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Aspects of occupational safety: a survey among European cancer nurses
Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Nursing. Regional Cancer Center, Stockholm-Gotland, Sweden; European Oncology Nursing Society (EONS), Advocacy Working Group, Belgium.
Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Nursing.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-1248-5581
Department of Oncology, University Hospitals of Derby and Burton NHS Foundation Trust, United Kingdom; European Oncology Nursing Society (EONS), Advocacy Working Group, Belgium.
Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Nursing. Regional Cancer Center, Stockholm-Gotland, Sweden; Theme Cancer, ME Head and Neck, Lung and Skin Cancer, Karolinska Comprehensive Cancer Center, Stockholm, Sweden; Karolinska Institute, Department of Oncology-Pathology, Stockholm, Sweden; European Oncology Nursing Society (EONS), Advocacy Working Group, Belgium.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-5747-853x
2024 (English)In: European Journal of Oncology Nursing, ISSN 1462-3889, E-ISSN 1532-2122, Vol. 70, article id 102595Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Purpose: Nurses are particularly at risk for occupational exposure to hazardous cancer drugs, risking both acute and chronic health effects. Knowledge on the implemented safety precautions into minimizing these risks is limited.

Methods: The European Cancer Nursing Index (ECNI) was developed by the European Oncology Nursing Society (EONS) to illustrate the development and status of this profession. In this study, anonymous online survey data on occupational safety reported by European cancer nurses as part of the ECNI 2022, was analysed.

Results: A total of 630 cancer nurses from 29 countries responded to the survey. A majority reported that written guidelines (n = 553, 88%) on safe handling and administration of hazardous drugs, personal protection equipment (PPE) and cytotoxic spillage kits (n = 514, 82%) were available at their workplaces. 130 (21%) nurses reported that wipe testing to assess any residual hazardous drugs on workplace surfaces were conducted systematically at their workplaces. 185 (29%) nurses reported that nurses sometimes or always continued with their regular tasks (including handling hazardous cancer drugs) during pregnancy and breast feeding. 185 (29%) also responded that nurses at their workplaces did not receive an introductory education program before handling hazardous drugs. In total, 346 (55%) of the nurses reported that their workplace had a freedom to speak-up guardian or whistle blower policy for members of staff.

Conclusions: Even if most nurses report that there are safety routines in place at their workplaces, the results reveal several serious occupational risks for European nurses handling hazardous cancer drugs. Actions are needed to improve and optimize occupational safety for nursing staff.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2024. Vol. 70, article id 102595
Keywords [en]
Cancer, Hazardous drugs, Nursing, Occupational safety, Safety culture, Working conditions
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-223955DOI: 10.1016/j.ejon.2024.102595Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85191164347OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-223955DiVA, id: diva2:1855753
Available from: 2024-05-03 Created: 2024-05-03 Last updated: 2024-05-03Bibliographically approved

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Sharp, LenaFransson, PerUllgren, Helena

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CiteExportLink to record
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