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Gomes, L., Teixeira, D., Slawinska, M., Davis, P. A., López-Flores, M., Nyström, M., . . . Pereira, H. (2024). Adolescents' perspectives on smartphone applications for physical activity promotion: insights from focus group discussions: [Perspectivas de los adolescentes sobre las aplicaciones de teléfonos inteligentes para la promoción de la actividad física: perspectivas de los grupos de discusión]. Retos: Nuevas Perspectivas de Educación Física, Deporte y Recreación, 56, 85-94
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Adolescents' perspectives on smartphone applications for physical activity promotion: insights from focus group discussions: [Perspectivas de los adolescentes sobre las aplicaciones de teléfonos inteligentes para la promoción de la actividad física: perspectivas de los grupos de discusión]
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2024 (English)In: Retos: Nuevas Perspectivas de Educación Física, Deporte y Recreación, ISSN 1579-1726, E-ISSN 1988-2041, Vol. 56, p. 85-94Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Purpose: This study explores how children and adolescents perceive physical activity (PA) and PA apps. We aim to understand their perceptions, past experiences, and expectations of PA and PA apps.

Methods: Participants (N=39) aged 11-15 from five European countries: Netherlands (NL), Poland (PL), Portugal (PT), Spain (ES), and Sweden (SWE) participated in the study. They provided insight regarding Behaviour Chance Techniques (BCTs) that enhance app engagement.

Results: The results offer valuable insights for creating fun and engaging adolescent PA apps that meet diverse user preferences. They also provide invaluable guidance for designing PA apps that boost adolescents' enjoyment, fun, and engagement while considering a broad spectrum of user preferences. Key BCTs identified as significantly impacting app engagement included self-monitoring, rewards, feedback, social support, action planning, and reminders - preferences and suggestions varied by gender, age, and PA levels.

Conclusions: Findings in the present study inform the MOVE4FUN project that contributes to understanding how BCTs promote sustained PA in adolescents. It underscores the pivotal role of personalised app design and a supportive climate in fulfilling individual needs and intrinsic goals. These insights contribute significantly to developing educational tools that encourage regular PA and nurture the holistic development of physically educated citizens.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Federacion Espanola de Asociaciones de Docentes de Educacion Fisica (FEADEF), 2024
Keywords
Children and adolescents, Physical Activity, PA Apps, Behaviour Chance Techniques., Niños y adolescentes, Actividad Física, Aplicaciones de AF, Técnicas de Cambio de Comportamiento.
National Category
Health Sciences
Research subject
Psychology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-224051 (URN)10.47197/retos.v56.104357 (DOI)
Available from: 2024-05-08 Created: 2024-05-08 Last updated: 2024-05-13Bibliographically approved
Olander, A., Wilhelmsson, J., Davis, P. A., Gomes, L., Pereira, H. V., Teixeira, D. S. & Nyström, M. B. T. (2024). An exploration of Swedish adolescents' experiences of mobile apps for physical activity. Psychological Topics, 33(1), 91-114
Open this publication in new window or tab >>An exploration of Swedish adolescents' experiences of mobile apps for physical activity
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2024 (English)In: Psychological Topics, ISSN 1332-0742, Vol. 33, no 1, p. 91-114Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Recent reports on children and adolescents' physical activity indicate that approximately 80% do not meet the World Health Organisation's recommended levels of physical activity. Childhood is a critical period of development; as such, it is important to prioritize health promotion in this phase of one's life. Use of gamification in mobile apps has been shown to positively influence physical activity levels in children and adolescents. Inclusion of behaviour change techniques (BCTs) has been noted to increase the effect of health promoting interventions. Previous research highlights that children and adolescents find the BCTs of goal setting/planning, feedback, reward, self-monitoring, social comparison, and social support to be of interest. The aim of this study was to explore Swedish adolescents' experience with physical activity and apps with a focus on the influence of BCTs. Three focus group interviews were undertaken with a total of 18 participants (11-15 years of age). The data were explored using reflective thematic analysis. In addition to the BCTs identified in previous research, participants in the present study indicated they were positive about mobile apps providing instruction on how to perform a behaviour, demonstration of the behaviour, and the influence of removal of reward. Other attractive features of physical activities apps included developing a streak, competition, and provision of an adequate level of challenge. The present study contributes to a deeper understanding of how BCTs and other features can be implemented in physical activity apps, where individualization and renewal appear to be more important than the actual content features. These findings are important for future work to create interventions that increase the level of physical activity among adolescents both in Sweden and other countries.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
University of Rijeka, 2024
Keywords
children, youth, health promotion, behaviour change techniques, exercise
National Category
Sport and Fitness Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-223927 (URN)10.31820/pt.33.1.5 (DOI)2-s2.0-85192387724 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2024-05-02 Created: 2024-05-02 Last updated: 2024-05-16Bibliographically approved
Davis, P. A., Trotter, M., Åström, E. & Rönnlund, M. (2024). Balancing time for health behaviors: associations of time perspective with physical activity and weight management in older adults. American Journal of Health Promotion
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Balancing time for health behaviors: associations of time perspective with physical activity and weight management in older adults
2024 (English)In: American Journal of Health Promotion, ISSN 0890-1171, E-ISSN 2168-6602Article in journal (Refereed) Epub ahead of print
Abstract [en]

Purpose: To examine associations between time perspective and health promotion behaviors of physical activity and weight management.

