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Pharmacological Pain Treatment in 2012 and 2017 Among Older People with Major Neurocognitive Disorder
Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Integrative Medical Biology (IMB).ORCID iD: 0000-0003-3615-4880
Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Community Medicine and Rehabilitation.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-5271-4780
Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Integrative Medical Biology (IMB).ORCID iD: 0000-0002-8364-6290
2021 (English)In: Drugs & Aging, ISSN 1170-229X, E-ISSN 1179-1969, Vol. 38, p. 1017-1023Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Background and Objective: Pain is highly prevalent among older people, and treatment is complicated because of comorbidities and polypharmacy. Among people with major neurocognitive disorder additional difficulties might arise. The aim of this study was to describe analgesic drug use in 2012 and 2017 and associated factors among older people with major neurocognitive disorder.

Methods: In this register-based study, the Swedish Dementia Registry and the Swedish Prescribed Drug Register were combined in order to obtain data regarding analgesic drug use among older people with major neurocognitive disorder. One or more filled prescriptions during the timeframe of 6 months (1 July–31 December 2012 and 1 July–31 December 2017) defined drug use during the respective period. A comparison between 2012 and 2017 was made, including a total of 56,101 people (20,889 and 35,212 respectively) with a mean age of 81.9 and 82.7 years, respectively.

Results: The overall use of analgesic drugs increased significantly from 41.6% of individuals to 46.0% between the years 2012 and 2017. Users of opioid analgesics (15.2% vs 17.3%) and paracetamol (37.0% vs 42.3%) increased, while the users of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (4.9% vs 2.7%) declined between the two data collections. Multiple logistic regression analyses were performed for different drugs and drug classes, and it was found that the use of opioids and paracetamol was associated with older age and a longer time since diagnosis. In contrast, non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs were associated with younger age and a shorter time since diagnosis.

Conclusions: The results indicate that on a population level, pharmacological drug treatment has changed in line with guidelines between 2012 and 2017, with an increase in paracetamol and strong opioids and a decrease in non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs and tramadol. The relatively high prevalence of opioids warrants concern given the significant risk of adverse effects among older people with major neurocognitive disorder.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Adis , 2021. Vol. 38, p. 1017-1023
National Category
Pharmacology and Toxicology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-188879DOI: 10.1007/s40266-021-00897-9ISI: 000708325900001PubMedID: 34664213Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85117167334OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-188879DiVA, id: diva2:1607297
Funder
The Dementia Association - The National Association for the Rights of the DementedAvailable from: 2021-11-01 Created: 2021-11-01 Last updated: 2022-01-11Bibliographically approved

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Gustafsson, MariaLövheim, HugoSjölander, Maria

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