2023 (English)In: Everyday life in the culture of surveillance / [ed] Lars Samuelsson; Coppélie Cocq; Stefan Gelfgren; Jesper Enbom, Nordicom, 2023, p. 205-211Chapter in book (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

The contributions in this book shed light on the complexity of surveillance in a digital age and problematise power relations between the many actors involved in the development and performance of surveillance culture. More and more actors and practices play an increasing role in our contemporary digitalised society, and the chapters show how people negotiate surveillance in their use of digital media, often knowingly leaving digital footprints, and sometimes trying to avoid surveillance. The digital transformation will continue in the foreseeable future. The coordination and analysis of data is viewed by many government agencies, corporations, and other actors as important tools for improving public administration, health, and economic growth. For this development to be legitimate, it is important that hard values, such as technical and legal developments, and soft values, such as ethical and cultural values, are taken into consideration. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Nordicom, 2023
Keywords
surveillance culture, digital transformation, counter-practices, data regulation, cybersecurity
National Category
Media Studies
Research subject
Media
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-206403 (URN)10.48335/9789188855732-a (DOI)978-91-88855-72-5 (ISBN)978-91-88855-73-2 (ISBN)
Funder
Marcus and Amalia Wallenberg Foundation, MAW 20016.0092
Available from: 2023-04-04 Created: 2023-04-04 Last updated: 2023-04-05Bibliographically approved
Samuelsson, L., Cocq, C., Gelfgren, S. & Enbom, J. (Eds.). (2023). Everyday life in the culture of surveillance. Nordicom
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Everyday life in the culture of surveillance
2023 (English)Collection (editor) (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Over the recent decades, the possibilities to surveil people have increased and been refined with the ongoing digital transformation of society. Surveillance can now go in any direction, and various forms of online surveillance saturate most people’s lives, which are increasingly lived in digital environments.

To understand this situation and nuance the contemporary discussions about surveillance – not least in the highly digitalised context of the Nordic countries – we must adopt cultural and ethical perspectives in studying people’s attitudes, motives, and behaviours. The “culture of surveillance”, to borrow David Lyon’s term, is a culture where questions about privacy and publicness, and rights and benefits, are once again brought to the fore.

This anthology takes up this challenge, with contributions from a variety of disciplinary and theoretical frameworks that discuss and shed light on the complexity of contemporary surveillance and thus problematise power relations between the many actors involved in the development and performance of surveillance culture. The contributions highlight how more and more actors and practices play a part in our increasingly digitalised society.

The book is an outcome of the research project "iAccept: Soft surveillance – between acceptance and resistance", financed by the Marcus and Amalia Wallenberg Foundation. The anthology’s editors are project members, all based at Umeå University, Sweden: Lars Samuelsson, associate professor of philosophy; Coppélie Cocq, professor of Sámi studies and digital humanities; Stefan Gelfgren, associate professor of sociology of religion; and Jesper Enbom, associate professor of media studies.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Nordicom, 2023. p. 211
Keywords
surveillance culture, online surveillance, digital transformation, ethics of surveillance, digital humanities, surveillance, digitalisation, data-driven
National Category
Media Studies
Research subject
Media
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-206400 (URN)10.48335/9789188855732 (DOI)978-91-88855-72-5 (ISBN)978-91-88855-73-2 (ISBN)
Funder
Wallenberg Foundations, MAW 2016.0092
Available from: 2023-04-04 Created: 2023-04-04 Last updated: 2023-05-12Bibliographically approved
Gelfgren, S., Cocq, C., Samuelsson, L. & Enbom, J. (2023). Introduction: the complex web of everyday surveillance. In: Lars Samuelsson; Coppélie Cocq; Stefan Gelfgren; Jesper Enbom (Ed.), Everyday life in the culture of surveillance: (pp. 9-20). Nordicom
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Introduction: the complex web of everyday surveillance
2023 (English)In: Everyday life in the culture of surveillance / [ed] Lars Samuelsson; Coppélie Cocq; Stefan Gelfgren; Jesper Enbom, Nordicom, 2023, p. 9-20Chapter in book (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

The possibilities to surveil people have increased and been further refined with the implementation of digital communication over the last couple of decades, and with the ongoing process of digital transformation, surveillance can now go in any direction, leaving a label such as “surveillance state” somewhat outdated. Corporations and governmental organisations may surveil people, people may surveil each other, and surveillance may take place in subtle ways that are difficult for the surveilled to detect. In David Lyon’s terms, we are living in a “culture of surveillance”, a culture that surrounds and affects our everyday life. Today, it is of utmost relevance to study people’s attitudes, motives, and behaviours in relation to the fact that we live in a culture of surveillance. This includes the need for cultural and ethical perspectives to understand and nuanced contemporary discussions on surveillance, not least in the highly digitalised context of the Nordic countries. The chapters in this anthology address these issues from a variety of disciplinary and theoretical frameworks.  

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Nordicom, 2023
Keywords
surveillance, surveillance culture, digitalisation, data-driven, digital transformation
National Category
Media Studies
Research subject
Media
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-206402 (URN)10.48335/9789188855732-i (DOI)978-91-88855-72-5 (ISBN)978-91-88855-73-2 (ISBN)
Funder
Marcus and Amalia Wallenberg Foundation, MAW 2016.0092
Available from: 2023-04-04 Created: 2023-04-04 Last updated: 2023-04-05Bibliographically approved
Samuelsson, L., Cocq, C., Gelfgren, S. & Enbom, J. (2023). Preface. In: Lars Samuelsson; Coppélie Cocq; Stefan Gelfgren; Jesper Enbom (Ed.), Everyday life in the culture of surveillance: (pp. 6-8). Nordicom
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Preface
2023 (English)In: Everyday life in the culture of surveillance / [ed] Lars Samuelsson; Coppélie Cocq; Stefan Gelfgren; Jesper Enbom, Nordicom, 2023, p. 6-8Chapter in book (Other academic)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Nordicom, 2023
National Category
Communication Studies
Research subject
Media
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-206401 (URN)10.48335/9789188855732-p (DOI)978-91-88855-72-5 (ISBN)978-91-88855-73-2 (ISBN)
Funder
Marcus and Amalia Wallenberg Foundation, MAW 2016.0092
Available from: 2023-04-04 Created: 2023-04-04 Last updated: 2023-04-05Bibliographically approved
Baltz, A. & Enbom, J. (2023). Reputation management in Swedish upper secondary schools. In: : . Paper presented at Nordmedia Conference 2023, Bergen, Norway, 16-18 August, 2023..
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Reputation management in Swedish upper secondary schools
2023 (English)Conference paper, Oral presentation only (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Within the school sector, the development towards a market paradigm has put measurement of performance and accountability in a new context. During the last two decades, this development has been especially apparent in Sweden where substantial reforms have transformed the entire school system and opened up the educational market to for profit organizations and competition between schools. Such reforms have placed an increased stress on performance in schools, for instance through benchmarking and open statistics on grades. Based on such premises, it might be argued that reputation management strategies - i.e. creating an appealing image and coherent brand to consumers on the educational market - become an important practice of the management of educational organizations. 

Empirical Research on reputation management in the public sector is a growing field (c.f. Wæraas, 2020) and reputation management as a practice appears to be increasingly institutionalized in the public sector (Salomonsen et al., 2016). Previous studies have covered a range of topics such as hospitals (Blomgren et al., 2016), place branding (Wæraas et al., 2015), for-profit schools (Gustrén, 2021). Therefore, we consider this paper as an important contribution to the literature on reputation management and public sector communication in general. The empirical data on which this study is based consists of 15 semi-structured qualitative interviews with public servants responsible for communication/pubiic relations in upper secondary school at the municipal/administrative level. Topics covered in the interviews included media relations and social media use. Furthermore, problems associated with the work of reputation management and potential conflicts between organizational self-interest and public good. 

