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Tolu, Julie
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Publications (10 of 13) Show all publications
Ninnes, S., Meyer-Jacob, C., Tolu, J., Bindler, R. & Martínez Cortizas, A. (2024). Application of mid-infrared spectroscopy for the quantitative and qualitative analysis of organic matter in Holocene sediment records. The Holocene, 34(3), 259-273
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Application of mid-infrared spectroscopy for the quantitative and qualitative analysis of organic matter in Holocene sediment records
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2024 (English)In: The Holocene, ISSN 0959-6836, E-ISSN 1477-0911, Vol. 34, no 3, p. 259-273Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The organic matter composition of lake sediments influences important in-lake biogeochemical processes and stores information on environmental changes. Extracting this information is notoriously difficult because of the complexity of the organic matter matrix, which routinely imposes trade-offs between high temporal and analytical detail in the selection of methods of analysis. Here, we demonstrate the potential of diffuse reflectance Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (DRIFTS) for achieving both of these objectives using untreated bulk samples from two Holocene lake-sediment cores from central Sweden. We develop quantitative models for sediment total organic carbon (TOC) with the same predictive abilities as models based on samples diluted with KBr and qualitatively characterize the organic matter using a spectra processing-pipeline combined with principal component analysis. In the qualitative analysis we identified four organic matter sub-fractions and the interpretation of these is supported and further advanced with molecular data from pyrolysis-gas chromatography/mass spectrometry (Py-GC/MS). Within these organic fractions, compound groups such as aromatics, lignin, aliphatics, proteins and polysaccharides were identified by means of DRIFTS and the analyses and processes outlined here enables rapid and detailed quantitative and qualitative analysis of sediment organic matter. The DRIFTS approach can be used as stand-alone method for OM characterization with high temporal resolution in Holocene sediment records. It may also function as a screening process for more specific analyses of sample subsets, such as when coupled with pyrolysis-GC/MS to further tease apart the OM composition, identify sources and determine degradation status.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Sage Publications, 2024
National Category
Environmental Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-213750 (URN)10.1177/09596836231211872 (DOI)001111087400001 ()2-s2.0-85178427803 (Scopus ID)
Funder
Knut and Alice Wallenberg Foundation, 2016.0083Swedish Research Council, 2014-05219
Note

Originally included in thesis in accepted form. 

Available from: 2023-08-28 Created: 2023-08-28 Last updated: 2024-04-26Bibliographically approved
Guédron, S., Delaere, C., Fritz, S. C., Tolu, J., Sabatier, P., Devel, A.-L., . . . Baker, P. A. (2023). Holocene variations in Lake Titicaca water level and their implications for sociopolitical developments in the central Andes. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 120(2), Article ID 2215882120.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Holocene variations in Lake Titicaca water level and their implications for sociopolitical developments in the central Andes
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2023 (English)In: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, ISSN 0027-8424, E-ISSN 1091-6490, Vol. 120, no 2, article id 2215882120Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Holocene climate in the high tropical Andes was characterized by both gradual and abrupt changes, which disrupted the hydrological cycle and impacted landscapes and societies. High-resolution paleoenvironmental records are essential to contextualize archaeological data and to evaluate the sociopolitical response of ancient societies to environmental variability. Middle-to-Late Holocene water levels in Lake Titicaca were reevaluated through a transfer function model based on measurements of organic carbon stable isotopes, combined with high-resolution profiles of other geochemical variables and paleoshoreline indicators. Our reconstruction indicates that following a prolonged low stand during the Middle Holocene (4000 to 2400 BCE), lake level rose rapidly ~15 m by 1800 BCE, and then increased another 3 to 6 m in a series of steps, attaining the highest values after ~1600 CE. The largest lake-level increases coincided with major sociopolitical changes reported by archaeologists. In particular, at the end of the Formative Period (500 CE), a major lake-level rise inundated large shoreline areas and forced populations to migrate to higher elevation, likely contributing to the emergence of the Tiwanaku culture.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 2023
