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Differential role of cytosolic Hsp70s in longevity assurance and protein quality control
Department of Microbiology and Immunology, Institute of Biomedicine, Sahlgrenska Academy, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.ORCID-id: 0000-0002-9988-6336
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2021 (Engelska)Ingår i: PLOS Genetics, ISSN 1553-7390, E-ISSN 1553-7404, Vol. 17, nr 1, artikel-id e1008951Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
Abstract [en]

70 kDa heat shock proteins (Hsp70) are essential chaperones of the protein quality control network; vital for cellular fitness and longevity. The four cytosolic Hsp70's in yeast, Ssa1-4, are thought to be functionally redundant but the absence of Ssa1 and Ssa2 causes a severe reduction in cellular reproduction and accelerates replicative aging. In our efforts to identify which Hsp70 activities are most important for longevity assurance, we systematically investigated the capacity of Ssa4 to carry out the different activities performed by Ssa1/2 by overproducing Ssa4 in cells lacking these Hsp70 chaperones. We found that Ssa4, when overproduced in cells lacking Ssa1/2, rescued growth, mitigated aggregate formation, restored spatial deposition of aggregates into protein inclusions, and promoted protein degradation. In contrast, Ssa4 overproduction in the Hsp70 deficient cells failed to restore the recruitment of the disaggregase Hsp104 to misfolded/aggregated proteins, to fully restore clearance of protein aggregates, and to bring back the formation of the nucleolus-associated aggregation compartment. Exchanging the nucleotide-binding domain of Ssa4 with that of Ssa1 suppressed this 'defect' of Ssa4. Interestingly, Ssa4 overproduction extended the short lifespan of ssa1 Delta ssa2 Delta mutant cells to a lifespan comparable to, or even longer than, wild type cells, demonstrating that Hsp104-dependent aggregate clearance is not a prerequisite for longevity assurance in yeast.

Author summary: All organisms have proteins that network together to stabilize and protect the cell throughout its lifetime. One of these types of proteins are the Hsp70s (heat shock protein 70). Hsp70 proteins take part in folding other proteins to their functional form, untangling proteins from aggregates, organize aggregates inside the cell and ensure that damaged proteins are destroyed. In this study, we investigated three closely related Hsp70 proteins in yeast; Ssa1, 2 and 4, in an effort to describe the functional difference of Ssa4 compared to Ssa1 and 2 and to answer the question: What types of cellular stress protection are necessary to reach a normal lifespan? We show that Ssa4 can perform many of the same tasks as Ssa1 and 2, but Ssa4 doesn't interact in the same manner as Ssa1 and 2 with other types of proteins. This leads to a delay in removing protein aggregates created after heat stress. Ssa4 also cannot ensure that misfolded proteins aggregate correctly inside the nucleus of the cell. However, this turns out not to be necessary for yeast cells to achieve a full lifespan, which shows us that as long as cells can prevent aggregates from forming in the first place, they can reach a full lifespan.

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Public Library of Science , 2021. Vol. 17, nr 1, artikel-id e1008951
Nationell ämneskategori
Cellbiologi
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-180229DOI: 10.1371/journal.pgen.1008951ISI: 000610187400002PubMedID: 33428620OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-180229DiVA, id: diva2:1529764
Forskningsfinansiär
Vetenskapsrådet, VR 2019-03937Knut och Alice Wallenbergs Stiftelse, KAW 2018.0026Knut och Alice Wallenbergs Stiftelse, KAW 20170091Knut och Alice Wallenbergs Stiftelse, KAW 2015.0272Tillgänglig från: 2021-02-19 Skapad: 2021-02-19 Senast uppdaterad: 2022-09-13Bibliografiskt granskad

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Vielfort, Katarina

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Andersson, RebeccaVielfort, KatarinaOling, DavidEisele, FrederikJohansson, GustavKvint, KristianNystrom, Thomas
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