Umeå University's logo

umu.sePublikasjoner
Endre søk
RefereraExporteraLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Referera
Referensformat
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Annet format
Fler format
Språk
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Annet språk
Fler språk
Utmatningsformat
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf
Marital satisfaction in relation to social support, coping, and quality of life in medical staff in Tehran, Iran
Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för socialt arbete.ORCID-id: 0000-0001-7867-1814
2013 (engelsk)Doktoravhandling, med artikler (Annet vitenskapelig)
Abstract [en]

Marital satisfaction is one of the main characteristics of a healthy family, and is known as an important predictor of overall quality of life. Stress is unavoidable in everyday life and it can affect marital relationships. Furthermore, employed married individuals encounter more stressors than do unmarried ones, especially when their jobs are demanding and stressful, such as working as medical professionals in hospitals. Applying effective coping strategies and receiving social support, especially from emotionally close persons, are protective factors which can help individuals deal with stress and buffer the negative effects of life stress on marital and life satisfaction. In the present cross-sectional investigation, marital satisfaction was studied in relation to socio-demographic variables, social support, ways of coping, and quality of life in medical staff in Tehran. Data were collected from 653 medical staff who worked in 12 hospitals affiliated with Tehran Medical University using socio-demographic questions, the ENRICH marital satisfaction questionnaire, the SF-36 questionnaire, the Social Support questionnaire, and the Ways of Coping questionnaire. The results indicated that marital satisfaction, quality of life and spousal support were significantly higher in men than women. Spousal support was significantly associated with marital satisfaction especially in women. Multiple regression analyses indicated that marital satisfaction, social support, and job satisfaction combined with socio-demographic variables explain between 12% and 28% of the variance in quality of life domains. Analysing the data with special focus on females revealed a significant negative relationship between subscales of marital satisfaction and using “seeking social support”, “confrontive coping”, “escape avoidance”, “distancing”, and “self-controlling” as ways of coping. Hierarchical regression analyses showed that job satisfaction, social support, and ways of coping explained between 24% and 38% of the variance in seven of the nine subscales of marital satisfaction. Therefore, focusing on the study findings could be helpful in promoting marital satisfaction and quality of life in married medical staff. 

sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
Umeå, Sweden: Umeå university , 2013. , s. 57
Serie
Studier i socialt arbete vid Umeå universitet : avhandlings- och skriftserie, ISSN 0283-300X ; 78
Emneord [en]
Marital satisfaction, Social support, Ways of coping, Quality of life, Job satisfaction, Medical staff, Gender differences, Iran
HSV kategori
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-79478ISBN: 978-91-7459-706-6 (tryckt)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-79478DiVA, id: diva2:641995
Disputas
2013-09-13, Samvetet, Samhällsvetarhuset, Umeå Universitet, Umeå, 10:00 (engelsk)
Opponent
Veileder
Tilgjengelig fra: 2013-08-23 Laget: 2013-08-20 Sist oppdatert: 2024-01-12bibliografisk kontrollert
Delarbeid
1. Marital Satisfaction, Coping, and Social Support in Female Medical Staff Members in Tehran University Hospitals
Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>Marital Satisfaction, Coping, and Social Support in Female Medical Staff Members in Tehran University Hospitals
2015 (engelsk)Inngår i: Interpersona: An International Journal on Personal Relationships, E-ISSN 1981-6472, Vol. 8, nr 1, s. 115-127Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert) Published
Abstract [en]

Stress significantly influences marital satisfaction. Women tend to be more emotionally involved in problems than men. Furthermore, employed women encounter more stressors especially when their job is stressful which it is often the case in medical professionals. In the present cross-sectional study, relationships were analyzed between marital satisfaction (ENRICH Marital Satisfaction Inventory), ways of coping (Ways of Coping questionnaire) with marital stress and social support (Social Support Questionnaire) in 100 female medical staff members in Tehran university hospitals. The results revealed a significant negative relationship between subscales of marital satisfaction and using “seeking social support”, “confrontive coping”, “escape avoidance”, “distancing”, and “self-controlling” as ways of coping related to marriage related problems. Furthermore, the analyses showed that job satisfaction, social support, and ways of coping explain between 24% and 38% of the variance in subscales of marital satisfaction. Therefore focusing on these factors could be an effective approach to promote marital satisfaction in female medical staff members.

