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Andersson-Skog, LenaORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0002-3848-3314
Alternative names
Publications (10 of 57) Show all publications
Eriksson, M., Andersson-Skog, L. & Sabo, J. (2022). National institutions, regional outcomes: the political economy of post-war Swedish regional policy. In: Niall G. Mackenzie; Andrew Perchard; Christopher Miller; Neil Forbes (Ed.), Varieties of capitalism over time: (pp. 119-132). London: Routledge
Open this publication in new window or tab >>National institutions, regional outcomes: the political economy of post-war Swedish regional policy
2022 (English)In: Varieties of capitalism over time / [ed] Niall G. Mackenzie; Andrew Perchard; Christopher Miller; Neil Forbes, London: Routledge, 2022, p. 119-132Chapter in book (Refereed)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
London: Routledge, 2022
National Category
Economic History
Research subject
Economic History
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-201806 (URN)9781032369839 (ISBN)
Funder
The Jan Wallander and Tom Hedelius Foundation, P17-0108
Note

This book was originally published in the journal Business History, volume 63, issue 8 (2021) pp. 1357-1370

Available from: 2022-12-20 Created: 2022-12-20 Last updated: 2023-01-30Bibliographically approved
Eriksson, M. & Andersson-Skog, L. (2021). Att trygga framtiden: Beslutsprocessen om LKAB:s vinstavsättning 1956–1961. Historisk Tidskrift, 141(4), 643-667
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Att trygga framtiden: Beslutsprocessen om LKAB:s vinstavsättning 1956–1961
2021 (Swedish)In: Historisk Tidskrift, ISSN 0345-469X, E-ISSN 2002-4827, Vol. 141, no 4, p. 643-667Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

When the Swedish state nationalised the mining company LKAB in 1957, it became the sole owner of one of the richest iron ore fields in the world. The government was aware that iron ore was a non-renewable resource and wished to conserve this wealth for future generations by allocating part of the revenue from LKAB to a mineral trust fund. This article investigates the decision-making process that created the LKAB trust fund. We demonstrate that, initially, the Social Democratic government had a dual goal with the LKAB trust fund. On the one hand, it wanted to use the revenue from LKAB to fund applied scientific and technical research to complement research and development within the private sector, thereby aiming to accelerate economic growth. On the other hand, the government were very concerned about the economic development of northern Sweden, where LKAB´s mines were located. It wished to reduce the dependence on natural resource exports and to diversify the regional economy by providing capital for investments in the manufacturing industry. 

However, the government eventually came to the decision that these disparate goals could only be realized by creating two separate funds. One fund, the so-called Ore fund (Malmfonden) was created to fund applied technical and scientific research. The other fund, the so-called Norrland fund (Norrlandsfonden), was created to provide investment capital for manufacturing industries in northern Sweden. The Social Democratic government had strong political ambitions to develop both these areas. To retain its commitment to national growth, it wanted the state to keep technological development in the economy at a sufficient level. The government also had a growing commitment towards spatial cohesion and began to implement active regional policies in northern Sweden. By stimulating investment in manufacturing industries, it hoped to break what was perceived as long-standing structural problems of regional unemployment and unbalanced outmigration.

Abstract [sv]

I samband med att LKAB förstatligades 1957 ville staten skapa alternativa inkomstkällor utanför gruvbrytningen genom att använda LKAB:s vinster för framtidsinriktade syften. Resultatet blev två fonder: Malmfonden, som var en nationell fond för teknisk-naturvetenskaplig forskning, och Norrlandsfonden, som var en fond för kreditgivning till regionalpolitiskt motiverade industriinvesteringar. Uppsatsen beskriver tillkomsten av dessa fonder och hur malmintäkterna fördelades mellan dem.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Svenska Historiska Föreningen, 2021
Keywords
Sweden, Economic history, 20th century, public finance, mineral trust funds
National Category
Economic History
Research subject
Economic History
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-190477 (URN)
Funder
The Jan Wallander and Tom Hedelius Foundation, P19:0049
Available from: 2021-12-16 Created: 2021-12-16 Last updated: 2022-05-10Bibliographically approved
Eriksson, M. & Andersson-Skog, L. (2021). Att trygga framtiden: Beslutsprocessen om LKAB:s vinstavsättning 1956–1961: To safeguard the future: The decision-making process concerning the LKAB funds, 1956-1961. Historisk Tidskrift, 141(4), 643-667
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Att trygga framtiden: Beslutsprocessen om LKAB:s vinstavsättning 1956–1961: To safeguard the future: The decision-making process concerning the LKAB funds, 1956-1961
2021 (English)In: Historisk Tidskrift, ISSN 0345-469X, E-ISSN 2002-4827, Vol. 141, no 4, p. 643-667Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

When the Swedish state nationalised the mining company LKAB in 1957, it became the sole owner of one of the richest iron ore fields in the world. The government was aware that iron ore was a non-renewable resource and wished to conserve this wealth for future generations by allocating part of the revenue from LKAB to a mineral trust fund. This article investigates the decision-making process that created the LKAB trust fund. We demonstrate that, initially, the Social Democratic government had a dual goal with the LKAB trust fund. On the one hand, it wanted to use the revenue from LKAB to fund applied scientific and technical research to complement research and development within the private sector, thereby aiming to accelerate economic growth. On the other hand, the government were very concerned about the economic development of northern Sweden, where LKAB's mines were located. It wished to reduce the dependence on natural resource exports and to diversify the regional economy by providing capital for investments in the manufacturing industry.

However, the government eventually came to the decision that these disparate goals could only be realized by creating two separate funds. One fund, the so-called Ore fund (Malmfonden) was created to fund applied technical and scientific research. The other fund, the so-called Norrland fund (Norrlandsfonden), was created to provide investment capital for manufacturing industries in northern Sweden. The Social Democratic government had strong political ambitions to develop both these areas. To retain its commitment to national growth, it wanted the state to keep technological development in the economy at a sufficient level. The government also had a growing commitment towards spatial cohesion and began to implement active regional policies in northern Sweden. By stimulating investment in manufacturing industries, it hoped to break what was perceived as long-standing structural problems of regional unemployment and unbalanced outmigration.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Svenska Historiska Föreningen, 2021
Keywords
Sweden, Economic history, 20th century, public finance, mineral trust funds
National Category
Economics Other Civil Engineering
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-191678 (URN)000734919000002 ()
Available from: 2022-01-21 Created: 2022-01-21 Last updated: 2022-05-10Bibliographically approved
Andersson-Skog, L. & Eriksson, M. (2021). Det sammanflätade intresset: Staten, affärsbankerna och småföretagen i ATP-systemet 1958-1962: [The Intertwined Interest: the State, the Commercial Banks and Small Business Finance during the Supplementary Pension Reform, 1958–1962]. Scandia, 87(1), 38-60
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Det sammanflätade intresset: Staten, affärsbankerna och småföretagen i ATP-systemet 1958-1962: [The Intertwined Interest: the State, the Commercial Banks and Small Business Finance during the Supplementary Pension Reform, 1958–1962]
2021 (Swedish)In: Scandia, ISSN 0036-5483, Vol. 87, no 1, p. 38-60Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This article focuses on the interaction between the state and Swedish banks during the establishment of two institutes for small business credit, AB Industrikredit and AB Företagskredit, between 1958 and 1962. These institutes were established as intermediaries between the supplementary pension system and the credit market. We have been able to elucidate this process by the Swedish Bankers’ Association granting us privileged access to archival material on these negotiations.

It is demonstrated that the strong ideological conflict characterizing the parliamentary debate on the supplementary pensions system did not spill over into the system being implemented within the financial sector as this was organized through the examined credit institutes. Instead, the banks and the state were able to negotiate through established channels and arenas for business-government relations in the financial sector. Even if the parties initially exhibited mistrust based on different historical interpretations of the market for small business credit, they also recognized the degree of change that would be brought on by the supplementary pension system with regard to the financial markets and capital formation as a whole. Hence, they downplayed ideological differences and strived to reach an outcomethat was mutually beneficial in its final form. A crucial indication of this consensus is that fifty percent of each institute was owned by the state while the other fifty percent was owned by the banks.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Lund: Scandia, 2021
Keywords
Sweden, economic history, financial history, small business finance, business-government relations
National Category
Economic History
Research subject
Economic History
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-184026 (URN)10.47868/scandia.v87i1.23252 (DOI)000658806100003 ()2-s2.0-85111834948 (Scopus ID)
Funder
The Jan Wallander and Tom Hedelius Foundation, P17-0108
Available from: 2021-06-07 Created: 2021-06-07 Last updated: 2023-03-24Bibliographically approved
Eriksson, M., Andersson-Skog, L. & Sabo, J. (2021). National institutions, regional outcomes: The political economy of post-war Swedish regional policy. Business History, 63(8), 1357-1370
Open this publication in new window or tab >>National institutions, regional outcomes: The political economy of post-war Swedish regional policy
2021 (English)In: Business History, ISSN 0007-6791, E-ISSN 1743-7938, Vol. 63, no 8, p. 1357-1370Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

