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Title [sv]
Jämställdhetsexpertis i internationellt fredsbyggande
Title [en]
The politics and effects of gender expertise in peacebuilding
Abstract [en]
In recent decades, international feminist activism and research has had significant success in pushing gender issues onto the international agenda and into global governance institutions and processes. A significant but understudied outcome has been has been the development of specialized knowledge about gender relations, the packaging of this knowledge as expertise, and the formation of cadres of gender experts around the world. This project explores the politics and effects of gender expertise in peacebuilding in the case of Myanmar. Through interviews with gender experts working for international organizations, donor agencies and NGOs and with activists within the Burmese women´s movement, the project analyses the content of gender expertise; the practices and strategies used by gender experts; and the power effects that are generated by the application of international gender expertise in processes of peacebuilding in Myanmar. In particular, the relationship between international gender expertise and local women´s movements and political agendas is examined. Addressing these  questions, the project will significantly advance knowledge about the content and practices of international gender expertise in peacebuilding, and about its political effects in relation to local conflict dynamics and relations of power. In addition, it will provide timely new insights into the gendered dynamics of peacebuilding in Myanmar.
Publications (7 of 7) Show all publications
Olivius, E., Hedström, J. & Phyo, Z. M. (2023). Gender expertise, power and peacebuilding: lessons from Myanmar. Umeå University
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Gender expertise, power and peacebuilding: lessons from Myanmar
2023 (English)Report (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

This policy brief summarizes key findings from a research project which examined the politics and effects of international gender expertise in Myanmar. The findings demonstrate that international gender expertise inadvertently shaped peacebuilding processes in ways that frequently reinforced existing inequalities. To reverse this pattern, international actors need to identify local partners beyond the "usual suspects"; simplify funding processes and provide flexible funding; better analyze and understand context and conflict dynamics; and challenge the state-centrism of international peacebuilding support.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Umeå University, 2023. p. 6
Series
Policy Brief - Statsvetenskapliga institutionen ; 2023:3
National Category
Political Science Gender Studies
Research subject
Peace and Conflict Research
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-217491 (URN)
Funder
Swedish Research Council, 2019-04227
Available from: 2023-12-05 Created: 2023-12-05 Last updated: 2023-12-06Bibliographically approved
Hedström, J. & Olivius, E. (2023). Introduction: political transitions and gendered transformations in Myanmar. In: Jenny Hedström; Elisabeth Olivius (Ed.), Waves of upheaval: political transitions and gendered transformations in Myanmar (pp. 1-26). NIAS Press
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Introduction: political transitions and gendered transformations in Myanmar
2023 (English)In: Waves of upheaval: political transitions and gendered transformations in Myanmar / [ed] Jenny Hedström; Elisabeth Olivius, NIAS Press, 2023, p. 1-26Chapter in book (Refereed)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
NIAS Press, 2023
Series
Gendering Asia ; 17
National Category
Gender Studies Political Science
Research subject
Peace and Conflict Research
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-213526 (URN)978-87-7694-322-6 (ISBN)978-87-7694-323-3 (ISBN)978-87-7694-731-6 (ISBN)978-87-7694-737-8 (ISBN)
Funder
Swedish Research Council, 2019-04227
Available from: 2023-08-24 Created: 2023-08-24 Last updated: 2023-11-27Bibliographically approved
Olivius, E. & Hedström, J. (2023). 'On the border, i learned how to advocate': borderlands as political spaces for Burmese women’s activism. The Journal of Refugee Studies
Open this publication in new window or tab >>'On the border, i learned how to advocate': borderlands as political spaces for Burmese women’s activism
2023 (English)In: The Journal of Refugee Studies, ISSN 0951-6328, E-ISSN 1471-6925Article in journal (Refereed) Epub ahead of print
Abstract [en]

This article explores the political space of the border through the experiences of Myanmar women activists, for whom the borderlands in Thailand have provided refuge as well as a conducive environment for political mobilization. At the same time, the border renders refugee activists insecure and precarious. Drawing on life history interviews, our analysis expands conceptualizations of the border as a dynamic political space by illustrating its dual capacity to both facilitate and constrain the political agency of refugee women from Myanmar. In particular, the spatial and temporal fluidity and in-betweenness of the border is shown to foster both repression and resistance. Exploring the character and salience of the border as a space for activism over time, we demonstrate how the political space of the border is relational, constituted in interaction with other political spaces, such as politics and governance in Myanmar, transnational activist networks, and the politics of international aid. 

 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Oxford University Press, 2023
Keywords
Refugee women, women’s activism, border politics, political space, life history interviews, Myanmar
National Category
International Migration and Ethnic Relations Political Science
Research subject
Peace and Conflict Research
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-213522 (URN)10.1093/jrs/fead030 (DOI)
Funder
Swedish Research Council, 2015-01756Swedish Research Council, 2019-04227
Available from: 2023-08-24 Created: 2023-08-24 Last updated: 2023-08-24
Hedström, J., Olivius, E. & Phyo, Z. M. (2023). Troubling the transition: gendered insecurity in the borderlands. In: Jenny Hedström; Elisabeth Olivius (Ed.), Waves of upheaval: political transitions and gendered transformations in Myanmar (pp. 180-199). NIAS Press
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Troubling the transition: gendered insecurity in the borderlands
2023 (English)In: Waves of upheaval: political transitions and gendered transformations in Myanmar / [ed] Jenny Hedström; Elisabeth Olivius, NIAS Press, 2023, p. 180-199Chapter in book (Refereed)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
NIAS Press, 2023
Series
Gendering Asia ; 17
National Category
Gender Studies Political Science
Research subject
Peace and Conflict Research
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-213527 (URN)978-87-7694-322-6 (ISBN)978-87-7694-323-3 (ISBN)978-87-7694-323-3 (ISBN)978-87-7694-737-8 (ISBN)
Funder
Swedish Research Council, 2019-04227
Available from: 2023-08-24 Created: 2023-08-24 Last updated: 2023-11-27Bibliographically approved
Hedström, J. & Olivius, E. (Eds.). (2023). Waves of upheaval: political transitions and gendered transformations in Myanmar. NIAS Press
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Waves of upheaval: political transitions and gendered transformations in Myanmar
2023 (English)Collection (editor) (Refereed)
Alternative title[en]
Waves of upheaval in Myanmar : gendered transformations and political transitions
Abstract [en]

This is the first comprehensive account of the multifaceted processes of gendered transformation that took place in Myanmar between 2011 and 2021, and which continues to shape events today. The period began with the end of direct military rule and the transition to a hybrid, semi-democratic regime, precipitating far-reaching political, economic and social changes across Myanmar. To date, the gendered dynamics and effects of this transition have not yet received sustained scholarly attention. Remedying this gap, this book provides a much-needed historical corrective through a careful, nuanced analysis of the gendered dynamics of transitional politics, institutions and policymaking; feminist resistance, mobilization, and movement building; and their effects on labor, land, and everyday lives. Although the February 2021 military coup brought an end to this decade of experimentation and transition, in the richness of its analysis and detail, the book offers a deeper understanding of the current political situation in Myanmar. The gendered changes that the transition brought about have shaped both the current configuration of masculinized, military dictatorship, as well as the unprecedented role played by women in resistance to military rule after the 2021 coup. This analysis of the gendered dynamics and effects of the recent decade of political transition in Myanmar is therefore critical for understanding current events, as well as the ways in which Myanmar’s political landscape might continue to be reshaped.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
NIAS Press, 2023. p. 284
Series
Gendering Asia ; 17
National Category
Gender Studies Political Science
Research subject
Peace and Conflict Research
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-213523 (URN)978-87-7694-322-6 (ISBN)978-87-7694-323-3 (ISBN)978-87-7694-731-6 (ISBN)978-87-7694-737-8 (ISBN)
Funder
Swedish Research Council, 2019-04227
Note

Alternative title from book cover and publisher's web.

Available from: 2023-08-24 Created: 2023-08-24 Last updated: 2023-11-27Bibliographically approved
Olivius, E., Hedström, J. & Phyo, Z. M. (2022). Feminist peace or state co-optation?: The Women, Peace and Security agenda in Myanmar. European Journal of Politics and Gender, 5(1), 25-43
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Feminist peace or state co-optation?: The Women, Peace and Security agenda in Myanmar
2022 (English)In: European Journal of Politics and Gender, ISSN 2515-1088, E-ISSN 2515-1096, Vol. 5, no 1, p. 25-43Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This article engages with emerging debates about feminist peace and uses this concept to assess the ability of the Women, Peace and Security agenda to achieve gender-just change. We advance a conception of feminist peace as political conditions that allow women affected by conflict to articulate their visions of change and influence the construction of post-war order. Applying this to a case study of Women, Peace and Security practice in Myanmar, we demonstrate that features of how international aid is organised, combined with the Myanmar government’s interest in excluding critical voices, limit the ability of Women, Peace and Security practices to contribute to feminist peace. This highlights the potential for illiberal post-war states to obstruct and co-opt the Women, Peace and Security agenda, and shows how the women most directly affected by armed conflict are often the least able to participate in, benefit from and inform Women, Peace and Security practices.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Bristol University Press, 2022
Keywords
Myanmar, Women, Peace and Security agenda, feminist peace, gender expertise, illiberal peace, peacebuilding
National Category
Political Science
Research subject
Peace and Conflict Research
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-191969 (URN)10.1332/251510821x16359327302509 (DOI)000788181400003 ()2-s2.0-85124887893 (Scopus ID)
Funder
Swedish Research Council, 2019-04227Riksbankens Jubileumsfond, M16-0297:1
Available from: 2022-01-28 Created: 2022-01-28 Last updated: 2023-09-05Bibliographically approved
Olivius, E., Hedström, J. & Zin Mar Phyo, -. (2022). Women, Peace and Security in Myanmar after the 2021 Military Coup. Umeå: Umeå Universitet
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Women, Peace and Security in Myanmar after the 2021 Military Coup
2022 (English)Report (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
Abstract [en]

This policy brief presents recommendations for how international development and peacebuilding organizations can redirect their work with women, peace and security issues in Myanmar in the wake of the 2021 military coup. In response to urgent needs, it is now critical to provide appropriate and flexible support to women’s organizations; identify and work with local structures for humanitarian response and service delivery; and support new and existing forms of cross-border aid.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Umeå: Umeå Universitet, 2022. p. 5
Series
Policy Brief - Statsvetenskapliga institutionen ; 1
National Category
Political Science (excluding Public Administration Studies and Globalisation Studies)
Research subject
Peace and Conflict Research; Peace and Conflict Research
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-191968 (URN)
Funder
Swedish Research Council, 2019-04227
Available from: 2022-01-28 Created: 2022-01-28 Last updated: 2022-01-31Bibliographically approved
Principal InvestigatorOlivius, Elisabeth
Coordinating organisation
Umeå University
Funder
Period
2020-01-01 - 2022-12-31
National Category
Political Science (excluding Public Administration Studies and Globalization Studies)International Migration and Ethnic Relations
Identifiers
DiVA, id: project:2152Project, id: 2019-04227_VR