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Patterns of employment, skills, and tasks within MNEs associated with offshoring
Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå School of Business and Economics (USBE), Economics. Growth Analysis, Östersund, Sweden.
Growth Analysis, Stockholm, Sweden; Örebro University School of Business, Örebro, Sweden.
Growth Analysis, Östersund, Sweden.
2021 (English)In: The World Economy, ISSN 0378-5920, E-ISSN 1467-9701, Vol. 45, no 4, p. 944-970Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

We examine the relationship between relative demands for skills, non-routine, and non-offshorable tasks in Swedish MNE parents (onshore) and their employment shares in affiliates abroad (offshore). Our estimations suggest that increased employment shares in affiliates abroad (offshore) result in higher relative demand for skills and larger shares of non-routine tasks performed by employed that are highly educated in the parents at home (onshore). However, we do not find any evidence for that the share of non-offshorable tasks rises in the parents of Swedish MNEs when employment shares increase in their affiliates overseas. Furthermore, we estimate the relationships between absolute employment onshore (skilled and less-skilled labour) and employment in affiliates offshore (high- and low-income countries). Increased employment in affiliates in low-income countries relates negatively to the employment of less-skilled workers in manufacturing MNE parents (substitute), whereas increased employment in affiliates in high-income countries correlates positively with the employment of skilled workers in service MNE parents (complement).

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
John Wiley & Sons, 2021. Vol. 45, no 4, p. 944-970
Keywords [en]
multinational enterprises, non-routine and offshorable tasks, offshoring, relative labour demand, skill upgrading
National Category
Economics
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-191323DOI: 10.1111/twec.13203ISI: 000705247900001Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85116803393OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-191323DiVA, id: diva2:1627659
Funder
Forte, Swedish Research Council for Health, Working Life and WelfareAvailable from: 2022-01-14 Created: 2022-01-14 Last updated: 2022-07-13Bibliographically approved

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Eliasson, Kent

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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
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  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
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  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf