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Liljeholm Bång, M., Lindberg, O., Rantatalo, O. & Lilliehorn, S. (2024). The mismatch between teaching and assessing professionalism: a practice architecture analysis of three professional programmes. Studies in Continuing Education
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The mismatch between teaching and assessing professionalism: a practice architecture analysis of three professional programmes
2024 (English)In: Studies in Continuing Education, ISSN 0158-037X, E-ISSN 1470-126XArticle in journal (Refereed) Epub ahead of print
Abstract [en]

While there is broad agreement about their importance, courses in professionalism have proven difficult to teach and assess. Furthermore, there is currently a lack of knowledge regarding problems that are common across professional boundaries. The purpose of this article is to examine what teaching and assessing professionalism in higher education entails in three distinctly different professional education contexts in Sweden: medical, police, and social-work education. The study is qualitative and comparative, with data consisting of documents (curricula, syllabi, course content n > 200), interviews (n = 18), and participant observations (∼30 h) of how professionalism is taught and assessed in each programme. The results describe the practice architectures of teaching and assessing professionalism, where problems and dilemmas are made visible. The results also show a tension between the ambition to practise and the ambition to assess, which leads to what we call 'assessment avoidance'.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Routledge, 2024
Keywords
Professionalism, professional education, practice theory, medical education, social work education, police education
National Category
Pedagogy
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-222625 (URN)10.1080/0158037X.2024.2333247 (DOI)001188854600001 ()2-s2.0-85188958221 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2024-03-22 Created: 2024-03-22 Last updated: 2024-05-14
Lindberg, O., Rantatalo, O. & Haake, U. (2024). Workplace learning, power, and practice: modes of participation for civilian criminal investigators. Vocations and Learning, 17(1), 43-65
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Workplace learning, power, and practice: modes of participation for civilian criminal investigators
2024 (English)In: Vocations and Learning, ISSN 1874-785X, E-ISSN 1874-7868, Vol. 17, no 1, p. 43-65Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This article aims to contribute to the theorization of power in workplace learning. We examined the ways in which civilian investigators participate in criminal investigation practice, and how these modes related to the social ordering in the police organization. Civilians, mostly women and well educated, are being hired in large numbers to help with the shortage of staff within the Swedish police organization. We analysed 71 interviews with both civilians and police officers, covering views on the nature of investigative work, the introduction of civilians, and their competence. The interviews were analysed in an abductive process using a practice theory outlook on power and participation. The results show four different modes of participation for civilians that have vastly different consequences for their integration into the police. These modes are dependent on how civilian competence is viewed, whether civilians are viewed as different or similar, and whether they are considered competent at investigating crimes. We conclude that the struggle to define competent practice is at the core of understanding the relationship between learning and power.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Springer, 2024
Keywords
Workplace learning, Power, Participation, Criminal investigation, Practice theory, Police
National Category
Pedagogy
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-214913 (URN)10.1007/s12186-023-09335-w (DOI)001077098800001 ()2-s2.0-85173109617 (Scopus ID)
Funder
Forte, Swedish Research Council for Health, Working Life and Welfare, 2020-00344
Available from: 2023-10-03 Created: 2023-10-03 Last updated: 2024-05-14Bibliographically approved
Haake, U., Lindberg, O. & Rantatalo, O. (2023). Doing gender and professional identity: inclusion and exclusion of female civilians in criminal investigations. Policing & society, 33(8), 893-907
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Doing gender and professional identity: inclusion and exclusion of female civilians in criminal investigations
2023 (English)In: Policing & society, ISSN 1043-9463, E-ISSN 1477-2728, Vol. 33, no 8, p. 893-907Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The number of civilian crime investigators (CIs) has been increasing among the police, a trend that is called civilianisation. However, conflicts have arisen from perceptions that civilian CIs undermine professional police efforts. The purpose of this study was to investigate the intersection of doing gender and professional identity in narratives on inclusion and/or exclusion in CIs' professional practices. Because professional background and gender composition change with the civilianisation of the police, this study included interviews with 48 female CIs from Sweden. The study showed that aspects of belongingness and uniqueness interact in complex ways and conclude that the intersection of being a civilian CI and a woman is at the core, especially in narratives on exclusion. Taken together, this means that civilian CIs' narratives are important to learn from and can help the police become aware of obstacles to and opportunities for civilian employees' full participation in the criminal investigation practice. Aspects of belongingness and uniqueness are discussed to contribute knowledge of how gender and professional identity can be redone in a way that helps reduce future barriers to full inclusion of female and civilian CIs in police work.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Routledge, 2023
Keywords
Civilian, doing gender, police organisation, professional identity
National Category
Pedagogy
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-210119 (URN)10.1080/10439463.2023.2221764 (DOI)001003525300001 ()2-s2.0-85161868410 (Scopus ID)
Funder
Forte, Swedish Research Council for Health, Working Life and Welfare, 2020-00344
Available from: 2023-06-19 Created: 2023-06-19 Last updated: 2023-09-04Bibliographically approved
Haake, U., Lindberg, O., Rantatalo, O., Grimm, F., Siljebo, J. & Bäck, T. (2023). Leadership in swedish public organizations: a research review in education and care. Nordic Journal of Working Life Studies, 13(2), 63-85
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Leadership in swedish public organizations: a research review in education and care
Show others...
2023 (English)In: Nordic Journal of Working Life Studies, E-ISSN 2245-0157, Vol. 13, no 2, p. 63-85Article, review/survey (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This article is a review of recent Swedish leadership research in two large public-sector areas: education and care. By comparing and contrasting research in these areas, we unveil the specifics and commonalities of research in public-sector leadership. We reviewed research articles from 2018 to 2020 and analyzed theories used, data-gathering methods employed, and topics researched. The results show some fundamental differences between the two areas. Compared to research on education, research on care is to a larger extent non-theoretical and is often focused on change management, quality assurance, and leaders’ roles in employee health. Conversely, studies on education are theory driven and mostly focused on leaders’ roles in learning and shared leadership. We discuss the state of Swedish public leadership research and make suggestions for mutual learning and moving forward in this research field.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
VIA University College, 2023
Keywords
Health, Working Environment & Wellbeing, Learning & Competencies, Organization & Management
National Category
Pedagogy
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-201571 (URN)10.18291/njwls.134896 (DOI)2-s2.0-85162105430 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2022-12-08 Created: 2022-12-08 Last updated: 2024-01-17Bibliographically approved
Rantatalo, O., Lindberg, O. & Haake, U. (2023). The enactment of professional boundary work: a case study of crime investigation. Professions & Professionalism, 13(2), Article ID e5345.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The enactment of professional boundary work: a case study of crime investigation
2023 (English)In: Professions & Professionalism, ISSN 1893-1049, E-ISSN 1893-1049, Vol. 13, no 2, article id e5345Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Professional boundary takes place as actors negotiate occupational boundaries and division of labour. In this article, we examine the conditions of defensive, accommodating, and configurational boundary work in the context of crime investigation. We analyse how professional boundaries are negotiated as civilian investigators become involved with policing. The article is based on 71 interviews with civilian and police crime investigators from a variety of investigation units in Sweden. Findings show how policing as a professional field is shifted as civilians from a wide variety of backgrounds and with varying motivations enter the occupation. Defensive boundary work that devalued civilians was widely occurring. However, boundary work that focused on learning, collaboration, and training was also occurring in high-status units. The discussion focuses on how power asymmetries impact boundary work when professions are undergoing change. This study exemplifies how organizational actors navigate, defend, and challenge their positions as professional boundaries are negotiated.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Oslo: OsloMet - Oslo Metropolitan University, 2023
Keywords
Boundary work, crime investigation, police, policing, professionalism
National Category
Sociology (excluding Social Work, Social Psychology and Social Anthropology)
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-220874 (URN)10.7577/pp.5345 (DOI)2-s2.0-85183924524 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2024-02-16 Created: 2024-02-16 Last updated: 2024-02-16Bibliographically approved
Kihlberg, R. & Rantatalo, O. (2022). Motivating Police Reform Through Multimodal Sensegiving How Change Was Promoted Through Videos in the Swedish Police Reorganisation. Nordic Journal of Studies in Policing, 9(1), 1-18
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Motivating Police Reform Through Multimodal Sensegiving How Change Was Promoted Through Videos in the Swedish Police Reorganisation
2022 (English)In: Nordic Journal of Studies in Policing, E-ISSN 2703-7045, Vol. 9, no 1, p. 1-18Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

