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Are the problems and motives clear enough?: A study on the placement of unaccompanied asylum-seeking minors at compulsory care institutions in Sweden
Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Police Education Unit at Umeå University. Umea University.
Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Police Education Unit at Umeå University. Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå Centre for Gender Studies (UCGS). Umea University.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-7867-1814
Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.ORCID iD: 0000-0003-0108-4237
Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-8296-5313
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2021 (English)In: The Journal of Refugee Studies, ISSN 0951-6328, E-ISSN 1471-6925, Vol. 34, no 2, p. 1675-1694Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The Swedish National Board of Institutional Care (SNBIC) is an independent governmental agency that provides compulsory care for minors with psychosocial problems, criminal behavior, and substance abuse. During recent years, a noticeable number of the youth placed at compulsory care institutions have been asylum-seeking minors who have arrived in Sweden without parents or guardians. This steady increase in placements has raised questions and concerns among the involved actors regarding the motives and needs underlying these placements. This qualitative study investigates the main motives that lead unaccompanied asylum-seeking minors to be placed at SNBIC residential homes and the problems that are to be solved during their placement, according to social workers and SNBIC staff. The study is based on 28 in-depth interviews with social workers and SNBIC staff. Findings indicate clear disagreement between social workers and SNBIC staff with regard to the motives for placing unaccompanied minors at SNBIC homes. Although the social workers and SNBIC staff explain that most of the unaccompanied youth placed at SNBIC homes have some form of criminal behavior or substance abuse, SNBIC staff believe, in some cases, the problem is not sufficiently serious to warrant compulsory care. As these disagreements and misunderstandings between the actors have an impact on their collaboration and, consequently, the situation of the unaccompanied minors, all attempts to reach a consensus on the leading causes for placement and the problems that need to be solved with SNBIC placement would increase security for both the young people and the relevant staff.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Oxford University Press, 2021. Vol. 34, no 2, p. 1675-1694
Keywords [en]
unaccompanied asylum-seeking minors, compulsory care, Swedish National Board of Institutional Care, social workers
National Category
Social Work
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-177000DOI: 10.1093/jrs/feaa067ISI: 000705289700023Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85132988862OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-177000DiVA, id: diva2:1503398
Available from: 2020-11-24 Created: 2020-11-24 Last updated: 2023-09-05Bibliographically approved

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Ghazinour, MehdiRostami, ArianEriksson, MalinPadyab, MojganEklund Wimelius, Malin

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Ghazinour, MehdiRostami, ArianEriksson, MalinPadyab, MojganEklund Wimelius, Malin
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Police Education Unit at Umeå UniversityUmeå Centre for Gender Studies (UCGS)Department of Social WorkDepartment of Political Science
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The Journal of Refugee Studies
Social Work

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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
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