One debate within the varieties of capitalism approach deals with the significance of institutions below the national level. On the basis of a case study of the loan guarantee system, this article deals with the interaction between institutions and regional actors in Sweden during the formation of post-war regional development policy. We conclude that regional economic problems have been addressed through adaptation of national institutions. From an actor perspective, these results correspond with the revised VoC framework which emphasises that state institutions provide both a framework for business activities and a means for pursuing them.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Routledge, 2021
Keywords
Sweden, varieties of capitalism, regional policy, institutional analysis
National Category
Economic History
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-174317 (URN)10.1080/00076791.2020.1796974 (DOI)000556476600001 ()2-s2.0-85089107892 (Scopus ID)
Funder
The Jan Wallander and Tom Hedelius Foundation, P17-0108
Available from: 2020-08-24 Created: 2020-08-24 Last updated: 2022-01-10Bibliographically approved
Andersson-Skog, L., Eriksson, M. & Sabo, J. (2020). Den förutseende staten?: Småföretagskrediter och den ekonomiska politiken 1940-1965. Umeå: Umeå universitet
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Den förutseende staten?: Småföretagskrediter och den ekonomiska politiken 1940-1965
2020 (Swedish)Report (Other academic)
Abstract [sv]

Denna rapport redovisar forskningsresultat från projektet Att satsa på framtiden? Den statliga kreditpolitiken och småföretagen 1933–1970 som finansierats av Handelsbankens Forskningsstiftelser under perioden 2017–2020 genom anslag P17- 0108. I rapporten redovisas empiriska-analytiska resultat från ett omfattande källmaterial som excerperats från Kommerskollegiums arkiv som finns deponerat i Riksarkivets filial i Marieberg. Fokus ligger främst på att redovisa resultat från en undersökning av alla statliga lånegarantier under perioden 1954–1965. Rapporten innehåller även ett avsnitt baserat på en urvalsundersökning av lån från Statens hantverkslånefond under perioden 1954–1956. Dessa resultat har även analyserats och diskuterats i relation till övriga forskningsresultat inom projektet. Med förbehållet att alla publikationer måste studeras för att överblicka projektets resultat på detaljnivå, utgör denna rapport därmed en sammanfattning av ovanstående forskningsprojekt.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Umeå: Umeå universitet, 2020. p. 56
Series
Umeå papers in economic history, ISSN 1653-7378 ; 47
National Category
Economic History
Research subject
Economic History
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-174489 (URN)
Funder
The Jan Wallander and Tom Hedelius Foundation, P17-0108
Available from: 2020-08-25 Created: 2020-08-25 Last updated: 2020-08-26Bibliographically approved
Andersson-Skog, L. & Eriksson, M. (2020). Family Taxation as Tax Reduction: The Introduction of Income Splitting in Swedish Taxation, 1945–1952. Umeå: Umeå University
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Family Taxation as Tax Reduction: The Introduction of Income Splitting in Swedish Taxation, 1945–1952
2020 (English)Report (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

This paper deals with the introduction of marital aggregation and income splitting in Sweden in 1952. It is demonstrated that actors such as political parties, employers and white-collar unions embraced income splitting because it mitigated the effects of wage moderation and progressive income tax for most wage-earners. In this respect, we recognise that the income splitting reform was made at the expense of married women with high incomes. This result relates to previous research which has noted that women´s organizations and politicians representing women´s interests have functioned as ‘policy takers’, rather than ‘policy-makers’, in the Scandinavian corporatist system.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Umeå: Umeå University, 2020. p. 27
Series
Umeå papers in economic history, ISSN 1653-7378 ; 48
Keywords
Economic history, Sweden, tax policy, family taxation
National Category
Economic History
Research subject
Economic History
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-176958 (URN)
Funder
Marianne and Marcus Wallenberg Foundation, 2014.0175
Available from: 2020-11-22 Created: 2020-11-22 Last updated: 2020-11-23Bibliographically approved
Andersson-Skog, L. (2020). Otyg: Fallet Algots Nord. Stockholm: Dialogos Förlag
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Otyg: Fallet Algots Nord
2020 (Swedish)Book (Other academic)
Abstract [sv]

1972 tillkännagav regeringen stolt att staten skulle göra en stor satsning och ge industristöd till det anrika konfektionsföretaget Algot Johansson AB (Algots) för att etablera textilindustri på tre orter i Västerbotten genom ett dotterbolag kallat Algots Nord. Det var på många sätt ett ovanligt initiativ.

Det är ett av de genom tiderna största lokaliseringsstöden som staten gett till ett privat industriföretag och en av få satsningar i svensk industripolitik som riktat in sig på kvinnlig sysselsättning. Här skulle tusen jobb skapas i en region där den kvinnliga arbetslösheten var hög och arbetstillfällena få.

Fallet Algots Nord kan ses som en symbol för en politisk era där beslutsfattarna hade höga ambitioner och gott självförtroende, men där dessa ambitioner på kort tid resulterade i stora förluster, många förlorade jobb och en härva av konflikter.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: Dialogos Förlag, 2020. p. 268
Keywords
industristöd, kvinnlig sysselsättning, regionalpolitik, teko-kris, ekonomisk historia
National Category
Economic History
Research subject
Economic History
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-167363 (URN)978-91-7504-364-7 (ISBN)
Available from: 2020-01-16 Created: 2020-01-16 Last updated: 2020-02-18Bibliographically approved
Andersson-Skog, L., Broberg, O., Enflo, K., Edvinsson, R. & Lilja, K. (2020). Vad är ekonomisk historia?. Lund: Studentlitteratur AB
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Vad är ekonomisk historia?
Show others...
2020 (Swedish)Book (Other academic)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Lund: Studentlitteratur AB, 2020. p. 363
National Category
Economic History
Research subject
Economic History
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-175355 (URN)9789144132945 (ISBN)
Available from: 2020-09-26 Created: 2020-09-26 Last updated: 2021-01-26Bibliographically approved
Andersson-Skog, L. & Ottosson, J. (2018). Stat och marknad i historiskt perspektiv: från 1850 till idag. Stockholm: Dialogos Förlag
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Stat och marknad i historiskt perspektiv: från 1850 till idag
2018 (Swedish)Book (Other academic)
Abstract [sv]

I dag ser vi stora förändringar i det svenska samhället i form av avregleringar – eller snarare omregleringar. Samtidigt har debatten om avregleringarna i den svenska ekonomin polariserats alltmer. Å ena sidan framställs avregleringsvågen som något naturnödvändigt och helt självklart. Å andra sidan ses den som en del av högersammansvärjning, ägnat att torpedera välfärdssamhället. Bakom båda uppfattningarna finns föreställningen att avregleringarna är en avvikelse eller nyorientering från ett läge där regleringar alltid har funnits - alltså att perioden efter 1990 skulle vara unik.

Författarna sätter detta fenomen i ett större perspektiv genom att diskutera och dra lärdomar från ett antal omreglerade sektorer i den svenska ekonomin. De använder historiska exempel för att belysa olika faser i vår moderna regleringshistoria. Exemplen berör sektorerna som järnvägen, telekommunikationer, posten, bussbranschen, flyget, elsektorn, vård och skola och apotek.

Hur såg omvandlingen till en reglerad ekonomi ut i Sverige, och vilka drivkrafter låg bakom dessa förändringar?

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: Dialogos Förlag, 2018. p. 144
National Category
Economic History
Research subject
Economic History
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-149493 (URN)881253 (Local ID)9789175043357 (ISBN)881253 (Archive number)881253 (OAI)
Available from: 2018-06-21 Created: 2018-06-21 Last updated: 2019-02-15Bibliographically approved
Projects
Economic historical perspectives on womens entrepreneurship [2007-03540_Vinnova]; Umeå UniversityIn the shadow of the Swedish welfare state: Gendered entrepreneurship 1950-2005 [2008-01117_Vinnova]; Umeå UniversityFeminist Studies on Taxation and Budgeting (FemTax) [RS10-1294:1_RJ]; Umeå University
Organisations
Identifiers
ORCID iD: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0002-3848-3314

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