Keywords
biomarkers, carbon isotopes, central Andes, Lake Titicaca sediment, societies
National Category
Geosciences, Multidisciplinary
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-203791 (URN)10.1073/pnas.2215882120 (DOI)000969771500006 ()36595666 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-85145428330 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2023-01-20 Created: 2023-01-20 Last updated: 2023-09-05Bibliographically approved
Rydberg, J., Cooke, C. A., Tolu, J., Wolfe, A. P. & Vinebrooke, R. D. (2020). An assessment of chlorophyll preservation in lake sediments using multiple analytical techniques applied to the annually laminated lake sediments of Nylandssjön. Journal of Paleolimnology, 64(4), 379-388
Open this publication in new window or tab >>An assessment of chlorophyll preservation in lake sediments using multiple analytical techniques applied to the annually laminated lake sediments of Nylandssjön
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2020 (English)In: Journal of Paleolimnology, ISSN 0921-2728, E-ISSN 1573-0417, Vol. 64, no 4, p. 379-388Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Chlorophyll is frequently used as a proxy for autochthonous production in lakes. This use of chlorophyll concentrations in sediments to infer historical changes in lake primary production relies heavily on the assumption that preservation is sufficient to reflect the productivity in a meaningful way. In this study, we use a series of freeze cores from a lake with annually laminated sediments to assess how reliable down-core trends in chlorophyll are, and to what extent chlorophyll is degraded in the sediment. A striking consistency in the down-core chlorophyll trends in four sediment cores collected in different years (1983, 1992, 2002 and 2010) shows that the sediment preserves a consistent chlorophyll signal over longer timescales. However, there are also clear signs that diagenetic processes within the sediment affect the chlorophyll concentration in sediment layers younger than 10-15 years. This implies that care is needed when interpreting chlorophyll trends in recent sediments. Further, our data show that high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) and visible reflectance spectroscopy (VRS) detect similar chlorophyll concentrations for recently dried samples. A third analytical technique, pyrolysis-gas chromatography/mass spectrometry, which provides semi-quantitative values for chlorophyll, also produce a temporal trend that is highly correlated with data from the two quantitative techniques. For samples that have been stored dried at room temperature for several years there is, however, a large discrepancy between the two quantitative techniques. The VRS method is more robust with regards to degradation during storage, while HPLC results demonstrate clear storage effects.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Springer, 2020
Keywords
Sedimentary pigments, Chlorophyll, Degradation, Visible reflectance spectroscopy (VRS), HPLC, Pyrolysis-GC, MS, Nylandssjön
National Category
Ecology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-176542 (URN)10.1007/s10933-020-00143-z (DOI)000576820500004 ()2-s2.0-85092275160 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2020-11-11 Created: 2020-11-11 Last updated: 2023-03-24Bibliographically approved
Segura, J. H., Nilsson, M. B., Sparrman, T., Serk, H., Schleucher, J., Tolu, J. & Öquist, M. G. (2019). Boreal tree species affect soil organic matter composition and saprotrophic mineralization rates. Plant and Soil, 441(1-2), 173-190
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Boreal tree species affect soil organic matter composition and saprotrophic mineralization rates
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2019 (English)In: Plant and Soil, ISSN 0032-079X, E-ISSN 1573-5036, Vol. 441, no 1-2, p. 173-190Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Aims: To investigate how different tree species affect the composition of SOM and its mineralization in boreal forest ecosystems.

Methods: We used pyrolysis GC-MS for molecular-level characterization of the SOM formed under five common boreal tree species at a replicated field experiment similar to 50years after plantation. We incubated soil samples at 4, 9, 14 and 19 degrees C and measured inherent CO2 production and substrate-induced respiration. We then evaluated if the saprotrophic microbial activity and its temperature sensitivity was controlled by the SOM composition.

Results: The molecular composition of the SOM emerged as key factor influencing SOM properties in plots with different tree species. Most of the variance in the SOM content was explained by the organo-chemical composition of the SOM. More importantly, the fraction of the microbial community able to utilize the native SOM was largely controlled by the SOM organo-chemical composition. Temperature sensitivity of CO2 production (Q(10)) was not explained by SOM composition. However, the microbial access to different SOM pools varied with temperature.

Conclusions: These results bridge the gap between the paradigms of short-term litter and long-term SOM decomposition showing that, on an intermediate timescale (similar to 50 years), boreal tree species affect SOM molecular composition and saprotrophic mineralization rates.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Springer, 2019
Keywords
Boreal forest, Soil organic matter, Organo-chemical composition, Microbial respiration, Q(10), Q(R), Pyrolysis-GC-MS
National Category
Forest Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-163690 (URN)10.1007/s11104-019-04105-x (DOI)000482412400011 ()2-s2.0-85066259874 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2019-10-17 Created: 2019-10-17 Last updated: 2023-03-23Bibliographically approved
Capo, E., Rydberg, J., Tolu, J., Domaizon, I., Debroas, D., Bindler, R. & Bigler, C. (2019). How Does Environmental Inter-annual Variability Shape Aquatic Microbial Communities?: A 40-Year Annual Record of Sedimentary DNA From a Boreal Lake (Nylandssjon, Sweden). Frontiers in Ecology and Evolution, 7, Article ID 245.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>How Does Environmental Inter-annual Variability Shape Aquatic Microbial Communities?: A 40-Year Annual Record of Sedimentary DNA From a Boreal Lake (Nylandssjon, Sweden)
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2019 (English)In: Frontiers in Ecology and Evolution, E-ISSN 2296-701X, Vol. 7, article id 245Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

To assess the sensitivity of lakes to anthropogenically-driven environmental changes (e.g., nutrient supply, climate change), it is necessary to first isolate the effects of between-year variability in weather conditions. This variability can strongly impact a lake's biological community especially in boreal and arctic areas where snow phenology play an important role in controlling the input of terrestrial matter to the lake. Identifying the importance of this inherent variability is difficult without time series that span at least several decades. Here, we applied a molecular approach (metabarcoding on eukaryotic 18S rRNA genes and qPCR on cyanobacterial 16S rRNA genes) to sedimentary DNA (sed-DNA) to unravel the annual variability of microbial community in 40 years' sediment record from the boreal lake Nylandssjon which preserve annually-laminated sediments. Our comparison between seasonal meteorological data, sediment inorganic geochemistry (X-ray fluorescence analyses) and organic biomarkers (pyrolysis-gas chromatography/mass spectrometry analyses), demonstrated that inter-annual variability strongly influence the sediment composition in Nylandssjon. Spring temperature, snow and ice phenology (e.g., the percentage of snow loss in spring, the timing of lake ice-off) were identified as important drivers for the inputs of terrestrial material to the lake, and were therefore also important for shaping the aquatic biological community. Main changes were detected in the late-80s/mid-90s and mid-2000s associated with increases in algal productivity, in total richness of the protistan community and in relative abundances of Chlorophyta, Dinophyceae as well as Cyanobacteria abundance. These changes could be linked to a decline in terrestrial inputs to the lake during the snow melt and run-off period, which in turn was driven by warmer winter temperatures. Even if our data shows that meteorological factors do affect the sediment composition and microbial communities, they only explain part of the variability. This is most likely a consequence of the high inter-annual variability in abiotic and biotic parameters highlighting the difficulty to draw firm conclusions concerning drivers of biological changes at an annual or sub-annual resolution even with the 40-year varved sediment record from Nylandssjon. Hence, it is necessary to have an even longer time perspective in order to reveal the full implications of climate change.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Frontiers Media S.A., 2019
Keywords
varved sediment record, sedimentary DNA, protists, metabarcoding, meteorological data, inorganic geochemistry, organic proxies, paleolimnology
National Category
Physical Geography
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-161823 (URN)10.3389/fevo.2019.00245 (DOI)000474916200001 ()2-s2.0-85088859861 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2019-08-12 Created: 2019-08-12 Last updated: 2024-02-13Bibliographically approved
Guedron, S., Tolu, J., Brisset, E., Sabatier, P., Perrot, V., Bouchet, S., . . . Baker, P. A. (2019). Late Holocene volcanic and anthropogenic mercury deposition in the western Central Andes (Lake Chungará, Chile). Science of the Total Environment, 662, 903-914
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Late Holocene volcanic and anthropogenic mercury deposition in the western Central Andes (Lake Chungará, Chile)
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2019 (English)In: Science of the Total Environment, ISSN 0048-9697, E-ISSN 1879-1026, Vol. 662, p. 903-914Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Volcanismis one of the major natural processes emitting mercury (Hg) to the atmosphere, representing a significant component of the global Hg budget. The importance of volcanic eruptions for local-scale Hg deposition was investigated using analyses of Hg, inorganic elemental tracers, and organic biomarkers in a sediment sequence from Lake Chungara (4520 m a.s.l.). Environmental change and Hg deposition in the immediate vicinity of the Parinacota volcano were reconstructed over the last 2700 years, encompassing the pre-anthropogenic and anthropogenic periods. Twenty eruptions delivering large amounts of Hg (1 to 457 mu g Hg m(-2) yr(-1) deposited at the timescale of the event) were locally recorded. Peaks of Hg concentration recorded after most of the eruptions were attributed to a decrease in sedimentation rate together with the rapid re-oxidation of gaseous elemental Hg and deposition with fine particles and incorporation into lake primary producers. Over the study period, the contribution of volcanic emissions has been estimated as 32% of the total Hg input to the lake. Sharp depletions in primary production occurred at each eruption, likely resulting from massive volcaniclastic inputs and changes in the lake-water physico-chemistry. Excluding the volcanic deposition periods, Hg accumulation rates rose from natural background values (1.9 +/- 0.5 mu g m(-2) yr(-1)) by a factor of 2.3 during the pre-colonial mining period (1400-900 yr cal. BP), and by a factor of 6 and 7.6, respectively, during the Hispanic colonial epoch (400-150 yr cal. BP) and the industrial era (similar to 140 yr cal. BP to present). Altogether, the dataset indicates that lake primary production has been the main, but not limiting, carrier for Hg to the sediment. Volcanic activity and climate change are only secondary drivers of local Hg deposition relative to the magnitude of regional and global anthropogenic emissions.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2019
Keywords
Mercury, Paleolimnology, Holocene, Anthropogenic activities and volcanism, Organic biomarkers
National Category
Environmental Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-157187 (URN)10.1016/j.scitotenv.2019.01.294 (DOI)000459163900093 ()30708305 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-85060585873 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2019-04-15 Created: 2019-04-15 Last updated: 2023-03-24Bibliographically approved
Bravo, A. G., Peura, S., Buck, M., Ahmed, O., Mateos-Rivera, A., Ortega, S. H., . . . Bertilsson, S. (2018). Methanogens and iron-reducing bacteria: the overlooked members of mercury-methylating microbial communities in boreal lakes. Applied and Environmental Microbiology, 84(23), Article ID e01774-18.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Methanogens and iron-reducing bacteria: the overlooked members of mercury-methylating microbial communities in boreal lakes
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2018 (English)In: Applied and Environmental Microbiology, ISSN 0099-2240, E-ISSN 1098-5336, Vol. 84, no 23, article id e01774-18Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

ABSTRACT: Methylmercury is a potent human neurotoxin which biomagnifies in aquatic food webs. Although anaerobic microorganisms containing the hgcA gene potentially mediate the formation of methylmercury in natural environments, the diversity of these mercury-methylating microbial communities remains largely unexplored. Previous studies have implicated sulfate-reducing bacteria as the main mercury methylators in aquatic ecosystems. In the present study, we characterized the diversity of mercury-methylating microbial communities of boreal lake sediments using high-throughput sequencing of 16S rRNA and hgcA genes. Our results show that in the lake sediments, Methanomicrobiales and Geobacteraceae also represent abundant members of the mercury-methylating communities. In fact, incubation experiments with a mercury isotopic tracer and molybdate revealed that only between 38% and 45% of mercury methylation was attributed to sulfate reduction. These results suggest that methanogens and iron-reducing bacteria may contribute to more than half of the mercury methylation in boreal lakes.

