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Total Demand, Use and Unmet Need for Modern Contraceptives Among Women Living in Informal Settlements in Kira Municipality, Wakiso District, Uganda: Implications for Urban Health
Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för epidemiologi och global hälsa. School of Pharmacy, Waterloo University, Waterloo, ON, Canada; Department of Health Policy, Planning and Management, Makerere University School of Public Health, New Mulago Hospital Complex, Kampala, Uganda.ORCID-id: 0000-0001-6833-7601
Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för epidemiologi och global hälsa.ORCID-id: 0000-0002-0609-8745
Department of Disease Control and Environmental Health, Makerere University School of Public Health, New Mulago Hospital Complex, Kampala, Uganda.
Department of Health Policy, Planning and Management, Makerere University School of Public Health, New Mulago Hospital Complex, Kampala, Uganda.
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2021 (Engelska)Ingår i: Epidemiologic Methods, ISSN 2194-9263, E-ISSN 2161-962X, Vol. 2, artikel-id 655413Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
Abstract [en]

Background: Update and utilization of modern contraceptives has public health benefits including reduction of unintended pregnancies, unsafe abortions, and related maternal mortality. However, paucity of evidence on key indicators of family planning in the informal settlements abounds. Data are usually collapsed within the larger urban communities that tend to mask peculiarities of informal settlements. This study determined the proportion of women using modern contraceptives, the unmet need for modern contraceptives and the total demand in informal settlements of an urban municipality.

Methods: A cross-sectional study conducted among 626 women in the reproductive age (15–49 years)  in the informal settlements of Kira municipality (part of metropolitan Kampala). Multi-stage sampling was applied in the selection of the respondents. Descriptive and log-binomial regression analysis were conducted to determine percentage of women using modern contraceptives, unmet need, and total demand with their associated factors. All analyses were conducted using STATA version 15.0.

Results: The total demand for modern contraceptives was 84.9%, modern contraceptive prevalence was 47.4% nearly meeting the national target of 50%, however the unmet need was 37.3%, which much higher than the national target of 10%. Lower total demand for contraceptives was associated with higher women’s education status and preference to have another child, while higher total demand was associated with having at least one living child. Higher modern contraceptives use was associated with older age, having at least one living child and high decision-making power, while lower modern contraceptives use was associated with higher education and undetermined fertility preference. Lower unmet need for modern contraceptives was associated with older age (PR 0.68, 95% CI: 0.48–0.97) and high decision-making power (PR 0.64, 95% CI: 0.50–0.81), while higher unmet need was found among those who having at least one living child (PR 1.40, 95% CI: 1.01–1.93) and undetermined fertility preference (PR 1.70, 95% CI: 1.24–2.34).

Conclusions: Total demand and contraceptive use were found to be higher in the informal settlements of Kira municipality, however, the unmet need was much higher among this population as compared to the national urban estimates. This indicates a much higher demand for contraceptives and the need to consider the diverse socio-demographic characteristics of urban spaces. Development of Interventions need to critically consider the diverse urban space, associated explanatory variables and a collaborative systems lens to achieve sustained improvements.

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2021. Vol. 2, artikel-id 655413
Nationell ämneskategori
Folkhälsovetenskap, global hälsa, socialmedicin och epidemiologi
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URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-186687DOI: 10.3389/fgwh.2021.655413ISI: 001023294100001OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-186687DiVA, id: diva2:1585750
Tillgänglig från: 2021-08-18 Skapad: 2021-08-18 Senast uppdaterad: 2023-09-05Bibliografiskt granskad

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Tetui, MosesBaroudi, Mazen

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