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Cultivating self-kindness and attention to the present moment in the young: A pilot study of a two-week internet-delivered mindfulness and self-compassion program
Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-5726-4101
2020 (English)In: Cogent Psychology, E-ISSN 2331-1908, Vol. 7, no 1, article id 1769807Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The aim of the present study was to evaluate the efficacy of a two-week web-based program targeting mindfulness and self-compassion. The program was developed with young adults in mind and involves 15 minutes of training per day, 5 days a week. In an RCT study, 56 participants (18–25 years) were randomly assigned to a training group or a wait-list control group. Thirty-five participants, 15 in the training group and 20 in the control group, completed assessments of self-compassion, mindfulness, and indicators of mental health (stress, emotion regulation, affect balance, time perspective) before and directly after the two-week period. Mixed linear analyses revealed several significant group-by-time interactions, with selective changes in the intervention group. The results revealed a large effect for self-compassion (d = 1.0) and a medium effect for mindfulness (d = 0.52; p =.07 for the interaction). Statistically significant group-by-time interactions and small to medium effects were observed for stress (d = 0.67, reduced scores), affect balance (d = 0.43; increased scores), cognitive appraisal (d = 0.43; increased scores) and a Present Hedonistic time perspective (d = 0.67; increased scores). No significant effects were observed for other time perspective dimensions or for a measure of expressive suppression. In spite of limitations, including a small sample, lack of an active control group and follow-up assessments, the results indicate that the program may have potential as one tool to reduce stress and improve mental health in young individuals. Further evaluations may, therefore, be motivated.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Taylor & Francis Group, 2020. Vol. 7, no 1, article id 1769807
Keywords [en]
self-compassion, mindfulness, intervention, internet-based, emerging adults
National Category
Psychology
Research subject
Psychology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-174659DOI: 10.1080/23311908.2020.1769807ISI: 000612986600001Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85086455994OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-174659DiVA, id: diva2:1462400
Available from: 2020-08-29 Created: 2020-08-29 Last updated: 2024-01-08Bibliographically approved

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Rönnlund, Michael

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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
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