IMPORTANCE: Despite the global awareness that mercury, and methylmercury in particular, is a neurotoxin to which millions of people continue to be exposed, there are sizable gaps in the understanding of the processes and organisms involved in methylmercury formation in aquatic ecosystems. In the present study, we shed light on the diversity of the microorganisms responsible for methylmercury formation in boreal lake sediments. All the microorganisms identified are associated with the processing of organic matter in aquatic systems. Moreover, our results show that the well-known mercury-methylating sulfate-reducing bacteria constituted only a minor portion of the potential mercury methylators. In contrast, methanogens and iron-reducing bacteria were important contributors to methylmercury formation, highlighting their role in mercury cycling in the environment.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
American Society for Microbiology, 2018
Keywords
mercury, methylation, hgcA gene, 16S rRNA gene, boreal lakes, methanogens, iron-reducing bacteria, sulfate-reducing bacteria
National Category
Ecology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-154035 (URN)10.1128/AEM.01774-18 (DOI)000450438700007 ()30242005 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-85056645803 (Scopus ID)
Funder
Swedish Research Council, 2011-7192Swedish Research Council, 2012-3892Swedish Research Council Formas, 2012-986The Kempe Foundations, SMK-2840
Available from: 2018-12-20 Created: 2018-12-20 Last updated: 2023-03-24Bibliographically approved
Ninnes, S., Tolu, J., Meyer-Jacob, C., Mighall, T. M. & Bindler, R. (2017). Investigating molecular changes in organic matter composition in two Holocene lake-sediment records from central Sweden using pyrolysis-GC/MS. Journal of Geophysical Research - Biogeosciences, 122(6), 1423-1438
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Investigating molecular changes in organic matter composition in two Holocene lake-sediment records from central Sweden using pyrolysis-GC/MS
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2017 (English)In: Journal of Geophysical Research - Biogeosciences, ISSN 2169-8953, E-ISSN 2169-8961, Vol. 122, no 6, p. 1423-1438Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Organic matter (OM) is a key component of lake sediments, affecting carbon, nutrient, and trace metal cycling at local and global scales. Yet little is known about long-term (millennial) changes in OM composition due to the inherent chemical complexity arising from multiple OM sources and from secondary transformations. In this study we explore how the molecular composition of OM changes throughout the Holocene in two adjacent boreal lakes in central Sweden and compare molecular-level information with conventional OM variables, including total carbon, total nitrogen, C:N ratios, delta C-13, and delta N-15. To characterize the molecular OM composition, we employed a new method based on pyrolysis-gas chromatography/mass spectrometry (Py-GC/MS), which yields semiquantitative data on > 100 organic compounds of different origin and degradation status. We identify large changes in OM composition after deglaciation (circa 8500 +/- 500 B.C.), associated with early landscape development, and during the most recent 4050 years, driven by degradation processes. With molecular(-)level information we can also distinguish between natural landscape development and human catchment disturbance during the last 1700 years. Our study demonstrates that characterization of the molecular OM composition by the high-throughput PyGC/MS method is an efficient complement to conventional OM variables for identification and understanding of past OM dynamics in lake-sediment records. Holocene changes observed for pyrolytic compounds and compound classes known for having different reactivity indicate the need for further paleo-reconstruction of the molecular OM composition to better understand both past and future OM dynamics and associated environmental changes.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
American Geophysical Union (AGU), 2017
National Category
Geosciences, Multidisciplinary
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-138425 (URN)10.1002/2016JG003715 (DOI)000406520900008 ()2-s2.0-85021698702 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2017-08-23 Created: 2017-08-23 Last updated: 2023-08-28Bibliographically approved
Bravo, A. G., Bouchet, S., Tolu, J., Björn, E., Mateos-Rivera, A. & Bertilsson, S. (2017). Molecular composition of organic matter controls methylmercury formation in boreal lakes. Nature Communications, 8, Article ID 14255.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Molecular composition of organic matter controls methylmercury formation in boreal lakes