Design: Quantitative cross-sectional.

Setting: This study is part of the Betula project on aging, memory, and dementia in Northern Sweden.

Subjects: 417 older adults aged between 55 and 85 years.

Measures: Swedish-Zimbardo Time Perspective Inventory; Physical Activity in the past year, past week, and in comparison with others of similar age; Weight Management = Body Mass Index (BMI; kg/m2).

Results: After controlling for age, sex, and years of education, hierarchical linear regression indicated a Balanced Time Perspective was significantly associated with more physical activity in the past year (P =.04), the past week (P <.001), and in comparison with others (P <.01). Past Negative time perspective was associated with less physical activity in the past year (P =.03), and in comparison with others (P =.03). Present Fatalistic was associated with less physical activity during the past week (P =.03), and in comparison with others (P =.01). Present Hedonistic was associated with more physical activity the past week (P =.03), and in comparison with others (P =.03). Past Negative was associated with higher BMI (P =.02), and Future Negative were associated with lower BMI (P =.01). Taken collectively, greater positivity and flexibility across time perspectives was associated with more physical activity, whereas negative oriented time perspectives related with less physical activity and poorer weight management.

Conclusion: Time perspective can be associated with health behaviors in older adults and have implications for health across the lifespan. Health promotion interventions may target older adults’ enjoyment of exercise and weight management in the present, rather than highlight potential negative health outcomes in the future. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Sage Publications, 2024
Keywords
time perspective, exercise, health behavior, healthy aging, diet, nutrition
National Category
Sport and Fitness Sciences
Research subject
Psychology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-223521 (URN)10.1177/08901171241242546 (DOI)001196225600001 ()38566500 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-85189956200 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2024-04-18 Created: 2024-04-18 Last updated: 2024-04-18
Davis, P. A., Didymus, F. F., Barrass, S. & Davis, L. (2024). Bridging boundaries between life and sport: exploring sports coaches’ micro role transitions. International Sport Coaching Journal, 1-11
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Bridging boundaries between life and sport: exploring sports coaches’ micro role transitions
2024 (English)In: International Sport Coaching Journal, ISSN 2328-918X, E-ISSN 2328-9198, p. 1-11Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Coach education notes the importance of effective transitions between life and sport, yet research evidence supporting coaches to make such transitions is lacking. The present study used a mixed-methods design to explore 41 highly qualified coaches’ perceptions of how responsibilities in life beyond sport spill over to coaching practice. Additionally, we examined coaches’ transitions between roles in life and sport and the implications for their health and coaching practice. Coaches completed questionnaires measuring perceived stress and emotion regulation, and a writing task about how roles outside of sport impacted their coaching practice. Linguistic analyses using Linguistic Inquiry and Word Count software revealed that coaches with lower levels of perceived stress expressed more positive emotions when writing about the influence of life commitments on their coaching practice. The findings also suggest that coaches’ perceptions of the coaching process can be both positively and negatively influenced by life commitments spilling over into sport. Further, coaches reported challenges with the process of undertaking micro role transitions and highlighted implications for their mental health, coaching effectiveness, and relationships in both sport and life. Integrating organizational and sport psychology research, we offer guidance to optimize coaches’ transitions between roles to promote health and optimal performance.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Human Kinetics, 2024
Keywords
coaching effectiveness, coping, emotions, stress, fatigue
National Category
Sport and Fitness Sciences
Research subject
Psychology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-223436 (URN)10.1123/iscj.2023-0057 (DOI)001161105500001 ()
Available from: 2024-04-16 Created: 2024-04-16 Last updated: 2024-04-16Bibliographically approved
Bastos, V., Rodrigues, F., Davis, P. A. & Teixeira, D. S. (2023). Assessing affective valence and activation in resistance training with the feeling scale and the felt arousal scale: a systematic review. PLOS ONE, 18(11), Article ID e0294529.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Assessing affective valence and activation in resistance training with the feeling scale and the felt arousal scale: a systematic review
2023 (English)In: PLOS ONE, E-ISSN 1932-6203, Vol. 18, no 11, article id e0294529Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Evidence suggests affective responses to exercise can influence exercise adherence. However, there is a limited understanding of how and when to measure core affect in resistance training. As such, the objective of this systematic review was to analyze how the Feeling Scale and/or the Felt Arousal Scale have been used in resistance training to assess core affect. Focus was given to the contextual feasibility, timing, and frequency of assessment. A search in PubMed, SPORTDiscus, and PsycINFO databases was conducted (last search date July, 2022) with the purpose of including experimental and non-experimental studies, utilizing the Feeling Scale and/or the Felt Arousal Scale in resistance training, and focused on apparently healthy individuals of any age. Twenty-seven studies (N = 718 participants) published between 2009-2022 were qualitatively analyzed. Both scales appeared to be able to detect core affect within a wide array of intensities, ages, and equipment. As for the timing and frequency of measurement, no apparent standardization was evident. The use of the Feeling Scale, the Felt Arousal Scale, or both, to measure core affect appears to be feasible in resistance training practices. However, a lack of methodological background raises concerns regarding the quality of previous studies' assessments and comparisons of results across studies.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Public Library of Science (PLoS), 2023
National Category
Sport and Fitness Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-217430 (URN)10.1371/journal.pone.0294529 (DOI)37972201 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-85177445769 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2023-12-04 Created: 2023-12-04 Last updated: 2023-12-04Bibliographically approved
Hall, E. E., Davis, P. A., Durand-Bush, N. & Salim, J. (2023). Editorial: Innovative approaches to foster healthy cultures and mental health in sport. Frontiers in Sports and Active Living, 5, Article ID 1209370.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Editorial: Innovative approaches to foster healthy cultures and mental health in sport
2023 (English)In: Frontiers in Sports and Active Living, E-ISSN 2624-9367, Vol. 5, article id 1209370Article in journal, Editorial material (Other academic) Published
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Frontiers Media S.A., 2023
Keywords
cultural differences, mental health, positive psychology, sports, well-being
National Category
Sport and Fitness Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-209883 (URN)10.3389/fspor.2023.1209370 (DOI)000996145200001 ()37255728 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-85161085866 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2023-06-15 Created: 2023-06-15 Last updated: 2023-06-15Bibliographically approved
Ericsson, S., Stenlund, T., Nyström, M., Öman Ekervhén, L., Carlsson, M. & Davis, P. A. (2023). Psychological constructs in police investigative interview training. In: : . Paper presented at European Society of Psychology Learning and Teaching Conference, 14-16 June, 2023, Umeå, Sweden.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Psychological constructs in police investigative interview training
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2023 (English)Conference paper, Oral presentation only (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

