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Publications (10 of 17) Show all publications
Lauri, J. & Berg, L. (2024). Finansiell feminism?: Jämställdhet & ekonomi i självhjälpsformat. Kulturella perspektiv - Svensk etnologisk tidskrift, 33, Article ID 14582.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Finansiell feminism?: Jämställdhet & ekonomi i självhjälpsformat
2024 (Swedish)In: Kulturella perspektiv - Svensk etnologisk tidskrift, ISSN 1102-7908, Vol. 33, article id 14582Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

In a contemporary popular cultural Swedish context, gender equality and economic equality seem to be increasingly formulated in financial terms, through narratives centered around succeeding on the stock market, owning assets or practicing venture capitalism. In this context, self-help books in financial speculation targeting women are marketed with a gender equality narrative. In this article, we focus on how values of feminism, gender equality and economy are shaped and maintained by such books. By effectively hiding power relationships and presenting financial freedom as an attainable goal for everyone and through a condensed narrative of happiness and balance in the future, we read the fantasy of financial freedom as cruel optimism through Lauren Berlant's perspective. The fantasy of financial freedom also produces a feminist subject who, with her investments, both can and should maintain control over her own life and her family as well as navigate around the vulnerabilities of life. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Föreningen Kulturella Perspektiv, 2024
National Category
Gender Studies Ethnology
Research subject
gender studies; Ethnology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-214216 (URN)10.54807/kp.v35.14582 (DOI)
Available from: 2024-02-29 Created: 2024-02-29 Last updated: 2024-03-01Bibliographically approved
Lauri, M. & Lauri, J. (2023). In the business of gendered violence: the private shelter discourse in Sweden. Critical and radical social work An international journal
Open this publication in new window or tab >>In the business of gendered violence: the private shelter discourse in Sweden
2023 (English)In: Critical and radical social work An international journal, ISSN 2049-8608, E-ISSN 2049-8675Article in journal (Refereed) Epub ahead of print
Abstract [en]

For-profit companies have begun competing with women’s shelters for ‘clients’ trying to escape violence. Using discourse theory, this study examines how 20 private shelters describe their business. The analysis shows that private shelters describe themselves as: (1) having a broad expertise and target group: (2) being able to tend to the individual needs of any client; and (3) being highly available and flexible. We understand this as an expression of a neoliberal market discourse and as a way to differentiate themselves from women’s shelters. This may put pressure on women’s shelters to provide similar ‘inclusion’, availability and flexibility. Furthermore: (4) private shelters contribute to shaping a desirable neoliberal subject, that is, a self-reliant woman; and (5), by articulating needs as individual and inherently mundane, they lean more towards ‘providing accommodation’ than addressing the particularities of (gendered) violence.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Bristol University Press, 2023
Keywords
private shelters, women’s shelters, privatisation, neoliberalism, gendered violence
National Category
Gender Studies Social Anthropology Business Administration
Research subject
gender studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-209057 (URN)10.1332/204986021x16826760140926 (DOI)001006544200001 ()
Available from: 2023-06-05 Created: 2023-06-05 Last updated: 2024-01-15
Lauri, J. & Lauri, M. (2023). Selling feminist stories: popular feminism, authenticity and happiness. European Journal of Cultural Studies
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Selling feminist stories: popular feminism, authenticity and happiness
2023 (English)In: European Journal of Cultural Studies, ISSN 1367-5494, E-ISSN 1460-3551Article in journal (Refereed) Epub ahead of print
Abstract [en]

By interviewing Swedish feminist activists who sell commodities to serve feminist purposes, this study focuses on how they articulate their engagement and make it intelligible. To untangle how articulations about feminist businesses may stabilise, reshape and challenge feminist values and engagement, we use theories of popular feminism alongside discourse theory to capture its contingencies. The analysis shows that, rather than enhancing sales by the use of feminism, the interviewees articulate an interest in spreading feminism through the sale of commodities. They understand their commodities to be ‘authentic’ and ‘truly’ feminist, thereby distancing themselves from corporations that use feminism to brand their products. However, this aligns precisely with the dominant contemporary corporate branding discourse of authenticity, understood as untainted by capitalism. The interviewees want to provide their customers with confidence, a dominant trait of popular feminism, through the display of feminist expression. A quest for visibility tends to absorb political aspects, which is further illustrated in the expressed wish to avoid an aggressive, provocative or explicitly political address. Understanding popular feminism as a discursive struggle, we conclude that the domination of a happy, confidence-building feminism will render more confrontational and radical versions of feminism less visible.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Sage Publications, 2023
Keywords
Popular feminism, instagram, feminist business, discourse, authenticity, branding
National Category
Gender Studies
Research subject
gender studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-206552 (URN)10.1177/13675494221137371 (DOI)000964089400001 ()2-s2.0-85153610762 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2023-04-11 Created: 2023-04-11 Last updated: 2023-05-04
Lauri, J. & Linander, I. (2023). 'The patriarchy can’t dance with us': Statement, separatism and safety. Culture Unbound. Journal of Current Cultural Research, 15(2), 1-21
Open this publication in new window or tab >>'The patriarchy can’t dance with us': Statement, separatism and safety
2023 (English)In: Culture Unbound. Journal of Current Cultural Research, ISSN 2000-1525, E-ISSN 2000-1525, Vol. 15, no 2, p. 1-21Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The music festival Statement was initiated as a response to sexual violence towards women at other festivals, and during the work of creating a safe festival, separatism became a central strategy. In this paper we analyse media reporting from Statement, with a focus on the desire for safety. Using psychoanalytical discourse theory, we analyse different media materials, focusing on emotive language and fantasmatic narratives. We argue that in the media representations, a desire for safety is linked to enjoyment, opportunities to be oneself, predictability and lack of conflict. Safety is also strongly represented as linked to a focus on security and the absent man is continuously present in the media articulations. While the media representations tend to reconstruct a heterosexual Woman with a universal experience, the focus on the patriarchy, a common 'we' and the emotive language might nevertheless spur political mobilisation.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Linköping: Department of Culture Studies, Linköping university, 2023
Keywords
separatism, safety, fantasy, psychoanalysis, desire, festival
National Category
Gender Studies
Research subject
gender studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-206505 (URN)10.3384/cu.4146 (DOI)2-s2.0-85172325738 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2023-04-06 Created: 2023-04-06 Last updated: 2024-01-10Bibliographically approved
Lauri, M., Lauri, J. & Linander, I. (2023). Women’s shelters and private shelters discursive struggle: separatism, security and social change. Nordic Social Work Research
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Women’s shelters and private shelters discursive struggle: separatism, security and social change
2023 (English)In: Nordic Social Work Research, ISSN 2156-857X, E-ISSN 2156-8588Article in journal (Refereed) Epub ahead of print
Abstract [en]

The increase in private shelters for women escaping men’s violence in Sweden prompts an analysis of discursive struggles on separatism, violence, and safety. The analysis of websites and interviews with representatives from private shelters and women’s shelters show that the woman-to-woman approach is important for women’s shelters whereas private shelters frame their use of male staff as a practical necessity or a way to show women that there also exist ‘good’ men. Women’s shelters articulate the importance of knowledge about men’s violence for counteracting normalization of violence and self-blame, while private shelters emphasize therapeutic knowledge and interventions. To provide safety, women’s shelters articulate the importance of a homey atmosphere and ‘inner safety’, where private shelters emphasize security; shell protection, perpetrator profiles, and risk assessments. The women’s shelters position their work within a discourse of social change, whereas private shelters emphasize their lack of political ambitions, with profit-making as their primary motivation. Should public funding continue to be funnelled to private shelters, rather than to women’s shelters, it will undermine women’s shelter’s dual role of providing refuge and contributing to social change. Should the private shelters discourse prevail it will likely alter the support provided to victims of violence.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Routledge, 2023
Keywords
private shelters, women’s shelters, privatisation, marketization, neoliberalism, gendered violence, violence against women, intimate partner violence, Sweden, safety, securitization, Privat skyddat boende, kvinnojour, privatisering, marknadisering, nyliberalism, mäns våld mot kvinnor, våld i nära relationer, könsrelaterat våld, trygghet, säkerhet
National Category
Social Work Gender Studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-218700 (URN)10.1080/2156857x.2023.2297984 (DOI)2-s2.0-85180246289 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2023-12-27 Created: 2023-12-27 Last updated: 2024-01-04
Keisu, B.-I., Lauri, J. & Eriksson, N. (2022). Sexual Harassment and Gender-based Violence: A Study of Staff and Students at Umeå University. Umeå: Umeå University
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Sexual Harassment and Gender-based Violence: A Study of Staff and Students at Umeå University
2022 (English)Report (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Sexual harassment and other forms of offensive behaviour are serious problems within academia. They affect students and staff alike and are found in all disciplines. In this study, we consider the various forms and expressions of harassment. In addition to sexual harassment, this includes bullying, cyberbullying, victimisation and incivility, all of which we examine under the umbrella term gender-based violence. 

The purpose of this report is to describe the occurrence of and analyse the corelation between sexual harassment, and other forms of gender-based violence, and the work environment and health of staff and students at Umeå University. The report is based on a national study of the prevalence of sexual harassment in academia conducted within the framework of The Research and Collaboration Programme on Gender-based Violence. 

In answer to a direct question regarding whether the respondent had been subjected to unwanted sexual attention in their place of work/study, 2.2% of staff and 6.4% of students replied in the affirmative. Among women, prevalence is higher among female students than female employees, with 7% of this group having been subjected to such behaviour, and the same is true of men, with more male students (5.5%) reporting incidents. When the question of sexual harassment is broken down into specific situations and acts, the figure increases significantly, with as many as 51% of female employees and 29% of men stating that they had experienced at least one of the specified situations. Notably, levels among female employees of Umeå University are significantly higher than the figure for the Swedish higher education sector as a whole. The corresponding figure for students at Umeå University is, however, lower than the national average for the higher education sector, with 16% of women and 9% of men responding in the affirmative. 

There are also notable disparities between the sexes with regard to bullying, with twice as many women as men reporting problems, and reporting a higher frequency of offences. However, bullying is reported to a greater extent by male than female students. There are also gender disparities in incivility, with significantly more female employees reporting incidents than men. 

Sexism in the form of sexual harassment and gender-based violence can of course be understood as a means of academic reproduction; i.e., as one of the components that maintains and recreates the various structures, hierarchies and gender-inequitable workplaces in academia. As this study makes clear, sexual harassment and gender-based violence create a systematic and recurring pattern of unwelcome events that can be understood as institutional mechanisms and behaviours that risk being normalised. This also produces other problems in addition to gender inequality. In the study, we find clear correlations for both staff and students between sexual harassment and other forms of gender-based violence and experiences of the psychosocial and organisational work environment and health.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Umeå: Umeå University, 2022. p. 62
National Category
Sociology Gender Studies Work Sciences
Research subject
Sociology; gender studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-197434 (URN)
Available from: 2022-06-28 Created: 2022-06-28 Last updated: 2022-06-29Bibliographically approved
Keisu, B.-I., Lauri, J. & Eriksson, N. (2022). Sexuella trakasserier och genusbaserad utsatthet: En studie bland anställda och studenter vid Umeå universitet. Umeå: Umeå universitet
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Sexuella trakasserier och genusbaserad utsatthet: En studie bland anställda och studenter vid Umeå universitet
2022 (Swedish)Report (Other academic)
Abstract [sv]

Sexuella trakasserier och andra typer av kränkande beteenden är allvarliga problem inom akademin. Det drabbar både studenter och anställda och förekommer inom alla discipliner. I denna studie tar vi hänsyn till utsatthetens olika former och uttryck genom att förutom sexuella trakasserier inkludera förekomst av mobbning, nätmobbning, kränkande särbehandling och ohövligt beteende under samlingsnamnet ’genusbaserad utsatthet’. 

