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Expansion of the Inguinal Adipose Tissue Depot Correlates With Systemic Insulin Resistance in C57BL/6J Mice
Department of Experimental Medical Science, Lund University, Lund, Sweden.
Department of Experimental Medical Science, Lund University, Lund, Sweden.
Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Integrative Medical Biology (IMB). Department of Experimental Medical Science, Lund University, Lund, Sweden.
Department of Experimental Medical Science, Lund University, Lund, Sweden.
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2022 (English)In: Frontiers in Cell and Developmental Biology, E-ISSN 2296-634X, Vol. 10, article id 942374Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

To accommodate surplus energy, the adipose tissue expands by increasing adipocyte size (hypertrophy) and number (hyperplasia). The presence of hypertrophic adipocytes is a key characteristic of adipose tissue dysfunction. High-fat diet (HFD) fed C57BL/6J mice are a commonly used model to study obesity and obesity-related complications. In the present study, we have characterized adipose plasticity, at both the cellular and tissue level, by examining the temporal development of systemic insulin resistance and adiposity in response to HFD-feeding for 4, 8, and 12 weeks (4w, 8w, and 12w). Within the same time frame, we examined systemic metabolic flexibility and adipose plasticity when switching from HFD- to chow-diet during the last 2 weeks of diet intervention (referred to as the reverse (REV) group: 4wREV (2w HFD+2w chow), 8wREV (6w HFD+2w chow), 12wREV (10w HFD+2w chow)). In response to HFD-feeding over time, the 12w group had impaired systemic insulin sensitivity compared to both the 4w and 8w groups, accompanied by an increase in hypertrophic inguinal adipocytes and liver triglycerides. After reversing from HFD- to chow-feeding, most parameters were completely restored to chow control levels for 4wREV and 8wREV groups. In contrast, the 12wREV group had a significantly increased number of hypertrophic adipocytes, liver triglycerides accumulation, and impaired systemic insulin sensitivity compared to chow-fed mice. Further, image analysis at the single-cell level revealed a cell-size dependent organization of actin filaments for all feeding conditions. Indeed, the impaired adipocyte size plasticity in the 12wREV group was accompanied by increased actin filamentation and reduced insulin-stimulated glucose uptake compared with chow-fed mice. In summary, these results demonstrate that the C57BL/6J HFD-feeding model has a large capacity to restore adipocyte cell size and systemic insulin sensitivity, and that a metabolic tipping point occurs between 8 and 12w of HFD-feeding where this plasticity deteriorates. We believe these findings provide substantial understanding of C57BL/6J mice as an obesity model, and that an increased pool of hypertrophic ING adipocytes could contribute to aggravated insulin resistance.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Frontiers Media S.A., 2022. Vol. 10, article id 942374
Keywords [en]
adipocytes, cell size, cytoskeleton, glucose transport, insulin, obesity
National Category
Endocrinology and Diabetes
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-199895DOI: 10.3389/fcell.2022.942374ISI: 000855945600001PubMedID: 36158197Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85138356642OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-199895DiVA, id: diva2:1700663
Funder
Swedish Research Council, 2019-00978Swedish Foundation for Strategic Research, IRC15-0067Novo Nordisk, NNF20OC0063659DiabetesfondenThe Crafoord FoundationAvailable from: 2022-10-03 Created: 2022-10-03 Last updated: 2022-10-03Bibliographically approved

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Morén, BjörnLundmark, Richard

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