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Addiction and the capability to abstain
Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för idé- och samhällsstudier.
2023 (Engelska)Ingår i: Res Publica, ISSN 1356-4765, E-ISSN 1572-8692Artikel i tidskrift (Övrigt vetenskapligt) Epub ahead of print
Abstract [en]

Addiction is a widespread problem affecting people from different regions, generations, and classes. It is often analysed as a problem consisting in compulsion or poor choice-making. Recently, however, integrated analyses of compulsion and choice have been called for. In this paper, I argue that the capability approach highlights the well-being loss at stake in cases of addiction, whether they are described as stemming from compulsion, poor choice-making, or some combination thereof. The relevant capabilities obtain when combinations of individual, socio-political, and environmental factors jointly facilitate abstention. On this complementary evaluative analysis, people’s capabilities to abstain are shown to be undermined by how different kinds of factors interact with each other. The upshot is that without committing to an empirical view of the nature of addiction that must capture each case, the capabilitarian analysis helps highlight a central goal of addiction-related well-being policy-work, namely to promote people’s genuine opportunities to abstain.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
2023.
Nyckelord [en]
Well-being, Addiction, Capability approach, Choice views, Compulsion views
Nationell ämneskategori
Filosofi
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-207985DOI: 10.1007/s11158-023-09618-yScopus ID: 2-s2.0-85163874407OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-207985DiVA, id: diva2:1755038
Anmärkning

Originally included in thesis in manuscript form. 

Tillgänglig från: 2023-05-05 Skapad: 2023-05-05 Senast uppdaterad: 2023-07-17
Ingår i avhandling
1. Being well and doing good
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Being well and doing good
2023 (Engelska)Doktorsavhandling, sammanläggning (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
Alternativ titel[sv]
Vara väl och göra gott
Abstract [en]

This dissertation contains an introductory chapter and four articles. In section 1 of the introductory chapter, I provide an overview of my argument. In section 2, I do five things. First, I show that well-being is subject-relative, meaning that well-being is always present in a life if it is present at all. Second, I restrict the discussion to people as welfare subjects. Third, I describe the levels of generality that well-being theorising can take. Fourth, I show well-being’s relations to other values. Fifth, I describe the distinction between having or not having positive well-being and enduring ill-being. In section 3 of the introductory chapter, I outline the main philosophical well-being theories. I highlight their strengths and weaknesses, before moving on to section 4 where I describe the conceptual framework I use in my articles: the capability approach. The capability approach focuses on genuine opportunities, beings, and doings. The opportunities, beings, and doings can be specified in different contexts as needed. Hence, capabilitarian analyses focusing on different opportunities, beings and doings, are available. In my articles, I argue for four things regarding those well-being analyses. First, I argue that, and show how, expert opinions and public opinions can be reconciled in well-being policy-making situations. Second, I argue that, and show how, prudentially negative beings and doings should be assessed by analysing cases of homelessness. Third, I argue that the capability approach can be used to offer a complementary account to the predominant philosophical analyses of addiction which mainly focus on its descriptive nature. My complementary analysis highlights further targets for policy-making efforts. Fourth, I argue that well-being is context-sensitive. To that end, I bolster the capability approach by refining a view called contextualism. I defend this view against counterarguments and consequently both contextualism and the capability approach are made more viable.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
Umeå: Umeå University, 2023. s. 47
Serie
Umeå studies in philosophy, ISSN 1650-1748 ; 14
Nyckelord
well-being, ill-being, capability approach, monism, pluralism
Nationell ämneskategori
Filosofi
Forskningsämne
etik
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-207989 (URN)978-91-8070-063-4 (ISBN)978-91-8070-064-1 (ISBN)
Disputation
2023-06-09, Hörsal HUM.D.220 (Hörsal F), Umeå, 13:15 (Engelska)
Opponent
Handledare
Tillgänglig från: 2023-05-17 Skapad: 2023-05-11 Senast uppdaterad: 2023-05-11Bibliografiskt granskad

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Östlund, Sebastian

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