Syftet med denna rapport är att beskriva förekomst av, och analysera samband mellan, sexuella trakasserier och andra former av genusbaserad utsatthet, samt arbetsmiljö och hälsa bland anställda och studenter vid Umeå universitet. Till grund för denna rapport ligger en nationell prevalensstudie om sexuella trakasserier i akademin som genomfördes inom ramen för Forsknings- och samverkansprogrammet om sexuella trakasserier och genusbaserad utsatthet. 

På en direkt fråga om respondenten blivit utsatt för icke önskvärd sexuell uppmärksamhet på sitt arbete/sin studieplats så rapporterar totalt 2,2 procent av de anställda och 6,4 procent av studenter att de blivit utsatta. Prevalensen är högre bland kvinnorna i gruppen studenter där 7 procent har utsatts och dessutom är utsatta män (5,5 procent) vanligare bland studenter jämfört med anställda. När frågan om sexuella trakasserier istället bryts ner i frågor om konkreta situationer och handlingar stiger siffrorna betydligt, uppemot hela 51 procent för anställda kvinnor svarade jakande på om de utsatts för minst en av de uppräknade situationerna och 29 procent av männen svarade också ja på dessa frågor. Noterbart här är att nivåerna för anställda kvinnor vid Umeå universitet är betydligt högre i jämförelse med högskolesektorn som helhet. Vad gäller studenterna så är motsvarande siffror vid Umeå universitet dock lägre jämfört med högskolesektorn som helhet, vid frågor om konkreta situationer och handlingar, 16 procent för kvinnorna och 9 procent för männen. 

Könsskillnader är även noterbara i avseende på mobbning, där andelen anställda som utsatts för mobbning är dubbelt så stor bland kvinnorna jämfört med männen samt att kvinnorna rapporterar högre frekvens. Bland studenterna rapporterar dock män en högre utsatthet vad gäller mobbning. Det finns även könsskillnader kring ohövligt beteende där betydligt fler bland de anställda kvinnorna rapporterar utsatthet jämfört med männen. 

Sexism i form av sexuella trakasserier och genusbaserad utsatthet kan förstås som ett medel för akademins reproduktion, det vill säga, som en utav de beståndsdelar som upprätthåller och återskapar akademins olika strukturer, hierarkier och ojämlika arbetsplatser. I denna studie blir det tydligt att sexuella trakasserier och genusbaserad utsatthet skapar ett systematiskt och upprepat mönster av ovälkomna händelser. Det kan förstås som institutionella mekanismer och beteenden som härigenom riskerar att normaliseras. Förutom ojämlikhet finns här även andra problem som produceras. I studien finns för både anställda och studenter tydliga samband mellan sexuella trakasserier, de andra formerna av genusbaserad utsatthet och upplevelsen av psykosocial och organisatorisk arbetsmiljö samt hälsa.

 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Umeå: Umeå universitet, 2022. p. 64
National Category
Sociology Gender Studies
Research subject
Sociology; gender studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-194871 (URN)
Funder
Umeå University, Dnr FS 1.6.2-1012-22
Available from: 2022-05-19 Created: 2022-05-19 Last updated: 2022-05-19Bibliographically approved
Linander, I., Lauri, J. & Lauri, M. (2022). Swedish LGBTQ activists’ responses to neo-nazi threats: anti-gender politics, state appellation, and political aspirations. Lambda Nordica, 27(3-4), 51-75
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Swedish LGBTQ activists’ responses to neo-nazi threats: anti-gender politics, state appellation, and political aspirations
2022 (English)In: Lambda Nordica, ISSN 1100-2573, E-ISSN 2001-7286, Vol. 27, no 3-4, p. 51-75Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