In this paper, we contribute to understanding of how video films were used by change management as a communication strategy to portray and promote the organisational reform of the Swedish police in 2015. Based on a multimodal analysis of 44 video films, we theorise how the Swedish police change management “gave sense” to the transformation and future state of the police service. The findings show how change was motivated through descriptions of contexts, the problematisation of the present situation, prescriptions of the change process, and forecasts of an ideal future status for the Swedish police. These messages were reinforced visually using stereotypical images and by layering multiple modes of communication. The paper contributes to the literature on organisational change and police reform by describing how change can be motivated and legitimised through persuasive portrayals of the present and the future. We conclude that multimodal communication through video is a powerful technique for sensegiving, with the potential to construct credible, but not necessarily accurate, accounts of organisational change.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Universitetsforlaget, 2022
Keywords
multimodality, Police reform, reorganisation, sensegiving, video
National Category
Pedagogy
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-194464 (URN)10.18261/NJSP.9.1.2 (DOI)2-s2.0-85128644108 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2022-05-09 Created: 2022-05-09 Last updated: 2023-02-07Bibliographically approved
Rantatalo, O., Lindberg, O. & Hällgren, M. (2021). Criminal Investigation in Rural Areas: How Police Detectives Manage Remoteness and Resource Scarcity. Policing: A Journal of Policy and Practice, 15(2), 1352-1366
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Criminal Investigation in Rural Areas: How Police Detectives Manage Remoteness and Resource Scarcity
2021 (English)In: Policing: A Journal of Policy and Practice, ISSN 1752-4512, E-ISSN 1752-4520, Vol. 15, no 2, p. 1352-1366Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This article addresses how rural environments characterized by remoteness impact the work of police detectives in their casework. It reports on an ethnographic study of two investigative departments (working on volume crime and domestic crime) located in Northern Sweden. Interviews (N=27) and participant observations (N =56) were conducted in order to examine how investigators approached and managed rural conditions in their daily work. Findings indicate that police investigations in rural areas are characterized by constraints, such as resource shortages, extended set-up times (due to travelling), and challenges in multitasking. The findings identify two main practices for investigating crime in such settings: 'rural investigation' that entails a decentralized approach in which investigators are embedded locally; and 'investigating the rural' that entails a distanced, centralized approach. This article discusses trade-offs and predicted outcomes in crime investigation and highlights how the urban/rural binary divide encompasses a paradoxical tension that investigators must manage continuously

