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The Aquatic Neolithic: isotope, aDNA, radiocarbon, and osteological data analysis reveal asynchronous behavior in early prehistoric human societies of Ukraine
Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för idé- och samhällsstudier.
Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för idé- och samhällsstudier.ORCID-id: 0000-0002-6054-3651
2020 (engelsk)Inngår i: American Journal of Physical Anthropology, ISSN 0002-9483, E-ISSN 1096-8644, Vol. 171, nr S69, s. 40-40Artikkel i tidsskrift, Meeting abstract (Annet vitenskapelig) Published
Abstract [en]

In Europe the characterization of the Neolithic period is traditionally dominated by the advent of agro-pastoralism. Neolithic populations in the Dnieper Valley region of south-central Ukraine are notably divergent from this trend. From the Epi-Palaeolithic-Neolithic periods (ca. 10,000 - 6000 cal BC), evidence for the adoption of agro-pastoral technologies is absent from archaeological assemblages. It is not until the Eneolithic period (ca. 4500 cal BC) that we observe the beginnings of a transition to farming in the Dnieper region. One hypothesis suggests that spikes in aridity propagated a hunting crisis in Mesolithic populations, which prompted a delay in the transition and the reshaped of Mesolithic subsistence practices to focus on freshwater aquatic resources to supplement terrestrial herbivores such as boar and deer.

This research presents 300+ human and faunal samples (including 80 unpublished results), using multi-disciplinary techniques such as DNA analysis and various isotope applications, alongside osteological analysis, to provide holistic individual life histories. The results show long-term continuation of ܪshing practices from the Epi-Palaeolithic to Neolithic periods - no distinct shift from hunting to ܪshing practices took place. DNA results show the predominance of indigenous hunter-gatherers, with limited genetic inclusions from proximal Anatolian farming populations. Thus, despite the availability of plentiful dietary resources and the westward inܫuence of extra-local farming populations, the prehistoric communities of the Dnieper region remained resistant to change and resilient in terms of their subsistence strategies, with freshwater resources providing a ‘buffer’ against any perceived impacts from climate variability.

sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
John Wiley & Sons, 2020. Vol. 171, nr S69, s. 40-40
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URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-168891DOI: 10.1002/ajpa.24023ISI: 000513288900151OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-168891DiVA, id: diva2:1415518
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89th Annual Meeting of the American-Association-of-Physical-Anthropologists (AAPA), Los Angeles, CA, April 15-18, 2020
Tilgjengelig fra: 2020-03-19 Laget: 2020-03-19 Sist oppdatert: 2020-03-19bibliografisk kontrollert

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