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Supply or demand?: Institutionalization of the mentally ill in the emerging Swedish welfare state, 1900–1959
Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå Centre for Gender Studies (UCGS). (DISLIFE)
Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Centre for Demographic and Ageing Research (CEDAR). (DISLIFE)ORCID iD: 0000-0003-1527-279x
Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies. Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Centre for Demographic and Ageing Research (CEDAR). (DISLIFE)ORCID iD: 0000-0001-7559-2571
Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies. Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Centre for Demographic and Ageing Research (CEDAR). (DISLIFE)ORCID iD: 0000-0001-9042-9166
2021 (English)Report (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Historical studies on the institutionalization of the mentally ill have primarily relied on data on institutionalized patients rather than the population at risk. Consequently, the underlying factors of institutionalization are unclear. Using Swedish longitudinal microdata from 1900–1959 reporting mental disorders, we examine whether supply-side factors such as distance to institutions and number of asylum beds influenced the risk of institutionalization, in addition to demand-side factors such as access to family. Institutionalization risks were associated with the supply of beds and proximity to an asylum, but also dependent on families’ unmet demand for care of relatives. As the supply of mental care met this family-driven demand in the 1930s, the relative risk of institutionalization increased among those lacking family networks.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Umeå, 2021. , p. 45
Series
CEDAR Working Papers ; 2021:10
Keywords [en]
Institutionalization, Sweden, mental illness, asylum, confinement
National Category
History
Research subject
History
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-186374OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-186374DiVA, id: diva2:1581739
Part of project
Liveable disabilities: Life courses and opportunity structures across time, Europeiska unionen – Horizon 2020
Funder
EU, Horizon 2020, 647125Available from: 2021-07-25 Created: 2021-07-25 Last updated: 2021-07-26Bibliographically approved

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Liselotte, ErikssonJunkka, JohanSandström, GlennVikström, Lotta

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Liselotte, ErikssonJunkka, JohanSandström, GlennVikström, Lotta
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Umeå Centre for Gender Studies (UCGS)Centre for Demographic and Ageing Research (CEDAR)Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies
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CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

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Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf