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Examining Group Differences in Emotion Regulation Strategies and the State and Trait Anxiety of Lifeguards and Non-Lifeguards in a Real-World Precompetitive Situation
Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för psykologi. (sport, physical activity, and health psychology research group)ORCID-id: 0000-0002-1807-7837
2020 (Engelska)Ingår i: International Journal of Aquatic Research and Education, ISSN 1932-9997, E-ISSN 1932-9253, Vol. 12, nr 2, artikel-id 4Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
Abstract [en]

The purpose of this study was to investigate differences, between swimmer-lifeguards and swimmer-non-lifeguards, in trait and state anxiety and emotion regulation techniques in a real-life precompetitive situation with a secondary focus on gender differences. The Emotion Regulation Questionnaire, Sport Anxiety Scale – 2 and the Mental Readiness Form – 3 were distributed to 100 participants at university swimming competitions in the United Kingdom. Swimmer-lifeguards displayed significantly lower cognitive (p=.03) and somatic state (p=.05) anxiety and cognitive trait anxiety (p=.02) than swimmer-non-lifeguards. Males reported significantly lower levels of cognitive and somatic trait anxiety (p<.01) than females. There was also a gender-group interaction, with male swimmer-lifeguards showing significantly lower somatic trait anxiety than the other groups (p<.03). Males indicated significantly greater use of reappraisal than females (p=.01); no other effects were observed. These results support previous research regarding lifeguard characteristics, however the nature of these qualities and how they originate require further exploration.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
Department of English, Bowling Green State University, 2020. Vol. 12, nr 2, artikel-id 4
Nyckelord [en]
lifeguards, cognitive anxiety, somatic anxiety, reappraisal, suppression
Nationell ämneskategori
Psykologi (exklusive tillämpad psykologi)
Forskningsämne
psykologi
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-176045DOI: 10.25035/ijare.12.02.04Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85090628603OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-176045DiVA, id: diva2:1477322
Tillgänglig från: 2020-10-19 Skapad: 2020-10-19 Senast uppdaterad: 2023-03-24Bibliografiskt granskad

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