Results from the study shows how reputation management in the Swedish school sector is both enabled and constrained by specific institutional conditions inherent to the public sector. The results also underline the importance of the market-driven Swedish school system to produce these specific conditions. 

National Category
Media and Communications
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-214432 (URN)
Conference
Nordmedia Conference 2023, Bergen, Norway, 16-18 August, 2023.
Available from: 2023-09-14 Created: 2023-09-14 Last updated: 2023-09-14Bibliographically approved
Enbom, J. (2020). Microtargeting i det datadrivna kampanjarbetet. In: Niklas Bolin, Kajsa Falasca, Marie Grusell, Lars Nord (Ed.), Stjärnspäckat: Reflektioner från amerikanska presidentvalet 2020 av ledande forskare (pp. 33-33). Sundsvall: Demicom, Mittuniversitetet
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Microtargeting i det datadrivna kampanjarbetet
2020 (Swedish)In: Stjärnspäckat: Reflektioner från amerikanska presidentvalet 2020 av ledande forskare / [ed] Niklas Bolin, Kajsa Falasca, Marie Grusell, Lars Nord, Sundsvall: Demicom, Mittuniversitetet , 2020, p. 33-33Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Sundsvall: Demicom, Mittuniversitetet, 2020
Series
DEMICOM-rapport ; 43
National Category
Media and Communications
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-181502 (URN)978-91-88527-71-4 (ISBN)
Funder
Wallenberg Foundations
Available from: 2021-03-15 Created: 2021-03-15 Last updated: 2021-03-16Bibliographically approved
Cocq, C., Gelfgren, S., Samuelsson, L. & Enbom, J. (2020). Online Surveillance in a Swedish Context: Between acceptance and resistance. Nordicom Review, 41(2), 179-193
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Online Surveillance in a Swedish Context: Between acceptance and resistance
2020 (English)In: Nordicom Review, ISSN 1403-1108, E-ISSN 2001-5119, Vol. 41, no 2, p. 179-193Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Users of digital media leave traces that corporations and authorities can harvest, systema-tise, and analyse; on the societal level, an overall result is the emergence of a surveillance culture. In this study, we examine how people handle the dilemma of leaving digital footprints: what they say they do to protect their privacy and what could legitimise the collection and storing of their data. Through a survey of almost 1,000 students at Umeå University in Sweden, we find that most respondents know that their data are used and choose to adjust their own behaviour rather than adopting technical solutions. In order to understand contemporary forms of surveillance, we call for a humanistic approach – an approach where hermeneutic and qualitative methods are central.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
De Gruyter Open, 2020
Keywords
online surveillance, surveillance culture, soft surveillance, privacy paradox, digital humanities
National Category
Ethics Other Humanities not elsewhere specified Media and Communications
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-178740 (URN)10.2478/nor-2020-0022 (DOI)000605275800001 ()2-s2.0-85099057261 (Scopus ID)
Funder
Marcus and Amalia Wallenberg Foundation, 2016.0092
Available from: 2021-01-14 Created: 2021-01-14 Last updated: 2023-09-05Bibliographically approved
Enbom, J. & Carlsson, E. (2019). Sportjournalistik (2ed.). In: Michael Karlsson, Jesper Strömbäck (Ed.), Handbok i journalistikforskning: (pp. 201-213). Lund: Studentlitteratur AB
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Sportjournalistik
2019 (Swedish)In: Handbok i journalistikforskning / [ed] Michael Karlsson, Jesper Strömbäck, Lund: Studentlitteratur AB, 2019, 2, p. 201-213Chapter in book (Refereed)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Lund: Studentlitteratur AB, 2019 Edition: 2
National Category
Media and Communications
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-162637 (URN)9789144124636 (ISBN)
Available from: 2019-08-26 Created: 2019-08-26 Last updated: 2024-03-28Bibliographically approved
Enbom, J. (2018). Micro-targeting och riktade budskap. In: Lars Nord, Marie Grusell, Niklas Bolin, Kajsa Falasca (Ed.), Snabbtänkt: Reflektioner från valet 2018 av ledande forskare (pp. 30-30). Sundsvall: Mittuniversitetet
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Micro-targeting och riktade budskap
2018 (Swedish)In: Snabbtänkt: Reflektioner från valet 2018 av ledande forskare / [ed] Lars Nord, Marie Grusell, Niklas Bolin, Kajsa Falasca, Sundsvall: Mittuniversitetet , 2018, p. 30-30Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Sundsvall: Mittuniversitetet, 2018
National Category
Media and Communications
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-181504 (URN)978-91-88025-99-9 (ISBN)
Funder
Wallenberg Foundations
Available from: 2021-03-15 Created: 2021-03-15 Last updated: 2021-03-16Bibliographically approved
Isaksson, J. & Enbom, J. (2015). News management in the Swedish school sector. In: Proceedings of the 3rd International Conference on Management Leadership and Governance (ICMLG 2015): . Paper presented at The international conference on management, leadership and governance (ICMLG-2015), Auckland, New Zealand, 12-13 February 2015. (pp. 127-133). Reading, UK: Academic conferences and publishing international ltd
Open this publication in new window or tab >>News management in the Swedish school sector
2015 (English)In: Proceedings of the 3rd International Conference on Management Leadership and Governance (ICMLG 2015), Reading, UK: Academic conferences and publishing international ltd , 2015, p. 127-133Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Within the school sector, the development towards market orientation, privatisation, managerialism and mediatisation has put issues of measurement of performance and accountability in a new context. Such reforms have placed an increased stress on performance in  school. During the last two decades, this development has been especially apparent in Sweden where substantial reforms have transformed the entire school system. Within a few years, Sweden transitioned from one of the most centralised to one of the most decentralised systems in the Western World and opened up the educational market for profit-maximising organisations and competition between schools. Based on such premises, it might be argued that impression management strategies - i.e. creating an appealing image to consumers on the educational market - become an important dimension of the management of educational organisations.

To the the best of our knowledge, empirical research that in detail investigates news management in the school sector has not been carried out before. Therefore, we consider this  paper as an important contribution to the global litterature on marketisation and public sector communication. The empirical data on which this study is based consists of survey-based interviews with persons responsible for communication/pubiic relations in upper secondary school at the municipal/administrative level and constitutes a national representative sample of local school authorities (n=91) (attrition rate=9%). Topics covered in the interviews were the purpose regarding education in media relations, problems associated with the work of news management, potential conflicts between organisational self-interest and the information displayed to the public, and future concerns regarding news management (5-10 years). The interviews were written down in a narrative form and coded according to the similarities/differences-technique.

Based on the results, we point out some inherent paradoxes associated with news management in the Swedish school sector. Firstly, there is an overarching paradox related to the ideal of openess in public sector organisations and the increasing necessity of providing a positive image of the organisation. Secondly, social media is considered an important tool to use in the future for communicating directly with clients on the educational market, but also seems to encompass the same dilemmas and problems associated with traditional news management. We conclude the paper by arguing that the introduction of market principles within the public sector in Sweden has had a great impact on the need for information control and we point to the necessity of further discussions and explorations of the relation between the marketisation and the question and ideal of organisational transparancy in a democratic society.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Reading, UK: Academic conferences and publishing international ltd, 2015
Series
Proceedings of the International Conference on Management Leadership and Governance, ISSN 2049-6818
Keywords
news management, marketisation, mediatisation, public sector organisations, Sweden, upper secondary education
National Category
Media and Communications Sociology
Research subject
media and communication studies; Sociology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-94755 (URN)000380588400016 ()9781910309858 (ISBN)978-1-910309-86-5 (ISBN)
Conference
The international conference on management, leadership and governance (ICMLG-2015), Auckland, New Zealand, 12-13 February 2015.
Projects
Mellan organisatoriskt egenintresse och offentlig insyn - mediehantering i socialtjänst, polis och skola
Funder
Swedish Research Council
Available from: 2014-10-16 Created: 2014-10-16 Last updated: 2018-06-07Bibliographically approved
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