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Does Fixed-Term Employment Have Spillover Effects on the Well-Being of Partners?: A Panel Data Analysis for East and West Germany
Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Sociologiska institutionen. Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Enheten för demografi och åldrandeforskning (CEDAR).ORCID-id: 0000-0003-1260-5077
2021 (Engelska)Ingår i: Journal of Happiness Studies, ISSN 1389-4978, E-ISSN 1573-7780, Vol. 22, nr 7, s. 3001-3021Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
Abstract [en]

This paper answers three research questions: What is the impact of fixed-term employment on the well-being of partners? How do these spillover effects differ by gender, and do gender differences depend on socialization in East or West Germany? Do individual well-being, perceived job insecurity, and financial worries mediate the spillover effects? We use longitudinal data from the Socio-Economic Panel (SOEP), 1995–2017, and a sample of heterosexual couples living together, to estimate fixed-effects panel regression models. In contrast to previous studies, we consider asymmetric effects of entering and leaving fixed-term contracts by focusing on transitions from unemployment into fixed-term and fixed-term into permanent jobs. Confirming previous research on spillover effects of unemployment, we find that fixed-term re-employment increases partners’ well-being and that these effects are larger in case of re-employment by men and partners’ socialization in West Germany. We also show that transitions from fixed-term to permanent jobs do not substantially increase the well-being of partners with little differences by gender and place of socialization. While the spillover effect of re-employment is mediated by changes in the well-being of the individual re-entering the labor market, changes in job insecurity and financial worries due to transitions from fixed-term to permanent jobs are too small to produce meaningful effects on well-being. Although fixed-term contracts have been referred to as a new source of inequality, our results show that they cause little difference in the well-being of individuals and their partners and that finding a job matters more than the type of contract.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
Springer, 2021. Vol. 22, nr 7, s. 3001-3021
Nyckelord [en]
Fixed-term employment, Well-being, Spillover effects, Panel data, Mediation analysis, Germany, HEALFAM
Nationell ämneskategori
Sociologi (exklusive socialt arbete, socialpsykologi och socialantropologi)
Forskningsämne
sociologi
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-179439DOI: 10.1007/s10902-020-00353-2ISI: 000608944800001Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85099594563OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-179439DiVA, id: diva2:1524512
Projekt
HEALFAM
Forskningsfinansiär
EU, Horisont 2020, 758491EU, Horisont 2020, 802631Tillgänglig från: 2021-02-01 Skapad: 2021-02-01 Senast uppdaterad: 2021-12-30Bibliografiskt granskad

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Baranowska-Rataj, Anna

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Journal of Happiness Studies
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