As Swedish law enforcement embraces interviewing techniques that rely on psychological concepts and interpersonal skills, the teaching of these main ideas needs to be a central part of police education. This presentation willdiscuss how concepts familiar in psychology are understood and taught within Swedish police education today. Usingmaterials from the Swedish police authority, teaching resources, and the scientific literature, this presentation aimsto show how police education is adopting psychological perspectives and how psychological research and educationcan benefit in training police. We will also present future studies to further develop and incorporate psychologicalperspectives in educating law enforcement.

National Category
Psychology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-221885 (URN)
Conference
European Society of Psychology Learning and Teaching Conference, 14-16 June, 2023, Umeå, Sweden
Available from: 2024-03-07 Created: 2024-03-07 Last updated: 2024-03-08Bibliographically approved
Axelsson, S., Kihlberg, S., Davis, P. & Nyström, M. B. T. (2023). Psychotherapy students' experiences of supervisee-centred supervision based on deliberate practice, feedback-informed treatment and self-compassion. Counselling and Psychotherapy Research
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Psychotherapy students' experiences of supervisee-centred supervision based on deliberate practice, feedback-informed treatment and self-compassion
2023 (English)In: Counselling and Psychotherapy Research, ISSN 1473-3145, E-ISSN 1746-1405Article in journal (Refereed) Epub ahead of print
Abstract [en]

Objective: There are few methods that focus on therapists' experiences of supervision. To facilitate the development of psychologist students, a supervisee-centred supervision, based on deliberate practice, feedback informed treatment and self-compassion, was introduced.

Methods: This study examines six supervisees’ experiences of a supervisee-centred supervision. A semi- structured interview was used for the collection of the data, which identified two main themes: Learning and Development and five associated sub-themes: structure and purposesfulness, prerequisites, experience-based learning, therapeutic skills and personal development.

