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Approaching the human in the loop: legal perspectives on hybrid human/algorithmic decision-making in three contexts
Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Law.ORCID iD: 0000-0003-1184-1385
Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Law.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-2768-9149
Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Law.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-4642-3872
2022 (English)In: Information & communications technology law, ISSN 1360-0834, E-ISSN 1469-8404, Vol. 31, no 1, p. 123-153Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Public and private organizations are increasingly implementing various algorithmic decision-making systems. Through legal and practical incentives, humans will often need to be kept in the loop of such decision-making to maintain human agency and accountability, provide legal safeguards, or perform quality control. Introducing such human oversight results in various forms of semi-automated, or hybrid decision-making – where algorithmic and human agents interact. Building on previous research we illustrate the legal dependencies forming an impetus for hybrid decision-making in the policing, social welfare, and online moderation contexts. We highlight the further need to situate hybrid decision-making in a wider legal environment of data protection, constitutional and administrative legal principles, as well as the need for contextual analysis of such principles. Finally, we outline a research agenda to capture contextual legal dependencies of hybrid decision-making, pointing to the need to go beyond legal doctrinal studies by adopting socio-technical perspectives and empirical studies.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Taylor & Francis Group, 2022. Vol. 31, no 1, p. 123-153
Keywords [en]
Hybrid decision-making, automated decision-making, profiling, artificial intelligence, human in the loop, policing, social welfare, online moderation
National Category
Law (excluding Law and Society)
Research subject
Law
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-186387DOI: 10.1080/13600834.2021.1958860ISI: 000678398700001Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85111691691OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-186387DiVA, id: diva2:1582038
Funder
Swedish Research Council, 2020-02278Available from: 2021-07-28 Created: 2021-07-28 Last updated: 2022-01-11Bibliographically approved

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Enarsson, ThereseEnqvist, LenaNaarttijärvi, Markus

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