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Strategies for knowledge translation of a palliative approach outside specialized palliative care services: a scoping review
Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Nursing.ORCID iD: 0000-0003-1688-8991
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2022 (English)In: BMC Palliative Care, E-ISSN 1472-684X, Vol. 21, no 1, article id 39Article, review/survey (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

OBJECTIVES: Research suggests palliative care to be translated and integrated in non-specialized palliative care services throughout the palliative care continuum across populations and settings. A need has been identified to build on the existing research literature in order to design strong knowledge translation strategies that can be evaluated in future research. The aim was to map strategies for knowledge translation of a palliative approach to care into non-specialized palliative care services for adult patients. The objectives were to explore the primary research activities, the specific type of knowledge translation strategies used, the research designs and study settings for such evaluations along with the major results thereof, and to identify major research gaps in this area.

METHODS: A scoping review was performed to map the volume and characteristics of research literature (project registered in PROSPERO #2018 CRD42018100663). The ten-year period 2010 to 2019 was searched in six major databases for original articles published in English in which the knowledge translation of a palliative approach for adult patients was evaluated in non-specialized palliative healthcare settings, and all type of empirical data-based research designs. We excluded non-English, non-empirical articles, non-evaluation of knowledge translations, specialized palliative care settings, and other types of publications (i.e. non-original articles).

RESULTS: Most of the 183 included articles focused on patients with cancer who were dying in hospitals and in high income countries. Only 13 articles focused on early palliative care. A palette of different strategies was used to implement palliative care in non-specialist palliative settings; no strategy was identified as outstanding. The majority of the articles had unspecified essential components of the research designs.

CONCLUSION: Previous suggestions for utilization of implementation science for knowledge translation of a palliative approach to care into non-specialized palliative care services are confirmed, and established knowledge translation theories can strengthen the field. To advance this specific field of knowledge, meticulously detailed reporting of studies is required as related to research designs, clarifications of contextual influences and mechanisms at work. Specific systematic reviews and meta-syntheses in the field are merited.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
BioMed Central, 2022. Vol. 21, no 1, article id 39
Keywords [en]
Delivery of health care, integrated, Diffusion of innovation, Implementation science, Palliative care, Review
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-193265DOI: 10.1186/s12904-022-00929-0ISI: 000772188600002PubMedID: 35317795Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85126905965OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-193265DiVA, id: diva2:1646845
Available from: 2022-03-24 Created: 2022-03-24 Last updated: 2024-01-17Bibliographically approved

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Brännström, Margareta

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