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Spatial diffusion of fertility decline in northern Sweden, 1850-1950
Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies. Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Centre for Demographic and Ageing Research (CEDAR).ORCID iD: 0000-0003-1527-279X
2019 (English)In: Annales de Démographie Historique, ISSN 0066-2062, E-ISSN 1776-2774, Vol. 138, no 2, p. 83-117Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This article examines to what extend fertility behaviours of married couples were related to the behaviours of their married neighbours, in northern Sweden from 1850 to 1950. The relationship is being investigated at two geographical levels: between neighbourhoods and between neighbours. We show that couples in adjacent neighbourhoods had similar fertility at the onsetand during the fertility transition but not after nor before. The effects oflong-term changes in neighbour fertility present similar patterns but theopposite is true for short-term effects. Short-term effects only affected fertility before or after the fertility transition but not during the transition. The results suggest that the fertility of couples were affected by social interaction mechanisms within networks of neighbours during the whole study period, and that the effect was strongest during the fertility transition.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2019. Vol. 138, no 2, p. 83-117
Keywords [en]
fertility transition, spatial diffusion, social networks, neighbours, demographic transition
National Category
History
Research subject
History
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-147280DOI: 10.3917/adh.138.0083OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-147280DiVA, id: diva2:1202920
Available from: 2018-05-02 Created: 2018-05-02 Last updated: 2020-09-08Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Shared practices: social networks and fertility decline during the Swedish demographic transition, 1850-1950
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Shared practices: social networks and fertility decline during the Swedish demographic transition, 1850-1950
2018 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Alternative title[sv]
Sociala nätverk och fertilitetsnedgång under den svenska demografiska transitionen 1850-1950
Abstract [en]

This thesis studies how social interactions influenced the fertility decline during the Swedish demographic transition between 1850 and 1950. This, to gain insights into how and why norms and values affected married couples' birth control practices, and how this shaped the fertility decline. Social interaction effects are studied in two different networks, voluntary associations and spatial communities using regression-based methods, in four research papers. The relationship between social interactions and fertility, in turn, is studied at different levels of society, on a macro-, meso- and micro-level. The results show that married couples reproductive practices were affected by social interactions during the whole study period. Members of unions, free churches and temperance associations had, in general, lower fertility than others. Additionally, couples living near a union or a free-church was also more inclined to limit their fertility. Finally, the results show significant spatial autocorrelations in fertility of neighbours and couples in adjacent neighbourhoods. These results suggest that increased use of birth control was diffused within social networks through social interaction mechanisms and collective action. However, the most substantial effects are seen during the fertility transition. This was a time of large-scale societal changes, which made the perceived net benefits of childbearing more uncertain. The results of this thesis indicate that couples drew upon the experiences of others to make more informed decisions. Over time, these new shared practices were formed into social norms, connecting ideas of respectability with family limitation, diffused within social networks.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Umeå: Umeå University, Department of Historical, Philosophical and Religious Studies, 2018. p. 88
Series
Report from the Demographic Data Base, ISSN 0349-5132 ; 34
Keywords
historical demography, fertility transition, social interaction, social network, voluntary associations
National Category
History
Research subject
History
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-147281 (URN)978-91-7601-891-0 (ISBN)
Public defence
2018-06-01, Hörsal F, Humanisthuset, Umeå, 10:00 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2018-05-09 Created: 2018-05-02 Last updated: 2018-06-09Bibliographically approved

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Junkka, Johan

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