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2017 (English)In: Nature Communications, E-ISSN 2041-1723, Vol. 8, article id 14255Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

A detailed understanding of the formation of the potent neurotoxic methylmercury is neededto explain the large observed variability in methylmercury levels in aquatic systems. While it is known that organic matter interacts strongly with mercury, the role of organic matter composition in the formation of methylmercury in aquatic systems remains poorly understood. Here we show that phytoplankton-derived organic compounds enhance mercurymethylation rates in boreal lake sediments through an overall increase of bacterial activity. Accordingly, in situ mercury methylation defines methylmercury levels in lake sediments strongly influenced by planktonic blooms. In contrast, sediments dominated by terrigenous organic matter inputs have far lower methylation rates but higher concentrations of methylmercury, suggesting that methylmercury was formed in the catchment and imported into lakes. Our findings demonstrate that the origin and molecular composition of organic matter are critical parameters to understand and predict methylmercury formation and accumulation in boreal lake sediments.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Nature Publishing Group, 2017
National Category
Chemical Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-131262 (URN)10.1038/ncomms14255 (DOI)000393586600001 ()28181492 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-85012231677 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2017-02-10 Created: 2017-02-10 Last updated: 2023-03-28Bibliographically approved
Tolu, J., Rydberg, J., Meyer-Jacob, C., Gerber, L. & Bindler, R. (2017). Spatial variability of organic matter molecular composition and elemental geochemistry in surface sediments of a small boreal Swedish lake. Biogeosciences, 14(7), 1773-1792
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Spatial variability of organic matter molecular composition and elemental geochemistry in surface sediments of a small boreal Swedish lake
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2017 (English)In: Biogeosciences, ISSN 1726-4170, E-ISSN 1726-4189, Vol. 14, no 7, p. 1773-1792Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The composition of sediment organic matter (OM) exerts a strong control on biogeochemical processes in lakes, such as those involved in the fate of carbon, nutrients and trace metals. While between-lake spatial variability of OM quality is increasingly investigated, we explored in this study how the molecular composition of sediment OM varies spatially within a single lake and related this variability to physical parameters and elemental geochemistry. Surface sediment samples (0-10 cm) from 42 locations in Harsvatten - a small boreal forest lake with a complex basin morphometry - were analyzed for OM molecular composition using pyrolysis gas chromatography mass spectrometry for the contents of 23 major and trace elements and biogenic silica. We identified 162 organic compounds belonging to different biochemical classes of OM (e.g., carbohydrates, lignin and lipids). Close relationships were found between the spatial patterns of sediment OM molecular composition and elemental geochemistry. Differences in the source types of OM (i.e., terrestrial, aquatic plant and algal) were linked to the individual basin morphometries and chemical status of the lake. The variability in OM molecular composition was further driven by the degradation status of these different source pools, which appeared to be related to sedimentary physicochemical parameters (e.g., redox conditions) and to the molecular structure of the organic compounds. Given the high spatial variation in OM molecular composition within Harsvatten and its close relationship with elemental geochemistry, the potential for large spatial variability across lakes should be considered when studying biogeochemical processes in-volved in the cycling of carbon, nutrients and trace elements or when assessing lake budgets.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
COPERNICUS GESELLSCHAFT MBH, 2017
National Category
Geochemistry Ecology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-134206 (URN)10.5194/bg-14-1773-2017 (DOI)000398194900001 ()2-s2.0-85016811782 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2017-06-21 Created: 2017-06-21 Last updated: 2023-03-24Bibliographically approved
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