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A hybrid ensemble learning framework for zero-energy potential prediction of photovoltaic direct-driven air conditioners
Umeå University, Faculty of Science and Technology, Department of Applied Physics and Electronics. School of Computer Science and Technology, Guangdong University of Technology, Guangzhou, China.
College of Energy and Power Engineering, Changsha University of Science and Technology, Changsha, China.
School of Artificial Intelligence, Hebei University of Technology, Tianjin, China.
Umeå University, Faculty of Science and Technology, Department of Applied Physics and Electronics.
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2023 (English)In: Journal of Building Engineering, E-ISSN 2352-7102, Vol. 64, article id 105602Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Integrating renewable energy is a promising solution for buildings to achieve the net-zero-energy goal. Expanding real-time matching between renewable energy generation and building energy demand can help realize more enormous zero-energy potential in practice. However, there are few studies to investigate the real-time energy matching in renewable energy building design. Therefore, in this study, a hybrid ensemble learning framework is proposed for analyzing and predicting zero-energy potential in the real-time matching of photovoltaic direct-driven air conditioner (PVAC) systems. First, the datasets of zero-energy probability (ZEP) are generated under the three main climate regions in China, which are with consideration of the load flexibility of air conditioners and based on six important design variables. Second, a novel ensemble learning method named Extreme Gradient Boosting (XGBoost) is selected to predict ZEP and the Bayesian Optimization (BO) is adopted to identify the optimal hyperparameters and further improve the prediction performance. The statistical analysis shows that ZEP distributions are very different from one region to another one and the PVAC systems in Beijing are the easiest to achieve the zero-energy goal. Among all the variables, PV capacity is the most significant and positively related to ZEP. The prediction results show BO-XGBoost achieves more than 99% accuracy and outperforms other benchmark models in the ZEP prediction of three cities. In a word, this paper reveals BO-XGBoost is the most effective model for ZEP prediction and provides the framework for designers to utilize zero-energy potential analysis and prediction for the first time.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2023. Vol. 64, article id 105602
Keywords [en]
Bayesian optimization, Machine learning, Photovoltaic direct-driven air conditioners, Thermal comfort, Zero energy potential
National Category
Energy Systems
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-201454DOI: 10.1016/j.jobe.2022.105602ISI: 000997281000001Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85142748107OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-201454DiVA, id: diva2:1716715
Available from: 2022-12-06 Created: 2022-12-06 Last updated: 2023-09-05Bibliographically approved

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Lu, ChujieLu, WeizhuoOlofsson, Thomas

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