Conclusion: The experience- and feedback-based approach was perceived as efficient, structured and goal oriented. This created high-focused activity and participation, a strong group dynamic and a good alliance with the supervisors, providing a good climate for learning and development. Focusing on performance and feedback was perceived as a potential obstacle that could create stress and anxiety.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
John Wiley & Sons, 2023
Keywords
deliberate practice, feedback-informed treatment, self-compassion, supervision, therapy training
National Category
Applied Psychology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-216786 (URN)10.1002/capr.12708 (DOI)2-s2.0-85176095362 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2023-11-17 Created: 2023-11-17 Last updated: 2023-11-17
Ericsson, S., Stenlund, T., Nyström, M., Öman Ekervhén, L., Carlsson, M. & Davis, P. A. (2023). Studying rapport and empathy training for investigative interviewing. In: Abstracts from the First European Conference on Law Enforcement and Public Health, Umea 2023: . Paper presented at LEPH2023 The European conference on law enforcement and public health, Umeå, Sweden, May 21-24, 2023 (pp. 36). Umeå University
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Studying rapport and empathy training for investigative interviewing
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2023 (English)In: Abstracts from the First European Conference on Law Enforcement and Public Health, Umea 2023, Umeå University, 2023, p. 36-Conference paper, Oral presentation with published abstract (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

A crucial part of the crime investigation process is the investigative interview. Each interview is aninstance of law enforcement and the public meeting to exchange information. Interviews thus carry agreat deal of weight in both the investigation and public relations. Although the main goal ofinterviewing is often to get information related to an investigation, interviews are also anopportunity for law enforcement to offer support, give information, gain trust, and connect withindividuals in the community. Previous research has found that a humane interviewing style thatfocuses on building trust, good communication, and remaining objective while listening to the otherperson’s account has advantages such as eliciting more detailed accounts and more truthfulinformation. This style of interviewing has also been shown to be strategically beneficial regardless ofif the interviewee is a suspect, witness, or victim. However, researchers are still debating how toimplement empathy and rapport-building behaviors in interviews. There is a great need for researchon how police officers acquire the core skills needed for good communication, building rapport, andestablishing trust during interviews. The aim of this project is to better understand how humane andempathetic interviewing is implemented in Swedish police education in order to achieve a largeremphasis on building and maintaining rapport, empathy, and emotion regulation. This project willuse both quantitative and qualitative methods to approach the research questions. The goal is tohelp the police both in getting as much information as possible, as well as improve the experiences ofthe interview for both the police and the interviewee. Understanding and implementing a morehumane approach to interviewing could help individual officers de-escalate tense situations andnavigate their own stress responses, as well as help strengthen community trust in policing wheninteracting with interviewees.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Umeå University, 2023
Series
Polisutbildningens skriftserie ; 14
National Category
Psychology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-221883 (URN)978-91-8070-109-9 (ISBN)
Conference
LEPH2023 The European conference on law enforcement and public health, Umeå, Sweden, May 21-24, 2023
Available from: 2024-03-07 Created: 2024-03-07 Last updated: 2024-03-08Bibliographically approved
Trotter, M. G., Coulter, T. J., Davis, P. A., Poulus, D. R. & Polman, R. (2022). Examining the impact of school esports program participation on student health and psychological development. Frontiers in Psychology, 12, Article ID 807341.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Examining the impact of school esports program participation on student health and psychological development
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2022 (English)In: Frontiers in Psychology, E-ISSN 1664-1078, Vol. 12, article id 807341Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This study examined the influence of 7 high school esports developmental programs on student self-regulation, growth mindset, positive youth development (PYD), perceived general health and physical activity (PA), and sport behaviour. A total of 188 students (male n = 120; female n = 68) originally participated (89 enrolled in an esports program in their school and 99 acted as aged-matched controls), with 58 participants (n = 19 esports group; n = 39 controls) completing both pre- and post-program information. At baseline, no significant differences were found between youth e-athletes and their aged-matched controls. The analysis for the observation period showed a significant interaction effect for the PYD confidence scale, with post-hoc comparisons showing a significant decrease in the control group from pre- to post assessment whereas the esports group remained the same. Time main effects showed a decrease in the self-regulation motivation factor, PYD connection factor and PA for all participants. Overall, this study showed that students enrolled in their respective school esports program did not differ from those who did not in self-regulation, growth mindset, PYD, perceived health and PA, and sport behaviour. It was likely that all participants showed a decrease in motivation, connection, and PA due to COVID19 lockdown during the study period. This study is the first to investigate the longitudinal impact of student involvement in high school esports and showed that esports participation did not have a negative impact on any health or psychological factors.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Frontiers Media S.A., 2022
Keywords
competitive video games, esports, growth mindset, health, positive youth development, self-regulation, sport
National Category
Applied Psychology Sport and Fitness Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-203095 (URN)10.3389/fpsyg.2021.807341 (DOI)000752059200001 ()35140665 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-85124191641 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2023-01-16 Created: 2023-01-16 Last updated: 2023-03-24Bibliographically approved
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Identifiers
ORCID iD: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0002-1807-7837

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