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Behind the Numbers: Authorities’ Approach to Measuring Disability in Swedish Populations from 1860 to 1930
Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Enheten för demografi och åldrandeforskning (CEDAR). (DISLIFE)ORCID-id: 0000-0001-7819-7913
Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för idé- och samhällsstudier. Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Enheten för demografi och åldrandeforskning (CEDAR). (DISLIFE)ORCID-id: 0000-0001-9042-9166
2021 (engelsk)Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
Abstract [en]

This study investigates the main features of collected disability statistics for the nationwide censuses in Sweden from 1860 to 1930. During this period, the disability prevalence rose from four to 21 individuals per thousand of the population. To understand this significant rise, there is a need to peer behind the census numbers to trace Swedish authorities’ approach to measuring disabilities in the population. We use qualitative methods to analyze the authorities’ means of collecting, categorizing and defining disability, while quantitative methods help us estimate the prevalence by disability type and gender across the study period in urban and rural areas. Our long-term findings reveal that the increase of disability prevalence in Swedish populations, and especially the peak in 1930, reflect a new approach to measuring disability. Authorities applied other methods to collect disability data by using additional sources, wider disability definitions, as well as introducing new categories. The temporal variations in disability prevalence were largely influenced by the censuses becoming more scientific in their reporting of disabilities, as well as by societal concerns and by what was viewed as disabling conditions when the censuses were taken.

sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
Umeå, 2021. , s. 24
Serie
CEDAR Working Papers ; 2021:8
Emneord [en]
Swedish history, Population Statistics, Disability Prevalence, Historical Censuses, Disability Definition
HSV kategori
Forskningsprogram
historia
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-186373OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-186373DiVA, id: diva2:1581737
Ingår i projekt
Liveable disabilities: Life courses and opportunity structures across time, Europeiska unionen – Horizon 2020
Forskningsfinansiär
EU, Horizon 2020, 647125Tilgjengelig fra: 2021-07-25 Laget: 2021-07-25 Sist oppdatert: 2023-04-27bibliografisk kontrollert

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Wisselgren, Maria J.Vikström, Lotta

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