LGBTQ communities and movements across Europe are under attack from various conservative and right-wing extremist groups. What are the political implications of such attacks for LGBTQ activists? Through qualitative interviews and psychoanalytical discourse theory, this article analyses LGBTQ activists’ responses to threats from neo-Nazis in Sweden. By focusing on the problems, solutions and desires articulated by LGBTQ activists, the analysis asks: Who is called upon to handle the neo-Nazis, and how? What fantasies are expressed in such articulations? How may the response to neo-Nazis shape the subjectivities and political aspirations of LGBTQ activists? The analysis shows that the activists adhere to a fantasy of positive and conflict-free politics where the state is called upon to care for them through legal measures, which ties the activists to the state and might block other alliances. The activists also express a desire to inscribe themselves into the LGBTQ movement’s history. This fantasy echo might strengthen a political collective and prove pivotal in future struggles. Taken together, our analysis demonstrates some of the effects of the neo-Nazi presence in Sweden and some of the wider political implications for the LGBTQ movement.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Föreningen Lambda Nordica, 2022
Keywords
LGBTQ, psychoanalysis, neo-Nazi, anti-gender, Sweden
National Category
Gender Studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-205994 (URN)10.34041/ln.v27.830 (DOI)
Available from: 2023-03-26 Created: 2023-03-26 Last updated: 2023-03-27Bibliographically approved
Olsson, J. & Lauri, J. (2022). The fantasy of the new man: norm-critique, vulnerability and victimhood. Norma, 17(4), 236-251
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The fantasy of the new man: norm-critique, vulnerability and victimhood
2022 (English)In: Norma, ISSN 1890-2138, E-ISSN 1890-2146, Vol. 17, no 4, p. 236-251Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

In this article, the Swedish gender-equality initiative Men and Gender Equality is analyzed. The goal is to empirically examine some of the affective dimensions at play in the ways in which a ‘norm-critical’ perspective on masculinity is articulated as a solution to gender equality. Our analysis reveals ambivalences operating within the initiative’s use of norm-critical perspectives. Despite the apparent intention to offer men the hope of emancipating themselves from sedimented practices and modes of being men, these end up potentially reinforcing certain assumptions and aspects of extant society. They include (neo-)liberal assumptions about individual responsibility as well as post-feminist and anti-feminist discursive logics and tropes. With a theoretical focus on fantasy, we show how a reformist attempt to reimagine what male identities could be ends up perpetuating certain myths and assumptions that work against the emancipatory vision nurtured within such discourses.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Routledge, 2022
Keywords
Masculinity, norm-critique, gender equality, political discourse theory, fantasy
National Category
Gender Studies
Research subject
gender studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-194571 (URN)10.1080/18902138.2022.2075666 (DOI)000802137400001 ()2-s2.0-85131161421 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2022-05-31 Created: 2022-05-31 Last updated: 2022-12-19Bibliographically approved
Lauri, J. (2021). Feminism means business: Business feminism, sisterhood and visibility. NORA: Nordic Journal of Feminist and Gender Research, 29(2), 83-95
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Feminism means business: Business feminism, sisterhood and visibility
2021 (English)In: NORA: Nordic Journal of Feminist and Gender Research, ISSN 0803-8740, E-ISSN 1502-394X, Vol. 29, no 2, p. 83-95Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

By interviewing self-proclaimed feminists with small-scale businesses who sell feminist commodities, the aim of this article is to understand why and how the market has become an arena for doing feminism and what this can tell us about contemporary feminism. Using theories of postfeminism and popular feminism in combination with Lacanian discourse theory, the analysis shows that feminism is renegotiated into ownership by reshaping the feminist discourse of sisterhood into business support and advice. Furthermore, competition is reshaped into a positive value of expanding the feminist community, and making profit is reshaped into a feminist discourse of equal pay. Business feminism produces an individual, visible, affluent and entrepreneurial feminist subject who does not challenge economic structures or ownership conditions.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Routledge, 2021
Keywords
Business feminism, psychoanalysis, fantasy, popular feminism, feminist commodities
National Category
Gender Studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-178493 (URN)10.1080/08038740.2021.1877193 (DOI)000620845900001 ()2-s2.0-85101394202 (Scopus ID)
Note

Originally included in thesis in manuscript form.

Available from: 2021-01-12 Created: 2021-01-12 Last updated: 2021-07-02Bibliographically approved
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ORCID iD: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0002-0172-2609

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