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Experiences of home as an aspect of well-being in people over 80 years: a mixed method study
Department of Health, Learning and Technology, Nursing and Medical Technology, Luleå University of Technology, Luleå, Sweden; Department of Development, Region Norrbotten, Luleå, Sweden.
Department of Development, Region Norrbotten, Luleå, Sweden.
Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Community Medicine and Rehabilitation, Geriatric Medicine.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-5050-3720
Department of Health, Learning and Technology, Nursing and Medical Technology, Luleå University of Technology, Luleå, Sweden.
2022 (English)In: Journal of Advanced Nursing, ISSN 0309-2402, E-ISSN 1365-2648, Vol. 78, no 1, p. 252-263Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Aims: To (1) describe experiences of home from a well-being perspective, (2) describe participant characteristics and well-being measures in relation to housing type (3) and how the aforementioned aspects may affect well-being in very old persons.

Design: Cross-sectional, convergent parallel-results mixed method design with semi-structured interviews analysed by qualitative content analysis, in relation to descriptive statistics and specific well-being outcome measures related to home.

Methods: A total of 50 persons 80 years or older living in ordinary housing were interviewed (July 2017 to November 2018) about home in relation to well-being, along with collection of participant characteristics and well-being measures related to home.

Results: Participants described how home had become increasingly important as it provided autonomy and acted as a social and occupational hub. However, autonomy was not unconditional, and home could also be perceived as a place of inactive solitude. Results were interpreted as relating to being in the margins of home and had a major impact on well-being. Housing type seemed of importance with higher measures of well-being for participants in single-living housing compared with those living in apartment.

Conclusion: Home is increasingly central to well-being in old age; however, very old persons also have to relate to being physically and mentally in the margins of being able to remain in the home. These aspects of home potentially have a major impact on well-being.

Impact: As very old persons living in ordinary housing will constitute a larger segment of society in coming years, aspects of home can potentially have a considerable impact on well-being for this age-group. This study describes aspects of home that contribute to, or has adverse impact on well-being. These aspects need thorough consideration in policy-making and planning of health care that can affect experiences of home.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
John Wiley & Sons, 2022. Vol. 78, no 1, p. 252-263
Keywords [en]
80 and over, aged, aging in place, independent living, nursing, ordinary housing, qualitative approaches, well-being
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-190013DOI: 10.1111/jan.15093ISI: 000721418500001PubMedID: 34812517Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85119698611OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-190013DiVA, id: diva2:1615757
Funder
The Dementia Association - The National Association for the Rights of the DementedForte, Swedish Research Council for Health, Working Life and Welfare, 2016-01074Konung Gustaf V:s och Drottning Victorias FrimurarestiftelseNorrbotten County CouncilRegion VästerbottenVisare NorrAvailable from: 2021-12-01 Created: 2021-12-01 Last updated: 2023-03-24Bibliographically approved

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Niklasson, Johan

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