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Loneliness among very old people with and without dementia: prevalence and associated factors in a representative sample
Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för samhällsmedicin och rehabilitering, Geriatrik. Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för samhällsmedicin och rehabilitering, Avdelningen för arbetsterapi.ORCID-id: 0000-0002-4917-4787
Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för samhällsmedicin och rehabilitering, Geriatrik.
Faculty of Education and Welfare Studies, Social Policy, Åbo Akademi University, Vaasa, Finland.
Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för omvårdnad. Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för kirurgisk och perioperativ vetenskap, Ortopedi.ORCID-id: 0000-0002-3754-5026
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2022 (engelsk)Inngår i: European Journal of Ageing, ISSN 1613-9372, E-ISSN 1613-9380, Vol. 19, s. 1441-1453Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert) Published
Abstract [en]

Loneliness and dementia are common among very old (aged ≥ 80 years) people, but whether the prevalence of loneliness differs between very old people with and without dementia is unknown and few studies have investigated associated factors. The aims of the present study were to compare the prevalence of loneliness between people with and without dementia in a representative sample of very old people, and to investigate factors associated with loneliness in the two groups separately. This population-based study was conducted with data on 1176 people aged 85, 90, and ≥ 95 years (mean age 89.0 ± 4.47 years) from the Umeå 85 + /Gerontological Regional Database study conducted in northern Sweden, during year 2000–2017. Structured interviews and assessments were conducted during home visits. Loneliness was assessed using the question “Do you ever feel lonely?.” Multivariable logistic regression analysis was conducted to identify factors associated with loneliness in participants with and without dementia. The prevalence of loneliness did not differ between people with and without dementia (50.9% and 46.0%, respectively; p = 0.13). Seven and 24 of 35 variables were univariately associated with the experience of loneliness in participants with and without dementia, respectively. In the final models, living alone and having depressive symptoms were associated with the experience of loneliness in both study groups. In participants without dementia, living in a nursing home was associated with the experience of less loneliness. These findings contribute with important knowledge when developing strategies to reduce loneliness in this growing age group.

sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
Springer, 2022. Vol. 19, s. 1441-1453
Emneord [en]
Aged 80 and over, Cross-sectional study, Dementia, Social participation
HSV kategori
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-199917DOI: 10.1007/s10433-022-00729-8ISI: 000854398500001PubMedID: 36157280Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85138167224OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-199917DiVA, id: diva2:1701183
Forskningsfinansiär
Swedish Research Council, K2014-99X-22610-01- 6Vårdal FoundationKonung Gustaf V:s och Drottning Victorias FrimurarestiftelseThe Kempe FoundationsRegion VästerbottenThe Dementia Association - The National Association for the Rights of the DementedEuropean CommissionInterregTilgjengelig fra: 2022-10-05 Laget: 2022-10-05 Sist oppdatert: 2022-12-30bibliografisk kontrollert

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Lampinen, JosefineConradsson, MiaOlofsson, BirgittaGustafson, YngveNilsson, IngeborgLittbrand, Håkan

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