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"...thou, my Rose,...": Translating the Direct Address of Shakespeare's Sonnet into Russian
Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för språkstudier.
2012 (engelsk)Inngår i: Domestication and Foreignization in Translation Studies / [ed] Hannu Kemppanen, Marja Jänis, Alexandra Belikova, Berlin: Frank & Timme , 2012, s. 159-176Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
Abstract [en]

Shakespeare's Sonnet 109 belongs to the large group of sonnets that seem to be addressed to an unnamed young nobleman. the poet addresses his beloved friend as 'thou, my Rose' in the couplet of Sonnet 109. the main problem encountered in the couplet is posed by the contradiction between a feminine grammatical gender of the target noun rosa in the Russian language, on the one hand, and a male addressee, on the other. the couplet has challenged Russian translators in different ways and I analyze this in the light of the dichotomy foreignization/domestication. Fourteen translations of the sonnet have been considered. Translators had to choose one of the strategies (domesticating, foreignizing, and a third strategy that combines both characteristics) in their approach to solving the problem. the result shows that almost all of the interpretations contain a certain degree of domestication which means that this strategy has been the most pervasive in the history of the sonnet's translation into the Russian language.

sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
Berlin: Frank & Timme , 2012. s. 159-176
Serie
TRANSÜD. Arbeiten zur Theorie und Praxis des Übersetzens und Dolmetschens, ISSN 1438-2636 ; 46
Emneord [en]
translation, Shakespeare, foreignisation, domestication
HSV kategori
Forskningsprogram
lingvistik; slaviska språk
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-58487ISBN: 978-3-86596-403-8 (tryckt)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-58487DiVA, id: diva2:548525
Tilgjengelig fra: 2012-08-31 Laget: 2012-08-31 Sist oppdatert: 2018-06-08bibliografisk kontrollert
Inngår i avhandling
1. Shakespeare's sonnets in Russian: the challenge of translation
Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>Shakespeare's sonnets in Russian: the challenge of translation
2017 (engelsk)Doktoravhandling, med artikler (Annet vitenskapelig)
Abstract [en]

Shakespeare’s 154 sonnets have become the interest of several generations of Russian translators. Overall, after their first appearance in the middle of the nineteenth century, at least thirty-five Russian translations of the complete sonnet collection have been produced so far, though mostly during the last three decades. The overall objective of the present thesis is to examine the evolution of Russian translations of Shakespeare’s sonnets over the years. The thesis is novel in that it offers an analysis of specific linguistic, literary and cultural challenges the numerous Russian translators have dealt with while translating the sonnets, as well as the strategies adopted in an effort to resolve them.

In order to achieve the study objectives, several individual sonnets and a number of their Russian translations have been selected as a sample representing challenging areas that have been more closely investigated in four articles. The method of cross comparison has been applied throughout the study. Both the introductory part and the articles address certain problematic translation issues, such as the sonnets’ formal structure, the pronouns of address, grammatical gender, bawdy language, sexual puns, culture-specific items, and metaphors.

The results provide evidence for seeing translation as a multi-layered and ever-changing process, which, apart from the pure linguistic tasks, combines historical, political and ideological aspects. The findings of the study suggest that translation competence, namely deep understanding of the context and its fundamental cultural and social features, motivates the translator’s interpretation of the contradictions and uncertainties of Shakespeare’s poems. Those include the sonnets genre, relation to Shakespeare’s biography, the order of the poems in the first 1609 Quarto. The analysis also identifies the ways in which the target language’s social and historical context have had an impact on the choices made by the translators.

On the whole, the study’s results do not contradict Mikhail Gasparov’s model describing the pendulum-like movement from “free” to “literal” approaches through the history of Russian literary translation.  

sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
Umeå: Umeå University, 2017. s. 123
Serie
Studier i språk och litteratur från Umeå universitet ; 37
Emneord
Shakespeare, translation, sonnets, Russian
HSV kategori
Forskningsprogram
litteraturvetenskap
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-134792 (URN)978-91-7601-681-7 (ISBN)
Disputas
2017-06-09, Hörsal 1031, Norra Beteendevetarhuset, Humanioragränd 5, Umeå, 10:00 (engelsk)
Opponent
Veileder
Tilgjengelig fra: 2017-05-18 Laget: 2017-05-11 Sist oppdatert: 2018-06-09bibliografisk kontrollert

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