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Ancient Mnemonic in New Format: Episodic Memory Training With the Method of Loci in a Smart Phone Application
Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Radiation Sciences, Diagnostic Radiology.
Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Umeå Centre for Functional Brain Imaging (UFBI). Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Radiation Sciences, Diagnostic Radiology. Danish Research Centre for Magnetic Resonance, Centre for Functional and Diagnostic Imaging and Research, Copenhagen University Hospital Hvidovre, Denmark; Institute of Sports Medicine Copenhagen (ISMC), Copenhagen University Hospital Bispebjerg, Denmark.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-4458-6475
Swedish Memory Sports Council, Gothenburg, Sweden.
Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Integrative Medical Biology (IMB). Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Radiation Sciences, Diagnostic Radiology.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-3367-1746
2021 (English)In: The journals of gerontology. Series B, Psychological sciences and social sciences, ISSN 1079-5014, E-ISSN 1758-5368, Vol. 76, no 4, p. 681-691Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Objectives: Episodic memory is age-sensitive but can be strengthened by targeted training interventions. The method of loci (MoL) is a classic mnemonic which if successfully implemented greatly improves memory performance. We developed and investigated the effects of a MoL training program implemented in a smart phone application (app) with the aim of studying usage of the application, training effect and its modifiability by age, predictors for MoL proficiency, transfer effects to a face-name memory task, and perceived benefit in everyday memory.

Method: A total of 359 adults participated. Instruction and training of the MoL, transfer test (face-name paired associates cued recall task), and surveys were performed in an in-house developed app.

Results: The app interested people across the adult life span. Older adults practiced the most, whereas younger and youngold participants showed the highest level of MoL proficiency. Level of proficiency was modulated by amount of practice, but in the oldest participants this effect was less pronounced. Greater self-rated health was associated with higher level of proficiency. No transfer effect was observed. Among those who answered the survey, about half expressed that MoL training had benefitted memory in their everyday life.

Discussion: App-based memory training in the MoL can be delivered successfully via an app across the adult life span. Level of performance reached in training is variable but generally high, and mainly influenced by amount of training and age of the participants. Our data suggest plasticity across the life span, but to a lesser degree for adults between 70 and 90 years.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Oxford University Press, 2021. Vol. 76, no 4, p. 681-691
Keywords [en]
Face-name memory, Serial recall, Transfer
National Category
Psychology (excluding Applied Psychology)
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-181480DOI: 10.1093/geronb/gbaa216ISI: 000649392700019PubMedID: 33480435Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85102964080OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-181480DiVA, id: diva2:1536868
Available from: 2021-03-12 Created: 2021-03-12 Last updated: 2023-09-05Bibliographically approved

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Sandberg, PetraNyberg, Lars

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Sandberg, PetraBoraxbekk, Carl-JohanNyberg, Lars
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Diagnostic RadiologyUmeå Centre for Functional Brain Imaging (UFBI)Department of Integrative Medical Biology (IMB)
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The journals of gerontology. Series B, Psychological sciences and social sciences
Psychology (excluding Applied Psychology)

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