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Mediators of Differences Between Employed and Unemployed in Life Satisfaction and Emotional Well-being
Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Sociologiska institutionen.ORCID-id: 0000-0002-3857-4398
Department of Psychology, University of Gothenburg, Göteborg, Sweden.
2022 (Engelska)Ingår i: Journal of Happiness Studies, ISSN 1389-4978, E-ISSN 1573-7780, Vol. 23, s. 1637-1651Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
Abstract [en]

Previous research has shown that the unemployed has lower life satisfaction than the employed but that their emotional well-being may not differ. The aim is to investigate the role of mediators with bearings on these differences between the employed and unemployed in emotional well-being compared to life satisfaction. Participants were 3,463 employed and 452 unemployed living in five Western countries. They answered questions in an online survey. The results showed that the employed had both higher life satisfaction and emotional well-being. Mediation analysis replicated previous results in that the relationship between unemployment and life satisfaction was mediated by financialsatisfaction. The relationship with emotional well-being was mediated by satisfaction with time use which was higher for the employed than the unemployed. Financial satisfaction was also a mediator of the relationship with emotional well-being, both directly and through satisfaction with time use. Although the unemployed felt lower time pressure than the employed, this factor was not a strong mediator of the relationship with emotional well-being, neither directly nor through satisfaction with time use. A possible explanation for the differences in the results for emotional well-being is that a negative mood is less associated with work than found in previous research.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
Springer Science+Business Media B.V., 2022. Vol. 23, s. 1637-1651
Nyckelord [en]
Unemployment, Subjective well-being, Life satisfaction, Emotional well-being, Mediation analysis
Nationell ämneskategori
Psykologi (exklusive tillämpad psykologi) Sociologi (exklusive socialt arbete, socialpsykologi och socialantropologi)
Forskningsämne
sociologi
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-188728DOI: 10.1007/s10902-021-00466-2ISI: 000712222700001Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85118203849OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-188728DiVA, id: diva2:1604609
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VetenskapsrådetTillgänglig från: 2021-10-20 Skapad: 2021-10-20 Senast uppdaterad: 2022-07-14Bibliografiskt granskad

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