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Aging engineers' occupational self-efficacy: a mixed methods study
Faculty of Education and Welfare Studies, Health Sciences, Åbo Akademi University, Vaasa, Finland.
Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för samhällsmedicin och rehabilitering, Avdelningen för fysioterapi.ORCID-id: 0000-0002-3334-1376
Faculty of Education and Welfare Studies, Health Sciences, Åbo Akademi University, Vaasa, Finland; Faculty of Health and Social Sciences, University of South-Eastern Norway, Drammen, Norway.
2023 (Engelska)Ingår i: Frontiers in Psychology, E-ISSN 1664-1078, Vol. 14, artikel-id 1152310Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
Abstract [en]

Introduction: Engineers' work has become more complex with increased demands in today's changing working life. Self-efficacy is essential to successfully adapt to work-related changes and to cope with adverse job demands. However, less is known about aging engineers' occupational self-efficacy. Therefore, this study explores facilitators and barriers to aging engineers' occupational self-efficacy beliefs to continue working until expected retirement age. An additional purpose is to explore if any of the aspects described by the engineers are more prominent.

Methods: The study design was exploratory, using mixed methods with a qualitative to quantitative approach. A total of 125 engineers, aged between 45 and 65 years, answered two open-ended survey questions about what positively and negatively affect their occupational self-efficacy beliefs to continue working. First, data was analyzed using an inductive manifest qualitative content analysis. Next, descriptive statistics were performed based on the results of the qualitative study.

Results: The analyses revealed that health and working conditions that affect health were crucial facilitators and barriers for the aging engineers' occupational self-efficacy to continue working until expected retirement age. Furthermore, the engineers emphasized competence, motivation from meaningful tasks, family and leisure, and private economy.

Discussion: The aging engineers' own health seems to be prominent in their self-efficacy regarding a full working life; consequently, support still needs to address issues affecting health.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
Frontiers Media S.A., 2023. Vol. 14, artikel-id 1152310
Nyckelord [en]
aging workers, engineers, full working life, mixed methods, occupational self-efficacy, personal resources
Nationell ämneskategori
Arbetsterapi
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-209885DOI: 10.3389/fpsyg.2023.1152310ISI: 000998418500001PubMedID: 37275701Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85161079048OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-209885DiVA, id: diva2:1768475
Tillgänglig från: 2023-06-15 Skapad: 2023-06-15 Senast uppdaterad: 2023-09-05Bibliografiskt granskad

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Fjellman-Wiklund, Anncristine

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