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Body mass index and weight gain in pregnancy and cardiovascular health in middle age: A cohort study
Department of Health, Medicine and Caring Sciences, Linköping University, Linköping, Sweden.
Department of Health, Medicine and Caring Sciences, Linköping University, Linköping, Sweden.
Department of Global Public Health, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden.
Department of Health, Medicine and Caring Sciences, Linköping University, Linköping, Sweden; Department Physical Education, Sport and Human Motricity, Universidad Autónoma de Madrid, Madrid, Spain.
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2024 (English)In: British Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology, ISSN 1470-0328, E-ISSN 1471-0528, Vol. 131, no 8, p. 1136-1145Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Objective: To examine associations between body mass index (BMI) in early pregnancy and gestational weight gain (GWG) with cardiovascular health in middle age using the ‘Life's Essential 8’ (LE8) concept of the American Heart Association (AHA).

Design: Population-based cohort study.

Setting: Swedish CardioPulmonary bioImage Study (SCAPIS).

Population: A total of 8871 women from SCAPIS were included.

Methods: Information on cardiovascular health in middle age was collected from SCAPIS and linked to pregnancy weight data obtained from the Swedish Medical Birth Register, with an average follow-up time of 24.5 years. An LE8 score between 0 and 100 was determined, where a score under 60 points was defined as poor cardiovascular health. Binary logistic regression and restricted cubic splines were used.

Main outcome measures: Cardiovascular health according to LE8 in middle age.

Results: The odds of having poor cardiovascular health in middle age were significantly higher in women who had overweight (adjusted odds ratio, aOR 3.30, 95% CI 2.82–3.88) or obesity (aOR 7.63, 95% CI 5.86–9.94), compared with women classified as being of normal weight in pregnancy. Higher odds were also found for excessive GWG (aOR 1.31, 95% CI 1.09–1.57), compared with women who gained weight within the recommendations.

Conclusions: A high BMI in early pregnancy and excessive GWG were associated with greater odds of poor cardiovascular health in middle age. Although further studies are needed, our results highlight pregnancy as an important period to support long-term cardiovascular health.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
John Wiley & Sons, 2024. Vol. 131, no 8, p. 1136-1145
Keywords [en]
body mass index, gestational weight gain, Life's Essential 8, pregnancy, pregnancy as a window for future health
National Category
Obstetrics, Gynecology and Reproductive Medicine Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-219064DOI: 10.1111/1471-0528.17740ISI: 001132907500001PubMedID: 38149523Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85180848848OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-219064DiVA, id: diva2:1826263
Funder
Swedish Heart Lung FoundationKnut and Alice Wallenberg FoundationSwedish Research CouncilVinnovaUniversity of GothenburgKarolinska InstituteRegion StockholmLinköpings universitetLund UniversityUmeå UniversityUppsala UniversityAvailable from: 2024-01-11 Created: 2024-01-11 Last updated: 2024-06-19Bibliographically approved

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