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Publications (10 of 62) Show all publications
Hristova, I., Marinova, E., Atanassova, J., Slavchev, V., Bozkova, A., Kiyashkina, P. & Penkova, P. (2024). Plant remains preserved in products of metal corrosion: source of evidence on ancient plant materials and environment from burial contexts. Vegetation History and Archaeobotany, 33(1), 121-130
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Plant remains preserved in products of metal corrosion: source of evidence on ancient plant materials and environment from burial contexts
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2024 (English)In: Vegetation History and Archaeobotany, ISSN 0939-6314, E-ISSN 1617-6278, Vol. 33, no 1, p. 121-130Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

By-products of metal corrosion, when coming into contact with organic matter, have the capacity to preserve it from decay. A pilot study was conducted aiming to explore the potential and limitations of plant remains preserved in by-products of metal corrosion for archaeobotanical research. The organic remains considered come from the surface/immediate proximity of the metal funerary artefacts of two ancient cemeteries—Varna and Messambria, Eastern Bulgaria. Metal corrosion by-products were observed and sampled, under a low magnification stereo microscope. Subsequently, the plant macrofossils recognised were analysed under reflected light and a scanning electron microscope (SEM). Additionally, pollen was extracted from the metal corrosion by-products, using standard acetolysis. The analyses from the graves of both cemeteries allowed identification of textiles and plant fibres, as well as wood (Cornus sp., Pinus sp., Viburnum sp.). At Varna cemetery epidermis fragments of Juncus sp. were recognized, while at Messambria necropolis fruits of almond were found. The pollen analysis from Varna points to use of flowers in the ritual (Daphne tetrads were recorded) and shows a notably open landscape with 77% non-arboreal pollen (NAP). The palynological analysis from the Messambria necropolis revealed the use of flowers in the burial ritual indicated by clusters of Vitis, Cistus and Rosaceae pollen. The surrounding vegetation was dominated by open oak woodland and open habitats (43% NAP) with a strong presence of anthropogenic indicators. The outcome of the study proved to be promising for reconstructing details of the burial rituals including associated plant materials, as well as the surrounding plant habitats during the functioning of the cemeteries.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Springer, 2024
Keywords
Archaeobotany, Bulgaria, Metal salt conservation, Mineralisation, Pollen
National Category
Archaeology Botany
Research subject
environmental archaeology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-215848 (URN)10.1007/s00334-023-00961-x (DOI)001087982600001 ()2-s2.0-85174279682 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2023-10-30 Created: 2023-10-30 Last updated: 2024-05-07Bibliographically approved
Filipović, D., Jones, G., Kirleis, W., Bogaard, A., Ballantyne, R., Charles, M., . . . Valamoti, S. M. (2024). Triticum timopheevii s.l. ('new glume wheat') finds in regions of southern and eastern Europe across space and time. Vegetation History and Archaeobotany, 33(1), 195-208
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Triticum timopheevii s.l. ('new glume wheat') finds in regions of southern and eastern Europe across space and time
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2024 (English)In: Vegetation History and Archaeobotany, ISSN 0939-6314, E-ISSN 1617-6278, Vol. 33, no 1, p. 195-208Article, review/survey (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Triticum timopheevii sensu lato ('new glume wheat', NGW) was first recognised as a distinct prehistoric cereal crop through work on archaeobotanical finds from Neolithic and Bronze Age sites in northern Greece. This was later followed by its identification in archaeobotanical assemblages from other parts of Europe. This paper provides an overview of the currently known archaeobotanical finds of Timopheev's wheat in southeastern and eastern Europe and observes their temporal span and spatial distribution. To date, there are 89 prehistoric sites with these finds, located in different parts of the study region and dated from the Neolithic to the very late Iron Age. Their latest recorded presence in the region is in the last centuries bce. For assemblages from the site as a whole containing at least 30 grain and/or chaff remains of Timopheev's wheat, we take a brief look at the overall relative proportions of Triticum monococcum (einkorn), T. dicoccum (emmer) and T. timopheevii s.l. (Timopheev's wheat), the three most common glume wheats in our study region in prehistory. We highlight several sites where the overall proportions of Timopheev's wheat might be taken to suggest it was a minor component of a mixed crop (maslin), or an unmonitored inclusion in einkorn or emmer fields. At the same sites, however, there are also discrete contexts where this wheat is strongly predominant, pointing to its cultivation as a pure crop. We therefore emphasise the need to evaluate the relative representation of Timopheev's wheat at the level of individual samples or contexts before making inferences on its cultivation status. We also encourage re-examination of prehistoric and historic cereal assemblages for its remains.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Springer, 2024
Keywords
Cereals, Europe, Maslin crop, Prehistory, Triticum timopheevii
National Category
Archaeology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-215726 (URN)10.1007/s00334-023-00954-w (DOI)001089624100001 ()2-s2.0-85173991460 (Scopus ID)
Funder
EU, European Research CouncilGerman Research Foundation (DFG)
Note

Errata: Filipović, D., Jones, G., Kirleis, W. et al. Correction: Triticum timopheevii s.l. (‘new glume wheat’) finds in regions of southern and eastern Europe across space and time. Veget Hist Archaeobot. 2024. DOI: 10.1007/s00334-023-00968-4

Correction: Filipović, D., Jones, G., Kirleis, W. et al. Correction: Triticum timopheevii s.l. (‘new glume wheat’) finds in regions of southern and eastern Europe across space and time. Veget Hist Archaeobot (2024). https://doi.org/10.1007/s00334-024-00991-z

Available from: 2023-11-13 Created: 2023-11-13 Last updated: 2024-05-14Bibliographically approved
Hristova, I. & Östman, S. (2023). Archaeobotanical analysis of samples from the site Sandarna, Göteborg 15:1, L1969:1130, Göteborg Socken, Västergötland. Umeå: Umeå University
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Archaeobotanical analysis of samples from the site Sandarna, Göteborg 15:1, L1969:1130, Göteborg Socken, Västergötland
2023 (English)Report (Other academic)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Umeå: Umeå University, 2023. p. 6
Series
Environmental Archaeology Laboratory Reports ; 2023-021
Keywords
archaeobotany, macrofossil analysis, Sweden
National Category
Archaeology
Research subject
environmental archaeology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-218331 (URN)
Available from: 2023-12-19 Created: 2023-12-19 Last updated: 2023-12-19Bibliographically approved
Östman, S. & Hristova, I. (2023). Arkeobotanisk analys av material från gropar och stolphål inom Degrabo, Vårgårda L1956:2536, L1956:2537, Kulings-Skövde socken, Västra Götaland. Umeå: Umeå universitet
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Arkeobotanisk analys av material från gropar och stolphål inom Degrabo, Vårgårda L1956:2536, L1956:2537, Kulings-Skövde socken, Västra Götaland
2023 (Swedish)Report (Other academic)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Umeå: Umeå universitet, 2023. p. 7
Series
Environmental Archaeology Laboratory Reports ; 2023-009
Keywords
makrofossilanalys, arkeobotanik
National Category
Archaeology
Research subject
environmental archaeology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-205860 (URN)
Available from: 2023-03-21 Created: 2023-03-21 Last updated: 2023-03-21Bibliographically approved
Hristova, I., Eriksson, S. & Wallin, J.-E. (2023). Environmental archaeological analyses of samples from the site of Korstorp, L2022:3286 and L2022:3288, Berga Socken, Västergötland. Umeå: Umeå University
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Environmental archaeological analyses of samples from the site of Korstorp, L2022:3286 and L2022:3288, Berga Socken, Västergötland
2023 (English)Report (Other academic)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Umeå: Umeå University, 2023. p. 6
Series
Environmental Archaeology Laboratory Reports ; 2023-029
Keywords
archaeobotany, macrofossil analysis, pollen analysis, phosphate analysis, magtnetic susceptibility, Sweden
National Category
Archaeology
Research subject
environmental archaeology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-218332 (URN)
Available from: 2023-12-19 Created: 2023-12-19 Last updated: 2023-12-19Bibliographically approved
Hristova, I. (2023). Macrofossil analyses and selection of 14C material from samples from the site of Junkboda, L1939:6421, Bygdeå Socken, Västerbotten. Umeå: Umeå University
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Macrofossil analyses and selection of 14C material from samples from the site of Junkboda, L1939:6421, Bygdeå Socken, Västerbotten
2023 (English)Report (Other academic)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Umeå: Umeå University, 2023. p. 3
Series
Environmental Archaeology Laboratory Reports ; 2023-044
Keywords
archaeobotany, macrofossil analysis, Sweden
National Category
Archaeology
Research subject
environmental archaeology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-218352 (URN)
Available from: 2023-12-19 Created: 2023-12-19 Last updated: 2023-12-20Bibliographically approved
Östman, S., Hristova, I., Linderholm, J. & Eriksson, S. (2023). Miljöarkeologisk analys av ett prov från en grop. L2023:561, Tåbergsgården, Herrestad socken, Uddevalla kommun, Bohuslän. Umeå: Umeå University
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Miljöarkeologisk analys av ett prov från en grop. L2023:561, Tåbergsgården, Herrestad socken, Uddevalla kommun, Bohuslän
2023 (Swedish)Report (Other academic)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Umeå: Umeå University, 2023. p. 3
Series
Environmental Archaeology Laboratory Reports ; 2023-011
Keywords
archaeobotany, macrofossil analysis, phosphate analysis, magnetic susceptibility, Sweden
National Category
Archaeology
Research subject
environmental archaeology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-218328 (URN)
Available from: 2023-12-19 Created: 2023-12-19 Last updated: 2023-12-19Bibliographically approved
Östman, S., Hristova, I., Westin, F., Kantak, J. & Eriksson, S. (2023). Miljöarkeologisk analys från en anläggning inom boplatsområde L2020:4613 och vedartsbestämning från en kokgrop L2020:4612, Brännlandsberget, Umeå socken, Västerbotten. Umeå: Umeå University
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Miljöarkeologisk analys från en anläggning inom boplatsområde L2020:4613 och vedartsbestämning från en kokgrop L2020:4612, Brännlandsberget, Umeå socken, Västerbotten
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2023 (Swedish)Report (Other academic)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Umeå: Umeå University, 2023. p. 2
Series
Environmental Archaeology Laboratory Reports ; 2023-020
Keywords
archaeobotany, macrofossil analysis, 14C, phosphate analysis, magnetic susceptibility, Sweden
National Category
Archaeology
Research subject
environmental archaeology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-218330 (URN)
Available from: 2023-12-19 Created: 2023-12-19 Last updated: 2023-12-19Bibliographically approved
Östman, S., Hristova, I. & Eriksson, S. (2023). Miljöarkeologiska analyser av prover från Holma, L1969:2530, L1969:1933, Herrestad socken, Uddevalla kommun, Bohuslän. Umeå: Umeå University
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Miljöarkeologiska analyser av prover från Holma, L1969:2530, L1969:1933, Herrestad socken, Uddevalla kommun, Bohuslän
2023 (Swedish)Report (Other academic)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Umeå: Umeå University, 2023. p. 5
Series
Environmental Archaeology Laboratory Reports ; 2023-013
Keywords
archaeobotany, macrofossil analysis, 14C, phosphate analysis, magnetic susceptibility, Sweden
National Category
Archaeology
Research subject
environmental archaeology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-218329 (URN)
Available from: 2023-12-19 Created: 2023-12-19 Last updated: 2023-12-19Bibliographically approved
Östman, S., Linderholm, J., Buckland, P., Hristova, I., Monzon, M., Eriksson, L. & Wallin, J.-E. (2023). Miljöarkeologiska analyser av prover från L1988:5459, Innerstaden 2:1/Mårtenstorget, Lund stad och kommun, Skåne. Umeå: Umeå University
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Miljöarkeologiska analyser av prover från L1988:5459, Innerstaden 2:1/Mårtenstorget, Lund stad och kommun, Skåne
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2023 (Swedish)Report (Other academic)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Umeå: Umeå University, 2023. p. 8
Series
Environmental Archaeology Laboratory Reports ; 2023-035
Keywords
archaeobotany, pollen analysis, 14C, insect analysis, XRF analysis, Sweden
National Category
Archaeology
Research subject
environmental archaeology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-218333 (URN)
Available from: 2023-12-19 Created: 2023-12-19 Last updated: 2023-12-19Bibliographically approved
Organisations
Identifiers
ORCID iD: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0003-4899-1256

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