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Oxford University Press, 2021
National Category
Work Sciences
Research subject
police science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-174118 (URN)10.1093/police/paaa023 (DOI)000733820000046 ()2-s2.0-85142610158 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2020-08-18 Created: 2020-08-18 Last updated: 2023-03-24Bibliographically approved
Hällgren, M., Lindberg, O. & Rantatalo, O. (2021). Sensemaking in detective work: the social nature of crime investigation. International Journal of Police Science and Management, 23(2), 119-132
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Sensemaking in detective work: the social nature of crime investigation
2021 (English)In: International Journal of Police Science and Management, ISSN 1461-3557, E-ISSN 1478-1603, Vol. 23, no 2, p. 119-132Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

In this article, we contribute to the knowledge on police detectives' work practices, and report how police detectives make sense of casework in a social manner. As our research question, we address the ways in which detective work can be understood as a social process. To target this question, we conducted an ethnographic study that examines how detectives who work with domestic violence and high-volume crimes strive to frame and understand events in everyday investigative practice. The data consist of approximately 200 hours of ethnographic data and interviews from two departments in a Swedish police station. The results indicate that detectives' sensemaking of casework took place through two principal practices: a concluding practice and a supporting practice. Furthermore, the findings show that detectives' work is highly social and procedural. This suggests that detectives' work practice is of a social nature and that contacts between investigators are important to take into account in the organization of an investigative department.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Sage Publications, 2021
Keywords
sensemaking, detective work, domestic violence, minor crime
National Category
Business Administration Pedagogy
Research subject
police science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-179125 (URN)10.1177/1461355720980759 (DOI)2-s2.0-85114382886 (Scopus ID)
Funder
Forte, Swedish Research Council for Health, Working Life and Welfare, 2015-00700
Available from: 2021-01-26 Created: 2021-01-26 Last updated: 2022-03-28Bibliographically approved
Karp, S. & Rantatalo, O. (2020). Berättelser från polispraktiken: hur studenters upplevelser och erfarenheter kan bidra till utvecklingen av professionellt kunnande. In: Staffan Karp och Oscar Rantatalo (Ed.), Reflektion som professionsverktyg inom polisen: (pp. 100-110). Umeå: Enheten för polisutbildning, Umeå universitet
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Berättelser från polispraktiken: hur studenters upplevelser och erfarenheter kan bidra till utvecklingen av professionellt kunnande
2020 (Swedish)In: Reflektion som professionsverktyg inom polisen / [ed] Staffan Karp och Oscar Rantatalo, Umeå: Enheten för polisutbildning, Umeå universitet , 2020, p. 100-110Chapter in book (Other academic)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Umeå: Enheten för polisutbildning, Umeå universitet, 2020
National Category
Pedagogy
Research subject
police science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-175749 (URN)978-91-7855-333-4 (ISBN)978-91-7855-334-1 (ISBN)
Available from: 2020-10-07 Created: 2020-10-07 Last updated: 2022-03-28Bibliographically approved
Rantatalo, O., Ghazinour, M. & Padyab, M. (2020). Erfarenheter och effekter av reflektionsinriktad portfoliometod. In: Staffan Karp och Oscar Rantatalo (Ed.), Reflektion som professionsverktyg inom polisen: (pp. 53-63). Umeå: Enheten för polisutbildning, Umeå universitet
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Erfarenheter och effekter av reflektionsinriktad portfoliometod
2020 (Swedish)In: Reflektion som professionsverktyg inom polisen / [ed] Staffan Karp och Oscar Rantatalo, Umeå: Enheten för polisutbildning, Umeå universitet , 2020, p. 53-63Chapter in book (Other academic)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Umeå: Enheten för polisutbildning, Umeå universitet, 2020
National Category
Pedagogy
Research subject
police science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-175747 (URN)978-91-7855-333-4 (ISBN)978-91-7855-334-1 (ISBN)
Available from: 2020-10-07 Created: 2020-10-07 Last updated: 2022-03-28Bibliographically approved
Projects
Junior researcher: A police for the future? A longitudinal project on police officers' development of reflective abilities in training and early careers [2014-01980_Forte]; Umeå University
Organisations
Identifiers
ORCID iD: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0003-1440-0470

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