Emneord
marital satisfaction, ways of coping, social support, women, medical staff members, Iran
HSV kategori
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-79477 (URN)10.5964/ijpr.v8i1.139 (DOI)
Merknad

Originally published in manuscript form with the title: Marital satisfaction, ways of coping and social support in female medical staff in Tehran- Iran

Tilgjengelig fra: 2013-08-20 Laget: 2013-08-20 Sist oppdatert: 2024-01-12bibliografisk kontrollert
2. Marital Satisfaction: The Differential Impact of Social Support Dependent on Situation and Gender in Medical Staff in Iran
Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>Marital Satisfaction: The Differential Impact of Social Support Dependent on Situation and Gender in Medical Staff in Iran
2013 (engelsk)Inngår i: Global Journal of Health Science, ISSN 1916-9736, E-ISSN 1916-9744, Vol. 5, nr 4, s. 151-164Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert) Published
Abstract [en]

Stress is unavoidable in everyday life and it can effect on marital relationship. Social support especially from emotionally closed persons as a protective factor can help individuals to deal with stress and buffers the negative effects of life stress on marital satisfaction. In the present cross-sectional study we investigated the relationship between social and spousal support and marital satisfaction in medical staff in Iran. Data collection was performed in 653 medical staff using socio-demographic questions, the ENRICH Marital Satisfaction Inventory, and the Social Support Questionnaire. Women and men did not differ in total social support satisfaction and the total number of supporting people; but, women were more often support providers for their husbands than men were for their wives. Spouse support was a more important indicator of marital satisfaction for women than for men. Also results revealed that spouse support is more important than social support from other resources to explain marital satisfaction. Job satisfaction had an explanatory effect on marital satisfaction especially in men. Furthermore, the findings showed that social support could decrease the explanatory impact of job satisfaction on scales of marital satisfaction. Therefore, focusing on social support, especially spouse support could be an effective approach in family counseling or family education programs to improve marital satisfaction in medical staff.

Emneord
marital satisfaction, social support, job satisfaction, medical staff, Iran
HSV kategori
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-71301 (URN)10.5539/gjhs.v5n4p151 (DOI)
Tilgjengelig fra: 2013-05-25 Laget: 2013-05-25 Sist oppdatert: 2024-01-12bibliografisk kontrollert
3. Marital Satisfaction with a Special Focus on Gender Differences in Medical Staff in Tehran-Iran
Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>Marital Satisfaction with a Special Focus on Gender Differences in Medical Staff in Tehran-Iran
2014 (engelsk)Inngår i: Journal of Family Issues, ISSN 0192-513X, E-ISSN 1552-5481, Vol. 35, nr 14, s. 1940-1958Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert) Published
Abstract [en]

The family is a fundamental component of society, and marital satisfaction is the main characteristic of a healthy family. The aim of this cross-sectional research was to assess marital satisfaction in medical staff in Tehran, with a special focus on gender differences. Data were collected from 653 medical staff using sociodemographic questions and the ENRICH marital satisfaction questionnaire. The results indicated that marital satisfaction was significantly higher in men than in women. There was a negative correlation between age and marital satisfaction in women. Educational level was associated with marital satisfaction in both genders. Number of children was correlated with marital satisfaction in both men and women. Gender differences in marital satisfaction were revealed, and all sociodemographic factors showed significant relationships, with at least one subscale of marital satisfaction. This study provides a general view of marital satisfaction in Iranian medical professionals as a group with a stressful job

sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
Sage Publications, 2014
Emneord
marital satisfaction, gender differences, medical staff, Iran
HSV kategori
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-64096 (URN)10.1177/0192513X13483292 (DOI)000344376700004 ()2-s2.0-84911952798 (Scopus ID)
Merknad

Originally included in thesis in manuscript form 

Tilgjengelig fra: 2013-01-15 Laget: 2013-01-15 Sist oppdatert: 2024-01-12bibliografisk kontrollert
4. Health-related quality of life, marital satisfaction and social support in medical staff in Iran
Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>Health-related quality of life, marital satisfaction and social support in medical staff in Iran
Vise andre…
2013 (engelsk)Inngår i: Applied Research in Quality of Life, ISSN 1871-2584, E-ISSN 1871-2576, Vol. 8, nr 3, s. 385-402Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert) Published
Abstract [en]

Quality of life is a subjective and multidimensional concept that includes all aspects of an individual’s life. Many investigations indicate that marital satisfaction is an important determinant of quality of life and social support affects both marital satisfaction and quality of life. Since medical staff face job stressors in their everyday life, in the present cross-sectional study, the relationships between quality of life, marital satisfaction, and social support in medical staff in Tehran were analyzed. Data collection was performed in 653 medical staff using socio-demographic questions, the SF-36 questionnaire, the ENRICH Marital Satisfaction Inventory, and the Social Support Questionnaire. The results revealed that men reported significantly higher quality of life and marital satisfaction than women, but there was no gender difference in social support. The quality of life and marital satisfaction domains were found to be differentially correlated among male and female participants. All domains of marital satisfaction were found to be significantly associated with the “vitality” and “mental health” domains among females and “physical functioning” domain in the male. Also, social support was associated with almost all quality of life domains in both sexes. The multiple regression analyses indicated that all the study variables combined with socio-demographic factors can explain between 12 % and 28 % of the variance in quality of life domains. Therefore, focusing on these factors could be an effective approach to improve quality of life in medical staff as a group with a stressful job.

sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
Springer, 2013
HSV kategori
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-63992 (URN)10.1007/s11482-012-9190-x (DOI)000322521400007 ()2-s2.0-84881023211 (Scopus ID)
Tilgjengelig fra: 2013-01-15 Laget: 2013-01-10 Sist oppdatert: 2024-01-12bibliografisk kontrollert

Open Access i DiVA

fulltext(744 kB)9413 nedlastinger
Filinformasjon
Fil FULLTEXT01.pdfFilstørrelse 744 kBChecksum SHA-512
ea7f73c40c998477ccea4653e2f95a5c8a562d4619310e873d38cbb6c7cb275968a73df090c1d61eb8f2954879d1802580f8b1d693f7fe58670740b1d85cbfba
Type fulltextMimetype application/pdf
spikblad(98 kB)86 nedlastinger
Filinformasjon
Fil SPIKBLAD01.pdfFilstørrelse 98 kBChecksum SHA-512
23d05e5258625dacd736f6740ed1f7b5f9d6687f3e7f1bfc229d16bc81a7bae04c629db67d3a1269288f867b489c4f3e32d2685a0a755d511d12a511487b17b3
Type spikbladMimetype application/pdf

Person

Rostami, Arian

Søk i DiVA

Av forfatter/redaktør
Rostami, Arian
Av organisasjonen

Søk utenfor DiVA

GoogleGoogle Scholar
Totalt: 9414 nedlastinger
Antall nedlastinger er summen av alle nedlastinger av alle fulltekster. Det kan for eksempel være tidligere versjoner som er ikke lenger tilgjengelige

isbn
urn-nbn

Altmetric

isbn
urn-nbn
Totalt: 1114 treff
RefereraExporteraLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Referera
Referensformat
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Annet format
Fler format
Språk
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Annet språk
Fler språk
Utmatningsformat
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf